Professor Jim McDonald

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24 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

104 εμφανίσεις

1

THE GLASGOW RESEARCH PARTNERSHIP

IN ENGINEERING



Director


Professor Jim McDonald

University of Strathclyde





2

Aims


The

GRPE

was

established

late

2006

via

an

investment

of

over

$
120
m

by

the

Scottish

Funding

Council

and

partner

Institutions

in

order

to
:




Enhance

the

competitiveness

of

Engineering

in

Scotland




Consolidate

Engineering

Research

as

a

key

wealth

generator




Develop

a

competitive

focus

for

world

leading

Research




Create

a

strong

base

on

which

high

quality

international

partnerships

can

be

built




NB

25

new

academic

appointments

are

currently

being

made

and

these

will

be

supported

by

35

post
-
doctoral

researchers

and

over

50

PhD

studentships







3

Joint Research Institute (JRI)


in


Electronic, Power

& Communication Systems


4

Departmental Overview

Department(s) of Electronics and Electrical Engineering






Univ. of Glasgow Univ. of Strathclyde


academic staff

34


55


research technologists 7



8


technicians


44


39


research assistants

52


96


PhD students


62


124



MSc students


35


65


Undergraduates 300


550


Both RAE 2001
Grade 5

research quality rated Departments

5

Research Groups/Strathclyde

Energy and Environment

Comms and Signals

Ultrasonics


Transducer Design

Acoustic Signal Processing

Non Destructive Evaluation

AI based interpretation methods



Broadband Communications

Wireless Networks

Digital Communications

Network Design and Control

RF Systems



Electrical Power Systems

Power Electronics and Drives

High Voltage Technology

Protection and Control

Renewable Energy Sources

Distributed Generation

AI decision support methods

Control

Wind Energy Control Systems


Complex Systems Control Theory


Stochastic/Dynamic methods


Micro Systems


Transducer Design

MEMS

Optoelectronic Systems


6

Research Groups/Glasgow

Nanoelectronics

Optoelectronics

Microsystems and Bioelectronics

Diagnostic biosensors

Tissue engineering

DNA sequencing

Lab
-
on
-
a
-
chip

Lab
-
in
-
a
-
pill

Robotics

Music Technology

Ultra
-
fast optical switching

Semiconductor lasers

Photonic ICs

Nonlinear optics

Theory and modeling

Photonic band
-
gap devices

Top
-
down nanofabrication

Ultra
-
fast systems

Quantum transport

Atomic Force Microscopy

Device theory and modeling

Power and Energy

Power system analysis


Power Electronics


Renewable Energy


7

JRI in Electronics, Communications
and Power Systems


Combine established strengths of research in SU and GU E&EE
Departments (research pooling)


SU E&EE has international class strengths in
Electrical Power
Systems

and
Communications Systems


GU E&EE has international class strengths in
Physical
Electronics

and
Microsystems


8

JRI Theme 1: Electronic Systems


Electronic devices



fundamental to all future advances in communications, power delivery
and control, micro
-
systems, MEMS, imaging.


Technology platforms



fundamental prerequisites for viable integration of devices into systems


manufacturability, yield, reliability, performance, etc.


Micro
-

and nano
-
fabrication


essential integration technologies


Research challenges


develop novel ultra
-
fast electronic/optical/bioelectronic devices using
nanofabrication integration techniques

9

Technology Summary

Europe’s fastest III
-
V transistor

technology

2
m
m

World’s fastest

semiconductor laser

World’s first 77 GHz

InP Vector Modulator

Europe’s fastest

MMIC amplifier

World’s first

Si/SiGe HMOS

amplifier

10

Nanofabrication

11

JRI Theme 2:

Communications & Information Systems


Communications technology


advances as systems become more distributed


wireless networking


smart sensors


Complexity


increases with distributivity


interfacing in heterogeneous systems


Signal Processing Architectures


coding and modulation formats; multi
-
channel; high bandwidth


Research challenges


devise SP architectures that are compatible with deliverable
technology platforms

12

Communications Research

Collaborative & complementary research areas include:


Wired networks

(traditional cable, powerline)


Mobile

(eg. 3GEvolution and 4G generation),



Wireless

(provision of >100Mbit/s, IEEE802.1x, IEEE802.2x)



Wire
-
free

communication

(acoustic, ultrasonic, optics)



Wireless sensor networks

(environment monitoring & control)


Signal processing

(
algorithms and architectures)


Data management in complex networks


Multi
-
media communications

(speech, audio, image, video)


Channel modelling

(signal propagation environments)

13

Diversity


The growth in the requirements of instant, reliable, and very high bit
-
rate
communication at any time and in any place will expand significantly in the
next 5 years
.

