Inorganic Chemistry-3 (0303322) First Semester 2011/2012

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Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Inorganic Chemistry
-
3

(
0303322
)

First

Semester 20
11
/20
12


Text book: Inorganic Chemistry by C. E. Housecr
o
ft and A. G. Sharpe

,


3
r
d

Edition

, Pearson 2008

*************************************************************
**********************

Course Outline

1.

Hydrogen

(
3 Lecture
s

)


Hydrogen
:

the simplest atom
.

The H
+

and H
-

ions
:

The hydrogen ion (proton), The hydride ion
.

Isotopes
of hydrogen
:

Protium and d
euterium, Deuterated compounds, Tritium.

Dihydrogen
:

occurrence, Physical
properties, Synthesis and

uses, Reactivity.
Polar and non
-
polar

E
-
H bonds
.
Hydrogen bonding
: The
hydrogen bond, Trends in boiling points, melting points and
enthalpies of vaporization for
p
-
block
.

B
inary
hydrides.


2.

Group 1: the alkali metals

( 3 Lectures )



Introduction
.
Occur
rence, extraction and uses
: Occurrence, Extraction, Major uses of the alkali metals
and their compounds.
Physical

properties
:

General properties, Atomic spectra and flame tests,
Radioactive isotopes, NMR active nuclei.
The
metals
: Appearance, Reactivity.
H
alides. Oxides and
hydroxides
: Oxides, peroxides, superoxides, suboxides and ozonides, Hydroxides.
Salts of oxoacids
:
carbonates
and hydrogencarbonates.
Aqueous solution chemistry

including macrocyclic complexes
:
Hydrated ions, Complex ions.
Non
-
aqueous co
ordination chemistry
.


3.

The group 2 metals
.

( 3 Lectures )


Introduction. Occurrence, extraction and uses
:

Occurrence, Extraction, Major uses of the group 2
metals
and their compounds.
Physical properties
: General properties, Flame test, Radioactive isot
opes.
The metals
: Appearance, Reactivity.
Halides
: Beryllium halides
, Halides of Mg, Ca, Sr and Ba
.
Oxides
and hydroxides
: Oxides and peroxides, Hydrox
i
des.
Salts of oxoacids.

Complex ions in

aqueous
solution
: Aqua species of beryllium, Aqua species of Mg
2
+
, Ca
2+
, Sr
2+

and Ba
2+
, Complexes with ligands
other than water.

Complexes with amido or alkoxy ligands
.
Diagonal

relationships between Li and
Mg, and between Be and Al
:

Lithium and magnesium,
b
eryllium and aluminum.


4.

The group 13 elements

( 5 Lectures
)



Introduction
.
Occurrence, extraction and uses
:

Occurrence, Extraction, Major uses of the group 13
elements and their compounds.
Physical properties
: Electronic configuration and oxidation states, NMR
active nuclei.
The elements
: Appearance, Structures
of elements, Reactivity.
Simple hydrides
: Neutral
hydrides, The [MH
4
] ions.
Halides and complex halides
: Boron halides: BX
3

and B
2
X
4
, Al(III), Ga(III),
In(III) and Tl(III) halides and their complexes, Lower oxidation state Al, Ga, In and Tl halides.

Oxides
,
oxoacids, oxoanions and

hydroxides
: Boron oxides, oxoacids and oxoanions, Aluminium oxides,
oxoacids, oxoanions and hydroxides, Oxides of Ga, In and Tl.
Compounds containing nitrogen:

Nitrides, Ternary boron nitrides, Molecular species containing B
-
N or
B
-
P bonds, Molecular species
containing group 13 metal
-
nitrogen bonds.
Aluminium to thallium
:
salts of oxoacids, aqueous solution
chemistry and complexes
: Aluminium sulfate and alums, Aqua ions, Redox reactions in aqueous
solution, Coordination complexes o
f the M
3+

ions.
Metal borides
.
Electron
-
dificient borane and
carbaborane clusters: an introduction
.


5.

The group 14 elements

( 8 Lectures )



Introduction
.

Occurrence, extraction and uses
: Occurrence, Extraction and manufacture, Uses.
Physical properties
: Ionization energies and cation formation, Some energetic and bonding consideration,
NMR active nuclei, Mossbauer spectroscopy.
Allotropes

of carbon
: Graphite and diamond: structure and
properties, Graphite: intercalation compounds, Fullerences: synthesis

and structure, Fullerences: reactivity,
Carbon nanotubes.
Structural and chemical

properties of silicon, germanium, tin and lead
: Structures,
Chemical properties.
Hydrides
: Binary hydrides, Halohydrides of silicon and germanium.
Carbides,
silicides, germi
des, stannides and plumbides
: Carbides, Silicides, Germides, stannides and plumbides.

