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World Class Standards

Smart Grids

ETSI Strategic Topic

Philippe Lucas

© ETSI 2010. All rights reserved

ETSI Smart Grid workshop, June 14th 2010

Smart Grid elements


The

Smart Grid
-

is the “two
-
way flow of electricity and information to create an
automated, widely distributed energy delivery network. “ (FCC National
Broadband Plan).



This also describes
the update to existing power grids to become networked
and intelligent
.
It includes:


An intelligent monitoring system that keeps track of all electricity flowing in the
system


It incorporates the use of superconductive transmission lines for less power
loss


It has the capability of integrating alternative sources of electricity such as solar
and wind


When power is least expensive a smart grid could turn on selected home
appliances or factory processes that can run at arbitrary hours.


At peak times it could turn off selected appliances to reduce demand.

World Class Standards

ICT meets Power : a layered view

Service Plane


Billing


e
-
Commerce


Subscription management and activation


Business processes

Control and Connectivity plane


OAM functions


Protection and restoration


Traffic engineering


Connectivity and routing


Virtualization


Access technologies


Time synchronization

Energy Plane


Sensors


Electric storage and interconnection


Transmission and Distribution Power
Systems, etc.

… with some vertical enablers


Security


Data models


3

Service

Energy

IP Network

Control

ETSI/Smart Grids Scoping Meeting


June 14, 2010

Three main areas


BEFORE THE METER : the Grid


Improvement of the Transmission & Distribution of electricity with
interconnected TSOs and DSOs



AT THE METER : the Smart Meter


It is the interface between the grid and the consumer and provides
THE information for the consumer invoices. Provides more
information to bill customers.



AFTER THE METER : in the customer premise


Management of the demand to better control the electricity
consumption of customers


Potentially real time information on the consumption of customers


Possibility to use demand/response capabilities to manage peak time

Split of domains to identify key interfaces

Smart Metering

Grid domain

In the house

Report back

Information to

the customer

Information to

Electrical SP

Demand/response

Electr.

Service

Provider

Possible domains of work of ETSI

The Business Context


The smart grid offers
new opportunities
and benefits

for the utilities industry,
vendors, governments, consumers and
players from other markets



Transformation of the energy grids
involves many architectural elements
that are commonplace amongst Telco’s



Key
decisions are being made

now and
deployment is already occurring in
some regions



It is estimated that building Europe's
smart grids will require 150 billion



The Smart Grid vision will become
reality
beyond 2020



Stakeholders have different
interests, culture and needs


Pushed by public authorities to
achieve political goals


Pushed by “new entrants” to capture
new business



Consumers do not see the
full
benefit

yet



There are strong technical,
regulatory and cultural obstacles

Some of the Key issues


Grid communications requirements includes generation, transmission,
distribution and consumption


Is it: one network, multiple, private, commercial or a combination?



Grid communications requirements range from mission critical confidential data
that needs to be transmitted in real time, to less critical data transmission such



Privacy


regulation & the Grid


Data collected by smart meters shows if someone is home or not, Provides details on
habits and patterns of the household, Alerts authorities to unlawful activity , identifies
energy inefficient customers (and could penalise them)...



Environment


Reducing environmental impact and increasing efficiency are major policy drivers behind
building smart grids


It is also a message that resonates with consumers



Standards


For what and where in the technical chain

8

Presentations now…




Presentations of the various TCs to explain their implication on
the various elements of the Smart Grid




Followed by a Q&A session


8

ETSI/B78(10)40

World Class Standards

www.etsi.org

Who Benefits from the Smart Grid?

WHO

HOW

Customers


Cost reduction

Increased empowerment

Utilities

Better efficiency between energy generation and consumption

Increased operation efficiency

Improved delivery of energy

Delivery of differentiated services

Telecoms

New revenue opportunities

Network optimisation

Society

Reduction in GHG

Shifts in societal behaviour of energy consumption

Government

Energy security and energy independence