National Data Infrastructure for Earth System Science - Rensselaer ...

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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National Data
Infrastructure for Earth
System Science

EarthCube and other efforts globally

Clifford Jacobs, National Science Foundation

Peter Fox,
Rensselaer
Polytechnic
Institute

Presented at the town hall meeting AGU fall
2011

Outline


Context


Nationally


Internationally


EarthCube vision


Initial EarthCube efforts


Long
-
term vision

Context

We no longer have the gift of time

Science foundations for EarthCube

“To understand more deeply the planet and its interactions will require
the geosciences to take an increasingly holistic approach, exploring
knowledge coming from all scientific and engineering disciplines.”

“Fostering a sustainable future through a better understanding of our
complex and changing planet.”

CALL TO ACTION
: “Over the next decade, the geosciences
community commits to developing a framework to understand and
predict responses of the Earth as a system

from the space
-
atmosphere boundary to the core, including the influences of
humans and ecosystems.”

GEO Vision

Crossroad
Challenges of
GEOvision

GEO

CI

The
Dynamic
Earth

The
Changing
Climate

Earth and
Life

Geosphere
-

Biosphere
Connections

Water:

Changing

Perspective

Arctic Sea Ice

Research
Vessel
Sikuliaq

Oceans

Water

Satellites

Earth System Modeling

Era
of

Observation and Simulation

EarthScope

Observatory
Network

7

Science and Society Transformed by Data


Data
-

and compute
-
intensive


Integrative,
multi
-
scale


Individuals, groups, teams,
communities


Age of Observation


Distributed, central
repositories, sensor
-

driven, diverse, etc


GEO
Supports Substantial CI


NSF Budget (FY 2010)




$
6,926.5 M


Geosciences (GEO) Budget




$
889.64 M


GEO 2010 investments in CI






~$103
M



New
investment:
Example


NWSC
(NCAR
-
WY Super Computer Center)


FY 2012 With Partners in Wyoming:


Center Construction




~$70M


Computer Systems




~
$
30M

Multiple
Modes of Support: A Hallmark
of Success


GEO “modes of support” are and will continue to be essential


Focused grants to individual PIs or small groups


Focused programs that are community driven


Small centers


Large national centers


Cyber
-
enhanced field programs


Cyber
-
enhanced observing facilities and MREFC projects


NSF
-
wide initiatives


Education, outreach, and training activities (EOT)


Each mode supports both high
-
risk, transformative research and
practical implementation


Some international context


Australia


Europe


UK


But there are more…


E.g. WIRADA


Australia Bureau of Meteorology (BoM, operational agency)
and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
Organization (CSIRO, research and application organization)


Science Symposium (Aug, 2011) demonstrated significant
progress


Scientists, engineers and
informaticists

working and meeting
together from the start!


http://www.clw.csiro.au/conferences/wirada%2Dsymposium
/



Cooperation for National Environmental Information System

Research Data Storage
Infrastructure


A$50M (just started)

N
e
C
T
AR

….

a
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and Ser
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t
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R
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Co
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unit
ies



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U
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RDSI
,

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Financed by the Education Investment Fund (EIF)
A$
47 million (2010


2013
)

n
ectar.org.au


Th
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5

NeC
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6

N
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16

To serve a national research community of several thousand!!

EU Framework Program 7 9
th
/10
th

calls


http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/e
-
infrastructure/docs/work
-
programme.pdf



INFRA
-
2011
-
1.2.2: Data infrastructures for e
-
Science


Eu

43M


Closed Nov. 23, 2011


General
objectives
:
Establish a persistent and robust service infrastructure
for scientific
data..


Deployment
of generic services for persistent data storage, access and
management that assure data provenance, authenticity and integrity and respond to
the needs of advanced user
communities



Development of an open access, participatory infrastructure for scientific
information linking peer
-
reviewed literature and associated data sets and collections
which can be open to non
-
scientists and to providers of value
-

added
services


Scientific
community
-
driven policy development and service deployment for data
generation, provenance, quality assessment, certification, curation, annotation,
navigation and management so as to promote the sharing of data and the
development of
trust


Development
and deployment of tools and techniques for the provision of advanced
data services notably for data discovery, mining,
visualisation

and simulation

GeoNETWORK


D4Science (phase II)


GRDI2020


EUPractice.eu


http://
www.esdin.eu
/


UK


JISC initiative (National Data Infrastructures Study):
http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/preservation/
nation
aldata.aspx

(led by
Digital Curation
Centre)


Managing
Research
Data (e.g. ADMIRE):
http://researchdata.jiscinvolve.org/wp/2011/11/29/jisc
-
managing
-
research
-
data
-
programme
-
2011
-
13
-
new
-
rdm
-
infrastructure
-
projects
/



Data
infrastructurEs

for Supporting Information Retrieval
Evaluation (DESIRE)
http
://www.promise
-
noe.eu/events/desire
-
2011/
home



Environmental Virtual Observatory
-
Pilot (NERC)
http://www.environmentalvirtualobservatory.org/


What
is EarthCube?


