Electronic Resources - Bodleian Libraries

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20 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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Oxford University Library Services


Information Skills Training



WISER Science

Electronic Resources for
Biology

Roger Mills and Kate Williams

January 2006

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Types of resource


Electronic journals


Some packages with own search interface


Bibliographic databases with abstracts


Various search interfaces


‘Hard’ data bases


Especially in molecular biology


Gateways to web sites


Some subject
-
specific e.g. BIOME

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Getting together


The different types are converging


Molecular biology model likely to
extend


Important to be clear what you are
searching; the same data can be
accessed in different ways and
interfaces look very different

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E
-
journals


Access via TDNet


Publisher packages


Elsevier
ScienceDirect


Subject
-
based packages


BioOne


TOUR links from other bibliographic
databases


Alerts available from most collections

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RSS feeds


Increasingly popular for ‘keeping up’


Easy to set up, use an RSS reader or
Firefox


Look for the RSS logo


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Secondary sources


Bibliographic databases:


Web of Knowledge (sub)


SCOPUS (sub)


Electronic Reference Library (sub)


SciFinder (Chemical Abstracts) (sub)


PubMed (free)


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Hard data sources


Entrez

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Gateways to web sites


Resources selected by subject
specialists


Much more focussed than Google


Independent evaluation


UK Resource Discovery Network


BIOME

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Why use an abstracting service?


Plus points:


Wide coverage


Content chosen by independent subject
specialists


Publisher independent


Long back runs


Minus points:


No full text within database


Complex searching

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Biological abstracting services


Leading products available in Oxford


Biological Abstracts


CAB Abstracts


Zoological Record


Forest Science Database (TreeCD)


Medline


Cambridge Scientific Abstracts


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Access


Via
OxLIP


Biological Abstracts


CAB Abstracts


Zoological Record


TreeCD


Medline [moving to OVID Web gateway Feb 06]


All above are on ERL (using Ovid [SilverPlatter]
software)


CSA uses different software



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Access outside Oxford


For ERL use Virtual Private Network
(VPN)


set up BEFORE leaving
Oxford


http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/network/vpn/oucs
-
service/


For CSA use ATHENS
http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/athens/

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ERL databases


Choice of web or windows software


Multiple database selection


Cross
-

searching of different services
simultaneously possible BUT


Thesauri will not work


Some fields are database
-
specific

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Main scope


Very broadly:


Biological Abstracts: pure science


CAB Abstracts: applied science


Zoological Record: zoology


Forest Science Database: forest science


Medline: medicine


CSA: all, particularly environmental

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Overlap


Significant across all, but:


High proportion of references unique
to one database


Duplicates may be abstracted/indexed
from different viewpoints


No automatic de
-
duplication

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Today


Biological Abstracts (BA)


CAB Abstracts (CAB)


Zoological Record (ZR)


For others see other talks


For more detail on above see
individual talks


www.plantlib.ox.ac.uk/courses

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Biological Abstracts


Over 5.5 million records from 1980 to
date


Annual growth c. 360,000 records


OXFORD:


electronic version 198
5
-
date


print version 1926
-
1984 (in RSL)

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BA geographical coverage


4000 journals from
90 countries



Asia, Australasia


(14%)

North America (31%)

Europe &

Middle East (52%)

Africa (1%)

Central & S. America (2%)

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BA subject coverage


Traditional topics
:


Molecular biology, Botany, Zoology,

Ecology and the Environment,

Microbiology



Interdisciplinary areas


Experimental, Clinical and Veterinary Medicine,
Biotechnology and Genetics,

Agriculture and Nutrition, Biochemistry,

Pharmacology, Public Health



Related areas


Methods, Instrumentation

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Zoological Record


Over 1.5 million records from
1978
-
present


Annual growth c.72,000


Monthly updates

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ZR


First published 1865 as
The Record of
Zoological Literature


Originally produced by a group of zoologists
associated with the Zoological Society of
London and the British Museum


From 1980
-
2002 published jointly by
BIOSIS and the Zoological Society of
London


2003
-

published by BIOSIS


2004 BIOSIS sold to Thomson

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ZR in Oxford


Available in Oxford


Printed version
:

1864


date:


RSL

pt. 1
-
20. (1864
-

date)


OUM

(1864
-
1965) pt. 1.
Comprehensive
Zoology
; pt.12.
Aracnida
; (1864
-
1989) pt.13.
Insecta
; pt. 20;
List of new taxonomic names


ZOO
-
AL
(1870
-
1998) pt.18.
Aves


ZOO
-
EL

(1902
-
1990 imp.) pt.19.
Mammalia


Electronic version
:

1978


date

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ZR subject coverage


All aspects of zoology and animal science


Experimental and domestic animals (and humans)
generally not included


Behaviour, biodiversity, biochemistry, conservation,
ecology, evolution, freshwater biology, genetics,
marine biology, morphology, palaeontology,
parasitology and diseases, reproduction,
systematics, techniques, zoogeography



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ZR geographical coverage


Source material
from 100+
countries



Asia, Australasia


(19%)

North America (20%)

Europe &

Middle East (55%)

Africa (2%)

Central & S. America (4%)

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CAB Abstracts


Over 4 million abstracts


Print publication in numerous separate
subject sections, with different start
dates


1930’s on


Online since 1972


Certain sections from vol 1, including
forestry (1939
-
)

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CAB subject coverage


Plant Science, Animal Science,
Human Health, Parasitology, Ecology,
Forestry, Soil Science, Food Science
& products, Agricultural Economics,
Biotechnology, Agricultural
Engineering, Leisure and Tourism.

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CAB geographical coverage


Source material
from 100+
countries



Asia, Australasia


(22%)

North America (26%)

Europe &

Middle East (46%)

Africa (2%)

Central & S. America (4%)

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Common fields


AU, TI, SO, PY, AB


Sort by these to identify duplicates
when cross
-
searching


Note that author names are always in
the form Bloggs
-
AB


Controlled terms linked with hyphen if
more than one word


e.g. forest
-
ecology

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Database
-
specific fields


Indexing terms differ


Field labels for controlled terms MAY
differ


They may be the same e.g. DE but the
contents may not be equivalent


so
hyperlinks may mislead

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In general


Start with a general search across all likely
databases


Refine by searching within individual
databases on their own


Use the help to discover what is in index
fields and how the controlled vocabularies
work


More help on database websites


See links from
www.plantlib.ox.ac.uk/courses

Today’s search topic



Research into establishing the


feeding behaviour of elephants.



What are the 3 key concepts to use in
your search?





Search terms


The main concepts to search for:



elephant


feeding


behaviour



Searching techniques


To combine search terms:



AND, OR (Boolean connectors)


AND to narrow the search


OR to broaden the search
(British/American spellings, synonyms)


OR, AND

elephant

behaviour

feeding

Search tips


Wildcards


Use a question mark (?) to replace a single
character


E.g. Wom?n finds woman or women


Use an asterisk (*) to truncate terms


E.g. enzym* for enzyme, enzymes, enzymology etc


Search for an exact phrase using double quotes


E.g. “feeding behaviour” will retrieve different results
from
feeding behaviour.




Search string


Search terms
:



elephant*

AND


Behavio?r OR habit*

AND


eating OR feeding OR diet*



You will probably find more search terms from
retrieved records while searching.