HUMANISM IN POLITICS

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14 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 3 μήνες)

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THE SECOND ANNUAL STUDENTS SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE ON TODAYS’

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HUMANISM IN POLITICS

Chekalova Maria

The faculty of political science

Course 1



In my report I would like to talk about the relations between politics and humanism.

In a contemporary democratic society we should think of making politics more human
-
orien
ted.
In relation to the objectives of politics, policy content and political means, and also internal and
external issues of politics, humanism can be represented in various forms. Morality as the
embodiment of humanism has its impact in the political sphe
re. Morality and politics, which
specialize in controlling people’s behavior, have common features as well as differences.
Conscience, one of the moral categories, can serve as the supreme judge of the moral political
behavior.


Can politics be moral? Ther
e are a number of different points of view on the subject of
interconnections between morals and politics. Some people believe that politics is free of
morality. Others suppose that politics goes by moral principles. There is a widespread and
popular opi
nion, for some reason, that politics is a “dirty business”. However, today, many
political scientists tend to seek a compromise between morals and politics.

So, is it possible to “humanize” politics?



MORAL ASPECT OF CHILD ADOPTION AND ADOPTION POLICY


Fi
lyaeva Alina

The faculty of political science

Course 1



Nowadays, the issue of adoption is one of the most acute ones, especially in the Russian
Federation. Thousands of children live in orphanages, and all of them need home and loving
parents. Up to re
cent times, this issue was partly solved by international adoption, but now, that
the Law of ‘Dima Yakovlev’ was passed, which prohibits Americans from adopting Russian
orphans, the media started talking about a complete ban on international adoptions. Our

government tries to encourage adoption by Russian people. So, what can be done to encourage
adoption and what problems can emerge here? (adoption for profit?) What are the advantages
and disadvantages of the idea of international adoption? And what can b
e done in the sphere of
adoption politics? These are the issues I’d like to raise in my report.

NATIONALISM IN THE MODERN WORLD

Huseinova Anna

The faculty of political science

Course 1



Today the question of nationalism is in the focus of intent public
attention. Many countries
including Russia are encountering a lot of difficulties caused by this problem. Extremism and
xenophobia may threaten the stability of society. Multinational structure of Russia , close ties
with other countries of CIS whose diasp
oras are rather numerous in Russia, active migration
-

all
this make the problem of nationalism one of the first priorities. The latest displays of violence on


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national and racial ground are demanding immediate response and reasonable political course. In
my work I'd like to show my own understanding of nationalism and possible ways of settling
down this issue.


RUSSIA AND THE USA. FRIENDS OR FOES


Abramyan Arman

The faculty of political science

Course 1



First of all, I would like to explain why I think

it is important to discuss this topic. I would like
to start with the historical context and analyze why we consider Russians to belong to European
culture. The emphasis will be placed on contemporary issues of Russian
-
American relations, and
an analysis
of the ways to solve the existing issues, in order to reach the ultimate goal

to unite
against a common enemy.

ANGLO
-
AMERICAN RELATIONSHIPS AND BRITAIN’S PARTICIPATION IN EU

Levchenko Alla

The faculty of political science

Course 2


The aim of the work is
to show the stand of Britain in the system of transatlantic
relationships after the Second World War, the influence of Anglo
-
American cooperation on the
European integration process. Also I would like to consider the role of the United Kingdom in
internati
onal relations (New Order).


The Great Empire vanished and Britain tried to find its place in the post
-
war world
system. The status of superpower went to the US. Having great military, economic, and political
potential it helped Europe to restore its econo
my and stabilize the political situation. But
“Marshall Plan” put European countries in dependence on America. However, Britain didn’t
want to accept a minor role on the international arena. As a result there appeared “special
relations” between Britain an
d the US. According to some experts it helped the UK to overcome
the collapse of Empire.


But such relations aren’t allowed Britain to integrate in EU completely. In Europe this
country is characterized as “the voice and eyes of American policy”. Britain

prevents the EU
from creating independent military forces and forming its own position in the world foreign
policy, remembering them about their membership in the NATO. Great Britain supported
American intervention in Irac, Afghanistan and Libya.

At the
same time Britain opposes more tight economic and financial integration with
European countries. It hopes to preserve its status of a world financial center and the “bridge
between the US and Europe”.


SCENARIOS OF WORLD DEVELOPMENT


Donetskii Dmitrii

Th
e faculty of political science

Course 1




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What are the main differences between two or more countries? They are: population, territory,
natural resources, science, military, foreign policy, economics and management factors. Each of
these factors may influen
ce the world development.


