the Internet of Things

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the Internet of
Things

questions

concerning
information
and
society

Dr. Ben van Lier CMC
Director Strategy & Innovation
Internet of Things
Conferentie
Rotterdam, 9
april

2013
Phenomenology
(
Onthology
)
Martin
Heidegger

The question
concerning

technology
(1954/1977)


The essence of modern technology lies in
Enframing



Thus the question as to how we are to arrive at a relationship to the essence of
technology, asked in this way, always comes too, late.

But never too late comes the question as to whether we actually experience
ourselves as the ones whose activities everywhere, public and private, are
challenged forth by
Enframing
.

Above all, never too late comes the question as to whether and how we actually
admit ourselves into that wherein
Enframing
itself comes to present

(1954/1977:24)
Informatics
Claude Shannon

The
mathematical theory of Communication
(1948)


If the number of messages in the set is finite then this number or any monotonic
function of this number can be regarded as a measure of the information produced
when one message is chosen from the set

Internet of Things

Machine2Machine communication
Systems
theory
-
(
epistemology
) - I
Ludwig von
Bertalanffy

General systems theory (1969)

A system or

organized complexity

may be circumscribed by the existence of
strong interactions or interactions which are non trivial i.e. nonlinear. The
methodological problem of systems theory, therefore, is to provide for problems
which, compared with the analytical-summative ones of classical science, are of a
more general nature

(1969:19)
Gregory Bateson

Steps to an ecology of mind (1972)

A bit of information is definable as a difference which makes a difference. Such a
difference, as it travels and undergoes successive transformation information in a
circuit, is an elementary idea

. (1972:315)
Systems
Theory

and

Interoperability
of Information
Hybrid system
Interoperable
Context
Semantics
Technology
Self-referential and autopoietic
Niklas

Luhmann

Social Systems (1995 English edition)


Thus the concept of systems refers to something that is in reality a system and
thereby incurs the responsibility of testing its statements against reality

. (
1995:13)
Interoperability

of Information -
II
Hybrid
system
Hybrid
system
Interoperability

The realisation of mutual relations between two or more systems and entities
in order to use these connections to exchange and share information to further
develop activities, functionality or production

.
Context
Semantics
Technology
Context
Semantics
Technology
System
N Systems
System
N Systems
Interoperability

of Information - III
Context
Semantics
Technology
System
N Systems
Double contingency
Context
Semantics
Technology
Interoperability

of Information - IV
Context
Semantics
Technology
Context
Semantics
Technology
System
N Systems
System and Environment
Interoperability

of Information - V
Context
Semantics
Technology
Context
Semantics
Technology
System
N Systems
Information

Utterance

Understanding
Information

Utterance

Understanding
Communication and Action
Interoperability

of Information

VI
Context
Semantics
Technology
Context
Semantics
Technology
System
N Systems
Information

Utterance

Understanding
Information

Utterance

Understanding
Interpenetration
Interpenetration
Interpenetration
https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=rZvDqumaLIY
Interoperability
of Information


VI
Karl
Weick

Sensemaking

(1995)

Enactment
i.e. the act of assigning meaning

Sense is generated by words that are combined into the sentences of conversations to
convey something about our ongoing experience (1995:106)

Because technology is a crucial part of organizations, it is important to incorporate it into
any discussion of
sensemaking
(1995:114)
Internet of
Things
- Context
Paul
Dourish

Like ordinariness, context is managed
moment by moment, achieved by those
carrying out some activity together, and
relative to that activity and to the forms
of action and engagement that it entails.
(2004:25)
Network-
centric

warfare


Internet of
Things

The difficulty will therefore no longer lie in understanding each
individual, autonomous,
autopoeitic
and self-referential system, but
in the existence and the nature of the relationship between these
systems

van Lier & Hardjono
Systems Practice and Action Research (2011) volume 24 pg. 479-
497
Internet of Things and Emergent properties
Andy Clarke

Natural-Born Cyborgs (2003)

For better or for worse (almost certainly for both), human technology symbiosis is poised to
transform our lives both as individuals and as collective groups.

At the individual level, new transparent technologies will increasingly blur the already fuzzy
boundary between the user and her tools for thought;

at the collective level distributed activity-sensitive software will enable us to press new
knowledge from electronic trails of use and access. (2003:165)
Vragen?
ben.van.lier@centric.eu
@
Ben_van_Lier
www.centric.eu/benvanlier