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i







The War B
etween Leopard OS

X and
Windows

Vista
:



Source: Block


Which

Operating S
ystem is
Best for Y
ou?





This report is a comparative

analysis
of Leopard OS

X and Windows

Vista

so that
you
,

as a computer buyer
,

can

decide which operating system will work best for your
needs.





ii


The
War B
etween Leopard OS X and
Windows Vista: Which
O
perating
System
is Best for Y
ou?




Prepared for: Computer Buyers




By: Ken Good

Shaw
n Gehringer

Danielle Nicolo






iii


Table of
Contents

Introduction

................................
................................
................................
...............

1

For Home Users

................................
................................
................................
........

1

Media

................................
................................
................................
....................

1

Security

................................
................................
................................
.................

1

Usability

................................
................................
................................
................

2

Parental Controls

................................
................................
................................
...

2

Networking

................................
................................
................................
...........

2

For Game Users

................................
................................
................................
........

2

Game Choices

................................
................................
................................
.......

3

Minimum System Requirements
................................
................................
...........

3

Networking

................................
................................
................................
...........

3

Parental Controls

................................
................................
................................
...

4

Upgrading th
e System

................................
................................
...........................

4

For Office Users

................................
................................
................................
........

4

Security

................................
................................
................................
.................

4

Performance

................................
................................
................................
..........

5

Media

................................
................................
................................
....................

6

Works Cited

................................
................................
................................
..............

8




1


The
War B
etween Leopard OS X and
Windows
Vista


Computers are the new way to live, period. Nearly everyone has one or is getting
one, so it is time for you to get a new one too. You go to the local technology store
and see that there is a war over computer operating systems, Apple’s OS X Leopar
d
and Microsoft’s Windows Vista. The two competitors are throwing all sorts of
technical mumbo
-
jumbo at you vying for your hard earned money and you are lost in
the middle. So what should do, how do you decide which one is right for you?

Introduction

The

decision for which operating system you should use is a difficult one. There are
many professionals and experts out on the World Wide Web who offer their opinions
and advice to help you make this decision. They also come from varying
backgrounds, such a
s businessmen or home users, who offer different advice because
each is looking for different skills and abilities of the operating system. Is it possible
to simplify all this for you? That is our purpose: to organize and categorize the
different opinion
s and pieces of advice from professionals and experts on the World
Wide Web concerning the two competing operating systems, Apple’s

Mac
OS X

Leopard and Microsoft’s Windows Vista. You will find three categories: for home
users, for gaming users, and for o
ffice users.

For Home Users

Media

In the media department
of a

Leopard

vs.
Vista
, they both have two different types of
media players.
Leopard
u
ses an application called QuickT
ime. It is a device that can
be used to play music, movies, and many other features.
Leopard
also provides
iTunes which is a music and mo
vie downloading system. i
Tunes allows you to move
your movies or music to an mp3 playe
r or cell phone. Windows uses

W
indows
M
edia

Player
, which is like
QuickTime

but easier to manage. Windows Media
Center
allows you to record TV shows, download and play movies and music.

Security

Windows uses Windows Security Center which is located in the Control Panel.
Windows Sec
urity Center provides users
with the ability

to see if a virus or worm is
affecting their system. Windows Security Center continually monitors your computer
and provides pop ups about anything need to know from new updates, to firewall
problems. These po
p ups are easy to see and easy to use, they provided a possible
problem for your computer and easy solution with just a click of the mouse.


2


Macintosh provides security for your computer right from the start. You don’t need
any high tech computer knowledge to run this program. As long as you know how to
turn the computer on and off, your computer will do the rest. Macintosh checks your
compu
ter every week for any updates.

Usability

Windows computers are easy to learn but can sometimes leave you scratching at your
head. For Windows everything that you need from changing settings to managing
you control panel is all located in your start up
menu. Windows is said to be more of
a computer that needs some knowledge of computers and how they are managed.

Macintoshes on the other handed are said to be easily managed. Macintoshes do
everything for you, like the security system manages the compute
r on its own.
Macintosh’s learning curve is minimal compared to windows and is easier to interpret
as a new computer buyer.

Parental C
ontrols

Both windows and apples provide parental control. Windows allows their users to
modify what their children can a
nd can’t access. It always parents can restrict their
computer to specific times when the computer can be used. Parents can control what
games their children are playing and what websites are being used so no unnecessary
pop
-
ups and websites are visited.



Apple also allows you to view what websites your children are using but unlike
Windows apple provides a log sheet that allows you to see who your children are
chatting with online so you can keep your children safe from any predictors. Apple
also allow
s you to set up a time frame for when your children are allowed to be online
and time limits, it also allows you to set up different times for weekends when your
children are allowed to stay up later.

