To help you fill in the questionnaire:

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Solway Firth Coastal Information System
-

Questionnaire

30

To help you fill in the questionnaire:


*The Solway Firth Partnership area is defined by:

the seaward boundary (the line between the Mull of Galloway on the Scottish
Coast and St Bees Head in Cumbria) and;


the landward boundary (1 km inland from mean high

water spring)


This is shown on the map below. When answering questions 102 and 103, you should
assume that the Solway Firth means this area, however, if you feel that you hold data
and information relevant to the Solway Firth that is related to locations

outside this
area, please include them.


Map showing the Solway Firth Partnership Area

(SFP Business Plan,
1999
-
2001, p.5)


The following terms are offered as guidance when filling out th
e questionnaire:


ADSL

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL), a new modem technology, converts
existing twisted
-
pair telephone lines into access paths for multimedia and high
speed data communicat
ions. ADSL transmits more than 6 Mbps (optionally up to 8
Mbps) to a subscriber, and as much as 640 kbps (optionally up to 1 Mbps) more in
both directions. Such rates expand existing access capacity by a factor of 50 or more
without new cabling. ADSL will
allow access to the Internet without using a dial
-
up
service, will allow a phone line to be used for conversation and the Internet
simultaneously, and will probably be charged at a monthly rate.


Availability

Referring to the data and/or information that
you hold, is it available and accessible
for use.


Browse/Browsing

To look for information on the World Wide Web (WWW) by jumping from hyperlink to
hyperlink.


Browser

A program that allows the user to navigate the World Wide Web and retrieve
information.
The two most common browsers are Netscape Navigator/Communicator
and Microsoft's Internet Explorer.




Solway Firth Coastal Information System
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Questionnaire

31

BT Cellnet Genie

A Web service that can be utilised by BT Cellnet mobile phone users to send short
text messages to mobile phones capable of receiving such

messages.




Cartography

The making and study of maps in all their aspects. Cartography is concerned with
reducing the spatial characteristics of a portion of the Earth, and putting it in map
form to make it observable.


Computer Processor Speed

Measured
in Megahertz (MHz), a unit of measurement used to compare the clock
speeds of computers. The higher the value (e.g. 600 MHz), the quicker computer
actions are processed.


Computer Processor Type

Refers to the type, or make of processor your computer uses.
These may be Intel (e.g.
80486, Celeron, Pentium, Pentium II/III), AMD or Cyrix.


Confidentiality

Referring to data and information, is it, or are aspects of its contents confidential.


Copyright

Are any of your data/information sets copyrighted or restricted in use.


Cost

Are any of your data/information sets available for a cost.


Database

A collection of related information about a subject organised in a useful manner that
provides a foundation
for procedures such as information retrieval, drawing
conclusions and making decisions. Databases may often be one of two types;
Relational or Object
-
oriented.


Desktop

Refers to a personal computer consisting of monitor, computer box and keyboard.


Deskto
p Publishing (DTP)

The use of a Personal Computer to produce typeset
-
quality text and graphics using
desktop publishing software such as Page Maker or Microsoft's Publisher.


Dial
-
up

A means of connecting to another computer, or network such as the Interne
t, with a
modem
-
equipped computer, using telecommunications. Usually your computer will
automatically dial a user specified telephone number that will connect the computer
to an Internet Service Provider.


Email

Electronic mail. The use of a computer netw
ork to send and receive messages.
Commonly used email software includes Microsoft's Outlook and Outlook Express,
Eudora Light and Eudora Pro, and Simeon.


Extranet

An Intranet (internal network) that has been selectively opened to other organisations
outsi
de the organisation controlling the network.



Solway Firth Coastal Information System
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Questionnaire

32

Format

Refers to the format of a computer data file, e.g. raster and vector graphic file
formats. These are usually given by the last three letters in a file name after the
period (picture.
bmp
), where
bmp

denot
es the file format as a raster bitmap.



ftp

File Transfer Protocol, a standard that ensures the error
-
free transmission of
program and data files through the telephone system. Often used to copy files from
the client's own machine to a server, or vice
-
ver
sa.



Graphics Card

A circuit board that plugs into an expansion slot in a computer, giving the computer
graphics capability.


Hard Disk

A storage medium that uses several ridged disks, housed together with a recording
head in a sealed mechanism. The hard disk is usually found inside the main
computer box, and is often denoted as drive C. Some computers have more than one
hard disk, the dri
ves may then be denoted C, D, etc.


Hardware

The electronic components, boards peripherals and equipment that make up your
computer system.


Human Computer Interface (HCI)

Describes the interface used by humans to access the computer system. A common
HCI i
s the operating system.


ICZM

Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is the integrated planning and
management of coastal resources and environments in a manner that is based on the
physical, socioeconomic, and political interconnections both within and

among the
dynamic coastal systems, which when aggregated together define a coastal zone.


Internet

The Internet is an enormous system of linked computer networks, world
-
wide in
scope, that facilitates data communication services such as remote login, fil
e
transfer, electronic mail and the World Wide Web.


Intranet

A computer network designed to meet the internal needs of a single organisation or
company that is based on Internet technology. An Intranet is not open to anyone
outside the organisation operat
ing the system.


ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network. Used to deliver digital telephone and data
services to homes, schools and offices, it provides faster data transfer rates than a
standard modem and telephone system.


