Latvia 3 MB Oct 16 2005 11

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G.Kalinina
-

Sofia, 28.
-
29.09.2005

1

LATVIAN COUNCIL OF SCIENCE
:


An overview

Conference

“National Science Foundation’s View and Futures”

Sofia
,
28
th

-
29
th

September

200
5

Presentation by

Galina Kalinina


Dep. Head of
of the Secretariat of LCS

G.Kalinina
-

Sofia, 28.
-
29.09.2005

2

The two main characteristics

of the
developments in the science of Latvia
during the last decade are:



a
shift from the status of a science component
of a large country (USSR) to the science of a
small country



a hope for a full
-
fledged joining of the new
common European science


G.Kalinina
-

Sofia, 28.
-
29.09.2005

3

Till 1990
:

Total authority and control exercised by the state

From 1990 to 1993
:

Absolute self
-
governance of scientists


all
decisions are made by the Council of Science
elected by scientists

After 1993
:

The Council of Science + state institutions

Introduction of democratic traditions

in the science of Latvia

G.Kalinina
-

Sofia, 28.
-
29.09.2005

4

LATVIAN COUNCIL OF SCIENCE

founded

in 1990

Main tasks:




advancement,


evaluation,


financing,


coordination


of scientific research

G.Kalinina
-

Sofia, 28.
-
29.09.2005

5

Council of Science (25)

Ministry of

Education and

Research (1)

Latvian Academy

of Sciences (2)

Board of Rectors

of higher education


institutions

(1)

Association

of Latvian

Scientists

(1)

Latvian Academy

of Agricultural and

Forestry Sciences

(1)

Computer

science

Mechanics,


mechanical


and power

engineering

Physics,

mathematics,

astronomy


Chemistry

Material

technology

Molecular


biology,


microbiology,


biotechnology

Medical

sciences


Agricultural

sciences

Linguistics,


history of literature,

folklore studies,

art sciences

Philosophy,


sociology,


psychology,


pedagogy

Economic

and low

Forest

sciences

Biology,

ecology,

geography,

geology

History

Branch Expert Commissions (14)

Engineering


sciences

Natural

sciences

Biology and

medical

sciences

Agricultural

and forestry

sciences

Humanities

and social

sciences

Join Expert Commissions (5)

E
L
E
C
T
I
O
N
S

G.Kalinina
-

Sofia, 28.
-
29.09.2005

6

M
E
M
B
E
R
S

G.Kalinina
-

Sofia, 28.
-
29.09.2005

7

Council of Science

M
A
N
A
G
E
M
E
N

T

Board

Chairman

Vice
-
chairman

6 members

Working Commissions

Strategy and

Legislation

Centralized and

purposeful

funding

Doctoral

studies

Classification

Promotion

International

cooperation

G.Kalinina
-

Sofia, 28.
-
29.09.2005

8

Funding receiver


Funding,

EUR


Projects
number


Average
per project


Projects (grants)

4 525 095

679

6 664

Cooperation projects

2 264 381

24

94 349

Latvian Academic Library

619 723

National Botanic Garden

130 725

Latvian Academy of Sciences (LAS)

171 166

Project’s expertise, staff

152 906

LAS awards

12 802

LAS Emeritus Scientists’ allowance

374 538

Ventspils International Radioastronomy Centre

36 670

State Scientific Qualification Commission

14 225

International Biomedical and Biotechnological
Research Centre

17 070

LCS Doctoral students’ grants

102 418

8
5

1 205

Centralized funding (scientific journals, university
libraries e.a.}

298 435

International cooperation

232 148

Total

8 952 302

L

C

S


B

U

D

G

E

T

G.Kalinina
-

Sofia, 28.
-
29.09.2005

9

R&D indicators

1.33

1.92

EU

1.28

1.51

Slovenia

0.82

0.52

Lithuania

0.54

0.
5
0

Latvia

0.94

0.75

Estonia

R&D personnel as
% of labor force


R&D financing
% GDP

Country