Internet Setup in MS Windows

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27 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 16 μέρες)

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Internet Setup in Microsoft
Windows

Windows Layering

Bindings

Adding Adapters, Protocols, and Clients

TCP/IP Configuration

Windows Layering vs. TCP/IP
-
OSI

MS Windows

TCP/IP
-
OSI

Clients and
Services

Application

Protocols

Transport

Internet

Adapters

Data Link

Physical

Windows Layering vs. TCP/IP
-
OSI


Clients

and
Services


For file service


Clients

set up Windows to be a client for a
particular type of file server


Services

set up Windows to make a user’s PC
provide file and print services for other PCs on
the network


Very limited; not for file servers on large PC
networks

Windows Layering vs. TCP/IP
-
OSI


Protocols


Combination of transport and internet layer protocols


TCP/IP is only one possibility


IPX/SPX

for Novell NetWare servers; Microsoft
sometimes calls this
NW Link


NetBEUI

for some Microsoft servers on small PC
networks

Windows Layering vs. TCP/IP
-
OSI


Adapters


Combination of data link layer and physical layer
protocols


The subnet layers


Dial
-
Up adapter

sets up a modem and PPP


Other “adapters,” including Ethernet for a network
interface card (NIC)


Bindings


Bindings


After add clients, services, protocols, and adapters,
must bind the combinations that will work together

Client for MS Windows

Other Added Client

IPX/SPX Protocol

TCP/IP Protocol

Ethernet Adapter

Dial
-
Up Adapter

Binding

Binding

Bindings


Bindings


Bindings create communication paths
between adjacent layer processes

Client for MS Windows

Other Added Client

IPX/SPX Protocol

TCP/IP Protocol

Ethernet Adapter

Dial
-
Up Adapter

Binding

Binding

Configuring Networking in
Windows


In Windows 95 and Windows 98,


Go to the
Start

Button


Choose
Settings


Choose
Control Panel


Double click the
Network

icon


This opens the
Network Dialog Box

The Network Dialog Box


Be sure the Configuration tab is selected


You will see adapters, protocols, clients, and
services that have already been added


Operations


Add
: To add an adapter, protocol, client, or service


Remove
: To remove one


Properties
: To see or change the properties of the
selected adapter, protocol, client, or service

The Network Dialog Box


The Add Button


Clicking the “Add” button takes you to the
Select
Network Component Type

dialog box


Choose client, protocol, adapter, or service, then hit
Add


Assume you chose “protocol” You then go to the
Select Network Protocol

dialog box


Other choices will take you to the relevant Select
Network … dialog box

The Network Dialog Box


Select Network Protocol

Dialog Box


Click on a
manufacturer

to see the protocols it
offers; then click on the specific
protocol


Hit
OK

to add the protocol from files on your hard
drive or
Have Disk

if you have a disk containing the
protocol


The selected protocol will be added


The Select Network Client, Service, and Adapter
dialog boxes work the same way

The Network Dialog Box


To configure a protocol after adding it


Go to the
Network Dialog Box


Click on the target protocol, etc.


Click on the
Properties

button below it


A dialog box specific to that protocol, etc. will
appear


This will allow you to configure the protocol, etc.

The TCP/IP Properties Box


To configure TCP/IP


Click on TCP/IP on the
Configuration

tab
of the Network Dialog Box


Click on the
Properties

button below it


This opens the
TCP/IP Properties

dialog
box


The
TCP/IP Properties

dialog box has
multiple tabs

The TCP/IP Properties Box


By default, the
IP Address

tab is shown
when you open the TCP/IP Properties
Dialog Box


There are two radio buttons allowing you
to either



Specify an IP address
” or



Obtain an IP address automatically


The TCP/IP Properties Box


“Specify an IP address”


Type in your PC’s permanent
IP address


Type in your local
subnet mask

(discussed in
Chapter 3)


Also, on other tabs, setup other parameters


Gateway (default router)


DNS Configuration


Bindings

The TCP/IP Properties Box


“Specify an IP address”


Gateway
: IP address router to send packets to if no
other router is specified;
Gateway

is the old name
for router


DNS Configuration
: Enable or disable DNS, enter
DNS host’s IP address and IP address of backup
DNS host


Bindings
: bindings between the TCP/IP protocol
and clients/services and adapters

The TCP/IP Properties Box


“Obtain IP address automatically”


Asks a DHCP autoconfiguration host for a
temporary IP address


Also obtains most other configuration
information from the autoconfiguration host
as well


Almost always the best choice for client PCs