An al ternati ve approach to respond to daunti ng sci ence and CI
chal l enges


EarthCube i s an outcome and a process


EarthCube wi l l requi re broad communi ty parti ci pati on


Goal of Earth Cube

to transform the
conduct of research in
geosciences by
supporting the
development of
community
-
guided
cyberinfrastructure to
integrate data and
information for
knowledge
management across
the Geosciences.

EarthCube Will:


Be a long
-
term transformation of the practices within the
geosciences community spanning at least a decade


Provide unprecedented new capabilities to researchers and
educators


Vastly improve the productivity of community and thus
accelerating discovery in understanding and predicting the
Earth system


Provide a uniform knowledge management framework for all
of the geosciences

Initial EarthCube
efforts

Unanticipated community engagement and contribution

EarthCube Website


~600 members to the EarthCube
w
ebsite


114 white paper submission


185 respondents to user survey


Unknown number of hours of pro bono contributions by
community


Unprecedented view of the pulse of the geoscience
community

Charrette Attendance


On
-
site 146


Not all for the entire 3 ½ days


Attendance was high even on last morning


Virtual


Nov. 1

Virtual 139

Nov. 2

Virtual 104

Nov. 3

Virtual 63

Nov. 4

Virtual 37 (preliminary estimate)


Broad representation of geosciences research community


Including several graduate and post
-
docs


Representation also included


Other federal agencies


International


Industry


Publishers


Societies

and science organizations


Organizational specialists


~20 GEO & OCI POs (not at same time)


Representatives from BIO and CISE also in attendance


Immediate Outcomes


Identifying the most important capabilities to be embodied in EarthCube


Defining the initial view of EarthCube


Many “2
-
pager” papers on new capabilities


Resulted from work at the Charrette


New collaborations enabled by the Charrette


Instructions NSF’s interest in Eager awards post
-
Charrette


Strategic organizational framework


Development of new capabilities


Progress on critical milestone (developed at Charrette)


EarthCube website was and is an effective tool for community dialog


Labor intensive to monitor and maintain


Bottom line: a new starting place for creative and collaborative ideas,
partnerships, and building CI for the geosciences

Milestones


Release of first DCL




June 2011


WebEx presentations




June & July 2011


Establish EarthCube Social Network site

August 2011


Charrette





November 2011


Second DCL





December 2011


EAGER and Supplement Submissions



December
2011









April 2012


Second Community event



May 2012


Continued community opportunities



May 2012
-

?

Path To Action


Are we at the beginning of the great convergence?



Discussion Points


--

path to action
--


Are there current synergies that can be built on with minimal/
modest investment?


Are there gaps in Data Infrastructures efforts world
-
wide that
EarthCube could address?


What are viable means for international cooperation,
collaboration, alliances, etc?


What are effective means to transformation the culture of
geosciences?

Schematic Depiction of


Knowledge Management







Global Access






o

Common


communication


infrastructure

o

Access to external


/internal information


/knowledge/sources

o

Use of modern


methods and tools





Motivation Enablers






o
Value and culture

o
Rewarding

o

Sharing/exchange of


knowledge

o

Shared mindsets and


visions

o

Trust of each other

o

Bridging generations

Building Knowledge Infrastructure

Developing a Knowledge Culture




(community) Creation







o

Capacity Building

o

Face
-
to
-
face contact

o

Competence centers

o

Community of


practices

o

Management of


knowledge processes

o

Networking


incl. web

Building Knowledge Intensity




Easy Usability







o

Who knows what

o

Taxonomy of


expertise

o

Yellow pages

o

Competence

o

Uniformity of access

Making Knowledge Visible

From A. Boynton, “Exploring Opportunities in Knowledge Management: How to Get Started” Knowledge Management Symposium: Lever
agi
ng Knowledge for Business Impact,
IBM Consulting, Sydney, 1996

EarthCube Design Elements

Vision for EarthCube

Community
-
Based
Governance model

Conceptual CI
Architecture

Design
Process

Operations
and
Sustainability
Model

Modes of
Support

A Unifying Architecture and Technology
Advances Will Lead to Strategic Convergence on
KM

Building on the Internet Paradigm


The Internet provided a knowledge system that transformed the modality of
science


Unanticipated Outcomes


NSF’s role included influencing the set of standards that were adopted


CIF21 investments must provide a framework of integrated and interactive
services


Interworkability

for collaboration

Internet for
interoperability

Long
-
term vision for a national
data infrastructure
for Earth
system science

Can we configure our culture to keep pace with technology?

Challenges


The challenges have been defined in countless reports


It is not about technology per say, but its effective use


Increase productivity and capabilities in our personal lives
are not reflected in our research jobs


Future visions must focus on increased productivity and
capability at end point of use


Affecting change within the current research paradigm