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ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.













COURSE SCHEME

For

MASTER OF ENGINEERING

(

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGG.

WITH SPECIALIZATION

COMMUNICATION
SYSTEMS

)

(REGULAR)


(SEMESTER SYSTEM)

YEAR 201
3
-
201
4

Batch 201
3






ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.



S.No

Subject
code

Subject

Contact hrs/

Marks

Credits

SEMESTER

I

L

T

P

INT

EXT

TOTAL


1.

ECT 501

Advanced
Engineering
Mathematics

4

0

0

4
0

6
0

100

4

2.

ECT 502

Detection and
Estimation
Theory

4

0

0

4
0

6
0

100

4

3.

ECT 503

Optical
Communication

4

0

0

4
0

6
0

100

4

4.

ECT 50X

Elective I

4

0

0

4
0

6
0

100

4

5.

ECT 50X

Elective II

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

6.

ECP 504

Lab I

0

0

4

40

60

100

2

7.

ECT 505

SEMINAR

2

0

0

100

0

100

1



Total

2
2

0

4

3
4
0

36
0

7
00

2
3

SEMESTER
-
II

8.

ECT 551

Adaptive Signal
Processing

4

0

0

4
0

60

100

4

9.

ECT 552

Wireless and
Mobile
Communication

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

10.

ECT 5X
X

Elective III

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

11.

ECT 5XX

Elective IV

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

12.

ECT 5XX

Elective V

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

13.

ECP 554

Lab II

0

0

4

40

60

100

2

14.

ECT 555

SEMINAR

2

0

0

100

0

100

1



Total

2
2

0

4

3
4
0

36
0

7
00

2
3

SEMESTER
-
III











1
6
.

ECP 601

Research Project


100

0

100

4

17
.

ECT 602

SEMINAR

2

0

0

100

0

100

1

18
.

ECT 60X

Elective VI

4

0

0

40

60

100

4

19
.

CME 604

Research
Methodology

4

0

0

40

60

100

4



Total

1
0

0

0

28
0

12
0

4
00

1
3

SEMESTER
-
IV

21
.

ECT 6
5
1

Thesis





20




Total





20












ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


Specialization: Communication Systems


Elective I

& II



S.No

Subject code

Subject

Credits

1.

ECT 506

Information Theory

4

2.

ECT 507

Analysis of Digital
Communication System

4

3.

ECT
508

Ad
vanced

Signal
Processing

4

4.

ECT 509

Data Communication and
Computer Networks

4

5.

ECT 510

Wireless Sensor Networks

4

6.

ECT 511

Reliability of Electronics
Communication Systems

4

ELECTIVE II
I, IV & V



1.

ECT 556

Image Processing

4

2.

ECT 557

Secured Wireless
Communication

4

3.

ECT 558

Error Control Coding

4

4
.

ECT 5
59

Photonic Networks and
Switching

4

5
.

ECT 56
0

Telematics

4

6
.

ECT 56
1

Multimedia Communication
and System Design

4

7
.

ECT 56
2

Global Tracking and
Positioning System

4

ELECTIVE
VI



1.

ECT 603

Microwave
Communication Systems

4

2
.

ECT 604

Smart Anten
nas

4

3
.

ECT 605

Embedded System for
Mobile Communication

4




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
501
ADVANCED
E
NGINEERING MATHEMATICS



L T C












4

0 4

Max
Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48


Course objectives



To reinforce the mathematical foundation with advanced topics.



To enable the student to appreciate the engineering aspect of mathematics.



To equip the student with tools to confront continual
mathematical
challenges
.


Unit1

Review of FT & it’s Proof, properties of FT

-
:

Fourier Transform, Fourier Integral
Theorem, Complex Form of Fourier Integral . DFT and its inverse, Properties of
DFT, Inverse Fast Fourier Transform, Wavelet Transform, Multi
resolution Analysis
by the wavelet method.














(12
)


Unit
-
II

Z
-
Transform, Introduction, Properties of Z
-

Transform, Evaluation of inverse Z


Transform, App
lications.








(8)

Conformal Mapping, Introduction, Linear mapping, Bi
-
linear mapping, Schwarz
-
Christoffel transformation.








(7)




Unit
-
III

Vector spaces. Subspaces, Linear independence, Basis, Dimension, Finite
dimensional vector spaces, Direct sum. Vector space of matrices. Linear
Transformation, Matrix representation of linear transformation. Change

of basis.













(8
)

Calculus Of Variations : Euler
-
Lagrange’s differential equation, Brachistochrone
problem and other applications. Isoperimetric problem, Hamilton’s Principle and
Lagrange’s Equation.







(10)

Convolution
: Properties of
convolution, Circular convolution, Deconvolution













(3)


Recommended Books:


1. Higher Engineering Mathematics
-

by Dr. B.S. Grewal; Khanna Publishers

2. Fourier Series and Boundary Values Problems
-

by Churchill; McGraw Hill.

3. Complex
Variables & Applications
-

by Churchill; McGraw Hill.


4. Calculus of Variations
-

by Elsgole; Addison Wesley.

5. Calculus of Variations
-

by Galfand & Fomin; Prentice Hall.


6. The Use of Integral Transforms
-

by I.N. Sneddon., Tata McGraw Hill



ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
50
2


DETECTION
&
ESTIMATION THEORY



L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours : 48

Course objectives



To review the concepts of Random Processes.



To provide an insight on hypothesis testing, detection and estimation theory.



To
understand the applications of the theories to communication and RADAR systems.

UNIT I

Signals and Systems:
System theory, Stochastic process, Gauss Markov models, Representation
of Stochastic Process, Likelihood and Sufficiency.






(4)

Review of Random Processes:
Review of Probability Theory, Random variable, Two random
variables, Moments and conditional statistics, Sequence of random variables, Random Process
definition and classification, Stationary and non stationary process, correlat
ion functions,
Stochastic Integrals, Fourier transform of random process. Ergodicity and power spectral density,
transformation of random process by linear systems. Representation of random processes via
sampling, K
-
L sampling and narrow band representatio
ns, Special random processes (White
Gaussian Noise, Wiener Levy Processes, Special random processes, Shot noise processes,
Markov processes).









(13
)

UNIT II


Hypothesis Testing:
Simple binary hypothesis tests, Decision Criteria, Neyman pe
arson tests,
Bayes Criteria, Receiver operating characteristics, Multiple Hypothesis testing, Composite
hypothesis testing, Asymptotic Error rate of LRT for simple hypothesis testing.



(7
)


Detection Theory:
CFAR Detection, Sequential detection, Walds tes
t, Detection of known
signals in white noise: the correlation receiver, Detection of known signals in coloured noise,
Maximum SNR Criteria. Detection of signals with unknown parameters.



(8)

UNIT III


Estimation Theory:
Bayes estimation, Real parameter es
timation, Maximum likelihood
estimation, Cramer Rao inequality, lower bound on the minimum mean square error in estimating
a
random parameter, Multiple parameter estimation bound on estimation errors of non random
variables, General Gaussian problem.







