Validate sites like
you give a URL
of a page and it will return errors and
warnings based on your HTML
Dreamweaver can do the W3C validation for
you and take you right to "problem" lines in
your page by doing File > Validate > Validate
Current Document (W3C)
LOTS of choices. Four general categories:
never use for real/business sites. OK for hobby or fan sites I guess.
Examples: Yahoo Geocities, Tripod, etc
you get an Internet connection, from AOL to
to MCI et al,
usually comes with 5
10MB of free file space in which you can build Web
$10/month hosts. Typically more Web services, such as CGI/script space. Also
tend to come with more pre
installed scripts/programs you can use
Dedicated Web hosts:
$30/month. Tend to have the best up
time and technical support
(for their servers, not your site).
typical route in which your site is hosted along with many others on a server. That is all
transparent to user though.
instance, 50 or 100 different domains might all be on one physical machine, but to the
user they are just going to
regardless of whether they
are on the same server.
because of security policies your ability to install original programs et al is limited.
You also do not have access to server settings, etc
expensive Web hosting option.
your own Web machine but have it located at a Web host's facilities using their network
expensive than a 'dedicated server', basically you are paying for the same network and
support costs as above without paying rent on the machine
Web hosts have a suite of scripts for common tasks (such as e
mailing the contents of
forms on pages), typically in Perl.
hosts will allow you to install your own on your site
hosts throw in basic streaming media for free, although your account may not have
space of the video files.
better streaming modes such as true
serving tend to be bundled into the mid
range price plans.
of the common reasons people upgrade from a basic Web host plan
major Web hosts include at least basic reports generated by programs such as
plans above the basic level allow you access (to download or process yourself) to the
raw log files that record your site's traffic
connections are typically included in mid
range and e
Shopping carts, online CC transactions, etc., tend to cost extra or to be bundled in higher
Many hosts have forum software pre
installed so that you can easily add forums to your web
Some are free and some are add
on costs to hosting plan
Active Server Pages are usually standard on any Windows NT
based Web server, and support
extensions" are common on many Unix
Some NT hosts support Cold Fusion. Both run on Unix as well but are less commonly
ASP is typically free; CF is usually part of a mid
range price plan.
The 'open source' solutions are often free (MySQL, etc.), while the commercial databases
(from Access to SQL Server to Oracle) are usually extra charges, and sometimes substantially
Register a Domain Name
A domain name is a pointer/alias to an IP address, a unique number to identify
you make a request for a specific domain name like (
your computer accesses a Domain Name Server (DNS) to look up the IP
address associated with that domain name
the domain name is resolved, your computer makes a request to the
server with that IP address to fetch the webpage you asked for
domain names are registered in a central registry maintained by ICANN
for Assigned Names and Numbers)
ICANN certifies domain name registrars like Go Daddy or
.us (country code
Register a Domain Name (
You can choose any name you want (given that it is available), but it
should reflect what your website is about. Domain names can only
contain letters, numbers, and hyphens and it is limited to 70
Domain names also can be upper or lower case, but case is ignored by
Domain Name Servers (DNS)
Find a domain name using a site like Instant Domain Search instead of
typing into the URL bar .
Once you’ve found a domain name, register your domain name with a domain
Prices vary considerably depending on the domain registrar you choose.
List of registrars
Domain names are usually registered for a minimum of one year, but
usually you can register your domain name for longer than that.
Typically, the longer the contract, the cheaper the domain
Find a web host
At this point, all you have is a domain name
don’t have a server to host your website, so you now need a server to host your files.
will link up your hosting server with your domain name
Rather than doing Step 1 (registering a domain name) and Step 2 (finding web hosting)
separately, you can register a domain name and sign up for hosting in one process.
we wanted to use
, we would create an account on their site and purchase a domain name
and web hosting.
When you are browsing hosting plans, it will ask you to choose an operating system.
for example, it will ask you to choose between Linux or Windows.
does not mean the operating system of your local computer.
refers to the operating system of the server.
default is Linux, which is typically what you want.
you get into ASP.NET development, you will probably want Windows.
You can usually find coupon codes when buying web hosting.
something like “coupon code
” and you will find various discounts
In the end, hosting a site for a year will typically range from $45
Upload your files using FTP
After you’ve purchased a domain name and web
hosting, you will be sent an email with FTP
information so that you can upload your website
files using an FTP client like Fetch,
process will be just like how you uploaded to
How Domain Names Work