14

Diversity

Real time modelling and simulation, stochastic modelling for design and control purposes

Reference to application areas eg comms networks and/or power applications

15

JRI Theme 3: Power and Energy Systems

Generation Sources


Major challenges to connect and manage a diverse, low carbon, sustainable set of
generation sources from conventional thermal to nuclear and renewable (wind,
wave, tidal, solar and bio
-
mass) coupled with demand side optimisation.

Distributed Generation and Active Networks


New, highly distributed power systems will be required to accommodate large
volumes of DG and the concept of “intelligent” networks is attractive making the
network highly active.

Integration and Energy Conversion


A key enabling technology for grid interconnection and active network management
is power electronics. This will also provided new supply flexibility allowing energy
conversion from diverse sources to range from 50Hz, 240v, 3
-
phase AC to variable
voltage, variable frequency multi
-
phase forms depending on requirements


(NB
Marine and Aero electrical

applications are also attractive opportunities)

Research challenge


Electrical system design innovation underpinned by control methods, electronic
devices and communication strategies for the integration of power from highly
distributed sources to the network grid and creating the potential for “power islands”
or “autonomous power cells”

16

Cross Disciplinary Themes


The following slides illustrate how the Electronics theme
of the GRP can support the Energy theme i.e. it shows how
the “white space” between Electronic and Power research
can be addressed.


17

Heterogeneous electronic systems for nuclear
process monitoring and control


Opto
-
electronic and optical fibre

sensors (SU, GU)


Ultrasonic transducer arrays for structural
monitoring (SU)


Optical MEMS sensors (SU)


Silicon microelectronics (GU)


Wire
-
free sensor networking (SU, GU)


UHF sensors (SU)


Intelligent data interpretation (SU)


Ref British Energy Adv Research Centre,


GSES Sim. Centre, EPSRC EngD Centre


Micromachined ultrasonic array (CUE)

18

Heterogeneous electronic systems for fuel cell monitoring



Infra
-
red lasers for water vapour
monitoring (GU)


Carbon nanotube sensors for hydrogen
(SU)


MEMS sensors for temperature (SU)


Wire
-
free sensor networking (SU, GU)


Sensor/system integration (SU,GU)


Ref EPSRC Supergen V

Energy Storage
,
and Rolls
-
Royce
-
UTC in Electrical
Systems


19

Heterogeneous electronic systems for HV switchgear
and transformers (Partial Discharge monitoring)


Sensor arrays for RF emission (SU)


RF MEMS switches (SU)


Ultra
-
low
-
noise RF amplifiers (GU)


Electronic/RF design (GU)


Intelligent data interpretation (SU)


Refer Electric Utilities Programme
with 26 Intl’companies and EPSRC
Supergen V
Infrastructure &

Monitoring Programme




MEMS RF switch (CMP)

Centre for Distributed Generation and
Sustainable Power Generation

20

Joint Research Institute


in


Environmental, Infrastructure and
Transportation Engineering


21

Themes and Threads


Environment




Sustainable


Aerospace

& Infrastructure


Transportation

Engineering

Stakeholder values, Computational & Laboratory methods

22

Research Challenges


Environment & Infrastructure

Waste, Pollution, Health & Biotechnology


Contaminated land, Traffic Pollution, Solid Waste & Bioremediation

23

Research Challenges


Environment & Infrastructure

Fluvial & Coastal Processes, Flooding & Flood Defences

River engineering, data assimilation modelling, flood embankments

24

Research Challenges


Sustainable Transportation

Sustainable Mobility

Improve accessibility, reduce congestion, reduce social exclusion

25

Research Challenges


Sustainable Transportation

Marine Transportation

Cargo handling, Traffic Congestion, Modelling Port & Ship Operations

26

Research Challenges


Aerospace Engineering

Flight Simulation & Control

Nonlinear Predictive Control, Inverse Simulation, Traffic Management

27

Research Challenges


Aerospace Engineering

Aerodynamics & Space Systems

Noise, pollution, efficiency, CFD, autonomous control, solar sail

28

Joint Research Institute


in


Mechanics of Materials,Structures

and Bio
-
Engineering


29

Performance of Materials and Structures

Structures at Exceptional, Severe or Extreme Conditions

Spalling of Concrete in Fire, Fire stable cements

Payload orbit transfer
with motorised tethers

Biomechan
ics and
Rehabilitation
Engineering
Performance of
Materials and Structures
Composites and
Emerging Materials
Mechanics
Hazard Mitigation, Protection, Emergency, Blast, Impact