2

Halides and

complex halides
: Carbon halides,
Silicon halides, Halides of germanium, tin and lead.
Oxides, oxoacids and hydroxides
: oxides and oxoacids of carbon, Silica,
silicates and aluminosilicates,
Oxides, hydroxides and oxoacids of germanium,

tin and lead.
Silicones
.
Sulfides
.
Cyanogen, silicon
nitride and tin nitride
: Cyanogen and its derivatives, Silicon nitride, Tine(IV) nitride.
Aqueous solution
chemistry and salt
s of oxoacids of germanium, tin and lead
.



6.

The group 15 elements

( 7 Lectures )


Introduction
.
Occurrence, extraction and

uses
.
Physical properties
: Bonding considerations, NMR
active nuclei, Radioactive isotopes.
The elements
: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Ar
senic, antimony and
bismuth.
Hydrides
: Trihydrides, EH
3

(E=N, P, As, Sb and Bi),
Hydrides
: E
2
H
4

(E=N, P, As), Chloramine and
hydroxylamine, Hydrogen azide and azide salts.
Nitrides,
p
hosphides,
a
rsenides,

antimonides and
bism
uthides
: Nitrides,
p
hosphides,
a
rsenides, antimonides and bismuthides.

Halides, oxohalides and
complex halides
: Nitrogen halides, Oxofluorides and oxochlorides of nitrogen, Phosphoryl trichloride,
POCl
3
, Arsenic and antimony halides, Bismuth halides.
Oxides of nitrogen
:
Dinitrogen monox
ide, N
2
O,
Nitrogen monoxide, NO, Dinitrogen trioxide, N
2
O
3
, Dinitrogen tetraozide, N
2
O
4
, and nitrogen dioxide,
NO
2
, Dinitrogen pentaoxide, N
2
O
5
.
Oxides of

phosphorus, arsenic, antimony and bismuth
: Oxides of
phosphorus, Oxides of arsenic, antimony and bism
uth. O
xoacids of arsenic, antimony and bismuth.
Phosphazenes
.
Sulfides and selenides
: Sulfides and selenides of phosphorus, Arsenic, antimony and
bismuth sulfides.
Aqueous solution chemistry

and complexes
.


7.

The

group 17elements

( 4 Lectures )


Introduct
ion
: Fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine, Astatine.
Occurrence, extraction and uses
:
Occurrence, Extraction, Uses.
Physical Properties and bonding considerations
: NMR activ
e nuclei and
isotopes as traces.
The elements:

Difluorine,
d
ichlorine, dibromine
and diodine, Charge transfer
complexes, Clathrates.
Hydrogen halides. Metal halides
: structures and energetics.
Interhalogen
compounds and polyhalogen ions
: Interhalogen compounds, Bonding in [XY
2
]
-

ions, Polyhalogen
cations, Polyhalide anions.
Oxides and
oxofluorides of chlorine, bromine and iodine
: Oxides,
Oxofluorides.
Oxoacids and their salts
: Hypofluorous acid, HOF, Oxoacids of chlorine, bromine and
iodine.
Aqueous solution

chemistry
.



8.

Some aspects of solid state chemistry

( 3 Lectures )



I
ntroduction
.
Defects in solid

state lattices
: Types of defect: stoichiometric and non
-
stoic
hiometric
compounds, Colour centres (F
-
centres), Thermodynamic effects of crystal defects.
Electrical
conductivity
in ionic solids
: Sodium and lithium ion conductors
,
d
-
block metal (II) oxides.
Superconductivity
:
Superconductors
: early examples and basic theory, High
-
temperature superconductors, Superconducting
properties of MgB
2
, Applications of superconductors.
Ceramic materials
: colour pigments: White
pigments (opa
cifiers), Adding color.
Chemical vapour deposition (CVD)
: High
-
purity silicon for
semiconductors,

-
Boron nitride, Silicon nitride and carbide, III
-
V Semiconductors, Metal deposition,
Ceramic coatings, Perovskites and cuprate superconductors.
Inorganic fib
ers
: Boron fib
er
s, Carbon
fib
er
s, Silicon carbide fib
er
s, Alumina f
i
b
er
s.

Carbon nanotubes
.


9.

The trace metals of life
( 5 Lectures ):
-
Introduction
:

Amino acids, peptides and

proteins
: some
terminology.
Metal storage and transport
:

Fe, Cu, Zn

and V
:

Iron

storage and transport,
Metallothioneins: transporting some toxic metals.
Dealing with O
2
: Haemoglobin and myoglobin,
Haemocyanin, Haemerythrin, Cytochromes P
-
450.
B
iological redox

processe
s
:

Blue copper proteins, The
mitochondrial electron
-
transfer chain,

Iron
-
sulfur proteins, Cytochromes.
The Zn
2+

ion: Nature’s

Lewis
acid
: Carbonic anhydrase II, Carboxypeptidase A, Carboxypeptidase G
2
, Cobalt
-
for zinc ion substitution.



First Exam

20%

Office Hours:
8
:00
-

9
:00 Su & Tu
,

3:30
-

4:30 M


Second Exam

20%


First Exam:
Su

3
0
/10/11


Seminar


10%

Second Exam:
Tu

1
3
/12/11


Final Exam

50%