Nepean / Blacktown Region

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20 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES:

the impact
of delivery systems on homelessness in the
Nepean / Blacktown Region

Michael Darcy, Hazel Blunden,

Awais Piracha and Neil Hall

Background


Nepean Blacktown Regional Taskforce on
Homelessness



10 Year Plan


Project 40


Street Counts


Four LGAs: Blacktown, Blue Mountains,
Hawkesbury and Penrith + Wentworth
Community Housing


Partnership with UWS

Focus


Not on number of homeless people or
experiences (pathways) of individuals



Agency practices, policies and experiences



possible systemic barriers which may cause or
perpetuate homelessness at the local level



Local geography of homeless services and of
homeless people presenting to them

Initial interviews


Centrelink

community engagement officers
and Social Workers


Emergency accommodation providers


Police (DV and Youth Liaison officers)


Rehab &
Detox


Meal services


High School Welfare Teachers and Principal


Mental Health services



Initial interviews


service provision practices,


perceptions and definitions of homelessness,


vulnerabilities involving homelessness,


crisis points,


coping strategies and


gaps in services

Generic findings
(Stage 1)


simple lack of accommodation into which people
can be moved after contacting agencies for
assistance means that crisis and therapeutic
intervention resources are increasingly operating
as stop
-
gap accommodation, and that this makes
these other services less accessible and effective
for new clients


service ‘blockages’ all along the provision line
from crisis to post
-
crisis services

Agency issues


Lack of service co
-
ordination and development of
service gap issues


most made worse by the supply
problem


Lack of holistic service provision and long term case
management


client privacy and funding issues, the silo effect of
client categories and labels, territorial, definitional
and funding restrictions.


Agency data collections


Centrelink

client homelessness vulnerability
identifiers;


NSW Police homelessness vulnerability
indicators;


Emergency Accommodation occupancy and
turnaway

data (AIHW);


Housing NSW applicant data.


Homeless Persons’ Information Centre (HPIC)
data

Data mining exploration

(Stage 2)


overlay mapping of geographic and time
-
series data from
different administrative sets




identify specific sub
-
regional areas, and population subgroups
most frequently identified as at
-
risk and by which agencies
they are identified



locate where and for which groups service gaps or other
institutional barriers might exacerbate risk or perpetuate
homelessness.


Questions


How do different agencies contact and identify
homelessness?


Which people are seen by which agencies?


How well does service provision match regional
geography of homelessness?


Can service data be used to improve coordination
between services?



Data presentation


Not collating or linking data


but mapping


Issues:



boundaries


privacy issues


format

13%

52%

29%

6%

Total contacts with agencies
-

homeless persons

Blacktown, Blue Mountains, Hawkesbury and P
enrith
LGAs

Housing NSW contact
SAAP Service contact
Centrelink contact
Police contact

392

2227

1048


312

626

1320

922

110

Housing NSW contact
SAAP Service contact
Centrelink contact
Police contact
Homeless persons by gender

Blacktown, Blue Mountains, Hawkesbury and Penrith LGAs


Male
Female
*Note:

Centrelink age
data not precise
enough.

HNSW data age
ranges
incompatible.

324


1,047

967

1203

27

14

55

106

239

9

Under 15
15-19
20-29
30-64
65+
Homeless persons by Age
-

SAAP and Police
contact*

Blacktown, Blue Mountains, Hawkesbury and Penrith LGAs


SAAP Service contact
Police contact
Notes



*Police data
based on
nearest Local
Area Command
geography.

**Housing NSW
age ranges
differ slightly.

0.00%
20.00%
40.00%
60.00%
80.00%
100.00%
120.00%
140.00%
160.00%
Under 15
15-19
20-29
30-64
65+
Age range % of homeless persons
-

for SAAP, Police, Housing NSW*

Blacktown, Blue Mountains, Hawkesbury and Penrith LGAs**

SAAP
POLICE
HOUSING
Total contacts with homeless persons
-

all
agencies

Housing NSW

Centrelink

Police

SAAP

Note: Police
data by LAC,
not postcode

Homeless persons NSW Police


all,
15
-
19 year olds, over 65 year olds


Total

15
-
19

65+

Males


Centrelink, Police, SAAP

Police

Centrelink

SAAP

Note: Police data by
LAC, not postcode

Females
-

Centrelink, Police, SAAP

Police

Centrelink

SAAP

Note: Police data by
LAC, not postcode

SAAP


Household types

0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Couple No Children
Couple With Children
Person Alone
Person with Children
SAAP Household types
-

breakdown

SAAP


household types

Couples no children

Couples with children

Person Alone

Person with children



There is a dynamic local geography of
homelessness that we need to understand


Service usage data is important but has
serious problems


Net Phase: reinterviewing and focus
gfroups

with service providers
and agencies