Academic Leadership and Research in Energy Networks

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21 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

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Stephen McArthur

University of
Strathclyde




Academic Leadership and Research in
Energy Networks



Evolution of EPSRC SUPERGEN

EPSRC SUPERGEN Programme has:


Resulted in a collaborative environment and ethos for the UK’s
research community in energy


Generated significant research outcomes in networks and related areas


EPSRC SUPERGEN Hub in Energy Networks created which has:


Built on the previous successes of the
Supergen

programme


Refocused on underpinning science, moved towards sustainability and
provided the research community with a vehicle for enhancing
networks and smart grid collaborative research


Engaged a wider academic community, in particular information and
communications technologies



HubNet



a
hub

for energy

networks

Community of
Researchers

Community of
Research Users

Opportunities

For Collaborations

Training New
Researchers

Positioning

and Strategy

Fundamental
Research

HubNet

is a collaboration that seeks to provide a central focus
to energy network research

HubNet

formed by the following universities:

Bristol, Cardiff, Imperial College, Manchester, Nottingham,
Southampton, Strathclyde and Warwick

HubNet

Power Networks

Research Academy

Grand Challenge
on Flexible Control

Grand Challenge
on Infrastructure

Low Carbon
Network Fund

projects

Grand
Challenges in
Storage

Other research
projects

International

links

HubNet

-

Research

Investigate important disciplines for network evolution over the
next 20 years:



Future Asset Technologies


materials science for
higher capacity, lower loss cables and other
assets



Managing Transition Assets


recognition of the need
for deeper understanding of how long
-
life equipment is
managed and
monitored



Power Electronic Technologies



a focus on how new
semiconductor technologies could lead to lower
-
cost,
lower
-
loss power electronics suitable for wider
-
scale
network deployment



HubNet

-

Research



Multi
-
Energy
Systems


analysis of the roles and
interactions of gas, electricity and heat networks and
examination of how demand
-
side action can be
maximised



The European
SuperGrid



technology, planning and
control innovation to create European interconnections
for exploiting diversity in renewable
energy



The
Smart Grid


focus on communication and
automation strategies and technologies for supporting full
integration of demand, storage and generation in
optimised network operation



HubNet



Position Papers

Position Paper Topic


Status


Smart Metering in the UK


Available for download

Smart Grid Blueprint

Draft under review, released in

December

Smart Grid Communications

Draft under review, released in

December


Condition Monitoring



Workshop phase complete, analysis
underway, draft early

2
013


Role of Power Electronics in
Distribution

Workshop phase complete, interviews
with DNOs planned, draft in 2013

Smart Metering Development and
Operation

Workshops in planning


www.hubnet.org.uk/signup

Workshops

Academic
input

Industrial
input

Policy


input

Analysis



Position

Papers



RCUK Calls

Industry focused
calls

Wider than

traditional power

community

Position Papers:

to provide strategic direction for the Smart
Grid research community:



A Smart Grid Blueprint: User and Functional Requirements


Flexible Techniques for Centralised and Distributed Control


Smart Grid communications


Smart Grid Theme

UK Smart Grids
Technical Blue Print
EU
/
Worldwide smart
grid projects and
initiatives
Spectrum of smart grid
PAC functions
Smart grid research
directions
Delivery of Smart Grid
PAC functions
Standards
Trials
Databases
Definitions
Drivers
&
Policy
Modelling
Technologies
Integration
V
&
V
Architectures
Information
models
Platforms
Transmission
Distribution
Prosumer
Generation
Challenges
&
lessons
Intelligence
Smart Grid
Challenges

vague
definitions

piecemeal
approach

verification
&
validation

unproven
scalability

Smart Grid
Challenges

Vague
Definitions

Piecemeal
Approach

Verification
&
Validation

Unproven
Scalability

Terms such as intelligence,
flexibility, robustness are
commonplace but
ill
-
defined
.
Their qualification is
necessary for testing the
solutions. New standards
must develop definitions or
draw from existing standards
through
harmonisation
.


Smart Grid Theme
-

Research

Designing
the Smart
Grid


Interactions between smart meters, smart grid and smart asset management


An experimental demonstrator of some decentralised control will be formed.


The functional specification developed will be used to drive interdisciplinary activities and workshops.


Connecting
the Smart
Grid


The availability, reliability and delays of the communication systems and networking protocols will have a
profound effect on Smart Grid performance.


