IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM FOR ENDING DROUGHT EMERGENCIES

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

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IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM FOR
ENDING DROUGHT EMERGENCIES




INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE IN THE HORN
OF AFRICA

Mombasa, Kenya


19, APRIL 2012

By Yufnalis Okubo

IGAD Legal Counsel

Office of the Executive Secretary


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

2

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development
Member Countries

Djibouti

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Kenya

Somalia

Sudan

South Sudan

Uganda


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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Background


IGA
D
D established in 1986 in
response to droughts, food
insecurity and environmental degradation

with a mandate
to mitigate drought effects and combat desertification


IGAD created in 1986
-
primarily to address issues of
desertification and to mitigate the impact of drought on food
security and rural livelihood..


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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Food Security Situation in the IGAD Region


IGAD revitalized in 1996 and given new mandate


IGAD mission is to assist Member States achieve regional
integration through closer cooperation in the areas of:
-


Agriculture and Environment


Economic Cooperation and Social Development


Peace and Security



Over 78% of the population is dependent on agriculture


Agriculture is small
-
scale and dependent on rainfall


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD Agro
-
ecological Zones


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD recent food availability trend

Million metric tons of cereals

Food balance items

2006

2008

2011

Domestic supply

20.7

29.3

34.4

Requirements

25.7

33.1

39.5

Surplus/deficit

-
5.0

-
3.8

-
5.1

Food aid imports

1.7

1.1

1.6

Source:
-

Compiled from FAO/GIEWS


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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PRINCIPLES OF IGAD STRATEGY


Subsidiarity


Role of IGAD


Facilitate dialogue among policy and decision makers


Formulate/initiate/implement regional actions


Lobbying/advocacy/resource mobilisation


Targeting the most vulnerable


Protecting the environment


Partnering with non
-
state actors


Ensuring gender equity and equality


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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TYPES OF IGAD INTERVENTIONS / OUTPUTS


Policy development/harmonisation


Information generation/sharing


Capacity building


Science and technology


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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On
-
going programmes/projects

1.
Pro
-
poor livestock policy initiative (LPI
-
EU/FAO)

2.
Livestock marketing capacity building (FAO)

3.
Certification of Somali livestock (SOLICEP/AU
-
IBAR/FAO)

4.
Climate prediction (ICPAC/USAID/WMO)

5.
Hydrological cycles observation system (HYCOS/EU)

6.
Inland water resources management (EU)

7.
Water resources assessment & mapping (ADB/OSS)

8.
Water harvesting pilot phase (ADB)

9.
Social protection for food security (REFORM/EU)

10.
Disaster preparedness facility (EU)

11.
Cross
-
border food trade (REFORM/COMESA)

12.
Sanitary & Phyto
-
sanitary capacity building (PANSPSO
-
AU/IBAR)

13.
Infrastructure
-

roads, railways, energy (EU)

14.
HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB cross
-
border control (IRAPP/WB)


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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Proposed programmes/projects

1.
Regional capacity for agric. pest and disease control

2.
Collaborative agricultural research

3.
Agricultural inputs programme (seeds, fertilisers)

4.
Early warning system for food security

5.
Developing market access information systems

6.
Drought emergency preparedness

7.
Veterinary governance (AU
-
IBAR)

8.
Adoption of Sheikh Technical Veterinary School (EU)

9.
Establishment of IGAD livestock centre (EU)

10.
Aquaculture development

11.
Illegal unreported unregulated (IUU) fishing control

12.
Promoting intra
-
regional fish trade



IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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Early Warning


In October 2010,

the IGAD Centre for Climate
Prediction and Applications (ICPAC) sounded
an alarm





“The short and long rains were going to be
below normal in most areas of the IGAD region
-

there was going to be a drought



IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD



There were renewed calls by IGAD and its
member states




The IGAD Summit & EAC decision of September
2011 gave IGAD the directive to spearhead the
initiative to enhance drought disaster resilience





IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD


Objective of this initiative:
-
to develop a new
framework to manage disasters in the region in
the form of
Horn of Africa Regional Disaster
Resilience and Sustainability Strategy
, calling for
stakeholders to Act Now
-
Act Together, and Act
Differently to meet the substantial and growing
risk reduction needs of vulnerable communities.