Networking

Networking is an interesting thing between
these two computers; you can connect
through a wireless connection or through a cord called an Ethernet cable. If you are
looking more for a computer for networking with other computers, Macintosh’s are
noted as the easiest to share with other computers.
When connecting to wireless
internet Macintosh takes all the handy work out of your hands, windows is a different
story it takes a little more time to set up and sometimes can be a hassle. Although
windows take more time, it pays off in the end. Windows
shows you the strength of
your wireless connection at all times. Macintosh doesn’t do this for you.

For Game Users

When considering the purchase of a Personal Computer, you will want to decide if
you will be playing a lot of games on the computer. Both o
perating systems,
Windows Vista and Mac OS X Leopard are capable of running games.

3


Game Choices

When it comes to the selection of games developed for both systems
,

Vista wins
hands down. There are a lot more games available for Vista. Apple is now starti
ng to
get a greater selection of games as can be seen on their games page on their website.
While there are still other games that are out there, this is the majority of games for
Leopard.


Windows has many more games due in part to something called Direc
t X. Vista has
the 10th version of Direct X. Direct X is a subprogram that allows for all of the
developers of games to have the same generic base to program on. So even if two
computers don’t have the same internal components or external accessories
,

t
hey can
both run the game. This allows for more developers and overall more games to be
programmed for Vista

(Borden and Bach)
.


While there exists an equivalent in Leopard, it is not robust as the competition.
OpenGL
,

as it

is called for the most part
,

just does 2D and 3D rendering unlike its
Windows counter
-
part Direct X
,

which does that and handles internal and external
components.

Minimum System Requirements

In the Exhibit
1

below shows the minimum system requirements for

the two operating
systems
,

Vista and Leopard, clearly shows Windows has 3 different versions of Vista,
Home Business and Ultimate and Apple has only one version.


Exhibit 1
: Minimum System Requirements



Windows Vista
(Home)

Windows Vista (Ultimate &
Business)

Apple OS X
Leopard

HD Space

800MHz

1000MHz (1GHz)

867Mhz

Ram

512MB

1000MB (1GB)

512MB

HD Space

15GB

15GB

9GB

Data Source: Apple and Windows


The Vista Home Edition has the smallest system requirements followed by Leopard
and then Vista
Ultimate and Business Editions. When considering this for a gaming
system
,

one would want the most features at the smallest system usage. Therefore
,

I
would choose the Vista Ultimate Edition, because it has the most features and
although the minimum syst
em requirements are the highest
,

it will be the most usable.

Networking

For both operating systems at the current time
,

the slowest component of the
networking system is the internet. The faster the internet the better online gaming
experience you will ge
t.


4


On the W
indows side of networking there is something new, Xbox Live Anywhere
,

which now allows a computer to join the once only Xbox Live system. There still are
ver
y few cross
-
platform games for W
indows and other devices. The goal of this
networking

system is to allow for a more uniform gaming experience. Currently
,

there is no Live Anywhere equivalent for the Leopard.


Sharing files between two computers is always a great tool,
and
being able to transfer
games without having to pass the disk around

is great. Both Windows and OS X
have the ability to recognize already shared folders which allows
for

a much better
experience when transferring files.

Parental Controls

Win
dows Vista has a folder called G
ame Explorer. This folder allows for the
compute
r user to easily find and use any games that are installed on the machine.
Along with that
,

the Game
E
xplorer has a parental feature which allows for certain
ESRB ratings to be played on a child’s user account. This is a great feature because it
will
all
ow

games that are not appropriate for a child to
be

blocked. Besides this
feature there are many other parental features which can be found under Home
Parental Controls. Currently
,

Apple has no equivalent to the
G
ame
E
xplorer.

Upgrading the System

Overall
,

Leopard will get the job done but the computer itself will become outdated.

This will take several years because Apple puts better hardware at the start
(Murphy)
.

When
the due become outdated
A
pple user you will most

likely have to buy a new
computer to keep up with the gaming industry.


On the
other hand,

Vista user
s

will be able to upgrade their computers without
actually having to buy a totally new one
.

T
his is because most of the hardware in a
Windows machine is n
ot regulated by Microsoft; they created an operating system
that is not hardware specific
,

unlike the competitors at Apple.


In a few of the categories explained in this section on gaming
,

Leopard

doesn’t have
an equivalent to Microsoft’s Windows Vista. O
ur recommendation for those who are
purchasing a computer for gaming would be to get Windows Vista.


For Office Users

The modern world today demands top of the line service. Leopard and Vista, as
operating systems, offer three key areas to assist you, as

a businessman, in delivering
this service: security, performance, and media.