There are three scenarios of the world development. The first one is the scenario of tough
globalization. If the world accepted this scenario, we would expect a very close encounter
between the US and the EU, the redistributio
n of high
-
tech production in the advanced countries
of Europe and America. The rest of the world would merely help this collaboration doing manual
and harmful work.


The next scenario is a moderate globalization. If the world accepted this scenario, Russ
ia could
influence the CIS more intensively, China would be restrained by the US and EU. And the last
scenario is an increasing influence of regions. If we accepted this scenario, the world would
become multipolar. But this is very unlikely. On the one han
d, Russia would attach all the CIS
countries, which could give a new impulse to its economy. On the other hand, Russia could lose
support of the CIS and as a result would find itself surrounded by enemies. The worst scenario is
as follows: China, Japan, th
e USA and the EU split the territory of Russia among themselves
.

THE PROBLEM OF LEADERSHIP: WHAT PSYCHOLOGICAL QUALITIES ARE
NEEDED TO BECOME A POLITICAL LEADER?

Loschillina Mariya

The faculty of political science

Course 1



The problem of leadership is

essential and consuming especially nowadays, when power and
authority have huge influence on all spheres of our life. It is known that not everyone is capable
of becoming a leader. Notable psychological qualities of a political leader are collected and
an
alyzed in this work, therefore it could be valuable not only for a would
-
be leader but for
people who are interested in philosophy, psychology and other disciplines that study man,

society and their interaction.


THE NOTION OF NON
-
STATE INSTITUTIONS AND TH
EIR IMPACT ON

MODERN POLITICS


Polina Ivanova

The faculty of political science

Course 1



Politics embraces all spheres of social activity, it goes beyond the bounds of state structures
and, of course, includes the political functioning of non
-
state inst
itutions.

Non
-
state institutions are organizations that are established by non
-
state actors or at least one
side of these organizations is not states.

There are several types of non
-
state institutions:



Political parties are officially structured organizati
ons that struggle for power and whose
aim is to seize control over the state. It is the most influential non
-
state institution.




Pressure groups are created in order to participate in the political activity in a radical way.



Lobbying organizations realize
their ideas via MPs and cabinet members by influencing
their decision making.



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Political movement is a voluntary association of people sharing the same aims and
interests and struggling for their influence on the society by dissemination of their ideas
and
principles.



Mass media are structures that are intended to reach a large audience by mass
communication and are created in order to spread information. Today it is a key factor to
manipulate the public consciousness.

Nowadays the significance of these inst
itutions is so high that some scientists argue that the
relations between the state and non
-
state organizations are
one of the essential features of
democracy.


THE GEOPOLITICAL PROCESSES IN THE MIDDLE EAST

Nizovkina Nrina

The faculty of political science

Course 2


The aim of the work is to prove that the Middle East region remains a zone of military and
political instability with permanent war conflicts. The Arab countries (Egypt, Tunisia, Syria,
Iraq, Libya, Palestine), Israel and Turkey, Iran and Afgha
nistan are involved into these
processes. All the above mentioned lead to the creation of prerequisites for the outbreak of a
large
-
scale armed conflict in the strategically important area of the world and cause
s

the
appearance of new challenges and threat
s to the national interests and security of the Russian
Federation. In view of the unfolding events, Russia has to heed all military
-
political changes in
these regions and particular countries, to find appropriate ways and methods to respond to them.

MOBIL
E APPLICATIONS

Mishina Anastasiya

The faculty of political science

Course 1

Mobile applications are absolutely new means of political campaigning in Russian political
technologies. It was Americans who first used them in election campaign. This experience
seems
interesting to us and we would like to make use of it here in Russia.


Our aim is to develop mobile applications for iOS, Android and Windows 8. The applications
are supposed to include information about a candidate or a political party, option of

sharing the
news and links to the applications and also some contests and online
-
shop. The applications are
oriented to wide audience of Twitter, Facebook, Vkontakte and Odnoklassniki users.These
applications are a very easy and convenient way of agitatio
n as they work similar to “pyramide”.
We believe that this method of election campaigning will be efficient in our country and be a
success with modern politicians.

