1000 ASR Solutions Overview

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© 2006 Cisco Sy stems, Inc. All rights reserv ed.

Cisco Conf idential

Presentation_ID

1

1000 ASR Solutions
Overview

LIM Teck Siong

19 April 2008

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Presentation_ID

2

Agenda


ASR 1000 Series Product Overview


ASR 1000 Innovation


ASR Enterprise Solution Application


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Aggregation Services Router (ASR)
Series 1000 Overview


Next
-
generation of Midrange router family


2RU/4RU/6RU chassis


5 / 10 / 20 / 40 Gbps forwarding


Supporting same feature set at different price
performance points


ASR 1000 Differentiators


Highly available carrier
-
class design


Integrated services (SBC, FPM, Security..)


State of the art QoS


Unmatched midrange scalability & performance


Feature velocity


Feature richness provides deployment
flexibility


Support for Service Provider & Enterprise
features


BNG (BRAS, LAC, LNS)


IPSec Termination


Distributed PE / MSE


High
-
speed CPE




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4

SPA Slots


# of ESP Slots

# of RP Slots

# of SIP Slots

IOS Redundancy

Built in GigE

Height

Bandwidth

Performance

Air Flow

Power Supply (Watts)

3
-
slot


1

Integrated (RP1)

Integrated (SIP10)

S/W

4

3.5” (2RU)

5
-
10 Gbps

4
-
8 Mpps

Front to Back

470


8
-
slot


1

1

2

S/W

n/a

7” (4RU)

10
-
40+ Gbps

8
-
16+ Mpps

Front to Back

765

12
-
slot


2

2

3

H/W

n/a

10.5” (6RU)

10
-
40+ Gbps

8
-
16+ Mpps

Front to Back

1275

Aggregated Services & Scale

2 RU

4 RU

6 RU

ASR 1000 Series Product Family

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ASR 1000


Product Positioning



3845

7200

< 3G

>300G

List Price

Price includes Chassis, engine

18G

*ASR1000
-
ESP20 is Post
-
FCS

7304
-
NSE

ASR1004 w/
ASR1000
-
ESP20*

ASR1002 w/
ASR1000
-
ESP5

ASR1006 w/ dual

ASR1000
-
ESP10

ASR1000
-
RP1

5G

10G

20G

7600,
GSR,CRS

ASR 1000 Series

5
-
40Gbps+

(Depends on ESP/SIP
not

Chassis Type)

ASR1002 w/
ASR1000
-
ESP10

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Chassis Options: ASR1006

RP1
(in
slots
“r0” &
“r1”)

ESP10

SIP10

SPAs

Rack Mounts and Cable Mgt not shown

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7

Numbering Convention

SIP
2

F0

SIP
0

F1

SIP
1

R1

R0

USB 0

USB 1

PWR 1

PWR 0

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Chassis Options: ASR1004

RP1
(in
slot
“r0”)

ESP10

SIP10

SPAs

Rack Mounts and Cable Mgt not shown

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Chassis Options: ASR1002

Integrated RP1 & SIP10

ESP5 (ASR1002 accepts ESP10 too)

4xGigE (SFP Slots, SPAv2)

SPA Slots

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10

Route Processor: ASR1000
-
RP1


Features:


First Generation ASR Route Processor (RP)


1.5Ghz PowerPC Processing Complex


2GB or 4GB Main Memory (Configurable/FRU)


eUSB ‘On
-
Board’ 1GB Bulk Storage Device (FRU)


HDD/SSD Bulk Storage (Configurable/FRU)


EOBC Switch For Inter
-
Card Command & Control


Stratum
-
3 Reference Clock & Clock Distribution

HDD/SSD
Enclosure


Interfaces


Recessed ACO button


2x USB ports


RJ
-
45 BITS port


RJ45 10/100/1000 BASE
-
T
Mngt port


RJ45 Console port


RJ
-
45 Auxiliary port


No Compact Flash


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RP1 Faceplate & LED Indications

LED

COLOR

Meaning

PWR

power

Green

All power rails are within spec

STAT

Status

Green

IOS Booted

Yellow

Rommon Loaded

Red

System Failure

ACTV

Active

Green

Active RP

STBY

Standby

Yellow

Standby RP

CRIT

Critical

Red

On @ powerup, turned off by
IOS SW

MAJ

Major

Red

Major alarm indicator

Min

Minor

Amber

Minor alarm indicator

LED

COLOR

Meaning

HD

HDD

Flashing

Green

Activity Indicator. Off


No
Activity

USB


Flashing
Green

Activity Indicator. Off


No
Activity

BF

Bootflash

Flashing
Green

Activity Indicator. Off


No
Activity

Link

Mgmt Eth.

Flashing
Green

Activity Indicator. Off


No
Activity

Carrier

BITS

Green

In Frame / Working.

Off


No Activity

Amber

Fault or Loop Condition


ACO

Alarm Cut Off

Recessed Button to cut off
Audible Alarm. This will get
triggered when crit/maj/min LED
is set.