Defining the
required end
-
to
-
end performance of the communication system
t
through a scalable
simulation platform for Smart Grid communications.


Establishing
a Business Case for the Smart Grid.


Evaluation of the
benefits and value proposition of alternative Smart Grid concepts and

technologies
under various future UK electricity system development
scenarios.


Risk and
reliability:


Reduction
of the security margin through enhanced monitoring to achieve reliability


Strategic
Role and Business Case for Power
Electronics


The strategic role and value for power electronics will be evaluated.

Smart Grid Planes

Power

System

Power
Network
Management
(IT)

Comms

Network

Domain

functions & relationships

QoS

& Requirements

Apps

Network
architectures

and
Comms

technology

Network
Emulator
Network
Emulator
Substation
Gateway
(RTU)
simSCADA
DMS/EMS
SCADA Master
RTS
Substation
Gateway
(RTU)
RTDS
Substation
Gateway
(RTU)
MiniSim4simSCADA
Load Flow + ANM
(IPSA+)
Real Network
Simulated Network
(sub
-
cycle)
Simulated Network
(1Hz)
Various Protocols Simulated
DNP3, Wisp+, etc
DNP3
DNP
3
DNP
3
DNP3
DNP3
IEC 61850
IEC 61850
IEC 61850
IEC 61850
simSCADA
Scripting
Interface
Hardware in the loop Comms
TCP/IP
OPC
OPC
OPC
Large Scale Simulation of the Smart

Grid’s ICT Plane

Annual Smart Grid Symposium

2013
HubNet

Smart Grid Symposium


Week beginning:
16th September, 2013


Location:
Cardiff


HubNet

and the Grand Challenges will provide a
complementary set of fundamental, applied and
strategic research activities

LCNF &
HubNet

EPSRC Grand Challenges

Applied and strategic

Fundamental research

The Electrical Layer

Top
- Continental SuperGrid
Middle -
T&D Networks
Tail
- The Last Mile
SuperGrid with game
changing power converters
and cable materials
Capacity transformaton through
innovation in power electronics
and service supply
Smarter, more flexible control of
uncertain systems
BSP
The Information and Control Layer

EPSRC Networks
Grand
Challenge:

Preparing
the UK’s Energy Infrastructure for 2050

Grand Challenge on Infrastructure
:

Top and Tail Transformation

The greatest need and the greatest opportunities for new
infrastructure technology are in a continental
SuperGrid

and in a
reinvention of the final mile distribution.



Top
- EU SuperGrid
Middle -
T&D Networks
Tail
- The Last Mile
SuperGrid with game
changing power converters
and cable materials
Capacity transformaton through
innovation in power electronics
and service supply
Smarter, more flexible
control of
uncertain systems
Grand Challenge on Information and Control

The
Autonomic Power System



University Partners:

Cambridge, Durham, Imperial College, Kings College
London, Manchester, Strathclyde, Sussex



Multi
-
disciplinary:
power systems, economics, computer science, artificial
intelligence, social policy, mathematics, complexity



Industrial Partners:

Accenture, Agilent,
E.On
, IBM, KEMA, Mott MacDonald, PB
Power, National Grid, SSE

Definition of control
functionality

Distributed control

approaches

Flexible zones of
control

Including:


Storage


Real time/dynamic ratings


Electric vehicles


Micro generation

Self* Network Operation and Control

Distributed control

approaches

Including:


Storage


Real time/dynamic ratings


Electric vehicles


Micro generation

Multi
-
agent system
architecture for
Active Network
Management

(Strathclyde)



Discrete
algorithms for
voltage control,
thermal
constraint
management,
etc.


Integration
within an agent
based message
passing
architecture

Distributed Constraint
Optimisation Problems

(Strathclyde)



Fully decentralised


Optimisation


Integration of
multiple constraints
and control
requirements


Flexibility in terms of
changing constraints
as the network
evolves


AI Planning

(Durham and

Kings College)



Adding temporal
aspects to the control
problem


Predictive and
proactive


Flexibility in terms of
changing plans as the
network conditions
change or as the
network evolves


Community of
Researchers

Community of
Research Users

Opportunities

For Collaborations

Training New
Researchers

Positioning

and Strategy

Fundamental
Research

www.hubnet.org.uk/signup


s.mcarthur@strath.ac.uk

t.green@imperial.ac.uk