THE IMPORTANCE OF POSITIVE EFFECTS OF THE MEDEA

Bannikova Anastasiya

The faculty of politic
al science

Course 1




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I would like to share with you some important points about the Media and how they affect
people. Of course, mass media have both positive and negative aspects. But I think that the
first ones are more important, since the Media are
seen as the “Fourth Estate”. So, what are
the positive aspects of the media? First, the media provide us with the exposure to the world
outside our cozy home, it increases an overall awareness of the people. It can teach us. It can
help to develop reading
habits in children and can contribute to the enhancement of our
vocabulary.


Also, the mass media affect a major part of our daily life, transforming our cultural
and
social values, and changing our views on life. It is very important what content does it bring
to us. People tend to believe and judge about the situation from the angle this picture has
been presented to them. The recent advent of blogging in the Medi
a world and such practices
as public polls and civic journalism have strengthened the relationship between the Media
and the common man. They have brought the general masses closer to understanding that
they have their social stand and social responsibilit
ies.


The Media have brought about a major transformation in the way people think. It gave us
an excellent platform to present ourselves to the world and contribute in our own way to the
changing world scenario. Today it is impossible to imagine our

world without the mass
media.


CINEMATOGRAPHY INFLUENCE ON FORMATION OF POLITICAL VALUES


Andreeva Mariya

The faculty of political science

Course 2



Mass media has a great influence on public consciousness in today’s society. Television and
cinema are
playing an important role in the process of socialization of an individual,
development of his representations about the world and politics. However cinema still remains
outside researchers’ interests. In our opinion, cinematography should be the subject o
f a
comprehensive study not only by art historians, but also by psychologists, sociologists and
political scientists. Our aim is to study the last decade impact of Russian cinema on the
formation of youth political values.The relevance of this study is dic
tated by the rapid
development of cinema industry, whose influence on society is constantly growing. Films give
us valuable information about culture, art, science, religion, and of course, politics. The majority
of respondents taking part in public opinio
n poll indicated that activity of our institutions, such
as state, government, police, election campaigns is reflected in our films
.


YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT: WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES?


Kovtun Alice

The faculty of political science

Course 1


Nowadays the probl
em of employment is also urgent for the graduates of the best
universities all over the world. Even a fundamental and profound education can’t be a guarantee
for receiving a good job. Young people with high degrees sometimes have to agree to work that
has
nothing to do with their professional education. The question is: what shall we do to change
the situation?

MIGRATION POLICY IN PRESENT
-
DAY RUSSIA



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Volk Anastasiya

The faculty of political science

Course 1



At present, the migration policy of the Russia
n Federation is facing serious challenges that
have to be met urgently. The discussion is centered around one of the major problems of the
power institutions
-

the decrease of the labor force and the ensuing inability of bringing the
national labor market
to the higher standards. The discussion is built around the analysis of the
causes of the issue, the trends and the dynamics of the labor market. The knowledge of the
causes of the described issue would allow to evaluate the present state of the labor mark
et in the
Russian Federation and assess the situation with a less biased opinion. This discussion also
includes an analysis of the programs that are used in order to overcome the issue. The conclusion
suggests that the most significant goal of the migratio
n policy is the stimulation of various means
of developing specific trends of migration policy on both the regional and federal levels.


ENERGY AS A SOURCE OF GEOPOLITICAL INFLUENCE


Rosanova Marya

The faculty of political science

Course 2



Wit
h the globalization of energy consumption and increase in energy independence of
individual countries the issue of international energy security has become urgent one in modern
international relations. It is obvious that in the future international conflic
ts will transform into
the form of “wars for resources”. In other words, we will witness conflicts over access to scarce
resource (rare minerals, water, oil, gas, etc.). As the world population will continue to grow, and
the demand for resources will incre
ase the probability of “energy wars” will also arise..


Two processes influence the contemporary world energy. On the one hand, it is the
growth of competition in the global energy market between its major “actors”
-

the energy
profile companies,

supported by the governments of the countries where they are based, as well
as the associations of these countries. On the other hand, there is an intensified international
cooperation in the regulation of global energy policy.


The “seeds” of
the energy conflicts and wars will “grow” in the various regions of the
world, since the states (as the main participants in international relations) will seek to gain
control over the strategically valuable deposits of oil and natural gas.


In

addition, we should not forget that another reason of such conflicts could be
speculations of the leading oil producing countries in the global stock market.


In our opinion, the fuel and energy complex will remain the main source of Russian
ge
opolitical influence at both the regional and global levels.


POLITICAL EXTREMISM IN THE MODERN WORLD


Rubtsova Ekaterina

The faculty of political science

Course 2


The phenomenon: “Political extremism” is very actual nowadays, it is mainly related to
t
he activity of Islamist organizations. In particular such organizations propagandize extremism
that can lead to extraordinary forms of terrorism in the future.



