Teaching & Learning as Knowledge Management

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy. All rights reserved.

Mar y Ann Mal l oy, PhD

Oct ober 2013

Teaching & Learning as
Knowledge Management

** Review this briefing in “Notes Page” view, then “Fit to
Window” and Zoom to read the narrative!

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

** The ideas I’m sharing today are my own, not official positions
of my employer or our customers.

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.




3 “Bytes”

© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy. All rights reserved.

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“What can we r epl i cat e
f r om your STEM j our ney t o
cr eat e mor e sci ent i st s and
engi neer s?”

What led you to choose

a STEM Career?

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

Welcome to the STEM Factory??!

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

N
ature or
N
urture…?

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

My STEM Journey

BS, Applied Math

BA, French

MS, Comp
Sci

(Public Key
Encryption)

PhD (S/W
Reliability

1987

1965

1977

1981

1986

1997

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

…I can do it!...

© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy. All rights reserved.

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Wher e “met a
-
di sci pl i nes” connect?

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

“Wisdom hierarchy”


Data

Symbols

representing
verifiable
objects,
events,
properties


Information

Data that
has been
rendered
useful for
making
decisions:
who, what,
where,
when, how
many

Knowledge

Information
combined to
create
instructions
and know
-
how; i.e.,
how

to act on
decisions

Understanding

Knowledge
about
why

you

need to make a
decision


Wisdom

Experiential
knowledge &
understanding
that supports
perceiving and
assigning value
to possible
outcomes of
decisions

more relevant, decision
-
quality information =
more knowledge potential

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

Knowledge Management is a “meta
-
discipline”


Cognitive science


A
rtificial
intelligence


Document management


Library / information
science


Organizational science


Natural Language


Information / Knowledge
representation


Semantic networks


Simulation


Technical writing


Object
-
oriented information
modeling


Relational / object
databases


Electronic
publishing
technology


World
Wide
Web


H
elp
-
desk
technology


Performance
support systems


Expert / knowledge base
management systems (KBMS)


C
omputer
-
supported
collaborative
work

(groupware)


Decision support
systems


Search /
discovery engines



R
equires drawing from a wide range of disciplines & technologies,
including:

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.


Intellectual
capital
(aka,
knowledge,
know
-
how
) is a
valuable
asset.


It can
be
managed as
effectively as
physical assets.


Knowledge
Mgmt
(KM)


A multi
-
disciplined set of
processes for capturing,
structuring, creating,
leveraging and reusing
intellectual capital…



…plus cultural and technical
foundations that support
such practices

.

STEM


An approach to education in
which
Science
and
Mathematics

are taught as a
blended “meta
-
discipline”
using a curriculum focused on
discovery and exploratory
learning.



Complementary
Technology
provides opportunities for
students to actively engage in
creating innovative
Engineering

solutions by
applying what they are
learning.


People (WHO)


Processes (WHAT)


Technology (HOW)

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

Students in the 21
st

century are…


living
in an increasingly fluid, interconnected, and complex world


learning
in a global
classroom


borderless, virtual, open
-
source software, 24X7
digital resources
-
on
-
demand


as much in need of
skills

as they are of
content


wielding
tools that make it possible to locate, acquire, and create
knowledge more quickly than ever before


inclined
to find information by accessing the Internet
via cellphones &
computers
, or chatting with friends on a social networking site


mirroring
the 21st
-
century
workplace


By working
collaboratively in
teams, accomplish more than many individuals


likely
to experience several career changes in their
lifetimes


lifelong
learners


h
aving to master
not just the
3
Rs
, but also the
4 Cs


creativity, critical thinking,
communication, and
collaboration


…Learn to
learn, share, grow
…traits
they share with

KM
practitioners and knowledge workers

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.


Encouraged




Given latitude



Offered choices


Provided appropriate
guidance



Pushed


Left to languish
……………. ..


Overwhelmed by decisions


Micro
-
managed

Be an advocate

for your students


Challenge with
enrichment



Positively reinforced


Allowed to march to
his/her own drummer


Taught to the “average”
or “Overloaded”


Warned not to fail


Someone’s “do
-
over”

© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy. All rights reserved.

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Hands
-
on exer ci se

Knowledge Café


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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

What is it?


A
Knowledge Café
is a
means of bringing
together a
group of
people
to
have an open, creative conversation on a topic of
mutual interest
to:


share
ideas and
insights


gain
a deeper understanding of the subject and
related issues


surface their collective knowledge


inspire better decision
-
making and innovation


http://www.gurteen.com/gurteen/gurteen.nsf/id/X000629AA
/


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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

“Speed session …”


Distribute “How
-
to” sheet, paper and markers



Question:


What
are the barriers to effective STEM learning in a traditional
classroom setting, and how can
we overcome
them
?



Identify small groups


Take no more than 5 minutes to converse.


I
dentify the scribe.


Discuss barriers/solutions


A wrap
-
up warning will be given at 4 minutes for groups to earmark up to
3 topic ideas.


Reconvene “plenary”


Spokesperson from each group will share findings.


N
eed
not be the
scribe; it’s
OK to say “we don’t know the solution.”





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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

Do you want to play???

Example of free online resource (not an endorsement!)

http://
kmquest2.gw.utwente.nl/KMquestIntro/index.html

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© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy.. All rights reserved.

Wrap up


Every STEM journey is unique.


N
ot everyone will want to make it, nor should we expect this.


Be a positive role model of “life
-
long learning” to your students.


Be prepared to learn from them, too (knowledge exchange)


Remind parents to encourage, not push.



KM, Teaching and Learning are all about “knowledge transfer”



KM practitioners, knowledge workers and 21
st

century students
require similar skill sets.



The “Café” approach can be effective for eliciting knowledge
because it is conversation
-
based.


© 2013 Mary Ann Malloy. All rights reserved.

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Questions / Comments