LAN

A Local Area Network (LAN)

is a network of personal and other computers within a
limited area, linked together by high performance cables to facilitate data exchange,
sharing of peripherals and software stored on a central server.


Laptop

A small portable computer that is light enough and small enough to hold on your lap.


Solway Firth Coastal Information System
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Questionnaire

33


Media

In this case refers to the media in which data and information is held, e.g. digital or
paper. This is different from the data format (see format).


Metadata

Often
described as data about data. Metadata is a record of when data sets were
collected, by whom, using what software, the reliability of the data, including any
data quality issues etc.


Modem

A device used to help transmit data between computers over a telep
hone wire.
Modems operate at different speeds (Kilobits per second Kbps), and can be either
internal (inside the computer box) or external (a separate device).


Multimedia

A computer
-
based method of presenting information using text, graphics and sound,
an
d emphasising interactivity.


Oblique

Refers to photography (aerial or ground
-
based) that is taken at an angle to the object
being photographed.


Operating System (OS)

A control program that manages the computer's internal functions and file system.
An OS
may be command driven (DOS), or use a GUI (Windows 3.1/95/98/NT, MacOS
etc.).


Palmtop

A mobile computer that is small enough to fit in the hand. Palmtops frequently use
Microsoft's Windows CE Operating System, however, Psion and 3Com have their own
(e.g.
Palmpilot's PalmOS).


Peripheral Devices

Hardware devices that are peripheral to the computer box. These may include extra
storage devices (Zip drives), scanners, printers, cd
-
writers etc.


RAM

Random Access Memory is the computer's primary working memory, in which
program instructions and data are stored so that they can be accessed by the
computer's CPU (Central Processing Unit). RAM is measured in bytes, with most
computers now having at least

32 Mb (Megabytes) or even 1+ Gb (Gigabytes). The
larger the size of the RAM, the better the computer will be at processing data
intensive operations (such as graphics manipulation).


Raster Graphic

A graphic formed by a pattern of pixels. Digital remotely

sensed images are raster
graphics.


Scale

Scale is a ratio usually used on maps that indicates the number of metric units on the
ground that are represented by a unit in the space of a map model. For example, a
scale of 1:25,000 would mean that 1cm on the

map represents 25,000cm (0.25 km)
in real life.


Screen Resolution


Solway Firth Coastal Information System
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Questionnaire

34

The screen resolution of a computer monitor is the number of pixels that are
displayed horizontally and lines displayed vertically (pixels x lines). Common video
adapters for PC monitors a
re VGA (640 x 480), Super VGA (800 x 600) and Super VGA
Plus (1024 x 768). However, many graphics card adapters will display screen
resolutions above 1024 x 768. In Windows 95/98/NT, the screen resolution can be
found and set by going to the Start button o
n the Taskbar, move to Settings, Control
Panel, click on the Display Icon, and then select the Settings Tab. If you are using
Windows 3.1 or 3.11 then go to the Main Program group, double
-
click on the
Windows Setup icon, click the options menu, click the C
hange System Settings
option, click the Display Box. This will show you the driver that matches your
graphics card.


Screen Size

This refers to the diagonal width of your screen (measured in inches) between the top
left corner and bottom right corner.


Sc
reen Type

There are a number of different screen types now available for computer monitors,
these include the Standard Cathode Ray Tube (CRT), Flat Panel, LCD (Liquid Crystal
Display) and TFT (Thin Film Transistor). LCD and TFT screens are usually found o
n
Laptop computers. TFT screens are becoming more widely used as they tend to give a
better display than LCD screens.




Search Engine

In this questionnaire, Search Engine refers to a program found on the World Wide
Web that is used to search for informati
on on the Internet by allowing the user to
type in a specified search term or criteria. The search engine will then return a set of
results in the form of Web pages or sites that contain information specified by the
user.


Short Messaging Service (SMS)

A s
ervice offered by BT Cellnet and other mobile phone service providers that allows
mobile phone users to send text messages to one another. Text messages may also
be sent using the BT Cellnet Genie Web site.


Software

A computer program or programmes. Softw
are may either be system software
(needed to run the computer) or application software (allowing the user to perform
certain tasks).


Spatial Resolution

Used in remote sensing to describe the smallest visible ground unit discernible on an
image. For example, imagery from the Landsat TM satellite has a spatial resolution of
30m, which means that each pixel in the image has a ground size of 30m x 30m.
This m
eans that an object smaller than 30m across will not be visible as an individual
object on that image.


Spatially Referenced

In the questionnaire, 'spatially referenced' refers to whether the specified data or
information set has geographic attributes (coo
rdinate data) attached to it.


Vector Graphics

Vector graphics images are made up of independent objects, each of which can de
individually selected, sized, moved and manipulated. GIS packages often use vector
graphics for such features as road networks an
d pipelines etc.


Solway Firth Coastal Information System
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Questionnaire

35


Vertical

Refers to aerial photographs that are taken vertical to the ground.



Web Authoring

Refers to the use of HTML and other Web
-
based scripts for the construction of Web
pages and sites.


Word Processing

Refers to the use of a compu
ter and word
-
processing package or word
-
processor to
type text documents.


World Wide Web (WWW)

A global hypertext system that uses the Internet as its transport mechanism.
Browsers are used to access the WWW, hyperlinks are used to jump between pages
and
sites.