(
7
)


Estimation of Waveforms:
Linear MMSE of waveforms, Estimation of stationary process: The
Wiener Filter, Estimation of non
-
stationary process: The Kalman Filter, Relation between
Kalman and Wiener filters, Non linear estimation.






(5)


Applications

to Communication
&
Radar Systems:
Digital communication, Spread Spectrum
Communication, Radar Systems, Radar Target Models, Target detection, Parameter estimation in
radar systems, Dynamic Target tracking.







(4)

Recommended
Books:

1.

Detection Estimation and Modulation The
ory
-

by HL Van Trees Wiley
New
York

2.

Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing with Application
-

by
MD Srinath, PK. Rajasekran, R.Viswamathan (PHI)

3.

Signal detection theory
-

by Hancock and Wintz.

4.

Detection of sig
nals and noise
-

by AD Whalen.

5.

Related IEEE/IEE publications

ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
50
3

OPTICAL COMMUNICATION



L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course objectives



To i
ntroduce basic ideas on optical principles and fibers used as a back
bone networks
.



To understand the propagation of waves in fibers and waveguides.



To understand optical multiplexing and networking.


UNIT
I


Introduction:

concepts of information, general communication systems, evolution of optical fiber
communication systems, advantages, disadvantage of optical fiber, communication systems.

(4)


Wave propagation in dielectric waveguide:

Snell’s

law, internal reflection, di
electric slab wave
guide, numerical aperture, propagation of model & rays. Step
-
index fibers, graded index fibers.

(5
)


Attenuation in optics fibers:

Fiber attenuation, connectors &splices, bending loses, Absorption,
scattering, very low loss materials, pl
astic & polymer
-
clad
-
silica fibers.




(5)


UNIT

II


Wave propagation in fibers:
wave propagation in step index & graded index fiber, fiber dispersion,
single mode fibers, multimode fibers, dispersion shifted fiber, dispersion flattened fiber, polarizatio
n.

(8
)

Optical sources & detectors:

principles of light emitting diodes (LED’s) , design of LED’s for
optical fiber communications, semiconductor LASER for optical fiber communication system
,principles of semiconductor photodiode detectors, PIN photodiode
, Avalanche photodiode detectors.

(10)

UNIT
III


Optical fiber communication system:

telecommunication, local distribution series, computer
networks local data transmission & telemetry, digital optical fiber communication system, first &
second generation
system, future system.







(5)


Advanced multiplexing strategies:

Optical TDM, subscriber multiplexing (SCM), WDM

(4
)

Optical networking:

data communication networks, network topologies, MAC protocols, Network
Architecture
-

SONET/TDH, optical transport network, optical access network, optical premise
network.











(7
)


Re
commended

Books:

1.

Senior J., optical fiber communications,
principles & practice, PHI.

2.

Keiser G., optical fiber communications, McGraw
-
hill.

3.

Gowar J., optical communication systems, PHI.

4.

William B. Jones jr., Introduction to optical fiber communication systems, Holt, Rinehart
and Winston, Inc.



ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECP
-
504

Signal Pro
cessing Using MATLAB

L

T

C





0

0

2


List of Experiments

1.

To familiarize with the MATLAB f
undamentals and basic functions, and
introduction to Simulink Models.

2.

To generate various types of signals
:

a.

Unit impulse

b.

Unit Step

c.

Unit Ramp

d.

Exponential

3.

To plot the following discrete
-
time signals in the range
-
10 ≤
n

≤ 10:

a.

x
(
n
) =
u
(
n
)


u
(
n


3)

b.

x
(
n
) =
u
(3


n
)

c.

x
(
n
) = 0.5
n
[
u
(
n
)


u
(
n


5)]

d.

x
(
n
) =
e
j
π
n

e.

x
(
n
) = cos(π
n
/2) cos(π
n
/4)

4.

To generate a sinusoidal signal and also plot the frequency spectrum of the
signal.

5.

To study the analog modulation (AM, FM, PM) of the signal and also plot
the frequency spectrum of the modulated signal.

6.

To study the
digital modulation (ASK, FSK, PSK) of the signal and also plot
the frequency spectrum of the modulated signal.

7.

To design and implement a FIR filter using window technique.

8.

To filter out the information signal from a modulated signal using FIR filter.

9.

To de
sign and implement a Weiner adaptive filter for a signal.

10.

To study the effects of different types of noise on a speech signal.





ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.








SEMESTER II





ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
551
ADAPTIVE SIGNAL PROCESSING



L T C










4 0 4







Max.
Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand the interdependency of signal processing and estimation theory.



To understand various adaptive and predictive filtering concepts and algorithms.



To appreciate the applications of adaptive signal p
rocessing.

UNIT I

Signals and Systems:
System theory, Stoc
hastic processes Gauss Markov model,
Representation
of stochastic processes, likelihood and sufficiency, Hypothesis testing, decision
criteria, multiple measurements.








(
5
)

Estimation Theory:
Estimation of parameters, random parameters, Bayes Estimates,
estimation
of non random parameters, properties of estimators, Linear Estimation of
signals, prediction,
filtering, smoothing, correlation cancellation, Power Spectrum
Estimation
-
Parametric and
Maximum Entropy Methods.





(6
)

UNIT II


Estimation of Waveforms:
Linear, MMSE
.

estimation of waveforms, estimation. of
stationary
processes: Wiener filter, Estimation of non stationary processes: Kalman
filter, Non linear
estimation.








(4
)


Predicti
on:
Forward and backward linear prediction, Levinson
-
Durb
i
n ' algorithm,
Schurr


algorithm, properties of linear prediction error filters, AR
-

Lattice and ARMA
Lattice Ladder
filters, Wiener filters for prediction.






(4
)


System Modeling and Identification:
System identification based on FIR (MA), All Pole
(AR),
Pole Zero (ARMA) system models, Least
*
square linear prediction filter, FIR least
squares inverse
filter, predictive de convolution, Matrix formulation for least sq
uares
estimation: Cholesky
decomposition, LDU decomposition, QRD decomposition, Grahm
-

Schmidt orthogonalization,
Givens rotation, Householder reflection, SVD.



(8
)


Adaptive Filtering:
Least square method for tapped
-
delay line structures. Least Mean
Squ
ares (LMS) and Recursive Least Squares (RLS) algorithms and their convergence
performance, IIR
adaptive filtering and Transform domain adaptive filtering, introduction
of different types of
LMS, RLS and Kalman filters and their relationship with each other
.

(5
)

UNIT III

Adapti ve Equal ization:
Opti mal Zero
-
Forci ng and MMSE Equal ization,
General ized
Equalization Methods, Fractionally Spaced Equalizer, Transversal Filter
Equalizers, 1ST and
• ADFE and Error Propagation.





(4
)

Nonstationary
'
Signal Analysis:
Time frequency analysis, Cohen class distribution,
Wigner
Ville Distribution, Wavelet Analysis.