Security

Security is a very important issue, especially if your business contains personal
information on anyone. However, security pertains to someone accessing information
5


th
ey do not need or deserve, not on how a PC operates. So how does the OS affect
security?


There are two primary ways that the OS can add elements of security: keep out
external parties and filter communications.


External Parties

The prevention of exter
nal parties poking through personal information is done in two
ways: verifying that the user accessing the computer is a legitimate user and blocking
wrong communication over a network through firewalls. Both OSs have user access
accountability programs t
hat makes a user enter his username and password and
blocks any that do not have an account on the PC.


Leopard allows a disk boot mode that essentially converts the PC into an external
hard drive for another PC. This mode bypasses the user file passwor
ds, which is a
good thing if recovery is what you want, but violates the security procedure
(Mac,
PC, or Linux)
. Also, the security settings are initially unsecure unless changed, and
,

more importantly
,

the firewall is not tur
ned on by default
(Wenzel)
. Mac does have a
strict separation of understanding user files from system files, so IT personnel can
access and alter system files accordingly without being able to mess with the user’s
files. This

is an important plus.


Vista is more secure initially due to its default settings and the firewall always on. If
you wanted or needed to change the outgoing communication settings in the firewall,
you will need to consult an expert or use a third party f
irewall
(Mac, PC, or Linux)
.
The downside for Vista is that it is a primary malware target
(Mac, PC, or Linux)
.
This problem comes from the previous version of Windows (XP), and Microsoft has
impro
ved the ActiveX and User Access Controls to address this issue, but it is not
completely removed.


Filter Communications

The OS protects the PC in communications by filtering emails and instant messages.
Neither OS comes with antivirus. Leopard only come
s with spam filtering. Vista
comes far more prepared with both junk and phishing filters for email

(Block)
.

Performance

“Business at the speed of light,” the slogan for Sprint, captures the idea that people
expect fast
business. For an OS, this would mean performance. The speed which an
OS operates, however, depends greatly on the specifications of the hardware.
Therefore, performance for an OS depends more on what features it offers to help
make the work more efficie
nt and accessible.


Remote Desktop is an important feature, especially when dealing with a large
network where PCs can be scattered about or abroad. Both Leopard and Vista
support Remote Desktop, but Leopard adds the ability to have screen sharing
(Wenzel)
.

6



Synchronization is a must to keep files, programs and devices up
-
to
-
date and working
together. Here, the two OSs

take sides on two different forms of sync: devices and
network. Leopard’s iSync is better than Vista’s Mobile Device Center for device
synchronization, but Vista has Sync Center to work over networks while Leopard has
no alternative
(Block)
.


Virtual desktops minimize clutter by organizing multiple windows and programs into
groups on their own virtual desktop. Leopard has the program Spaces that manages
these virtual desktops
(PCWorld)
. Vista do
es not have one that comes with it, neither
is their one designed uniquely for Vista. However, Microsoft did build Multiple
Desktop PowerToy for XP, Vista’s predecessor, which will also work on Vista
(PCWorld)
.


This is where
the Leopard and Vista start down two separate roads. Leopard’s most
powerful feature that Vista does not offer is its ability to easily transfer file between
hard drive partitions. Vista, on the other hand, offers SideShow for auxiliary display
and the t
wo programs SuperFetch and ReadyDrive to assist with optimization (a.k.a.
multitasking)

(Block)
.


Here are a few final notes regarding Vista and its predecessor XP. Upgrading from
XP into Vista can be a bear; therefore it is b
etter to just simply start off with Vista
pre
-
installed. Also, Vista runs slower than XP does on the same hardware. This is
due to the larger amounts of memory and disk space that Vista

uses

(Mac, PC, or
Linux)
.

Media

Even th
ough the purpose of the OS is to simply operate a PC, both Microsoft and
Apple like to throw in additional software that offers features above and beyond what
is necessary to run the PC. These features are luxuries that can help certain users
accomplish e
veryday tasks. Included in this section are system tools, like searching.

Leopard and Vista both come with a variety of programs that users like to use to help
with everyday things, much like a car coming standard with AC, cup holder
s, and
power windows.

Exhibit 2

gives a table of these programs, each next to its
equivalent. (Note: the asterisks mark which program is considered better according
to Engadget.



7


Exhibit 2
: Media Programs

Leopard

Vista

Mail*

Windows Mail

Safari browser

IE 7 browser

iCal*

Calendar

iChat*

Messenger

iPhoto*

Photo Gallery

iMovie*

Movie Maker

iLife


Data Source: CNET


Both OSs

offer a search tool;

Vista includes it in the start menu while Leopard
includes it in the program Finder. However, Leopard’s is both faster and better
organized than Vista’s
(PCWorld)
.


