Pd 3 assignment schedule through Jan 4

alarmduckBiotechnology

Dec 12, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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THE DETAILS OF CELL PHYSIOLOGY

LANDA’s INTRODUCTION
:
You should now have a good idea about the function of most organelles in the cell.

We will
now be looking at several processes in greater depth

over the next 2+ months
. These include:

1.

ENERGY PATHWAYS (chapters
7, then Chapter 6
)

a.

Cellular respiration (making ATP from glucose with and without oxygen) and

b.

Photosynthesis (making glucose from CO2 and H2O)

2.

CELL REPRODUCTION

(Chapter 8;
how are new cells made
)

a.

Chromosome structure and number

b.

C
ell division in prokaryotes and eukaryotes

(making new cells for growth and development)

c.

Meiosis (making cells that have only ½ the chromosomes needed for life)

3.

DISCOVERING THE HEREDITARY FACTOR

a.

Before we knew about the DNA molecule and it’s structure

b.

Mend
el (1843)

c.

Genotypes and Phenotypes

d.

Statistics and genetic crosses

4.

DNA, RNA and PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

a.

Understanding the molecules behind heredity (1920s


1950s)

b.

How DNA replicates (for cell division)

c.

How DNA is used to create protein (transcription and transla
tion)

d.

Human Genome Project

5.

TURNING GENES ON AND OFF (Gene expression, 1960s)

6.

HUMAN GENETICS (19
6
0s


present)

a.

1902: First discovery of orderly inheritance of a disease (alkaptonuria)

b.

1955


46 chromosomes in humans

c.

1956


change in a hemoglobin protein


sickle cell anemia

d.

1961


screening for PKU; mRNA ferries DNA information

e.

1966


genetic code cracked (have the base sequence for the 20 amino acids)

f.

1987


first human genetic map

g.

1990


Human genome project

h.

2003


Completion of human genome sequence (99

%)

7.

GENE TECHNOLOGY/GENETIC ENGINEERING (The modification of DNA
; 1976


present
)

a.

1968


restriction enzymes discovered (can now study “pieces” of DNA)

b.

1972


first recombinant DNA

c.

1976


first genetic engineering company (Genentech)

d.

1983


first disease
gene is mapped

e.

1989


the term DNA fingerprinting is first used

f.

1990s
-

PCR techniques used to create a DNA profile (paternity, rape, etc)

g.

1993


genetically engineered tomatoes

We will be covering chapters 6
-
13 in the next 2.5 months. So strap on your sea
tbelt…..it is gonna be a FAST RIDE.





ENERGY


Introduction to Cellular Respiration (Chapter 7); Photosynthesis (Chapter 6)

Pd 8: Week of Dec 13

Monday: Test (HW assigned for Tuesday/Wednesday)

Tuesday:

Glycolysis

(DUE:

HW

Objectives:

pg

131

Chapter

7.

WRITE

OUT

ANSWER

Wednesday:

Fermentation

(DUE:

HW

Vocabulary;

pg

131,

Ch

7;

write

COMPLETE

definitions)

Friday: Respiration Lab(DUE : HW

Homework (
DUE 12/14
-
15
): Read Chapter 7 (Cellular Respiration). Section 1 (Glycolysis and Fermentation).

USE ONLY
THIS CHAPTER to answer
the objectives and definitions above
…NOT THE INTERNET.

Objectives:

1.

Identify the two major steps of cellular respiration

2.

Describe The major events in glycolysis

3.

Compare lactic acid fermentation with alcoholic fermentation
(you should be able to list the steps, and discuss
how fermentation is different from glycolysis.

4.

Calculate the efficiency of glycolysis.

With the definitions, spend some time here. The goal is to create a “study guide” of the definitions, where there are

words and diagrams.

Cellular respiration
.
Pyruvic acid (how many carbons, when does it occur)
,
NADH
,
Anaerobic
,

Aerobic respiration
,
Glycolysis
,
NAD
+

,
Fermentation
,
Lactic acid Fermentation
,

Alcoholic Fermentation
,
Kilocalories

Due Friday



Dec 1
7

Pd
8



Read Cellular Respiration Section 2. Aerobic Re
spiration. Answer Objectives (questions)

1.

Relate aerobic respiration to the structure of a mitochondrion

2.

Summarize the events of the Krebs cycle

3.

Summarize the events of the Electron transport chain and chem
iosmosis

4.

Calculate the efficiency of aerobic respiration

5.

Contrast the roles of glycolysis and aerobic respiration in cellular respiration

6.

Identify the role of mitochondria in disease.

Vocab

(Due Tuesday
, Dec 21
)
Mitochondrial matrix, acetyl CoA
, Krebs cycle,

oxaloacetic acid, citric acid, FAD

Friday Dec 17
: Cellular Respiration Lab

(DUE: Objectives: Section 2)

Monday Dec 19 Lecture: Aerobic respiration

Tuesday

Dec

20

Quiz:

Chapter

7

(whatever

was

covered

up

to

this

point)

Wednesday Dec 21:
No c
lass

Thursday: Finish Respiration

Homework (
break
): Understanding the Light Reactions and the Calvin Cycle (Chapter 6 + web assign).

Due: Jan 3 (first day we return).