Turn Lights off seminar-27 October-dnh slides-v2

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Keeping the Lights On:


Strategies for Compatibility and Interoperability
in Electrical Power Networks seminar

October 27, 2011

Presented by


Don Heirman

President, Don HEIRMAN Consultants


Smart Grid Interoperability
Panel and Testing and
Certification Committee

What is the Smart Grid?


Increase system efficiency and
cost effectiveness

Provide customers tools to
manage energy use

Improve reliability, resiliency
and power quality

Enable use of innovative
technologies including
renewables, storage


and electric vehicles


The Smart Grid integrates
information technology and
advanced communications
into the power system in
order to:

2

Smart Grid: The “Energy Internet”



2
-
way flow of electricity and information

Standards Provide a Critical Foundation

Graphics courtesy of EPRI

Smart Grid = Electrical Grid + Intelligence

4

Interoperability

requires

reliable standards and
validated performance

Combining electrical and
communication grids
requires
interoperability

Graphics courtesy of EPRI

Smart Grid Interoperability

Interoperability: The ability of 2 or more
networks, systems, devices, applications, or
components to communicate & operate together
effectively, securely, & without significant user
intervention


Communication requires agreement on a physical
interface & communication protocols


Exchanging meaningful & actionable information
requires common definitions of terms & agreed upon
responses


Consistent performance requires standards for the
reliability, integrity, and security of communications


Interoperability may include:


“Plug and play”: connect them & they work
together


Interchangeability: Ability to readily substitute
components


NIST Smart Grid Interoperability Panel

Public
-
private partnership created in Nov. 2009

Over 650 member organizations, 1700 participants

Open, public process with international participation

Coordinates standards development


Identifies Requirements


Prioritizes standards development programs


Works with over 20 SDOs including IEC, ISO, ITU, IEEE, …

Web
-
based participation


6

SGIP Twiki:

http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki
-
sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/SGIP

NIST/SGIP Smart Grid

The
Smart Grid Interoperability Panel

(
SGIP
) was
created as a public/private partnership for
longer
-
term
evolution of standards interoperability




SGIP

will support NIST in fulfilling its responsibilities under
the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA).


SGIP

will identify, prioritize and address new and emerging
requirements for Smart Grid standards. It will further
develop the initial
NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart
Grid Interoperability Standards

7


SGIP Organization














Governing
Board

SGIP
Officers

Priority Action Plan Teams

PAP 2

Domain Expert Working
Groups

H2G

TnD

B2G

I2G

PEV2G

BnP

SGIP Administrator

PAP 1

PAP 3

PAP …

PAP 4

PAP 17

NIST

Standing Committees &

Working Groups

Test & Certification

Committee

(SGTCC)

Architecture

Committee

(SGAC)

Cyber Security

Working Group

(CSWG)

Coordination Functions

Program

Mgmt

Office

(PMO)

Comm.

Marketing

Education

(CME)

Bylaws &

Operating

Procedures

(BOP)

SGIP Membership

Electromagnetic
Interoperability Issues

Filling Gaps in the Standards

Priority Action Plans (led by NIST staff)


#

Priority Action Plan

#

Priority Action Plan

0

Meter Upgradeability Standard

9

Standard DR and DER Signals

1

Role of IP in the Smart Grid

10

Standard Energy Usage Information

2

Wireless Communication for the Smart
Grid

11

Common Object Models for Electric
Transportation

3

Common Price Communication Model

12

IEC 61850 Objects/DNP3 Mapping

4

Common Scheduling Mechanism

13

Time Synchronization, IEC 61850 Objects/
IEEE C37.118 Harmonization

5

Standard Meter Data Profiles

14

Transmission and Distribution Power
Systems Model Mapping

6

Common Semantic Model for Meter Data
tables

15

Harmonize Power Line Carrier Standards for
Appliance Communications in the Home

7

Electric Storage Interconnection
Guidelines

16

Wind Plant Communications

8

CIM for Distribution Grid Management

17

Facility Smart Grid Information

9

SGIP Testing and Certification
Committee (SGTCC)

SG Testing and Certification Committee



Consist of at least eight members selected by
the Plenary Chair, and all other interested
members confirmed by majority vote of the
SGIP
.



Creates and maintains the necessary
documentation and
organizational framework
for compliance
, interoperability and cyber
security
testing and certification

for
SGIP
-
recommended Smart Grid standards.