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Aims and tasks of my research are as follows:

1.

It is necessary to go behind the rise of the pheno
menon. It means, that I should study the
origin and causes of political extremism in modern society.

2.

It is also of critical importance to analyze political extremism as the spectrum of Islam
adherence.

The issue of political extremism is really topical in
the modern political world.



THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN RUSSIA’S POLITICS

Oleneva Elena

The faculty of political science

Course 2



The role of women in politics has considerably increased in the modern world.

Women didn’t take active part in political
life before, they weren’t perceived seriously
for centuries. Actually they were deprived of main rights, they didn’t even have the right to vote,
so they could not participate in general elections at all. The situation has deeply changed since
the appearan
ce of the feminist movement. The beginning of the organized movement is
considered to be in 1848 when the congress of protection of the women’s rights was held in the
city Seneca
-
Follz (the State of New York, the USA). It was at this congress where the slo
gan
“All Women and Men Are Created to be Equal” was adopted and became the main slogan of
feminist movement. In my report I am planning to dwell on the activity of female politicians of
the XX
-
th and XXI
-
st centuries in our country and abroad. The purpose
of my work is to
manifest the growing role of women in world politics.


GUVENILE JUSTICE


Panichev Dmitrii

The faculty of political science

Course 1



Recently numerous rallies have been held across our country against the existing juvenile
justice syste
m. Scientists and cultural workers appealed to the president to prevent interference
in family space. In this report I would like to discuss, what is the juvenile justice system in itself,
what scares opponents of juvenile justice, what are the prospects o
f its implementation in Russia,
and what are the different views on what would be the consequences of adoption of juvenile
justice in Russia.


THE COMMON FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
(CFSP)


Kovaleva Maria

The faculty of political scie
nce

Course 2


Since the EU was established, it has tried to promote prosperity and stability across Europe. The
report discusses the main components of CFSP: diplomacy and partnership, peace and security,


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peacekeeping missions and decision
-

making. The mai
n emphasis is put on the implementation
of security strategy under the motto: “Towards a European Security Model.”

THE VIEW OF ARISTOTLE’S NICOMACHEAN ETHICS IN THE FIELD OF
POLITICAL STUDIES: PLAGIARISM AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Altuhova Kristina

The facu
lty of political science

Course 1


A lot of cardinal changes touching upon practically all the spheres of social life have
happened in the Russian Federation recently. So, against the background of these events, the
topic of plagiarism and intellectual pro
perty has become very urgent and significant. Article 44
of the Russian Constitution guarantees freedom of literature, art and scientific work for everyone
and proclaims legal protection of intellectual property. In Russian juridical literature the issues
of
plagiarism have become especially relevant lately. ‘Borrowing’ is understood as reproduction of
other people's property or your own work without violating copyright of the owner.

The basis for the research into the issues of plagiarism and intellectual
property can be
found in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. The name Nicomachean Ethics refers to the name of a
man who influenced Aristotle's views.

Aristotle's Ethics and Politics go into the issue of bringing
up virtue and forming the habit of leading a vi
rtuous life in order to achieve happiness in
different aspects (individual as well as political and social ones).

POLITICAL CULTURE OF MODERN RUSSIA

Glebova Polina

The faculty of political science

Course 1


Political culture of modern Russia as well as t
he present stage of its historical development is
transitional. For nearly 70 years totalitarian political culture had dominated in our country, that is
why transition to the democratic political culture is extremely difficult and requires a long period
of

time.

The features of the political culture of modern Russian society are as follows:

1) absence of strong tradition of participation in the political life for the most part of population;

2) excessive credulity of the population;

3) weakness of politica
l parties;

4) division of society into two main blocks, types of consciousness and political culture;

5) reckless criticism of the politics.


THE ISSUE OF SOCIAL MOBILITY IN THE MODERN WORLD

RELEVANCE AND STUDIES


Anna Astrahan

The faculty of political sci
ence

Course 1




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People and
society

are in

constant motion.

A set of social

movements that people make

in
the community

(
change

of status) is called
social

mobility.

Social mobility

is an important
institution

of society.

Over the years s
ocial

changes alter

the division of labor

creating new kinds
of
status.
There are different types of social mobility


intergenerational and intra
-
generational,
ascending and descending, horizontal and vertical, individual and group mobility etc
. The issue
of social

mobility

has been studied

for over fifty

years now.

