Evangelism in the

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14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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Evangelism in the


Post
-
Modern World

David Schoen

Evangelism Ministry Team

Local Church Ministries

United Church of Christ

Including material used with
permission from Rick Morse,

V.P. New Church Ministry,
Christian Church (DOC)

Church Extension © 2007

All rights reserved

IT‘S A WHOLE NEW
WORLD


Taxes done in India


McDonalds order taken 2 states


away


Hundreds of marketing choices


in any area


Instant communication


44% of Christians change


traditions/denominations



Congregational life has
changed too:


Mimeograph


Yellow pages


Volunteers


Hospital visits


Organ


Stairs


Committees


Budgets



Churches are stressed today:




Generational
Challenges


Population shift


Birth rates


Numerous cultural
factors

More generations today than ever…


Gen Z (0
-
2)


Millennials (3
-
22)


Survivors (23
-
43)


Boomers (44
-
61)


Silents (62
-
79)


Builders (80+)


Each generation has
unique events that
formed it, and a
different view of life.


For church development purposes we
tend to think of two main cohorts:

Boomer +

The rest of
those
youngsters…

Dominant values and behaviors of
older boomers and older groups


Whatever is right for the group is right for me


Appreciate sameness (i.e. Traditional liturgy)


Committee structures that are tried and true


Deferred pleasure until you have what you need
to make the purchase


Spirituality of place


Organize as a group to form a block (tenacious
about position)


Circle the wagons; get people on your team to
protect what’s important


Get it done!

35% of the US
Population

Dominant behaviors of young
boomers and younger groups:


Ask first, what is good for the individual


Individualized style and differentiation


Appreciate Difference/multiple choices


Trained to look for segments of population so
that one size never fits all


See themselves as the correctors of the previous
generations


Spirituality of journey…find spiritual insight
wherever they are and in relationship, not
primarily place


Tribal


65% of the US
Population

Churches didn’t use to worry
about generations…

Founders

Their
children

Grandchildren &
families

A few
transplants

Stephen Compton

Many Churches have Lost a
generation or 2:


Churches do not anticipate
loosing youth…(even though that
has been the pattern for 40
years)


Young adults report:


Relocation after college or school


Difficulty in assimilation because
church style


IF they visit

little generational
affinity


Most mainline youth become
unchurched

Roof and McKinney

Another part of the issue is
“membership orientation”


Pay dues…sign line


EXPECT care, access, privilege,
control, service by staff…etc.


Loses vision for a mission that
can be characterized by God’s
love in Christ for the world.


It is Exclusive


The post
-
modern world has little
interest in membership
organizations


POWER SURGE,
Michael Foss

The result is aging
congregations


While the
younger cohort
equals 65% of
the population,
they are only on
average about
30% of existing
congregations

Growing Gaps in
understanding

Beloit Mindset: Typical 28
year old…


They can never think of a time without computers in the home


They have no meaningful recollection of the Reagan era, and did not know he had ever
been shot.


They were 11 when the Soviet Union broke apart, and do not remember the Cold War.


They have never feared a nuclear war. "The Day After" is a pill to them

not a movie.


Their lifetime has always included AIDS.


Bottle caps have not always been screw off, but have always been plastic. They have no
idea what a pull top can looks like.


The expression "you sound like a broken record" means nothing to them.


Star Wars looks very fake to them, and the special effects are pathetic.



They may never have heard of an 8
-
track, and chances are they've never heard or seen
one.


They have always had an answering machine.


Most have never seen a TV set with only 13 channels, nor have they seen a black &
white TV or a TV without a remote!


There have always been VCRs, but they have no idea what Beta is.


They were born the year Walkmen were introduced by Sony.


Roller
-
skating has always meant in
-
line for them.


"The Tonight Show" has always been with Jay Leno.


Popcorn has always been cooked in the microwave.


The Vietnam War is as ancient history to them as WWI and WWII
or even the Civil War.


They have no idea that Americans were ever held hostage in Iran.


They can't imagine what hard contact lenses are.


They don't know who Mork was, or where he was from.


They never heard the terms "Where's the Beef?", "I'd walk a mile
for a Camel" or "De plane, de plane!"



They do not care who shot J.R. and have no idea who J.R. is.



The Titanic was found? I thought we always knew where it was.


Michael Jackson has always been white.



McDonald's never came in Styrofoam containers.


There has always been MTV, and it has always included non
-
musical shows.




Another cultural factor is
Population Shift:


The majority of housing
in the US was built since
1970.


Population has moved to
metropolitan areas


Migration to South and
coasts


Population has moved
away from existing
congregations
!

Birth Rates:


Since “the pill” Anglo birth rates dropping


1960 24/1000


2000 13/1000


2002
11.7

Mainline Anglos
have a very low
birth
-
rate due to
aging populations

VERY Little Biological Growth!

There has been significant change
in our racial
-
ethnic population


Racial ethnic
composition of most
neighborhoods has
changed since
1960


Many
congregations have
little or no affinity
with their neighbors


Racial ethnic growth must be
recognized


Ethnic growth:


In the next 50 years the
US Pop. Will grow by
50%. 90% of that growth
will be people of color


In 2000, Hispanics
became the largest racial
ethnic minority


The US has the 3
rd

largest
Spanish speaking
population


By 2050 there will be no
majority racial group


By 2100 Hispanics will be
the largest group



Did you know?