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12

Cisco QuantumFlow Processor (QFP)
Architecture
, 1
st

generation

Multi
-
Core (40) Packet Processor

Traffic Manager

+

+

Quantum
Flow
Processor
Software

1.
Scale


100s of resources & massive feature scale

2.
Performance


Designed to deliver 5
-
100s of Gbps

3.
Feature Velocity


Software designed to deliver a
common forwarding plane for multiple systems.

4.
Multi
-
Generational


This is only the 1
st

Generation!


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13

ASR1000
-
ESP10 up close

Packet
Processor

Traffic
Manager


PPE
RLDRAM

SPI
-
Mux 4.2

TCAM

Interconnect ASIC

CPU

Crypto

Engine

ESP CPU

DRAM

BQS Pkt.
DRAM

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Presentation_ID

14

ESP10 Faceplate & LED Indications


Faceplate LEDs sit on a small
board, attached to the sheetmetal
carrier but separate from the main
ESP board, that is connected by a
flex cable to connector J1L.


PWR (Power) LED:


Green = Board is powered


Off = not powered


STAT (Status) LED:


Red = no software booted


Yellow = ROMMON booted


Green = Diags/IOS booted



ACTV (Active) LED:


Green = IOS considers this to be
the Active ESP


in a redundant system


Off = Not Active ESP


STBY (Standby) LED:


Yellow = IOS considers this to be
the Standby


ESP in a redundant
system


Off = Not Standby ESP


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15

ESP Generations

ASR1000
-
ESP5

ASR1000
-
ESP10

ASR1000
-
ESP20

System Bandwidth
(discussed on next
slide)

5Gbps

10Gbps

20Gbps

Based on

QFP

QFP

QFP

# of Processors

20

40

40

Clock Rate

900 Mhz

900 Mhz

1.2 Ghz

Crypto Engine BW

~1Gbps

3Gbps

8Gbps

QFP Resource
Memory

256MB

512MB

1GB

Packet Buffer

64MB

128MB

256MB

Control Memory

1GB

2GB

4Gb

TCAM

10Mb

10Mb

40Mb

Roadmap

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Presentation_ID

16

SPA Interface Processor: ASR1000
-
SIP10


Features:


First Generation ASR1000 SPA Interface Processor (SIP10)


Each SIP Can Support up to 4 Half
-
Height SPAs or up to 2
Full Height SPAs


10Gbps Aggregate Performance


SPA Aggregation & Buffering Complex


800Mhz IOCP Processing Complex for Control


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17

ASR 1000 Series Building Blocks


RP (Route Processor)

Handles control plane traffic

Manages system


ESP

Handles forwarding plane traffic


SPA Interface Processor

Shared Port Adapters provide
interface connectivity


Centralized Forwarding
Architecture

All traffic flows through the active
ESP, standby is synchronized with
all flow state with a dedicated
10Gbps link


Distributed Control Architecture

All major system components have
a powerful control processor
dedicated for control and
management planes
(using dedicated GigE links running
between all system components


not
shown)


Route

Processor

(standby)

RP

Interconn.

Embedded Services


Processor

(active)

FECP

Interconn.

QFP
subsys
-
tem

Crypto
assist

Embedded Services


Processor

(standby)

FECP

Interconn.

QFP
subsystem

Crypto
assist

SPA

SPA

IOCP

SPA

Agg.



Interconn.

SPA

SPA

IOCP

SPA

Agg.



Interconn.

SPA

SPA

IOCP

SPA

Agg.



Interconn.

Passive Midplane

Route

Processor

(active)

RP

Interconn.

SPA
-
SPI, 11.2Gbps

Hypertransport, 10Gbps

ESI, (Enhanced Serdes) 11.5Gbps

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18

Software Architecture


IOS XE

Embedded Services
Processor

Route Processor

SPA Interface Processor

Control Messaging

Kernel

Kernel

Kernel

QFP

Client/Driver


IOS XE = IOS + IOS XE Middleware +
Platform Software


Operational Consistency
-

same
look and feel as IOS Router


IOS runs as its own Linux process
for control plane (Routing, SNMP,
CLI etc). Capable of 64bit operation.


Linux kernel with multiple
processes running in protected
memory for


Fault containment


Re
-
startability


ISSU of individual SW packages


ASR 1000 HA Innovations


Zero
-
packet
-
loss RP Failover


<50ms ESP Failover


“Software Redundancy”

Chassis

Manager

Interface

Manager

Forwarding

Manager

SPA

Driver

SPA

Driver

SPA

Driver

SPA

Driver

IOS


(Standby)

Forwarding


Manager

Chassis


Manager

IOS


(Active)

IOS XE Platform Adaptation Layer (PAL)

Interface


Manager

Chassis


Manager

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Presentation_ID

19

Agenda


ASR 1000 Series Product Overview


ASR 1000 Innovation


ASR Enterprise Solution Application


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Presentation_ID

20

Powered by Cisco QuantumFlow Processor

Purpose Built to Meet Challenges at the Edge

World Class
Engineers

>100

Development
Investment

5
Years

Patents

>40

Cisco
QuantumFlow
Processor

X

=

+

World’s Most Advanced Piece of Networking Silicon

Performance

Scale

Availability

Services

Nearly three times more powerful
than next competing edge platform

Developed by same team as

CRS
-
1 ASIC (185M in SPP)