One of the first

works in this area

was published

in 1927

and belonged to

Pitirim

Sorokin. Contemporary research

on social

mobility in the

period of transformation

of Russian society

is particularly

relevant.

The
studies

of
M.F.

Chernysh
, G.A.
Cherednichenko
, Z.T.
Golenkova,

V.A.

Borisova
, N.E.
Tikhonova
, E.M.
Abraham
, L.B.
Kosovo

pay considerable

attention to the analysis

of socio
-
professional
and
economic mobility
, including
the subjective aspect
,
considering

the

trend

of social mobility

in
different strata and

groups

of Russian society
,
and develop

methods

of empirical

measurement of
various

types of

social mobility in

the modern world.


INTERPRETATION OF AUGUST 2008 EVENTS IN RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN MASS
MEDIA

Alyona Manuzina

The faculty of political science

Course 1


It is well known that none of significant current events can avoid mass media coverage.
Reports in the Internet, newspapers, TV, Radio form public opinion all over the world. However,
the inform
ation that the population of various countries get from the media, differs depending on
the political situation and government‘s aims. I’d like to examine the August 2008 Georgian
-
Ossetian conflict as an example of biased representation of events. Four and

a half years have
passed , but it is still complicated to find out what version of events should be trusted. I’m going
to analyze reports from some national newspapers, interviews and articles on the subject. The
goal of my work is to explore purposes, me
thods and results of the “information war”.

POLITICS AND ART

Zatolkina Albina

The faculty of political science

Course 1


These two major fields of human activities have some common features, and quite a lot of
differences. In different epochs arts and
politics influenced and interacted with each other. For
instance, in Soviet times arts was at the service of communist ideology, while in ancient times
many philosophers took part in running the state. Nowadays, many artistic figures enter politics.
Close
relationships between politics and art have their positive and negative sides. So, a young
person starting independent grown
-
up life has to weigh both sides and choose something closer
to his nature.



CURRENT CRISIS OF IDEAS: HARSH REALITY OR ALARMISM?”



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0

K
rivoshapov Mihail

The faculty of political science

Course 2


The economic crisis made social thinkers and economists reflect upon the reasons of the failure
of old social mechanisms. Some experts see the roots of the current crisis in the lack of new
ide
as saying that the development of both political philosophy and technical progress is too
procrastinated nowadays. But is this real? If we take a look at the fundamental reconstruction of
social communication and the widest sharing of information, we can h
ave doubts whether there
is some real crisis or the old thinkers are just unable to see the world changing. Or, maybe, this is
a kind of an intentional disinformation spread by some alarmist for some commercial purposes?
Anyway, much more complicated view
is needed to try to find out the truth.


WEST VS. EAST: IN ANTICIPATION OF A NEW CRUSADE

Kukharskii Leonid

The faculty of political science

Course 2.



In the article to Foreign Affairs called The Clash of Civilizations, Samuel Huntington argued
that the

primary axis of global conflict was no longer ideological or economic but cultural and
religious, and that this division would characterize the "battle lines of the future." Group of
researchers from Stanford after investigation of more than ten million Y
ahoo! e
-
mail messages
discovered that groups of people tend to communicate more via e
-
mail with others in their same
group than they do with others from other groups, even if they share a physical border.
Moreover, people who speak the same language tend t
o send more e
-
mails to each other than to
people who don't. People in Great Britain, for example, appear to send more e
-
mails to people in
Australia than to people in other, much closer, European countries. After this on
-
line
confirmation of Hungtington’s
theory we should take a look at the situation in the modern world
where cultural and religious contradictions gradually reach their peak causing conflicts, for
example, in the Middle East. The task is to try to predict what can occur in future. The current

affairs together with the results of the latest Yahoo! e
-
mail messages research seem to confirm
the conclusion of S. Huntington: despite the processes of globalization the dividing lines are
actual, i.e. the Global conflict between civilizations is near a
t hand.

THE SIMPLICITY OF POWER: CINCINNATUS CASE

Gusev Mihail

The faculty of political science

Course 2


L.Q. Cincinnatus (519 BC


430 BC), a Roman dictator, was noted for his honesty and
simplicity. He was and is considered a perfect ruler. Cincinna
tus is a popular hero for
Americans. George Washington, one of the Founding Fathers, was named by his contemporaries


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a Cincinnatus. Even A. Schwarzenegger has recently spoke of him as of one of his favorite
heroes. The causes of this popularity of Cincinna
tus will be reviewed in the report.