SGTCC working groups

SG Testing and Certificating Committee
(SGTCC) Organization which is part of the
SGIP



SGTCC Teams (WGs)


Document Review Team


Priority Interoperability Issues
-
WG3


IPRM
-
WG4


Laboratory Qualification Criteria
-
WG5


End to End Testing Team


TCC Roadmap Review Team


IPRM Implementation
-
WG8


SGTCC Smart Grid

IPRM
-
WG4


Status: completed IPRM Version 1.0
; 2.0 in vote

Lab Qualification Criteria
-
WG5



Status: Inactive

End to End Testing Team


Provide considerations that extend beyond pair
-
wise interoperability, i.e. the entire chain via
use case examples



Status: Active

SGTCC End to End Testing

Template

3

Test Use Case

4

Developing Test Requirements

4.1


Test Architecture

4.1.1 Test Component View

4.1.2 Test Information View

4.1 Test Security View

4.2


Interoperability Functional Statements (IFS)



Proforma

4.3

Test Groups

4.4

Test Purpose

4.5

Additional Requirements

4.6

Testing Context and Methods

4.6.2

Test Steps

4.6.3

Test Sequence Diagram

SGTCC End to End Testing

5

Testing Process

5.1

Overview

5.2

Policies and Principles

5.3

Test Assessment

5.3.1

Application Submission

5.3.2

Test Environment Submission

5.4

Test Preparation

5.4.1

Test Plan

5.4.2

Test Design

5.4.3

Test Configuration

5.5

Testing

5.6

Test Results

SGTCC Smart Grid

TCC Roadmap Review Team



Establish TCC priority work items for
2011, evaluating those proposed in the
original plan, as well as recommending
new work items based on additional
identified needs to support a testing and
certification framework for Smart Grid
systems and devices


Status: As needed


SGTCC Smart Grid


IPRM Implementation
-
WG8


Manages the development of processes,
tools and guidance to
support
stakeholders

of the Interoperability
Process Reference Manual (IPRM),
particularly Interoperability Testing &
Certification Authorities (ITCAs)
intending
to implement the IPRM in
certification programs



Status: Active

Interoperability Process
Reference Manual (IPRM)

The IPRM is a key foundational element
of the SGTCC Testing and Certification
Framework. It will enable the adoption of
consistent and measurable certification
and testing policies and procedures
across all Smart Grid standards based on
the conformance, interoperability, and
cybersecurity testing experience and
expertise of SGTCC participants, and the
widely accepted ISO Guide 65 and ISO
17025 international standards for
laboratory and certification program
quality management systems.

Interoperability Process
Reference Manual (IPRM)

The SGTCC has developed and issued this
Interoperability Process Reference Manual (IPRM)
detailing its recommendations on processes and best
practices that enhance Smart Grid interoperability
testing and certification programs. Implementation of
the IPRM by Interoperability Testing and Certification
Authorities (ITCAs) will increase the quality of
standards
-
based, secure and interoperable products in
the Smart Grid marketplace.


The SGTCC believes that implementation of the IPRM
will lead to reduced deployment costs of Smart Grid
systems and devices and enhanced product quality with
respect to interoperability and conformance, ultimately
providing confidence to

end users through meaningful
certification programs.

Interoperability Process
Reference Manual (IPRM)

CONTENTS

1.

IPRM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

2.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS BENCHMARKS
FOR TESTING AND CERTIFICATION

3.

ORGANIZATION OF IPRM

4.

ITCA IMPLEMENTATION OF THE IPRM

4.1.

What is an ITCA?

4.2.

How does an ITCA implement the IPRM?

4.3.

Relationship between Accreditation
Authorities, ITCAs, Certification Bodies &Test Labs

Interoperability Process
Reference Manual (IPRM)

5.

BEST PRACTICES FOR INTEROPERABILITY AND
CONFORMANCE TEST CONSTRUCTION

5.1

General Test Policies

5.2

Test Suite Specification (TSS)

5.3

Attributes of a Test Profile in lieu of complete TSS

6.

SECURITY BEST PRACTICES

7.

INTEROPERABILITY TESTING AND CERTIFICATION
AUTHORITY ROLE AND REQUIREMENTS

7.1.

Interoperability Requirements For Use By The ITCA

7.2.

Governance

7.3.

Lab Qualification

7.4.

Technical Design for Interoperability and
Conformance Program Design

7.5.

Improvements

7.6.

Cyber Security

American Council of Independent
Laboratories (ACIL) Perspective

Ensure fair and open process for selecting

labs

Keep technical and administrative

requirements on track

Suggest improvements in the testing and

certification process

Provide business opportunity possibilities

In summary
---
support activity by
participating in the SGIP/SCTCC work

21

ACIL Smart Grid Focus

Focus resides in Conformity Assessment
Section


SG Task Force (SGTF) formed in Spring 2010



Chair pro tem: Don Heirman



16 members



Holds regular teleconferences/webinars



Minutes recorded



Actions identified



Monitoring/participating in SGIP committee

webinars and review of documents

Current SG Task Force WG8 Activities

Comment on Interoperability Process
Reference Manual (IPRM)

second edition

Review information needed for applying to be
an Interoperability Testing and Certification
Authority (ITCA) and what is required and
requested in detailed application form

Decide how to identify ITCAs on website
including their scopes and interoperability

