The renewable energy

whirrtarragonΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

21 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

68 εμφανίσεις

The renewable energy
Directive

by Claude Turmes, MEP


Vice
-
President of EUFORES

Rapporteur of the RES
-
Directive

9th Inter
-
Parliamentary Meeting

on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

18th November 2009

Parliament of Belgium

As if we had 4 planets …



On the way to a 100 %
renewables energy century

EJ/y

0

50

100

150

200

250

Geothermal heat

Solar heating

Biomass energy crops

Biomass residues

Geothermal (el)

Ocean (el)

Wind (el)

Hydro (el)

Solar PV (el)

Solar CSP (el)

RES

potentials

gross primary energy

consumption

EU
-
25 in 2005

Source: Ecofys, DLR

Drivers of the success story

1. Technological innovation

Drivers of the success story


2. Organisational innovation

Future policies must focus on:




decentralised energy in buildings



maximising efficiency through integration of
decentralised renewable energies into buildings



local and regional production

-

taking
advantage of the most locally suitable energy
technologies (e.g. solar, CHP, hydro, wind)



key macro
-
level energy projects of
European interest



off
-
shore wind hubs (e.g.
North Sea and Baltic), CSP solar thermal hubs
(e.g. Desertec), biomass and CHP (combined
heat and power installations), renovation of large
existing hydro
-
electric installations

Delivering these projects will require the
necessary infrastructural investments



e.g.
super/smart
-
grid for electricity, including offshore

Drivers of the success story

3. positive impact on pricing

Source: Bode & Groscurth (2006): The effect of the German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) on "the electricity price", HWWA
discussion paper 358

Drivers of the success story

4. positive impact on jobs

Source
: ‘working for the climate


renewable energy & the green job revolution‘ EREC &
Greenpeace, September 2009

The Renewables Directive


Mandatory EU (overall + renewables in transport) and
mandatory national
targets

(in electricity, H&C, fuels)



National Support mecanisms

(feed
-
in, bonus, others)

and

National Renewable
Energy Action Plans



Flexibility mecanism

involving Member States and
(more limited) Third countries



Reduction

of administrative and regulatory
barriers
,
training

better
access to grid and priority dispatch

for renewables, etc



Sustainability
regime for biofuels & biomass

Next steps on renewables


Consistant national action plans


Good local and regional dynamics
(covenant of majors


100% renewable
energies regions)


Go ahead with off
-
shore wind (now)


Grid integration (at local and at cross
-
national level)


Solar concentrated deployment in South
(mid term)

Open questions on renewables


How much need for new grid building and what
type of new grids (AC
-
DC)


„Baseload power is going to become an
anachronism”
(Mr. Wellinghoff


new chairman US
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission)


A new challenge for balancing (storage plants),
grid management and smart metering (IT in
grids)


What role for electro
-
mobility? (where to charge


at home or centralised?)

EU Energy Mix 2020 / 2030

EU
-

27

Mtoe

2005

baseline oil price
$ 100/bl

EU Scenario
2020 Consistent
with

20
-
20
-
20 targets
as decided 2008

EU Scenario
2030

Primary

Energy

Demand

1705

1903

1474 (
-
20%)

1250

Oil

666

648

500 (
-
25%)

300
-
350

Gas

445

443

445 (stable)

450
-
500

Renewables

123

221

274 (+20%)

450
-
500

Solids

320

340

160 (
-
53%)

50
-
100

Nuclear

257

249

120 (
-
52%)

EU Energy Mix 2020 / 2030

EU
-

27

Mtoe

EU Scenario
2030

explanations

Primary

Energy

Demand

1250

energy efficiency pathway to achieve 2005
-
2020
efficiency target continued until 2030

Oil

300
-
350

oil out of the heating sector and quick penetration of
electric cars
-

uncertainty about volume of oil replaced
by biofuel share for shipping and aviation

Gas

450
-
500

gas reduced in building sector, stable in industry use and
raise in power sector
-

uncertainty concerning CHP gas
use

Renewables

450
-
500

450 Mtoe is pathway to achieve 2005
-
2020 20%
renewable target continued until 2030
-

uncertainty on
real potential of biofuel for aviation and shipping (see
also oil)

Solids

50
-
100

coal & nuclear: 50
-

100 Mtoe is share left if 20%
efficiency and 20% renewable pathway is continued until
2030


Nuclear

Join us in EUFORES


http://www.eufores.org/




claude.turmes@europarl.europa.eu