More people of African
descent live in America than
any country except Nigeria


More Cubans live in Miami
except than in Havana


In the 90’s the Asian
population grew by 107%,
Hispanics by 38%, Native
Americans by 38% while the
general population grew by
just 6%!

Racial Ethnic Birth Rates:



African Am. 16.1


Native Am. 13.8


Asian Pac. I. 16.5


Hispanic


22.6


(Anglo 11.7)


Per 1000


Most future growth will
be in Racial Ethnic
congregations

There is also a shifting attitude
towards “organized” religion


65% of the US
population cannot
remember a time when
clergy were respected.


Denominational loyalty
means nothing to most
people.


The average person
believes that no
particular religion has
claim to truth.

Shifting attitudes towards faith

9.2%
9.1%
9.0%
3.9%
3.4%
3.1%
7.2%
6.2%
5.5%
20.4%
18.7%
17.7%
0.0%
5.0%
10.0%
15.0%
20.0%
25.0%
Evangelical
Mainline
Catholic
Total
1990, 2000 & 2004 Percentage of the Population Attending
a Christian Church on Any Given Weekend
1990
2000
2004

Since 1991 adult population
in the US grew by 15%.


During that same period the
unchurched population grew
by 92%! 75 million US
adults do not attend church


'Unchurched' Americans
say church is 'full of
hypocrites'


consider
Christianity to be more about
organized religion than
about loving God and
people, according to a new
survey.





44 percent
--

agreed that "Christians get on
my nerves.“ But 78 percent said they would
be willing to listen to someone who wanted
to tell them about his or her Christian
beliefs.


Vast majority of young non
-
Christians view
Christianity as anti
-
gay, judgmental and
hypocritical.


Many of those surveyed believed in God but
don't feel the need to express those beliefs
within a church building. Almost

three
-
quarters
--

72 percent
--

agreed that
God "actually exists“ and an even larger
percentage
--

86 percent
--

said they
believed they could have a good
relationship with God without church
involvement.



It’s a Whole New

World

UCCvitality.org



21
st

Century Culture and Church




Post
-
Modern


It’s a Whole New World



“Big Five” of hallmark modern values:


Anthony Robertson


reason


optimism


universality


objectivity


“the grand story”





21
st

Century Culture and Church



Post
-
Modern
-

Modern World is crumbling


Reason


Where moderns wanted their preachers to explain
mystery, post
-
moderns want to experience mystery.


Optimism


Post
-
moderns are not so sure that salvation is
around the corner or that science and technology are
our saviors.


Universality


Post
-
moderns revel in the local and the particular.






21
st

Century Culture and Church



Post
-
Modern
-

Modern World is crumbling


Objectivity


“Everybody is coming from somewhere,” say post
-
moderns. “What you call ‘objective truth,’ we call the
interests of the powerful and privileged.”


“the grand story”


Post
-
moderns tend to be skeptics about this big
story. Small stories, particular stories, and different
versions of reality appeal to the post
-
modern mind.



21
st

Century Culture and Church



Post
-
Modern


It’s a Whole New World



Note contrast between eras by paying
attention to the popular television show
Star Trek
. Think about it. In the original
mid
-
twentieth century version of
Star
Trek

the hero was Spock, the ideal
modern man, completely rational and
without emotion. The crew included
people of various nationalities working
together for the good of humankind. The
mission was objective knowledge of
space which loomed as “the final frontier.

21
st

Century Culture and Church



Post
-
Modern
-

Modern World is crumbling


Star Trek: The Next Generation
. Spock is gone,
his place taken by Data, still perfectly rational
but longing to be human, to experience emotion.
New to the crew is Counselor Troi, a woman
gifted with the ability to perceive the hidden
feelings of others. The crew is more diverse
than last time around, including species from
other parts of the universe. The mission does
not rely on human intelligence alone and the
mission statement has changed. Once it was “to
go where no man has gone before,” but now it is
“to go where no one has gone before.”

21
st

Century Culture and Church



Post
-
Modern


It’s a Whole New World


While modernity was liberating and
powerful in many ways, it was also and
especially for Christianity, reductive.


highly moral, but not especially spiritual


modern Christianity explained miracle
and mystery (away) and proposed moral
values and lessons as universal truth.


What was missing was spiritual
connection and experience, the
experience of a sacred, numinous,
transcendent Other.

21
st

Century Culture and Church



Post
-
Modern
-

Modern World is crumbling


In the last thirty years while interest in
“spirituality” has been huge



People felt yet church was not the best
place to pursue their “spiritual”
interests.



Transformation was lacking

We are all at a threshold, a
‘kairos’ moment:


God is Still Speaking
has shown that the
harvest is ready.
There has been a
great response of
people looking for a
church like the


United Church


of Christ.