(4)

Applications
: Noise and echo cancellation, Parameters estimation in Radar systems,
Dynamic
target tracking, Application to patterii classification and
system
identification, channel
identification and equalization, Generalized inverses,
regularization of ill
-
posed problems. Interpolation and approximation by least squares
ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


and minimax error criteria, Optimization
techniques for li near and nonli near
proble
ms, Model order selection, MUSIC, ESPRIT
algorithms, Signal Analysis with
Higher order Spectra, array processing, Beam forming, title
-

delay estimation, successive and
parallel interference cancellers.








(8
)

Recommended Books

1.

Haykin, Simon
S., Adaptive filter theory, Dorling Kingsley (2008).

2.

Honig, Michael L., David G., Messerschmitt, Adaptive Filters: Structures
Algorithms
and Applications, Springer (1984).

3.

Trees, Harr y L. Van, Opt i mum Array Processi ng, Det ect i on, Est i mat i on,
and
Modulation

Theory, Part IV, John Wiley and Sons (2002).

4.

Adams, Peter F., Cowan, Colin F. N. and Grant, Peter
M.,
Adaptive Filters,
Prentice
-

Hall (1985).

.

5.

Sayeed, Zulfi guar, Adaptive Coding and Transmitter Diversity
.

for Slow
Fading
Channels, University of Pennsyl
vania (1996




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
552
WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMMMUNICATIO
N


L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course objectives



To understand mobile communication and cellular design.



To appreciate the concepts and differences
between GSM and CDMA.



To recognize applications of multiple access techniques in communication.



Insight to multipath propagation and introduction to the 3G wireless networks.

UNIT I

Mobile Communication:

Types of Mobile Communication Systems, Mobile radio
systems around the world,
Trends
in cellular radio and personal communications.


(3)


Cellular Design Fundamentals:

Frequency reuse, Channel alignment strategies, handoff strategies, interference and
system
capacity, improving coverage and capacity in cellular systems, mechanism for
capacity
improvement
-
cell splitting, cell sectoring, and micro cell zone concept.




(6)


Multiple access schemes :
TDMA, FDMA, CDMA, WCDMA, OFDMA, Random Multiple
access
S
cheme, Packet Radio Protocols, CSMA, Reservation Protocols, Capacity of
Cellular systems.

`



(
7
)

UNIT II


GSM

Architecture& Protocols,
GSM Burst structure, Carrier and Burst Synchronization, Design
Consideration. Security Aspects, Power Control
strategies.


(9)

CDMA Digital Cellular Standards,
Services and Security Aspects, Network Reference
Model
and Key Features, Advantages over TDMA, CDMA WLL System. Recent developments.


(9
)

UNIT III

Multipath Propagation:
Fading, Large scale path loss,
reflection, Diffraction , Scattering, Outdoor
Propagation model
-
Okumura Model, Hata Model,Indoor Propagation Models. Small
-
scale multipath
propagation, Types of small scale fading, Rayleigh and Ric
i
an di
stributions. Diversity Schemes. (10
)

Introduction to

3G Wireless Networks:

WiFi, WiMax, Bluetooth


(4)


Recommended Books:

1.

Mobile and personal communication systems and services by Raj Pandya (PHI)


2.

Wireless Communication by Rappaport


3.

Mobile Communications by Schiller (Pearson)



4.

Wireless Communications by

Stallings (Pearson)



5.

Wireless Communications by Upena Dalal

(Oxford)




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.





III
rd

SEMESTER
















ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


CME
-
60
4



RESEARCH METHODOLOGY



L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives:












Formulize the research / project proposals.



Analyse the parameters involved in the research.



Test the hypothesis formulated.


Unit


1


Introduction:

Nature and objectives of research,
Types of research,
, Research
methods
vs
Methodology, Types of research , Descriptive
vs
. Analytical, Applied
vs
.
Fundamental, Quantitative
vs
. Qualitative, Conceptual
vs
. Empirical
criteria of good
research, defining the research problem,

Preparation and presentation of research
proposals, Selec
tion of thrust area of research, defining scope of the research problem.












(7)



Research Formulation

and Design
:
D
efining and formulating the research problem,
selecting the problem, Necessity of defining the problem, Im
portance of literature
review in defining a problem,
Research Design:

Meaning and need for research
design, Features of a good design,

important concepts relating to research design ,
Observation and Facts, Laws and Theories, Prediction and explanation, In
duction,
Deduction, Development of Models. Developing a research plan, Exploration,
Descript
ion, Diagnosis, Experimentation,
Determining experimental and sample
designs.














(9
)


Unit


2


Sample

Design
s
:
Sampling and
its need
,
criteria of selecting a sampling procedure,
characteristics of a good sample designs, Diffe
rent types of sample designs.
Data
Collection and analysis:
Collection of Primary data and secondary data, Data
Processing and Analysis strategies








(7)




Introduction to Statistical Analysis:

Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion,
Random Variables and Probability
, Mathematical Expectation, Probability
distributions, Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Exponential,
Normal and log
-
normal
distributions.







Hypothesis Testing:

Tests of Significance based on normal, t and chi
-
square








distributions, Analysis of variance technique
s.




Correlation and Regression:

Introduction to growth curves and mu
ltiple regression,
Linear regression, Least square principle and fitted models, Karl Pearson’s correlation
coefficient, Rank Correlation, Lines of regression






(11
)




Unit


3


Reporting writing:
Structure and components of scientific reports,

types of report
,
technical reports and thesis
, significance
, different steps in the preparation,

layout,
structure a
nd Language of typical reports
, Illustrations and tables
-

Bibliography,
referencing and footnotes
, oral presentation Planning
,

preparation,

practice,

making
ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


presentation, use of visual aids,

importance of effective communication














(9
)

Application of results and ethics


Environmental impacts,

ethical issues,

ethical committees, commercialization
Intellectual property rights

and patent law
, Trade Related aspects of Intellectual
Property Rights,

reproduction of published material, plagiarism,

citation and
ack
nowledgement ,reproducibility and accountability.




(5)



Recommended Books:

1.

Dowdy, S., Wearden, S. and Chilko, D., Statistics for Research, Wiley Series
(2004)

2.

Walpole, R.E., Myers, R.H., Myers, S.L. and Ye, K., Probability and
Statistics for E
ngineers and Scientists, Pearson Education (2002).

3.

Kothari C.R., Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, New Age
International Publishers, 2
nd

Edition.

4.

Bordens K.S., Abbott B.B., Research and Design Methods, 6
th

Edition, TMH
Publishing Company Limited.

5.

Johnson, R.A, Probability and Statistics by , PHI
-
2
nd

edition

6.

Trivedi K.S., Probability & Statistics With Reliability, Queuing And
Computer Science Applications , 2
nd

Edition, John Wiley & Sons

7.

Meyer, P.L.,
Introduction to Probability & Statistical, Applications, Oxford,
IBH

8.

Johnson, R.A., Probability and Statistics, PHI, New Delhi

9.

Krishnaswami, K.N., Sivakumar, A. I. and Mathirajan, M., Management
Research Methodology, Pearson Education: New Delhi

10.

