MARINE PYROTECHNICS

Aquamaris TradingMechanics

Jul 29, 2020 (16 days and 18 hours ago)

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A lifeboat or life raft is a small boat that is carried in a ship and is used for evacuation in case of any emergency. It is one of the most important lives saving equipment for any endangerment in the sea.

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A lifeboat or life raft is a small boat that is carried in a ship and is used
for evacuation in case of any emergency. It is one of the most important
lives saving equipment for any endangerment in the sea. First used to
rescue the people on sinking PS Normandy. Further, Maria Beasley
patented an improved life raft in both England and the United States.
During the 20
th
century with the increase in the size of ships, more
people could travel but there was no change in the number of lifeboats.
It was after the Titanic incident that the number of lifeboats was
increased such that would be sufficient for people on board. After that,
there were a lot more improvements in the lifeboats for the proper
safety in case of any emergency.
There are different types of lifeboats/ life rafts available
for saving lives at the time of endanger:
 Open Lifeboats: These are the ones with no roof, therefore considered
the least safe. There is no safety available from the indifferent weather
conditions and water currents.
 Closed Lifeboats: These are the safest and most popular ones. These
are closed from all sides providing proper protection in the sea. This is
further classified as partially and fully enclosed lifeboats.
 Free Fall Lifeboats: These are the same as closed lifeboats. The only
difference is the launching mechanism used. These are designed
especially keeping passengers' safety in mind such that there will be no
injury when the boat falls from a great height.
 Inflatable Life rafts: These have auto-inflatable systems designed in
them making them easier to launch than the other lifeboats. These are
filled with compressed air which provides this feature. Merchant ships
must carry a sufficient number of life rafts on each side.

As a lifeboat/ life raft is sufficient for the safety of the
people present on the ship but there is some basic life
raft/ lifeboat equipment that should be present
mandatorily. This equipment is:

Marine pyrotechnics
: These are the visual signals which are used in
case of extreme emergency. These distress signals used to inform
nearby ships of urgent help.
 Compass: This is the crucial component that is required to make sure
the boat is going in the right direction.
 First Aid Kit: For treating the minor injuries during the rescue
operations it must be available on the boat.
 Dipper: Due to the swinging of the sea, there might be spilling of the
water which is present on the boat and is the most valuable commodity.
It must be used carefully to last for a long time for survival. Dipper is
used to minimize spillage.
 Food Rations: In case people have to stay on the boat for multiple
dates, it must contain food items like vitamins, soya fat, glucose, and
freshwater.
 Daylight signaling mirror: For the communication, during day time it
can be used.
 Fishing line and hook: It is used in case of food scarcity on the boat.
 Tools: To make some adjustments in the lifeboat engine, sufficient
tools must be present.
In addition to all this equipment, the lifeboats must be check and
maintained regularly to ensure its efficiency. The proper functioning of a
lifeboat is the most important thing. Lifeboats must be checked
periodically for any cracks. The air support system should be verified to
circumvent the path of toxic gases. Every week the lifeboat engine must
be tested for proper working. The battery that provides electricity to the
lifeboat should be renewed every year.
Lifeboats/ Life rafts are saving lives for years and will keep on doing the
same for the years to come. Moreover, you will always find these kinds
of lifeboats in almost every big ship. Life should be the priority of every
ship.