This Mandate: was subsequently confirmed by
the Summit meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in
January 2012



IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD

AfDB meeting of September and
November 2011
-

1

The study identified six key elements that
greatly influence livestock production, health
and marketing and thus pastoral livelihoods.
The factors identified include:
-


Inadequate precipitation and thus availability
and access to water


Land use patterns and land tenure


Natural resources management including
range management and exploitation of
natural resources therein



IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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The IGAD

AfDB meeting of September
and November 2011
-

2


Access to affordable financial resources and
availability of essential infrastructure and
utilities


Localized and regional conflicts including
conflicts over shared resources


Development of supportive institutional,
policy and legal frameworks



IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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November 2011 IGAD
-
AfDB and Jan 2012
IGAD meetings


These meetings discussed the ways and
means of enhancing drought resilience in
vulnerable areas of the IGAD region and
especially the ASALs


It was agreed that the IGAD Secretariat
establishes a regional platform
-

hereafter
referred to as “IGAD Regional Drought
Disaster Platform”



IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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The Emergence of the Regional Platform


IGAD


AfDB meeting of Nov 2011 tasked
IGAD to establish a “regional platform”



In Jan 2012 IGAD presented an outline of a
“regional platform with four level in its
management structure”



The participants reduced the levels to three
to reduce the distance between the decision
and the action and to reduce operation costs



IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM


O



MS, IGAD, AUC,
EAC/ COMESA,
Devt
. Partners,
NGOs, Private
Sector, Pastoralist
&
Famers
organisation,

Steering
committee


30 members

Platform
Management
Unit

General Assembly

Organizational structure


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM


O





MS
coordinating
organ
eg
. RED
FS, Ethiopia or
ASCU, Kenya

MS
Management
Unit

Line ministries,
Authorities and
quasi govt.
organizations

Linkages with member state
structures and organs


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM


Implementation arrangement


i. Member States

ii. IGAD satellite organs


a. IGAD Centre for Pastoral Areas and livestock
Development (ICPALD)


b. Conflict Early Warning Mechanism (CEWARN)


c. IGAD Centre for Climate Prediction and
Applications (ICPAC)

iii. The private sector and civil society organizations



IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD REGIONAL PLATFORM

O

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IGAD Regional Drought Disaster Resilience
and Sustainability Platform

Purpose: Mobilize resources, coordinate and
monitor interventions and knowledge
management

Steps to operationalize the
regional platform


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD RP.Rational,Objectives and strategy

Rationale:


F
requent droughts and famine crisis in ASAL


Efforts were focused on disaster preparedness and
emergencies measures



Need to prevent disasters and end drought emergencies


Objectives:

Strengthen drought resilience strategies and
investments at the member states’ and regional level



Strategy:

To establish
an inclusive regional mechanism
mobilize resources for priority national and regional
interventions aimed at enhancing drought resilience and
facilitate knowledge management including sharing lessons
learnt and best practices.





IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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Purpose: Mobilize resources, coordinate and monitor
interventions and knowledge management



Create an inclusive regional mechanism which
will be able to …..


.... formulate common goals and strategies;



…inclusively arrive at priority regional
interventions /programmes with MS impact;


... mobilize financial and human resources;


...coordinate and monitor interventions at regional
level;


…share experiences, good practices and
knowledge to improve performance.







IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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Operationalizing the Platform



Nomination of an interim Steering
Committee


Jan 2012


IGAD Secretariat to call a meeting of the
interim Platform Steering Committee to
discuss on the operationalization of the IGAD
Regional Platform and plan for the
constitution and inauguration of the Platform
General Assembly



IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD RP


O

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Interim platform
steering
committee

“Constituting” a meeting of the
General Assembly

Task: Preparations and provisions for the first
constituting General Assembly of the Platform

Outcomes:

a)
Confirm platform organs

b)
Review the five years Platform
strategic plan

c)
2012
-
2013 Work plan

d)
Provide guidance for the
mechanisms and strategic tasks

Step one

Step two

Steps to operationalize the
regional platform

Steps to operationalize the
regional platform


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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I


I

R
egional programming

Step three:

Start to provide the platform’s services

Regional knowledge management

Regional capacity development

Steps to operationalize the
regional platform


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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IGAD RP


I

Design project(s) /
p
rogramme(s) based on identified
regional priorities

Through an inclusive consultative process
establish financing mechanisms and finance
mobilization strategies (e.g. 20 Mio. EUROS
with KfW)

Evaluation, Lessons learnt, Adjustments,
Replication, scaling up of good practices

R
egional programming

...........the platform’s services


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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I


O

Communication strategy and facilities

Intranet of the platform (e
-
platform only for members)

Internet


portal of the platform (incl. Outreach,
newsletter, etc.)


Regional knowledge management

...........the platform’s services


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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I


O

Provide Capacity development on
interdisciplinary drought resilience for different
stakeholder groups

Regional node for capacity development with
IGAD member states’ “centres of excellence”


Pan
-
African and global partnerships for science
-
policy interface (triangle cooperation)

...........the platform’s services

Regional capacity development


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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I


I

........the way forward including operationalization


of the Regional Platform


IGAD Secretariat, Djibouti

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The End








Thank you!