Zikmund, W
.G., Business Research Methods, 7
th

Edition, Thomson South
-
Western

11.

Cooper, D. R. and Schindler, Business Research Method , P.S Tata McGraw
Hill, New Delhi

2
nd

edition (2010)

























ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.






ELECTIVE I & II





































ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
506


INFORMATION THEORY



L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand different forms of entropy and their relevancy as a measure of information.



To quantify channel capacities of vari
ous channels and theorems pertaining to these
channels.



To attain deep understanding of error control coding and introduction to cryptography.

UNIT I

The Communication process and the nature of information.


Information Sources, measurement of information and the Entropy Function:
Entropies
defined, and why they are measures of information, marginal entropy, joint
entropy, Conditional
entropy and the Chain Rule for Entropy.


(6)

Sources with and without
Memory:

Sources coding theorem, Prefix, Variable and Fixed
-

length Codes. Error Correcting Codes.


(8
)

UNIT II

Channel Types, Properties, Noise and Channel Capacity:

Perfect communication through a noisy channel. The binary symmetric channel, their classif
ication
and capacity of a noiseless discrete channel. The Hartley and Shannon laws for channel capacity.




(6)

Continuous Information; Density; Noisy Channel Coding Theorem:

Extensions of the discrete entropies and measures to the continuous cas
e. Signal
-
to
-

noise
ratio; power spectral density, Gaussian channels, Relative significance of bandwidth and
noise limitations. The Shannon rate limit and efficiency for noisy
continuous

c
hannels


(12
)

UNIT III

Error Control Coding:

Linear blocks codes and their properties, hard
-
decision decoding, cyclic codes,
Convolution codes, Soft
-
decision decoding, Viterbi decoding algorithm.


(8)

Advanced Coding Techniques and Cryptography:

BCH codes, Trellis coded modulation, introduction to cryptography, overview of
encryption techniques, symmetric cryptography, DES, IDEA, asymmetric algorithms, RSA
algorithm.




(8)


Recommended Books:

1.

R.W.Hamming , Coding and Information Theory,

2
nd
edition, Prentice Hall

2.

R.G.Gallager, Information Theory and Reliable Communication, Wiley

3.

M.Mansuripur, Introduction to information Theory: Prentice Hal1,1987

4.

Ranjan Bose, Information Theory, Coding and Cryptography, Tata McGraw Hill

5.

Thomas Cover & Jo
y Thomas, Elements of Information Theory, John Wiley &
Sons




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
507
ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

L T

C










4 0

4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To refresh the concepts of Random process and
transformations.



To understand orthonormal representation of noise, spectral representation of noise.



To appreciate the differences, advantages and limitations of various digital modulation
techniques.

UNIT I

Review of Fourier Transforms, Random Processes
Probability, Probability density
function, Gaussian, density functio
n, Rayleigh proba
bility density




(14
)

UNIT II

Correlation between random variables, Autocorrelation, Power spectral density of random sequences,
Noise,
spectral compo
nents of
noise,

Noise bandwidth





(16
)

UNIT III


Quadrature components of noise,
Represent ati on of noi se usi ng ort honormal
component s, Sampl i ng Theorem,
Quantization, pulse code modulation, Digital modulation
schemes, PSK, QPSK, FSK,
QASK, MPSK, Performan
ce Analysis of the digital modulation
schemes. Bandwidth S/N tradeoff.








(1
8
)


R
ecommended Book
s:

1.

Tau
b Sc
h
illing
-

Communication System, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006

2.

Digital Communication System
-

Simon & Haykin, John Wiley & Sons, 2004

3.

Communicati
on Systems
-
RPSingh & Sapre,Tata McGraw Hill, 1995

4.

Salvatore Gravano
-
Error Correcting codes, Oxford Press, 2008

5.

J.Das: Principals of Communication System, Wiley eastern Limited, 1986




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
508

ADVANCED SIGNAL PROCESSING


L

T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course objectives



To understand the interdependency of signal processing and estimation theory.



To understand various adaptive and predictive filtering concepts and algorithms.



To appreciat
e the applications of adaptive signal processing.

UNIT I

Transformations:

Review of Z
-
Transform, Solution of Linear Difference Equations, Fourier
series and
Fourier Transform, Discrete Fourier Transform, Radix
-
2 FFT.

(2)

Introduction to Radix
-
4 and Split Radix FFT, Discrete Cosine Transform,
DCT as
Orthogonal Transform, Walsh Transform, Hadamard Transform, Wavelet
Transform.











(3)


Digital Filters:

FIR Filter Design
: Filter Specifications, Coeffici
ent Calculation Methods
-

Window
method, Optimal method, Frequency Sampling method. Realization
Structures, Finite
Word Length Effects.







(4)

IIR Filter Design: Specifications, Coefficient Calculation methods
-

Pole
-
Zero
Placement
method, Im
pulse Invariant method, Matched Z
-
Transform
method, Bilinear Z
-

Transformation method, Use of BZT and Classical Analog
Filters to design IIR Filters.
Realization Structures, Finite Word Length
Effects.
(
8
)

UNIT II

Multirate Digital

Signal Processing:

Sampling Rate Alteration Devices, Multirate Structures for sampling rate
conversion,
Multistage design of Decimator and Interpolator, The Polyphase
Decomposition,
Arbitrary Rate Sampling Rate Converter, Filter Banks, QMF
banks, Multilevel Filter
Banks, Sub
-
band Coding, Discrete Wavelet Transform.


(8
)


Linear Prediction and Optimum Linear Filters:

Forward and Backward Linear Prediction, Properties of Linear Prediction
-
Error
Filters,
AR Lattice and ARMA Lattice
-
Ladder Filters, Wiener Filters for Filter
ing
and Prediction.










(4)

Adaptive
Digital Filters:

Concepts of Adaptive Filtering, LMS Adaptive Algorithm, Recursive Least
Squares
Algorithm, Applications.

(2)




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


UNIT III

Power Spectrum Estimation:

Nonparametric methods for Power Spectrum Estimation, Bartlett method,
Welch method, Blackman and Tukey method, Parametric methods for
Powe
r Spectrum
Estimation, Yule
-
Walker method, Burg method, Unconstrained
Least
-
Squares method,









(7)


Sequential Estimation methods, Selection of AR Model Order, MA model for
Power
Spectrum Estimation, ARMA model for Power Spectrum
Estimation.




(5
)

DSP Chips:

Introduction to fixed point and floating point processors, ADSP21xx and
TMS320Cxx
Architecture, Memory, Addressing Modes, Interrupts,
Applications. Comparison of
ADSP21xx and TMS320Cxx seri
es. (5)


Recommended Books
:


1.

"Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications", by
Proakis
& Manolakis, 4e,
-
Pearson Education

2.

"Digital Signal Processing", by S.K.Mitra,
-
Tata
-
Mcgraw Hill.

3.

"Discrete Time Signal Processing", Oppenheim & Schafer. P
HI.

