Bernt A. Bremdal,

whirrtarragonΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

21 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

88 εμφανίσεις

Bernt A.
Bremdal
,

NCE SMART Energy Markets


Smart City
development


should

start
with

Smart Grid


NCE SMART is a
government

certified

centre

of

expertise

with

focus

on

energy

and
energy

markets

NCE Smart Energy Markets

How
long

are

you

willing

to
wait
?

Your
chance

to
shape

your

future

My story


The
future

is
electric


T
he
energy

market

is
key

to a greener &
smarter

future


Smart
Cities

require

Smart Grids


Prosumer

communities

characterizes

a Smart City


Norway


the

electric

energy

consumer

Source:
REMODECE 2008

Norway
-

the

concpicuous

energy

consumer

Luxury

articles

reinforces

identity


Market
situation

with

increased

consumption


Market
situation

with

increased

consumption

(II)

Load

variations

during
the

day

(Kilde: SINTEF Energi)

User
flexibility

in
practice

Small

Hydro Power

Hydro Power


Station

Photovoltaic

Micro

electricity

storage

Thermal

Storage

SMES Superconducting

Magnetic Energy Storage

Biomass

Solar

Power Plant

Residential CHP

Combined Heat and Power

Micro CHPs

Off
-
Shore Wind

Wave Energy

Low Emission

Power Plant

Transformer

Micro Grid

Solar

Demand Site

Management

Heat Pump

Underground Info and

Power Transmission

HVDC Link

High Voltage

Direct Current

Compressed

Hydrogen

Storage

H2 Production

and

Filling Station

Value Added Services

Forecast Information

European Smart Grids Technology Platform

European Commission for Science and Research, 2006

ISBN 92
-
79
-
01414
-
5

source:

16


Smart
Grid

Technology:

The Smart Grid starts
with

the

smart meter (AMS)

Control systems in
buildings


and households

Systems for
billing
,
net

&
market

information
,

r
emote

off
/
on

or
capacity

adjustment

Other

services

Internett

Records

consumption

every

hour

(or more
frequently
)

Meters
both

«
Procurement

and Sale»

The Smart House
Concept


can

come

true in a
inexpensive

way

1
8

Remote

heating

I
-
net


router

uCHP


(Heat and Power)

Storage

Uncontrollable

loads

Controllable

loads

Electric meter

Home Energy

Agent

Home
Energy

Display

AMS e
-
nett

Internet

Kilde:
MoreCom

-

Manage

Smart in
SmartGrid

19

Traditional

“One way delivery”

AMI

“Bi
-
directional communication“

Demand Response

“Efficient markets”

Smart grid

“Smart Bi
-
directional delivery”

Energy Market

Real
-
time changing consumption patterns

Traditional meters

Traditional meters




Automation / Self
-
healing



De
-
centralizing storage



Distributed generation



Mobility / Electronic cars



New payment solutions




Elastic pricing



Reducing peaks



Reducing CO
2

in generation



Resizing distribution capacity




Reducing operational costs



Automated processes



Billing on actual consumption




Manual meter readings



Manual processes



Overcapacity in grid
/ generation

Price signals

Customer

Electronic cars

Traditional services /
Estimated billing

Knowledge / Control
of consumption

Lower consumption /

New pricing products

Micro generation

Smart meters

Smart meters

Energy Storage

Energy Storage

Utility company

Price Signal

Price Signal

Price Signal

Traditional System

Automation

Real
-
time Billing

Complex Solutions

2030+

-
1930

2010

2020

2015

Traditional meters

Traditional meters

Distributed generation /

E
-
mobility

ICT
yields

control

of

the

flow
:

Those

who

consume

and
those

who

produce

are

billed

accordingly

AMS
combined

with

already

existing

infratructure

2
1

Remote

heating

I
-
net


router

uCHP


(Heat and Power)

Storage

Uncontrollable

loads

Controllable

loads

Electric meter

Home Energy

Agent

Home
Energy

Display

AMS E
-
nett

Internet

Kilde: MoreCom
-

Manage Smart in SmartGrid

A
ffordable

technology

enables

prosumers

Production
-
,
control
-

og
storage

technology

Technology
for

distribution
,
communication
,

billing
/
payment

Technology for

distribution
,
communication
,

billing
/
payment

Consumer

Producer

Market

The
value

proposition

of

the

prosumer


Purchase

surplus
,
clean

energy


Subscribe

to my
flexibility


Move

consumption

to
off
-
peak

periods


Substitute

import
with

home

production


Microproduction

gir is
becoming

better

and
cheaper


Wind
generatos


Sun


PV systems


Sun


water
heating


Micro
-
CHP’s


Fuel

cells


Thermal

storage


New
electric

batteries


El
-
vehicles


An
many

more.


Sun panels/PV

PC’s

Fridge

Democratization of the market

Virtual Power Plant

Virtual Power Plant

”The co
-
op

model


”The
portfolio

model


The
nner

market

The
inner

market

Markedseffekten av fleksibilitet

Consumerflex

(
Prosumers
)

Sun


Photo
Voltaic

Systems

Architecture & PVS

++ house in Trondheim

Sun
heated

and
sun

driven

Parking

lots

Sun and
climate

production

W
ind
micro

generators

Architecture and
wind

Neigbourhood

considerations

Architecture and
wind

Architecture and
wind

Lagring

Wind generators as art

Micro
-
CHPs
with

bio

gas

Schwarmstrom

=
swarm

electricity

Bio

gas
based

micro
-
CHPs
can

become

a
very

significant

regulator
of

intermittent
power

from
wind

and
sun

Idle

electric

cars

as el
-
storage

Better Place:
Replaceable

battery

packs

Thermal

storage

Fly
wheel



kinetic

energy

storage

Electrosysis
:
Fuel

cells

& Hydrogen

Hydrogen
y
ields

immense

flexibility

Now

what
?

The
components

are

there



now

it is for
you

and
your

generation

to
put


it all
together

in an
effective

,
user

friendly

and
inexpensive

way