IMPOSSIBILITY OF SOCIAL MODELLING

Utochkina Anna

The faculty of political science

Course 2


Social modeling is a specific multifunctional research made on the basis of similarity to an
existing other substitut
e object. The feature of a simulation model is an ability to expose any test:
to change the settings or parameters of the environment in which it exists, and then to extend this
result to the real object, to identify the behavior under similar conditions.

Nowadays, many
social scientists offer social models. For example, Song Chaoming’s model can predict where a
person is with an average of 93% accuracy. I believe we cannot trust social models because they
are static. Our society is a kind of an unpredictab
le living organism. Examples to illustrate my
point of view: revolutions, social crises, etc.

Conclusion: we can use some models, but we’ll never get precise results.



THE ASTEROID THREAT AS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT AND VITAL
GLOBAL PROBLEMS



Mestetsk
ii Leonid

The faculty of political science

Course 2




There are lots of comets and asteroids which revolve in solar system. They move under their
orbits and sometimes they leave them and can direct their steps to other places including the
Earth. It can
happen because of their collisions with other objects in outer space and also because
of the influence of gravitation of larger objects. So, in this case our planet has a risk to become a
shooting mark for these asteroids. The recent explosion

of a large a
steroid in Chelyabinsk has
demonstrated the existence of a

real asteroid danger for our planet and the necessity of deep

research of this problem, particularly of physical features and the structure of asteroids with the
purpose of finding different method
s of struggle with this threat. It’s necessary to understand

that
this is a global problem and preconditions for its appearance were formed long ago. The data
collected show us our helplessness which can be the most important incentive factor for us. The
f
irst asteroid dangerous for our planet was detected in 1898 and there were lots of similar cases
during the XXth century. So, the humanity has some difficulties with the disclosure of asteroids
and the resistance to them. NASA is the largest and most impor
tant organization which is
connected with the struggle against this external threat. But the research of small objects which
can be dangerous for people’s lives is hampered for financial reasons. There is also a technical
problem . Some asteroids can be de
tected shortly before their fall and not far from the Earth.
That’s why similar organizations should try to unite their efforts. So far the main ideas have been
devoted to the creation of a new system able to detect asteroids in time and blast them or chan
ge
the direction of their fall. But during the creation of this new system and coordination of
common efforts there can be some financial or military mismanage which can be covered with


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the presence of

this common danger. In this case common efforts will b
e disrupted and a new
system won’t be created properly.

THE ASCENDANCY OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN MODERN LIFE


Demina Anna

The faculty of political science

Course 2


Social media is an absolutely new way of human communication, which appeared a few years
ago bu
t changed our lives absolutely. Social media refers to the means of interactions among
people in which they create, share, and exchange information and ideas in virtual communities
and networks, and now it seems to have become the main tool of changing peo
ple’s minds.
Social media marketing is one of the most fast
-
developing industry; it can be used not only to
make people buy various goods but to change people’s points of view on almost everything. The
author is going to analyze how this new phenomenon wor
ks , how it differs from traditional
media recourses and what are the main prospects for its further development.


ROOTS OF SEPARATISM


Gudzenko Mariya

Course 1




The aim of the work is to show the links between separatism and globalization. Drastic
political, economic, religious, and cultural interests often give rise to separatism. We shall start
with Kosovo, then turn to Catalonia, the province of Spain, and Northern Ireland (Great Britain);
discuss the situation in Belgium, and in Africa, and then

go farther on to the Caucasus (Russia).




RUSSIAN
-
BRITISH RELATIONS


Pravednikov Anton

Course 1



The aim of the work is to analyze the history of Russian
-
British relations from Perestroika to
recent times. I hope this research may help to realize t
hat Russian
-
British relations are more
complicated and ambiguous than we can think. I would like to start with the British Prime
Minister Margaret Thatcher, who pursued a strong anti
-
communist policy in concert with Ronald
Reagan during the 1980s, in contr
ast to the détente policy of the 1970s. However, under Mikhail
Gorbachev UK
-
USSR relations got much warmer. After the collapse of the USSR, trade
relations and personal ties developed really well, but the diplomatic ties became difficult due to
allegations

of spying and extradition disputes. There were quite a number of “difficult ”
personalities involved in UK
-
Russia controversial relations, such as Berezovsky, Zakaev,
Litvinenko
.
However, according to Gallup Organization public opinion poll, the British p
ublic
has a favourable opinion about Russia, especially British young people.