4.

"Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB", by Robert J.
Schilling & Sndra L. Harris.
-
CENGAGE Learning.

5.

"Theory and application of Digital Signal Processing", by Rabiner & Gold





ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
509

DATA COMMUNICATION
&
COMPUTER NETWORKS


L T C










4 0 4







Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand the hardware and software conceptual backbone of networking.



To learn various high speed networks and concepts behind them.



A deep insight on IP routing,
congestion and traffic management, network security.

UNIT I


Chapter 1: Overview of Data Communications & Networking

Data Communication, Computer Network, Types, Network Standards, Networking
Models,
Data Transmission Modes, Multiplexing &

Switching, Network Architecture,
Layered
Architecture, OSI Reference Model, TCP/IP Model.






(13
)

UNIT II


Chapter
2:

Network Hardware Components

Connectors, Transceivers, Media Converters, repeaters, Network Interface Card (NIC), Bridges,
Sw
itches, Routers, Gateways, Virtual Private Network (VPNs).




(7
)


Chapter 3: High Speed Network

X.25, Frame Relay, Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) High Speed LAN


Ethernet, Fast
Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Fiber Channel, Wireless LANs, Wimax, SONET, FDD
I, ISDN.

(9
)

Chapter 4: Internet Routing

Routing Protocols, Interior Routing Protocols, Exterior Routing Protocols.



(4)

UNIT III


Chapter 5: Congestion & Traffic Management

Congestion control in Data Networks & Internets, Flow & Error Control, TCP
Traffic Control, Traffic
and Congestion Control in ATM Networks.








(7
)


Chapter 6: Network Security

Issues, Threat Assessment, Network Attacks, Firewalls, Encryption Methods,
Aut hent i cat ion &

Access Control Measures, Di gi tal Cert i ficat es, Publi c Key
Infrastructure (PKI), KERBEROS.








(8)



R
ecommended Books
:

I. Michael A. Gallo & William M. Hancock; Computer Communications &
Network Technologies: Thomson Publications 2007.

2.

William Stalling
s; High Speed Networks & Internets: PEARSON Publications 2
007.

3.

William Stallings; Computer Networking with Internet Protocols & Technology: PEARSON
Publications 2007.

4.

ATUL KAHATE; Cryptography & Network Security: Tata MCGRAWHILL
2008.



ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
510



WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS






L T C










4 0 4







Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To appreciate the difference between Sensor networks and traditional networks.



T
o facilitate the student with the understanding of Infrastructure less networks and their
importance in the
future directions for wirele
ss communications
.



To understand the pro
tocols used in WSNs.


UNIT

I


Introduction:
The vision of Ambient Intelligence., Application examples, Types of applications,

Challenges for WSNs, Why are sensor networks different?, Enabling technologies.



(
3
)


ARCHITECTURES

Single Node Architecture:
Hardware components, Energy consumption of sensor nodes,

Operating systems and execution environments, Some examples of sensor nodes, Conclusion.
(4)

Network Architecture:
Sensor network scenarios, Optimization goals and figures of

merit,

Design principles for WSNs, Service interfaces of WSNs, Gateway concepts, Conclusion.


(8
)


UNIT
-

II

COMMUNICATION PROTOCOLS


Physical Layer:
Introduction, Wireless channel and communication fundamentals, Physical
layer

and transceiver design c
onsiderations in WSNs.

(2)


MAC Protocols:
Fundamentals of (wireless) MAC protocols, Low duty cycle protocols and

wakeup concepts, Contention
-
based protocols, Schedule
-
based protocols, The IEEE

802.15.4

MAC protocol, How about IEEE 802.11 and Bluetooth.

(3)


Link Layer Protocols:
Fundamentals: Tasks and requirements, Error control, Framing, Link

management, Summary.


(2
)


Naming and Addressing:
Fundamentals, Address and name management in wireless sensor

networks, Assignment of MAC addresses, Distributed assign
ment of locally unique addresses,

Content
-
based and geographic addressing.


(3
)


Time Synchronization:
Introduction to the time synchronization problem, Protocols based on

send
er/receiver synchronization, Protocols based on receiver/receiver synchronization,

(2)


Localization and Positioning:
Properties of positioning, Possible approaches, Mathematical

basics for the lateration problem, Single
-
hop localization, Positio
ning in multi
-
hop environments,

Impact of anchor placement.

(2)


Topology Control:
Motivation and basic ideas, Flat network topologies, Hierarchical netw
orks

by dominating sets, Hierarchical networks by clustering, Combining hierarchical topologies and

power control, Adaptive node activity.


(
4
)



ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


UNIT III


Routing Protoc
ols:
The many faces of forwarding and routing, Geometric routing, Routing with

virtual coordinates, Gossiping and agent
-
based unicast forwarding, Energy
-
efficient unicast,

Broadcast and multicast, Geographic routing, Mobile nodes.

(5)

Data
-
Centric and Content
-
based Networking:
Introduction, Data
-
centric routing, Data

aggregation, Data
-
centric storage, Conclusions.


(2)

Transport Layer and Quality of Service:
The transport layer and QoS in wireless sensor

networks, Coverage and deployment, Reliable data transport, Block delivery, Congestion control

and rate control.

(5)

Advanced Application Support:
Advanced in
-
network processing, Security, Application

specific

support.


(3)



Recommended Books
:

1. Karl, Holger and Andreas, Willig, Protocols and Architectures for Wireless

Sensor Networks,
John Wiley and sons (2005).

2. Xiaoyan
, Cheng Maggie and Li, Deying, Advances in Wireless Ad Hoc and

Sensor Networks
Series, Springer (2008).

3. Sohraby, Kazem, Minoli, Daniel and Taieb Znati, Wireless Sensor Networks

Technology,
Protocols, and Applications, John Wiley and Sons (2007).

4. Swam
i, Ananthram, Qing, Zhao, Hong, Yao
-
Win, and Lang Tong (editors),

Wireless Sensor
Networks: Signal Processing and Communications, Wiley

(2007).

5. Rappaport, T.S., Wireless Communications, Prentice hall of India (2003) 2nd ed.

6. Jun, Zheng and Jamalipour,

Abbas, Wireless Sensor Networks: A Networking

Perspective,
Wiley
-
IEEE Press (2009).

























ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
511

RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS




L T C











4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60


Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand the concept of reliability.



To understand the

relation of engineering and reliability.



To understand various tests, terms and models
used to quantify reliability.



UNIT

I

Concept Of Reliability



Failures of systems and its modes. Measure of Reliability, Reliability function, Hazard rate MTBF and their
interrelations.




(
7
)


Reliability Data And System Reliability And Modeling


Data sources. Data collection, use of Reliability Data, Reliability Analysis, Performance Parameters, calculation of
failure rate, Application of Weibill
distribution.
Series

systems, Parallel system, series parallel systems. Time
dependence, Reliability Determination, Stand by systems, r out of n, Configurations, Methods of tie set and cut sets
of Or reliability evaluation, simulation and Reliability prediction. Monte C
arlo method, concepts of network
topology. Overall reliability evolution


(14)




UNIT

I
II

Maintainability And Availability


Maintainability and its equation. Factors Affecting maintainability. Measures of Maintainability, Mean Down Time,
Availability Intrinsic availability equipment availability &

Mission availability. Replacement processes and Policies.