Follow who is designated ITCAs and
consider
being an ITCA

Continue to monitor and participate in SGTCC
and key weekly (or more) WG webinars

Current SG Task Force Activities


Activities in End to End testing task:


Review initial documents that present an
end to end test scenario for Home Area
Networks (HANs)


Indicates testing to communication standards


Has section on testing including the role of
test

plans


TF asked to comment on document with
special attention to how to instrument and
conduct test









1547 (Distributed energy interconnection)


J1772 (Connector)

61850 and 61970/61968 Information models



Demand response


& price signaling


C12 (Meter)

National Electric

Code


(Enclosures)

National

Electric

Safety Code

(Battery)

Example:
Electric Vehicles Require Many Standards

Smart Energy 2.0


J2293 (Communication)

Further Information

NIST Smart Grid Web portal:
http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid


SGIP
-

NIST SG collaboration web page:


http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki
-
sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/WebHome

SG Testing and Certification Web site
:


http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki
-
sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/SmartGridTestingAndCe
rtificationCommittee

American Council of Independent Laboratories


http://www.acil.org

Further Information
-

Contacts

NIST Contacts
:


George Arnold, National Coordinator for Smart Grid
Interoperability


Email:
george.arnold@nist.gov


Telephone: +1.301.975.2232



David Wollman, Leader, Electrical Metrology Groups


Email:
david.wollman@nist.gov


Telephone: +1.301.975.2433



Galen Koepke, Chair SGIP EMII Working Group


Email:
galen.koepke@nist.gov


Telephone: +1.303.497.5766

27

Further Information
-

Contacts

SGIP Contacts
:


John McDonald


Chair, SGIP


Johnd.mcdonald@ge.com



Rik Drummond


Chair, SGTCC


rikd@drummondgroup.com

28

Further Information
-

Contacts

ACIL Contacts
:


Don Heirman

Chair Pro Tem

ACIL Smart Grid Task Force




d.heirman@ieee.org



www
.
donheirman
.
com



Mike

Violette



Chair



ACIL

Conformity

Assessment

Section



mikev@wll
.
org



www
.
wll
.
org

29

Thank you for your attention













Don Heirman Biography

Donald

Heirman

is

president

of

Don

HEIRMAN

Consultants,

training,

standards,

and

educational

electromagnetic

compatibility

(EMC)

consultation

corporation
.


Previously

he

was

with

Bell

Laboratories

for

over

30

years

in

many

EMC

roles

including

Manager

of

Lucent

Technologies

(Bell

Labs)

Global

Product

Compliance

Laboratory,

which

he

founded,

and

where

he

was

in

charge

of

the

Corporation’s

major

EMC

and

regulatory

test

facility

and

its

participation

in

ANSI

accredited

standards

and

international

EMC

standardization

committees
.


He

chairs,

or

is

a

principal

contributor

to,

US

and

international

EMC

standards

organizations

including

ANSI

ASC

C
63
®

(chairman),

the

Institute

of

Electrical

and

Electronics

Engineers,

and

the

International

Electrotechnical

Commission’s

(IEC)

International

Special

Committee

on

Radio

Interference

(CISPR)

where

in

October

2007

he

was

named

the

chair

of

CISPR

moving

from

he

previous

role

as

its

subcommittee

A

chairman

responsible

for

CISPR

Publication

16
.


He

is

a

member

of

the

IEC’s

Advisory

Committee

on

EMC

(ACEC)

and

the

Technical

Management

Committee

of

the

US

National

Committee

of

the

IEC
.


In

November

2008

he

was

presented

with

the

prestigious

IEC

Lord

Kelvin

award

at

the

IEC

General

Meeting

in

Sao

Paulo,

Brazil
.


This

is

the

highest

award

in

the

IEC

and

recognizes

Don’s

many

contributions

to

global

electrotechnical

standardization

in

the

field

of

EMC
.


He

is

a

life

Fellow

of

the

IEEE

and

a

life

member

of

the

IEEE

EMC

Society

(EMCS)

and

member

of

its

Board

of

Directors,

chair

of

its

technical

committee

on

EMC

measurements,

past

EMCS

president,

newly

elected

vice

president

for

standards,

and

past

chair

of

its

standards

development

committee
.


He

is

also

past

president

of

the

National

Cooperation

for

Laboratory

Accreditation

(NACLA)
.

He

is

also

past

president

of

the

IEEE

Standards

Association

(SA),

past

member

of

the

SA

Board

of

Governors

and

past

member

of

the

IEEE’s

Board

of

Directors

and

Executive

Committee
.

He

is

also

the

Associate

Director

for

Wireless

EMC

at

the

University

of

Oklahoma

Center

for

the

Study

of

Wireless

EMC
.


He

has

presented

numerous

workshops,

tutorials,

and

technical

papers

internationally

and

is

listed

in

several

Who’s

Who

publications
.


He

is

a

retired

Commander

in

the

US

Navy