High Temperature

Material Degradation, Chemo
-
Mechanical Coupling


ASR, DEF

30

T
Heat conduction
H
Water and gas flow
M
Fluid density
Fluid viscosity
Heat convection
Thermal conductivity
Specific heat
Effective stress
Suction changes
Porosity
Thermal strains
Porosity
T
Heat conduction
T
Heat conduction
H
Water and gas flow
H
Water and gas flow
M
M
Fluid density
Fluid viscosity
Heat convection
Thermal conductivity
Specific heat
Effective stress
Suction changes
Porosity
Thermal strains
Porosity
Fluid density
Fluid viscosity
Heat convection
Thermal conductivity
Specific heat
Fluid density
Fluid viscosity
Heat convection
Thermal conductivity
Specific heat
Effective stress
Suction changes
Porosity
Effective stress
Suction changes
Porosity
Thermal strains
Porosity
Thermal strains
Porosity
Stress
-
strain


MECHANICAL



Net/effective
stresses



Suction/Water
pressures



Temperature

HYDRAULIC



Liquid flow



Gas flow



Air
dissolution in
water



Air diffusion
in water



Phase
changes



Vapour
diffusion



Gas
generation
and transport

Performance of Materials and Structures

Biomechan
ics and
Rehabilitation
Engineering
Performance of
Materials and Structures
Composites and
Emerging Materials
Mechanics
Upscaling, REV

Computational

Homogenisation


Multiscale and

Multiphysics



(
e.g. displacements,
temperature,
pressures)
Fluxes
Tangents
Discretised
Micro
Domain (
RVE
)
Discretised
Macro
Domain
Spatial field
gradients
Solve
Microscale
Problem
THERMAL



Heat
conduction



Heat
advection
(Phase
changes latent
heat

Multi Barrier Waste Disposal

31

Biomechan
ics and
Rehabilitation
Engineering
Performance of
Materials and Structures
Composites and
Emerging Materials
Mechanics
Characterisation and Testing

Macro, Meso, Micro, Nano

Performance of Materials and Structures

Fracture of Damaged
Materials

FIB micro machining

Micromechanical

Testing

and

Modelling

Crack path in

the heat affected zone

Cement

Nanoindentation

ITZ

Testing and
thermal
conductivity
imaging on a

nano scale

Topography

Thermal conductivity

Topography

Temperature

32

Bubble Free Resins

Polymer composite materials


Composites and Emerging Materials

Carbon
fibres/

epoxy matrix

NDT of Adhesives

Glass fibres/

polypropylene matrix


Woven and stiched

fabrics

Biomechan
ics and
Rehabilitation
Engineering
Performance of
Materials and Structures
Composites and
Emerging Materials
Mechanics
33

Treadmill gait therapy,

robot
-
assisted gait

Standing and balance

Cycling in paraplegia via

leg
-
muscle stimulation

active balance re
-
training;

balance control during

quiet standing

cardiopulmonary testing protocols;

tests of functional status

Cardiopulmonary status:

metabolic monitoring

Bone integrity

pQCT scanning

Muscle bulk

MRI scanning

Muscle properties

dynamometry

Movement and Activity
-
based Therapy

Outcome Measures


Cardiopulmonary fitness

Bone integrity

Tissue viability


muscle bulk


seating pressure


tissue oxygenation

Muscle properties


fibre type composition
(contractile speed)


spasticity


strength


volitional function


Function Restoration


Exercise options: cycling, arm
-
cranking, treadmill

Standing and balance

Respiratory function:
abdominal, intercostal
stimulation

Bladder and bowel function:
implanted neural
prostheses



Biomechanics and

Rehabilitation Engineering

Biomechan
ics and
Rehabilitation
Engineering
Performance of
Materials and Structures
Composites and
Emerging Materials
Mechanics
34

Novel Electrophysiological Methods for the


evaluation and monitoring of spinal cord injury

Studies on locomotor rehabilitation

Brain Computer Interfaces for neuroprosthetics

Assessing Wheelchair Accessibility via haptics & virtual reality


Rehabilitation Engineering, Tissue Engineering, Artificial Organs, Medical
Devices & Point of Care Diagnostics

Motor Control &
Neurophysiology

Orthopaedic
Biomechanics

HealthQWest (Function
for Living)

Prosthetics & Orthotics

Biomechanical Modelling


Biomechanics and Rehabilitation Engineering

Biomechan
ics and
Rehabilitation
Engineering
Performance of
Materials and Structures
Composites and
Emerging Materials
Mechanics
35

The Glasgow Research Partnership

in
Engineering




Enhancing the Competitiveness of Engineering Research


&


confirming the West of Scotland as a


World Leading Centre for Engineering Research