UNIT

I
III



(10
)

Life Testing Of Equipments

Non
-
destructive tests, destruction tests and their Mathematic modeling. Quality and Reliability, Measurement &
prediction of Human Reliability, Reliability and safety, safety margins in critical Devices, case studies.


(11
)

Value Engineering

Techniques in value Engg, Structure of value Engg, Reliability Management.


(6
)


Recommended books
:


Title


Author

Publisher

1. Reliability Engineering &
technology

A . K.Gupta

Macmilla India Ltd , Delhi

2. Introduction Reliability
Engineering

E. S. Lewis

John Wiley & Sons , New York














ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.
































ELECTIVE lll, IV & V





















ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
556


IMAGE PROCESSING




L T C










4 0 4








Max. Marks: 60


Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
understand the application of the transforms to images.



To understand the perception and transformation of images.



To understand the stochastic representation of images and image enhancement operations.

UNIT I


Image Representation and Modeling:
Fourier tr
ansform, z
-

transform, optical and modulation
transfer functions, Matrix theory results, block matrices, Random signals, Discrete random fields,
spectral density functions, results from estimation theory.





(7)

Image Perception:
Light, luminance, brightness and contrast, MTF of Visual system, Visibility
function, Monochrome vision methods, Image fidelity criteria, color matching and reproduction,
color coordinate systems, color difference measures, color vision model, Temporal properties of
vision.











(9
)

UNIT II


Image Sampling
&
Quantization:
Introduction, two dimensional sampling theory, Extensions
of
sampling theory, Practical limitation
s in sampling and reconstruction, Image Quantization,
Optimum mean square or lloyd Max quantizer, A compandor design.




(7
)

Image Transform:
Two dimensional orthogonal and unitary transforms, properties of unitary
transforms, Two dimensional DFT, Cosine t
ransform, KL
-
transform.




(5)

Image Representation by Stochastic Models:
Introduction, One dimensional causal models,
One dimensional Spectral Factorization, AR Models, linear prediction in two dimension, Image
decomposition, Fast KL transforms.







(8)

UNIT III

Image Enhancement:
Point Operations, Spatial Operations, Transform Operations, Multispectral
Image Enhancement, False Color and pseudocolor, color image enhancement.



(
4
)

Image Filtering and Restoration:
Introduction, Image observation models, Inverse and Wiener
filtering, FIR Wiener filters, Fourier domain filters, filtering using image transforms, Smoothing
splines and Interpolation, least square filters, Generalized inverse, SVD and Iterative methods,
R
ecursive filtering for state variable system, causal models, Semi
-
causal models, Digital
processing of speckle images, Maximum entropy restoration, Bayesian methods.



(8
)

Recommended
Books:

1.

Digital Image Processing by Keenneth R Castleman, Pe
arson Education Society.

2.

Digital Image Processing by Rafact Gonzalez and Richard E. Woods, Pearson
Edu.Society.

3.

Related IEEE/IEE Publications.




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
557
SECURE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS


L T C










4 0 4







Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the understanding of various security principles used for secure
wireless communications




To

emphasize

the

principles and methods used in wireless systems.



To understand security
mechanisms of different wireless networks.



UNIT
I


Introduction to Wireless Communication, Wireless Network Architecture: Review of Wireless LAN,
Review of WPAN, Review of WMAN, Review of WWAN





(8
)



Wireless Security: Traditional Security Issues,
Mobile and Wireless Security Issues, Types of Attacks

Approaches to Security: Physical Limitations, Encryption, Integrity Codes, IPSEC, AAA


(8)


UNIT
II


Security in WPAN: Basic security mechanisms, Bluetooth security modes, encryption, Authentication,
li
mitations and problems.









(7
)


Security in WLAN: Security mechanisms: WEP, WPA, Radius, CHAP, EAP, 802.11i, (RF
transmission, MAC Address Control, SSID, Authentication)





(9)


UNIT
III


Security in WMAN: Broadband Wireless Access, 802.16 Security,

Key Management, Authorisation,
Security in WWAN: Encryption Security in CDMA, GSM authentication and encryption, Problems
with GSM security, Security mechanisms of 3G.






(16
)


Recommended Books:

1.

R. K. Nichols, P. C. Lekkas, “Wireless Security
: Models, Threats and Solutions”, TMH,
2006.

2.

A. E. Earle, “Wireless Security Handbook,” Auerbach Publications, 2006.

3.

Adelstein, Gupta, et al., “Fundamentals of Mobile and Pervasive Computing”, TMH,
2005

4.

Conklin, Williams et al., “Principals of Computer Sec
urity”, Dreamtech, 2004

5.

T. M. Swaminatha and C. R. Elden, “Wireless Security and Privacy: Best Practices and
Design Techniques,” Pearson Education, 2003.




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
558
ERROR CONTROL CODING





L T C










4 0 4







Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To understand the need and concepts of error correcting codes.



To appreciate the concepts, differences, advantages and limitations of linear block codes and
binary convolutional codes.



To understand soft
decision decoding and iteratively decodable codes.

UNIT I

Introduction:
Error Correcting codes, basic concepts, Block codes, Convolutional
codes,
Hamming distance, Hamming sphere, Error correcting capability,



(5
)

Linear Block Codes:
Introduction, Generat
or and Parity check matrices, Encoding and
decoding
of linear block codes, Weight distribution and error performance, Hard decision
decoding of
linear block codes, Hamming, Golay and Reed
-
Muller Codes, Binary cyclic
codes, General
decoding of cyclic codes, BCH codes, Polynomial codes, Decoding of binary BCH
codes, Weight
distribution and error performance, Non
-
binary BCH codes, Reed
-
Solomon (RS)
codes, RS codes
as polynomial codes, Encoding and Decoding of RS codes.



(1
1
)

UNIT II


Binary Convolutional Codes:
Introduction, Basic structure, Connections with block
codes,
Weight enumeration and performance bbunds, Decoding with Viterbi algorithm,
Maximum
likelihood decoding and Hamming metrics, Implementation issues, Puncture
d
convolutional
codes, Modifying t he codes, Different techniques, Combining codes,
Product of codes,
Concatenated codes.







(10
)

UNIT III

Soft Decision Decoding:
Binary transmission over AWGN channels, Viterbi algorithm
with
Euclidean distanc
es, 'Decoding binary linear codes with a trellis, The Chase
.
algorithm,
Ordered
Statistics decoding, Generalized minimum distance decoding, List decoding,
Soft
-
output
algorithms, Soft
-
output Viterbi algorithm, Maximum
-
a
-
posteriori algorithm,
Msx
-
log
-
MAP
al
gorithm, Soft
-
output OSD algorithm.





