Potential of Space-based Applications for Energy Markets

whirrtarragonΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

21 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

240 εμφανίσεις

Potential
of

Space
-
based

Applications

for

Energy
Markets

Dr. Pascal Vinard

Geospace

Experts

GmbH

Contents


What

we

stand
for


Energy in
the

W
orld:
facts

& global
challenges


Europe
and

Switzerland:
trends

and

chances


Space
and

Energy: mutual
benefits
?


Preliminary

Avenues
of

Investigation


Preliminary

Set
of

Recommendations


IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 1

What

we

stand
for
:


An strong
expertise

in
the

fields

of

geosciences
,
environmental
applications
,
energy
,
space

applications

and

industry


A
long
-
year

experience

in
project

management
,
assessments

and

studies

in
the

fields

of

energy

(
nuclear
, solar, wind,
geothermal),
space

(
technology

roadmaps
,
industrial

surveys

and

analyses
,
applications
, M&A)
and

R&D


An
efficient

bridge

between

the

space

and

energy

communities


A large
network

of

cutting
-
edge

companies

and

research

institutions

IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 2

Energy in
the

world
:

facts

& global
challenges

I


The
carbon

age

is

far

from

over
!
China,
India
, all
Asia

rely

on
carbon

first
,
oil

second


Overall,
growth

in
energy

demand

is

outside OCDE


OCDE
member

states

may

overcome

the

carbone

age


In OCDE
member

states
,
renewables

are

spurring




Europe
shall

play

a
key

role

in
export

of

solutions

and

technology



䍬業慴C

捨慮来

灯汩捩敳

牥煵楲r

楮湯癡瑩tn

慮a

摲慳瑩d

捨慮来c

also in
Asia

and

the

Americas



from

WEO 2011

from

IEA

Incremental

primary

energy

demand

by fuel and
region

in the
reference

scenario 2007
-
2030

Increase

of
primary

energy

demand

2000
-
2010

IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 3

Energy in
the

world
:

facts

& global
challenges

II


OCDE countries
decrease

demand

as

a
consequence

of

new

technologies


Africa

decreases

demand

as

a
consequence

of

failed

development


China,
the

world

Nr

1
manufacturer

takes

it

all!


Africa

may

become

the

primary

target

for

investment

Space
and

energy

solutions

are

best

indicated
!


Per capita
primary

energy

demand

by
region

in the
reference

scenario 2007
-
2030

from

IEA

IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 4

Energy in
the

world
:

facts

& global
challenges

III


Renewables
,
i.e

wind
and

PV,
are

buzzing

but

lack
the

necessary

base
-
load

and

energy

density

(EPFL
-
PV: 2
MWcr

=
only

5%
of

annual

electricity

demand

of

EPFL; > 850 2 MW wind
turbines

needed

to
replace

a
small

NPP, etc.)


Renewables

require

smart
grids
,
interim

storage

and

decentralized

solutions


Renewable

production

is

not
necessarily

where

and

when

you

need

it
,
this

requires

fine
-
tuning
and

timely

management



Legend

PV

Wind

Rolex Learning Center

IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 5

Europe and Switzerland:

trends and chances I


The Swiss mix
is

remarkably

stable
with

a progressive
decline

in
oil

consumption


Electricity

demand

represents

only

25% of total
demand
, i.e. the challenge
is

to
master transportation and
reduce
/
modify

demand

for
heat
/cold


The Swiss Energy
Strategy

2050
proposal

is

based

on:

-

energy

efficency

measures

to
reduce

demand

-

growth

of production
from

renewable

ressources

-

progressive
dismantling

of
nuclear

power plants by 2035


How
can

this

work

with

a
strong

demographic

growth

and a
continuous

trend
towards

increased

use of
electric

power?


from

BFE/OFEN

IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 6

Europe and Switzerland:

trends and chances II

Energy
policies

are

slow

to
bear

fruits

but
there

is

need

for

an
urgent
paradigm

change

in
the

way

we

convert
,
distribute

and

consume

energy

Switzerland
is

becoming

an
interesting

test

bench

for

innovative
energy

solutions

since
:


High
technological

level


Strong
export

industry


Challenging

energy

strategy

(
if

endorsed
!)


Strong
interdependency

with

European gas
and

electricity

networks

Future will
tell

if

benefits

outweigh

economic

risks

IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 7

Space
and

Energy: mutual
benefits
?

Definitely

YES
,
because
:


Energy
conversion
,
distribution

and

demand

require

global
policies
, i.e. global
assessments

and

solutions
, an
inherent

scale

to
space

technologies

and

applications
.


Energy
markets

require

innovative
technologies

(
materials
,
mechanisms
,
energy

production

and

savings

solutions
, etc.)
which

are

space

industry‘s

daily

business
.


To
buid

up

a cleaner
and

more

efficient

energy

market

there

is

a strong
need

for

smart
solutions
.
Applications

of

space

sensors

and

technologies

are

called

to
play

a
governing

role

in
this

respect
.

IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 8

Preliminary

Avenues
of

Investigation I


EO +
SatNav

at

the

heart

of

GIS
approaches

to
identifying
,
selecting

and

targeting

potential
zones

for

a large
variety

of

renewable

energy

technologies

(solar
concentrators
, wind, geothermal,
hydro
,
biomass
)


Combination

of

space
-
based

and

airborne

sensors

for

detection

of

pipeline

integrity
,
grid

construction

and

maintenance
, fossile power plant
immission
,
etc.


Change
detection

applied

to urban
areas

(
identification

of

current

and

future

needs
), to power plant
projects
, environmental
assessments
,
decommissioning

projects
, etc.


Further development
of

integrated

energy

management

solutions

applied

to
transport
,
dispatching
,
energy

networks
,
oil
,
coal

and

gas
exploration

and

generation
,
nuclear

safety


And

many

more


IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 9

Preliminary

Set
of

Recommendations

Spinning
space

technologies

into

the

energy

field

is

a
good

albeit

limited
idea

since

constraints

and

mind
-
sets
are

very

different.
What

the

energy

community

really

needs

are
:


Proposals

and

solutions

based

on a in
-
depth

understanding

of

the

different
aspects

of

energy

cycles
,
their

boundary

conditions

and

evolution


Practical

and

affordable

solutions

with

1st
objective

building

up

test

benches

with

innovative
partners


Most
of

the

energy

market

is

driven

by

public
-
private
partnerships

(PPPs):
this

is

the

way

to
go

for

funding

and

partnership


With

the

exception

of

oil

and

NLG,
energy

generation
,
distribution

and

consumption

are

limited to
neighbouring

continental

units
: Europe
and

Africa

offer

the

best

opportunities

for

IAP
projects

and

missions
.


IAP
represents

ESA‘s

best

asset

and

opportunity

to
join

forces

with

the

energy

community

for

contributing

to a clean
and

sustainable

world

IAP Event


EPFL


13
February

2013


Page 10

Thank
you

for
your

attention!













Geospace

Experts
GmbH

La Grande Fin 16

CH
-
1784 Courtepin

Switzerland

p
ascal.vinard@geospace
-
experts.com

-
41266841800

+41794448262