Henry Kelly, Acting Assistant Secretary

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24 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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eere.energy.gov

1

| Vehicle Technologies Program

SAE Government/Industry Meeting


Henry Kelly, Acting Assistant Secretary


Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

U.S. Department of Energy




January 27, 2012

The Cost of Oil is

More than Monetary


Transportation is
responsible for 2/3 of
petroleum usage and 1/3
GHG emissions.


Unites States spends
$1B per day to import oil.


Global
discovery of new
oil fields peaked in 1966.


U.S. oil
production

peaked in 1971.

World
Oil Production


2005: 84.58
mbpd

2008: 85.37
mbpd


2006: 84.54
mbpd

2009: 84.24
mbpd


2007: 84.40
mbpd

2010: 86.82
mbpd

2 I Vehicle Technologies Program

Moving
People

Moving
Goods

Transportation Energy
Energy

Vice

New CAFÉ standards will
require cars and light
trucks
to
yield a combined fuel economy of 54.5
miles per
gallon

Administration sets goal of reducing oil
imports by 1/3 by 2025

President calls out goal of 1 million PHEVs on


the road by 2015 in State of the Union address

3 I Vehicle Technologies Program


eere.energy.gov

4

| Vehicle Technologies Program

VTP Technology

Advancement Highlights

Lightweighting



Electrification Infrastructure


DOE
-
Funded
Technologies Move

to
Commercial Applications


Advanced Combustion Engines

Increased engine
efficiency with
simultaneous emissions reduction show the
results of DOE R&D

Supporting Research and Development of Materials
with a Goal to Reduce Chassis Weight by 50%

Vehicle Electrification Efforts in
Deployment, Manufacturing, Power
Electronics and Electric Motors



The Recovery Act enabled the
largest
-
ever
U.S. deployment of electric
-
drive vehicles
and charging
infrastructure.


Installation
of over 22,000 Level 2 charging
sites at residential, commercial, and public
locations and 350 (500VDC) Fast
Chargers.


Collection of detailed operational data from
this charging infrastructure will allow future
improvements.



Recovery Act


Advanced
Batteries

eere.energy.gov

5

| Vehicle Technologies Program

2025 Highway Oil Consumption


Target Scenario

Transportation Cluster Benefits:
can
approach
100
% of 2025 Administration target oil import reduction

Adv.
powertrain
benefits
apportioned
by subprogram:

(
from GPRA12 analysis)

SI

HEV

PHEV/EV

HT

eere.energy.gov

6

| Vehicle Technologies Program

2025 Transportation GHG
Emissions


Target Scenario

eere.energy.gov

7

| Vehicle Technologies Program

Lifecycle Vehicle Costs

Meeting Established DOE Goals



2010

2015

2030

Ref SI

21
-
23

25
-
26

27
-
29

Adv SI

21
-
22

23
-
24

23
-
24

Adv CI

22
-
23

23
-
24

23
-
24

SI HEV

22
-
23

21
-
22

20
-
21

SI PHEV10

23
-
24

22
-
24

~19

SI
EREV40

31
-
32

~25

19
-
20

FC HEV

~29

~24

~20

BEV150

~41

28
-
29

~17

BEV300

73
-
74

44
-
45

20
-
21

FC HEV

BEV150

SI
EREV40

Adv CI

Adv SI

SI HEV

SI PHEV10

2010
SI

BEV300

eere.energy.gov

8

| Vehicle Technologies Program

Lifecycle Vehicle Costs

Meeting First Milestones



2010

2015

2030

Ref SI

21
-
23

25
-
26

27
-
29

Adv SI

22
-
23

24
-
26

25
-
26

Adv CI

22
-
24

25
-
26

25
-
26

SI HEV

23
-
24

24
-
25

23
-
24

SI PHEV10

25
-
26

24
-
25

22
-
23

SI
EREV40

36
-
37

29
-
30

24
-
25

FC HEV

~32

~27

~22

BEV150

49
-
50

35
-
36

~24

BEV300

93
-
94

60
-
61

~35

FC HEV

BEV150

SI
EREV40

Adv CI

Adv SI

SI HEV

SI PHEV10

2010
SI

BEV300

eere.energy.gov

Heavy Truck Improvements

Conventional Class 8 Vehicle

~
6.5
mpdge

~29% WTW
h

健瑲潬o畭ur敤e捴楯i㨠〥

Average engine
efficiency

Transmission
and
drivetrain

efficiency

Aero, rolling
resistance
efficiency

42%

95%

87%

Lifecycle Cost
Comparison

0.7x baseline

Payback Period: 0.75
-
1.25 years

Breakeven diesel price: $3.50

$
-
$0.10
$0.20
$0.30
$0.40
$0.50
$0.60
$0.70
$0.80
$0.90
Diesel Baseline
Diesel ST
Diesel ST HEV
LNG ST
LNG ST HEV
H2 ICE, compr.
H2 ICE, cryo
-
compr.
FC PEM, compr.
FC PEM, cryo
-
compr.
FC PEM w/on
-
board
reformer
SOFC*
BEV500**
Cost (2010$ per mile)
SuperTruck Class
8
Vehicle

~
10
mpdge

~40% WTW
h

健瑲ol敵洠r敤u捴con: ㌵3

50%

97%

96%

Fuel Cost

Sensitivity

Fuel Cost

Powerplant

Non
-
Powerplant

Moving
People

Moving
Goods

Percentage of fuel
used to move goods
vs

people

9 I Vehicle Technologies Program


eere.energy.gov

10

| Vehicle Technologies Program


Vehicle miles
traveled


Improving fuel
economy for legacy
fleets


Off
-
road vehicles


Natural gas


Vehicles becoming
more

intelligent


Wide

range of fuels
now available


Moving Forward

eere.energy.gov

11

| Vehicle Technologies Program

eere.energy.gov

12

| Vehicle Technologies Program

Henry Kelly

Acting Assistant
Secretary


Energy Efficiency
and Renewable
Energy


U.S. Department of
Energy


www.energy.gov