(11
)


Iteratively Decodable Codes:
Iterative decoding, Product codes, Serial Concatenation
Codes,
Parallel Concatenation codes, Turbo Codes, Log
-
likelihood ratio, Encoding and
decoding of
Turbo codes, Low density parity check (LDPC) codes, Tanner Graphs, The bit
-
flip algorithm,
Belief propagation, Message passing, Trellis coded modulation,
Mapping, Interleaving
techniques.







(11
)


Recommended Books

1.

Morelos
-
Zaragoza R.H., The
Art of Error
-
Correcting Codes, John Wiley and Sons (2006) 2
nd
ed.

2.

Neubauer A., Freudenberger J. and Kuhn V., Coding Theory: Algorithms,
Architectures, and Applications, John Wiley and Sons (2007).

3.

PretZel, 0., Error
-
correcting Codes and Finite Fields, St.
Martins (2003).

4.

Hamming, R.W., Coding and Information Theory, Prentice Hall (1992).

ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
559

PHOTONIC NETWORK AND SWITCHING




L

T

C














4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



Introduction to optical communication, optical networks and their evolution.



To understand multiplexing techniques used in optical domain.



To understand the underlying principles of optical switching and routing.

UNIT I


Introduction:
Introduction to basic optical communication & devices, WDM optical Network
evolution.

(4)

Optical Multiplexing Techniques:
Wavelength Division multiplexing, Time division
multiplexing &
code division multiplexing.










(8
)

UNIT II

Optical Networks:
Why optical networks? Conventional optical networks, SONET/SDH, FDDI,
IEEE 802.3,
DQDB, Multiple access optical networks, WDM optical networks architectures and
issues in wavelength routed
networks.












(14
)

All Optic
al Networks:
Amplification in all optical networks. All optical subscriber access
networks,
design issues.













(7
)

UNIT III

Optical Switching
&
Routing:
Optical switching, example of an optical switch using 2 x 2
coupler,
evolution of switch
ing technologies, switching architectures, Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), free
space optical switching, thermoptic & bubble switches, optical routers.
Protection of optical switched path.
Wavelength converters, Add drop multiplexers with &
without wavelength conversions.



(1
5
)

Recommended
Books:

I.

Uyless Black, 'Optical Networks', Pearson education.

2.

D.K. Mynbaeu & L. Scheiner, 'Fiber optic Communication Technology, Pearson Edu.
Asia

3.

C. Siva Ram Murthy & M. Gurusamy, 'WDM optical netw
orks' Pearson Education

4.

RG Gallager & D Bertsekas, 'Data Networks, PHI

5.

DK Mynbaev & Lowell L. Scheing, 'Fiber Optic Communication Technology", Pearson Education Asia




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
560



TELEMATICS






L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



T
o introduce
evolution of telecommunication and switching systems.



To facilitate the student with the concepts and techniques used in telematics.



To understand the

need and features of relatively advanced networks like ISDN.


U
NI
T I

Introduction:
Evolution of telecommunication, simple telephone communication, Basic
Switching
system, Manual
-
switching system.









(3
)

Cross
-
Bar Switching:
Principal of common control, touch
-
tone dial telephone, principles of
cross bar
switching, cross bar switching configuration, cross point technology, cross bar exchange organization.

(
7
)

UNIT II

Electronics Space Division Switching:
SPC, centralized SPC, d
istributed SPC, software
architecture,
application software, enhanced services, two, three and n
-
stage networks.




(7)

Speech digitization and Transmission:
Sampling, vocodors, TDM.





(4)


Time Division Switching:
Basic time division space and time swit
ching, time multiplexed space
and time
switching, combination switching, three stages and N
-
stages combination switching.



(6
)


UNIT III

Traffic Engineering:
Network traffic load parameters, grade of service, and blocking
probability,
modeling a switching systems, incoming traffic and service characterization,
blocking models and loss
estimates, delay systems.










(7
)

Telephone Networks:
Subscriber loop system, switching hierarchy, and routing, transmission
plan,
trans
mission system, numbering plan, charging plan, signaling techniques, in
-
channel and common channel
signaling techniques.










(6)

ISDN:

Motivation, new services, network and protocol architecture, transmission channel, user
net works
interface, si gnali n
g, numberi ng and addressing, service characterization,
internetworking ISDN
standards.











(8)

Recommended
Books:

I. Thiagarajan Viswanathan, "Telecommunication Switching System and Networks", 1st
Edition, PHI,
2001. (Rs. 195/
-
.)

2.

John Bellamy, "Digit
al Bellamy", 3
rd
Edition, John Willey, 2000. (Rs. 4548/
-
)

3.

J.E Flood, "Telecommunications Switching, Traffic and Networks", Pearson Education,
2002. (Rs.
180/
-
)


ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
561

MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATIONS AND SYSTEM DESIGN

L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To facilitate the student with the idea of
multimedia communication.



To understand the processing and transportation of multimedia content.



To understand various m
ultimedia communication standards.



UNIT

I


Multimedia Communication:

Introduction, Network requirements, multimedia terminals, multimedia Requirement
for ATM networks, Multimedia terminals. Audio visual Integration. Audio to visual mapping.


(7)


Multimedia Processing in Communications:

Introduction, Digital Media, Signal processing elements, Challenges
in multimedia information processing, Perceptual coding of Digital audio signals, Transform audio coders, Image
coding, Video Coding.










(9
)


UNIT

II


Distributed multimedia systems:

Resource management of DMS, IP networking, Multimedia operating systems,
distributed multimedia servers, Distributed multimedia applications, Multimedia File Formats


(16
)


UNIT
III


Multimedia communication
standards
, MPEG
-
1, MPEG
-
2, MPEG
-
4Audio/Video, MPEG
-
4 Visual Texture
coding (VTC), Multimedia communication across networks.

Compression Techniques: JPEG, MPEG








(16
)


Recommended Books
:

1.

Rao, Bojkovic, Milovanovic, “Multimedia Communication Systems”,
PHI

2.

Andleigh, Thakrar, “Multimedia System Design”, PHI

3.

Sharda, “Multimedia Information Networking”, PHI

4.

Vaughan, “Multimedia making it work”, Tata Mc Graw Hill



ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
562

GLOBAL TRACKING AND
POSI
TIONING SYSTEM


L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the understanding and design aspects of Global Tracking and positioning
system
.



To understand various types of measurements and
processing techniques used in GPS.



To introduce evolution and applications of GPS.


UNIT

I


INTRODUCTION:

Satelites, Introduction to Tracking and GPS System, Applications of Satelite and GPS for 3D
position, Velocity, determination as function of time
, Interdisciplinary application (eg,.Crystal dynamics, gravity
field mapping, reference frame, atmospheric occulation)Basic concepts of GPS. Space segment, Control segment,
user segment, History of GPS constellation, GPS measurement charecteristics, selec
tive availability(AS),
antispoofing (AS).