Evangelism in the 21st Century

Missional,
Relational, Conversational



Missional in purpose


experiential


Relational in outreach


cultural


Conversational in

witness


spiritual

Vital Churches are

Relational in Outreach



Post
-
modern ministry is relational



Bridge the gap by building
relationships





Relational in Outreach




What do you think when you hear the
word….



EVANGELISM ?

Celtic Evangelism

In

The Celtic Way of Evangelism:
How Christianity Can Reach the
West . . . Again,

George Hunter
writes about the difference between
what he describes as the evangelism
approach in Roman and Celtic
Christianity.


Celtic Evangelism


Roman Model


Celtic Model


Presentation


Fellowship


Decision


Ministry and


Conversation


Fellowship


Belief, Invitation


to Commitment



Belonging and Believing

Christianity is more caught than
taught!

As Professor Robin Gill observes,
belonging comes before believing.
For this reason, evangelism is now
about helping people to belong so
that they can believe.

Vital Churches are

Relational in Outreach


The days of waiting for people to come
to church to welcome them are over.



Instead of waiting inside, we go
outside



Relational in Outreach




I stopped wondering about how to
draw younger folks into my church
and started focusing on how to
draw my congregation out of its
building and into relationship with
the world outside its doors.”


“Help me make it through the
week…”


Seekers that come will not be asking


Am I saved?


How do I become a member?


They will be asking…


How do I make it through this week?

Conversational in Witness

The postmodern world calls evangelists
to be conversational in witness and
invitation.



Count conversations,


……….not conversions.

More Ready than You Think,

Brian McLaren


Conversational in Witness


Buzz Marketing


Evangelism

One beggar telling another where there is
food


Come and See!


Unbinding the Gospel: Real Life Evangelism


Martha Grace Reese

Conversational in Witness


Good evangelists are People who engage others
in good conversation about faith, values, hope,
meaning, purpose, goodness, beauty, truth, life
after death. Life before death and God.


Good evangelism is the process of being friendly
without discrimination and influencing all of
one’s friends through good deeds and good
conversations. Engaging in spiritual friendship
will not only help others become Christians, it
will help us become better Christians, who love
God more than ever.”

Brian McLaren


More Ready Than You Think
,

Conversational in Witness


Spiritual Seekers want to talk.


Holy Conversations


Richard Peace


We are the ones not talking.


Reverence for God


silence and service.


Tell it Like it is: Reclaiming the Practice of
Testimony

-

Lillian Daniel


An unchurched world doesn’t know
why we do what we do.

Witness and Invitation

UCC
-
Style

V I T A L I T Y


“Tricking” the church into Evangelism


Taking it back!

What do you say when
someone asks you about
your comma?

“For us it means God’s not stuck.
God still has more light and truth for
us today.”

“My church believes that God is still
speaking to us today.”

“It means that no matter how bad
things are in my life or in the world,
God is in the midst of it.”

Are You Ready to Talk?

Conversational in Witness


Who are conversation partners?


Audiences for conversation


Outsiders Become Insiders



Forgetters made Rememberers



Beloved Children become Belief
-
ful Adults


Biblical Perspective on Evangelism

W. Brueggemann


Are You Ready to Talk?

Why do you love your church?


What impact has knowing Jesus made
in your life?


What Bible text has made a difference
in your life?

Eight Challenges


Richard Peace


We need to learn how to talk about Jesus


We need to create spaces within which both
seekers and committed Christians can
explore together their spiritual journeys.


We need to learn how to invite others


We need to move beyond our stereotypes,
fears and negative experiences of
evangelism for new creative and wholistic
ways of outreach.

Eight Challenges


Richard Peace


We need to heal the split evangelism and
justice issues so it is a both/and and not an
either /or.


We need to find the energy to engage in
and to sustain an outreach ministry.


We need to stay open to conversion, our
own conversion even as we invite others to
be converted.


We need to learn how to discuss all of this in
non
-
theological terms.

God is still speaking,



Through you and me!

Go Forth…


into the Virtual World


We seek to build Christian community
online because that’s where we can
encounter members and potential
members of our church:


1.1 billion Internet users worldwide


100 million on MySpace


70 million bloggers


34 million students on Facebook


4
-
8 million on SecondLife

Go Forth….


Into the Virtual World.


In Asia, Europe and North America

an
entire generation has experienced the
Internet as a means for maintaining
relationships with family and friends.


The Internet is a lifeline for users whose
mobility is limited by disability, chronic
illness or advanced age.


The Internet is where we can find and
engage seekers.

i.UCC.org


Outreach to spiritual seekers


Create Virtual Community online


Foster online network and relationship


Provide opportunity for discussion,
information, spiritual development,
questions and prayers


Serve as teaching tool and
opportunities for congregations,
conferences and national ministries


V I T A L I T Y


V I T A L I T Y


Vital churches in the 21st Century

Missional, Relational & Conversational



Missional in purpose


experiential


Relational in outreach


cultural


Conversational in

witness


spiritual




If the Church is our “product” then we need . . .


Step 1: Select a team


Step 2: Know thyself
-

Know thy product


Step 3: Know the marketplace


Step 4: Be clear about your congregation’s


strengths


Step 5: Plan for desired and measurable outcome

V I T A L I T Y


In Five Parts



V I T A L I T Y