This is one area where Leopard noticeably stands above Vis
ta. Leopard includes both
user automation (for repetitive actions) and data detection (for addresses and phone
numbers). Vista has neither of these
(Block)
. Leopard also has support for Braille,
while Vista does not.


Vista
also requires you to activate and register your copy of Windows, which does
provide another level of security, but this is mostly for Microsoft’s benefit
,

leaving
you with a headache having to make sure you have done these two additional tasks.
This is es
pecially annoying if you ever have to reinstall a PC.


8


Works
Consulted


Apple. "Apple
-

Mac OS X Leopard
-

Technology
-

Security." 2008.
Apple.

26 March
2008 <http://www.apple.com/macosx/technology/security.html>.

Apple
. "Apple Games Articles." 6 April 2008.
Apple.

23 March 2008
<http://www.apple.com/games/articles/>.

Apple.

"Apple Mac OS X Leopard Technical Specs." 2008.
Apple.

23 March 2008
<http://www.apple.com/macosx/techspecs/>.

"Apple Mac OS X Leopard Freatuers Par
ental Controls." 2008.
Apple.

26 March
2008 <http://www.apple.com/macosx/features/parentalcontrols.html>.

Apple. "MacOSX Leopard Security." 2007.
Apple.

26 March 2008
<http://images.apple.com/macosx/pdf/MacOSX_Leopard_Security_TB.pdf>.

Block, Ryan. "Lopard

vs. Vista: feature chart showdown." 27 October 2007.
Engagget.

21 March 2008 <http://www.engadget.com/2007/10/27/

leopard
-
vs
-
vista
-
feature
-
chart
-
showdown/>.

Borden, Ed and Jon Bach. "Puget Custom Comuters: Direct X, What is all the Fuss?"
28 Febuary 2007.

Puget Systems.

23 March 2008
<http://www.pugetsystems.com/articles.php?id=30>.

Digital Darkroom Forum: Mac Learning Curve.

May 26 2004. 2008 March 2008
<http://photo.net/bboard/q
-
and
-
a
-
fetch
-
msg?msg_id=008Mck>.

Latif, Usman. "Techuser.net." 16 May 2004.
W
hy Windows is a Security Nightmare.

2008 March 2008 <http://www.apple.com/macosx/technology/security.html>.

Lockergnome.
Windows Fanatics Mac Vs. PC.

28 July 2006. 2008 March 2008
<http://www.lockergnome.com/windows/2006/07/28/mac
-
vs
-
pc
-
2/>.

"Mac, PC, or L
inux."
PC Advisor.

21 March 2008
<http://pcadvisor.co.uk/cmsdata/news/9333/

Mac,%20PC%20or%20Linux.pdf>.

Microsoft. "Parental controls." 2008.
Mircosoft Windows.

26 March 2008
<http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/windowsvista/features/details/
parenta
lcontrols.mspx>.

Microsoft. "Security Center." 2008.
Windows.

26 March 2008
<http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/windowsvista/features/details/
securitycenter.mspx>.

Microsoft
. "Windows Vista: Recomended System Requirements." 2008.
Microsoft
Windows.

23 March 2008
<http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/windowsvista/editions/

systemrequirements.mspx>.

Murphy, Paul. "But Macs Are Slower, Right?" 30 September 2004.
Linux Insider.

23
March 2008 <http://www.linuxinsider.com/story/

But
-
Macs
-
Are
-
Slower
-
Ri
ght
-
36964.html>.

PCWorld.

2008. 18 March 2008 <http://www.pcworld.com/article/id,138819
-
page,20
-
c,macos/article.html>.

Teresi, Scott. "The Philosophy of Mac OS vs. Windows." December 2002.
Teresi.us.

26 March 2008 <http://www.teresi.us/html/writing/mac_vs_
windows.html>.

9


Thurrott, Paul.
Mac OS X vs. Windows XP: Is this what it's come to?

5 September
2001. 26 March 2008 <http://www.winsupersite.com
/
reviews/

windowsxp_osx.asp>.

Wenzel, Elsa. "Leopard vs. Vista." 1 November 2007.
CNET.

21 March 2008
<
http://reviews.cnet.com/4520
-
14087_7
-
6847490
-
1.html>.

"Why Switch? Deystifying."
Wiley.

21 March 2008
<http://media.wiley.com/product_data/excerpt/63/04701407/

0470140763.pdf>.

"Windows vs. Macintosh."
Guidenet.

21 March 2008 <
http://guidenet.net/resources/

win_vs_mac.html>.