(8
)


ORBITS AND REFERENCE SYSTEMS:

Basics of satelite orbits and reference systems
-
Two
-
body problem,
orbit elements, timre system and time transfer using GPS, coordinate systems, GPS Orbit design, orbit determination
problem, tracking networks, GPS force and measurement models for orbit
determination, orbit broadcast ephemeris,
precise GPS ephemeris, Tracking problems








(8)



UNIT
II


GPS

MEASUREMENTS:

GPS Observable
-
Measurement types(C/A Code,P
-
code,L1 and L2 frequen
cies for
navigation, pseudo ranges),atmospheric delays(tropospheric and ionospheric),data format(RINEX),data
combination(narrow/wide lane combinations, ionosphere
-
free combinations single, double, triple differences),
undifferenced models, carrier phase Vs

Intergrated Doppler, integer biases, cycle slips, clock error.

(16)


UNIT
III


PROCESSING TECHNIQUES:
Pseudo range and carrier phase processing, ambiguity removal, Least square
methods for state parameter determination, relation positioning, dilution of
precision.



(8)



GPS APPLICATIONS
: Surveying, Geophysics, Geodsey, airborne GPS, Ground transportation, Spaceborne GPS
orbit determination, attitude control, meteorological and climate research using
GPS.



(8)


Re
commended Books
:

1.

B. Hoffman
-

Wellenhof, H. Lichtenegger and J. Collins, "GPS: Theory and Practice ", 4th revised


edition, Springer, Wein, New york, 1997

2.

A. Leick,"GPS Satelite Surveying",2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons,
NewYork,1995

3.

B. Parkinson, J. Spilker, Jr.(Eds),"GPS: Theory and Applications", Vol.
I & Vol.II,AIAA,370 L 'Enfant
Promenade SW,Washington,DC20024,1996

4.

A. Kleusberg and P. Teunisen (Eds),GPS for Geodesy,Springer
-
Verlag,Berlin,1996

5.

L. Adams, "The GPS.A Sha
red National Asset, Chair, National Accademy Press, Washington, DC, 1995.



ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.































ELECTIVE
VI

















ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
603
MICROWAVE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the understanding
of radio wave propoogation.



To understand various concepts, calculations and techniques used in microwave communica
tion.



To provide an introduction to mobile communication systems.

UNIT I

Characteristics of Radio Wave Propagation
: Attenuation and absorption, interference
and noise, ground
wave propagation, line of sight space wave propagation and
effective earth radius, ionosphere
propagation and critical frequency, troposphere
scatter propagation.





(8
)


Line of Sight Microwave Relay Systems
: Mobile radio propagation large
-
scale path
loss, Fraunhofer region,
Fresnel Zone geometry, modulation tec
hnique, multi
-
path
fading, frequency diversity, space diversity, link
calculation, system gain, fade
margin, outage probability.






(8
)

UNIT II



Satellite Microwave Systems
: Satellite orbits and dynamics, Frequency allocation and
satellite footprints, E
arth
stations and satellite transponders, Noise considerations.
Link budget calculations. Multiple access methods,
Mobile satellite systems, their
uses and illustrative systems.






(16)


UNIT III


Mobile Communications
: Cellular mobile phones: basic netw
ork structure, multiple
access techniques,
frequency reuse, capacity of cellular networks, signal to
interference ratio, channel allocation techniques,
location management, handoff management, quality of services (QoS).





(16
)

Recommended
Books:

1.

Microwave Mobile Communications by William

2.

Digital Communications: Microwave Applications by Kamilo Feher C Jakes

3.

Theodore S. Rappaport, "Wireless Communication Principles & Practice", PHI, 21d Edition, 2008

4.

DC Aggarwal, "Satellite Communication", 2
nd
Edition, PHI, 2
nd
Edition, Khanna Publishing, 2006

5.

T.Pratt and CW Bostian, "Satellite Communication", John Wiley & Sons, 2
nd
Edition, 2006




ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
604

SMART ANTENNAS

L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours: 48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the understanding and design aspects of
Smart Antennas.



To understand
the concepts behind radiation and antenna
analysis & synthesis.



To understand smart antenna techniques for wireless and mobile networks.


UNIT I


Basic concepts of Radiation


Radiation mechanism


Basic sources of Radiation
-

Current distribution on antennas, Basic antenna parameters
(8)



Analysis and synthesis of antennas

Vector potential, Antenna theorems and definitions, dipole, loop, reflector, slot antennas. Types of linear arrays,
current distribution in linear arrays, Antenna synthesis techniques.






(8
)


UNIT II



Smart an
tennas

Spatial processing for wireless systems: Introduction, Vector channel impulse response & the spatial signature.
Spatial processing receivers, fixed beamforming Networks, switched beam systems, Adaptive antenna systems,
Wide band smart antennas, Dig
ital radio receiver & software radio for smart antennas.




(16
)


UNIT III



Smart antenna techniques for CDMA

Non
-
coherent & coherent CDMA spatial processors, spatial processing rake receiver, Multi
-
user spatial processing,
dynamic resectoring, downl
ink beam forming for CDMA, MIMO






(16
)



Recommended Books:

1.

Balanis A., “Antenna Theory Analysis and Design”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1982.

2.

Joseph C. Liberti, Theodore S. Rappaport


“Smart Antennas for Wireless Communications: IS95 and
third generation CDMA Applications”, Prentice Hall, Communications Engineering and Emerging
Technologies Series.



3.

Kraus J.D., “Antennas”, II edition, John Wil
ey and Sons, New York, 1977.

4.

Collin R.E. and Zucker F.


“Antenna theory” Part I, Tata Mc Graw Hill, New York, 1969.



ME ECE
,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.


ECT
-
60
5

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION




L

T

C












4 0 4










Max. Marks: 60

Contact Hours:48

Course Objectives



To
facilitate the student with the basics of embedded systems

and development process.



To understand the concepts of OS and various related terms.



To provide idea about windows mobile PC and related case
study.
.

UNIT

I


Introduction to an embedded systems design (ESD): Introduction to Embedded system, classification of Embedded
Systems, issues in ESD and Co
-
design, development phase of an embedded systems, Languages for embedded
systems development, Proce
ssors for ES, tools for an ES development.





(1
6
)


UNIT


II


Operating systems: Inter
-
process Communication and Synchronization of Processes Tasks and Threads, Problem of
Sharing Data by Multiple Tasks, Real Time Operating Systems, Basic Concepts, OS Se
rvices, I/O Subsystems,
Interrupt Routines in RTOS Environment, RTOS Task Scheduling model, Interrupt Latency and Response times of
the tasks.











(1
6
)



UNIT


III


A case study of Windows CE RTOS for mobile applications.


Introduction to windows mobile PC and development environment.





(16
)


Recommended Books
:


1.

Programming Microsoft windows CE, .Net, Douglas boling, wp publishers & Distributors.

2.

An Embedded Software Primer by David E. Simon, Pearson Education, 2001

3.

Embedded Systems Design by Frank Vahid, Tony Givargis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc,

4.

Programming Embedded Systems by Michael Barr, O’reilly, 2002