Analysis and Design of Power Electronic Circuits using Orcad

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24 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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Analysis and Design of Power
Electronic Circuits using Orcad



Professor Babak Fahimi, PhD

Director, Power Electronics and Controlled Motion Laboratory

University of Texas at Arlington

Getting started with PSpice

To start with a PSpice project:

1)
Go to capture CIS Lite Edition

2)
Go to “File” menu. Select “New Project” option.

3)
Choose “analog or mixed A/D” option and specify the project name and
its location and click Ok







4)
Once the step 3) is completed the following window appears. Choose
“Create a blank project” option




5)
Create the circuit by placing all its parts using “Part” option from
“Part” menu. In this way a complete electrical circuit can be formed.



Points to remember


When creating a new project , use Analog or Mixed A/D set
-
up option.


Watch the file location / directory structure.

Design and simulation of power electronic circuits


Power Electronic Circuits can be classified as:


DC
-
DC Converters


AC
-
DC Converters (Rectifiers)


DC
-
AC Converters (Inverters)


AC
-
AC Converters


Now design and simulation of each of these circuits will be discussed.

AC
-
DC Converters (Rectifiers
)

AC
-
DC converters ( Rectifiers) can be classified as:


Half wave rectifier


Full wave rectifier



These can further be classified depending upon the rectifying element being
used . If using diode, are called uncontrolled rectifiers. Whereas if using
thyristor, are called controlled rectifiers
.




Half Wave Uncontrolled Rectifier

a)

For Resistive Load

1)
Make the circuit in PSpice using steps mentioned earlier.


Components used are:


VSin (voltage source)


DIN4002 (diode)


R (Resistance)


GND_SIGNAL/CAPSYM.







2)
Make the simulation profile using “New Simulation Profile” command
from “PSpice” menu.

3)
Go to “Edit Simulation Profile” in “PSpice” menu, simulation settings
window will open. Go to “Analysis” and set the simulation parameters
as shown below.




4)
Run the simulation by using command “RUN” from “PSpice” menu.



5)
Get plots for IR1(resistance current), RMS value of IR1 and V1(input
voltage) using “Add Trace” command from “Trace” menu




6)
Plot the resistance current and then use “Fourier” command from
“Trace” menu to get the frequency response of the resistance current.



Half Wave Uncontrolled Rectifier


b)

For RL Load

1)
Create another page under same schematic and make the circuit using
same steps.


Components used are:


VSin (voltage source)


DIN4002 (diode)


R (Resistance)


L ( Inductor)


GND_SIGNAL/CAPSYM





2)
Now simulate the circuit using same steps and get plots for resistance
current and input voltage.



Half Wave Uncontrolled Rectifier

c) For RC Load

1)
Create another page under same schematic and make the circuit using
same steps.


Components used are:


VSin (voltage source)


DIN4002 (diode)


R (Resistance)


C ( Capacitor)


GND_SIGNAL/CAPSYM







2)
Now simulate the circuit using same steps and get plots for resistance
current and capacitor voltage.



Half Wave Uncontrolled Rectifier

d) For RL load with freewheeling diode

1)
Create another page under same schematic and make the circuit using
same steps.


Components used are:


VSin (voltage source)


DIN4002 (diode)


R (Resistance)


L ( Inductor)


GND_SIGNAL/CAPSYM







2)
Now simulate the circuit using same steps and get plots for resistance
current , RMS value of resistance current and input voltage.



Half Wave Controlled Rectifier

For type (1) connections

1)
Make the circuit using same steps.


Components used are:


VSin (voltage source)


VPULSE (voltage source)


2N1595 (Thyristor)


R (Resistance)


GND_SIGNAL/CAPSYM







2)
Now simulate the circuit and get plots for resistance current.



Half Wave Controlled Rectifier

For type (2) connections (a) with zero time delay in gate pulse

1)
Make the circuit using same steps.


Components used are:


VSin (voltage source)


VPULSE (voltage source)


2N1595 (Thyristor)


R (Resistance)


GND_SIGNAL/CAPSYM







2)
Now simulate the circuit and get plots for resistance current and input
voltage.



Half Wave Controlled Rectifier

For type (2) connections (b) with 4.1667ms time delay in gate pulse

1)
Make the circuit using same steps.


Components used are:


VSin (voltage source)


VPULSE (voltage source)


2N1595 (Thyristor)


R (Resistance)


GND_SIGNAL/CAPSYM








2)
Now simulate the circuit and get plots for resistance current and input
voltage.



Full Wave Uncontrolled Rectifier


Full wave uncontrolled rectifier can be :


Single phase


Three phase

Single Phase Full Wave Rectifier

1)
Make the circuit as shown:

2)
Simulate the circuit and get plots for all diode currents.



Three Phase Full Wave Rectifier

1)
Make the circuit as shown:


2)
Simulate the circuit and get plots for all diode currents.



Points to remember


In order to simulate the circuit signal reference must be named 0 ( the
number zero)