genetic engineering - englishinwonderland

alarmduckBiotechnology

Dec 12, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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GENETIC ENGINEERING

VOCABULARY WORK

A. What is the word?

1.

The manipulation of genetic material in the laboratory.

G
_ _ _ _ _ _

E_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2.

The so
-
called biological unit of inheritance.
G_ _ _


3.

The genetic modification of body cells of an individual patient, directed at
alleviating disease in that patient.
G_ _ _ T_ _ _ _ _ _


4.

The smallest structural unit of all living organisms.
C_ _ _


5.

Deoxyribonucleic acid, a large molecule that contains all
genetic
information in the cell.
D_ _

6.

The process of creating a clone.
C_ _ _ _ _ _

7.

The totality of genes in an organism.
G_ _ _ _ _


8.

A microscopic particle containing thousands of genes (DNA) found in the
nucleus of the cell.
C _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


9.

Every de
velopmental stage of a plant or animal after fertilisation.
E_ _ _ _ _

10.

The diversity of variety, species, families, genera, etc. of living organisms in a
particular place.

B_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

11.

The industrial use of biological processes.
B_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

12.

A cell that throughout life is able to produce all the cells within an organ.

S_ _ _ C_ _ _

B
. Complete the
text with the words given below.

Genetic Engineering; genes; organisms; created; technology; cells; species

Genetic Engineering is a _________________designed to create new organisms by
combining species. It involves the manipulation of ______________
-

units of DNA


where scientists are able to transfer these genes between totally unrelated
____________. All c
reatures on earth are made up of the same basic units
-

______________, so scientists can combine these basic units in any way.

The major difference between _____________________ and natural reproduction is
that it occurs across species of
__________________. So this means that anything can
be experimented with and potentially _________________.


Ana Costa

A. What is the word?

1.

The manipulation of genetic material in the laboratory.

G
ENETIC

E
NGINEERING

2.

The so
-
cal
led biological unit of inheritance.
G
ENE


3.

The genetic modification of body cells of an individual patient, directed at
alleviating disease in that patient.
G
ENE


T
HERAPY


4.

The smallest structural unit of all living organisms.
C
ELL


5.

Deoxyribonucleic acid, a large molecule that contains all genetic
information in the cell.
D
NA

6.

The process of creating a clone.
C
LONING

7.

The totality of genes in an organism.
G
ENOME


8.

A microscopic particle containing thousands of genes (DNA) found in the
nu
cleus of the cell.
C
HROMOSOME


9.

Every developmental stage of a plant or animal after fertilisation.
E
MBRYO

10.

The diversity of variety, species, families, genera, etc. of living organisms in a
particular place.

B
IODIVERSITY

11.

The industrial use of biological pr
ocesses.
B
IOTECHNOLOGY

12.

A cell that throughout life is able to produce all the cells within an organ.

S
TEM

CELL

B. Complete the text with the words given below.

Genetic Engineering; genes; organisms; created; technology; cells; sp
ecies

Genetic Engineering is a
technology

designed to create new organisms by
combining species. It involves the manipulation of
genes

-

units of DNA


where
scientists are able to transfer these genes between totally unrelated
species
. All
creatures on ea
rth are made up of the same basic units
-

cells
, so scientists can
combine these basic units in any way.

The major difference between
Genetic Engineering

and natural reproduction is that it
occurs across species of
organisms
. So this means that anything can be
experimented with and potentially
created
.