20 Years of QoS technology
reduced to silicon

Industry first, permits “instant on”
and “future extensibility”

Up to 20MPPS Forwarding
Rate w/service features

Over 1.3 Billion Transistors

Customized QoS

Integrated

w/ Programmability

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21

ASR 1000 Innovations: IOS XE

ASR 1006

Control & Forwarding Plane Redundancy

IOS XE

IOS XE

IOS XE

IOS XE

IOS XE

IOS XE

RP

Active

50ms Traffic Interruption

Zero Packet Loss

IOS XE Upgrade

IOS XE Upgrade

IOS XE Upgrade

RP

Standby

RP

Active

RP

Standby

RP

Active

RP

Standby

QFP

QFP

QFP

QFP

QFP

QFP

ESP

Active

ESP

Standby

ESP

Active

ESP

Standby

ESP

Active

ESP

Standby

Zero Packet Loss

Zero Packet Loss

ISSU

Step
1

ISSU

ISSU

Step
2

ISSU

Validated

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22

ASR 1000 Innovations

Software Virtualization on Cisco ASR 1002 and 1004

IOS XE

IOS XE

… Industry first,

delivering hitless upgrades without hardware redundancy

IOS

Active

IOS

Standby

IOS

Active

ISSU

ISSU

Zero Packet Loss

Zero Packet Loss

IOS Upgrade

IOS Upgrade

IOS Upgrade

IOS

Standby

IOS XE

IOS

Active

IOS

Standby

IOS XE

IOS

Active

IOS

Standby

ISSU

ISSU

Step
1

Step
2

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23

Investment Protection

ASR 1000 Scale

ASR 1004

Chassis

Control
Plane

Data +
Service
Plane

ASR 1006

Shared Port Adapters

Interface Flexibility

ASR 1002

RP
-
1

RP
-
2

2H08

5G

10G

40G+
Future

ASR 10xx?

RP
-
n

Future

20G
2H08

ASR 100x?

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Presentation_ID

24

Agenda


ASR 1000 Series Product Overview


ASR 1000 Innovation


ASR Enterprise Solution Application


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Presentation_ID

25

ASR 1000


Multi
-
Service, Scalable & Secure

Managed FR / ATM (higher BW)

Going to


Managed L2VPN / L3VPN

HQ /

Regional HQ

Branch Offices

Full T1’s w/ satellite, DSL etc. backup

Going to multiples of Ethernet/DSL/Wireless…

18xx

38xx

28xx

GigE / 10GigE

POS / ATM

small

medium

large

Solution Objective


Offer a full service IPsec VPN
Aggregation Router which scales to meet
new BW demands of SP IP VPNs

Solution Benefits


Consolidate a stack of 7200s into
1 ASR 1000


Investment protected by smooth
transitions to more Crypto
Bandwidth as requirements
change


No service blades


Optimized for QOS &
Multicast

Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w & s/w)


1000s of Sites / 10K IPsec
tunnels (up to 50tps)


Up to 3 Gbps crypto BW +
7 Gpbs non
-
crypto
(FCS)


3DES/AES/SHA
-
1/IKEv1


DMVPN Phase 2


MPLS
IP
VPN

A Cisco
First!

DMVPN

DMVPN

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26

Private

Zone

ASR 1000


Zone
-
Policy Firewall

WAN Aggregation Head
-
end or Internet

Gateway


GigE / 10GigE /

POS/ATM/FR

Solution Objective


Being able to scale IOS FW in a router to
multi
-
gigabit BW

Solution Benefits


Multi
-
Gigabit IOS FW in a router


IOS Firewall supported on all
interfaces in the router


No service blades required


IOS ZPF uses CPL for:

L4, L7 (HTTP, IM, P2P…), Self,
URL Filter, DOS Params & more.

Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w)


ALL FW processing is
done within QFP up to
5/10Gbps


High
-
Speed Logging
(40K/sec) via NetFlow v9


2 Mpps+ with all baseline
services combined & FW
enabled

Vlan 150

Vlan 160


IPsec
Zone

DMZ

Zone

Internet

Zone

HTTP
DNS

Z
-
Pair Policy

18xx

38xx

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27

ASR 1000


Superior Application Availability

Solution Objective


Guarantee delivery of High Priority
Applications regardless of which features
are enabled.

Solution Benefits


Guarantees High Priority
Applications always get forwarded
up to entire system BW
.


Can clamp an
arbitrary collection
of
Low Priority traffic to a certain BW


Forms an integral part of all Enterprise
solutions, the QFP Traffic Manager
enables queue based operations
without a performance hit.


Non
-
queue ops (police, WRED,
classifications etc.) are performed by
PPE threads and are h/w accelerated


Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w & s/w)


Flexible Hierarchies


128K Queues


All queues
can have a Min.
BW, Max & Excess w/
Priority Propagation


2 Priority queues per policy


Low 10s of usec of latency

Hierarchy of
Real Time
Schedulers

Class
Queues

VLAN
(or logical)

Ports

(physical)

SIP /
SPA

The QFP Traffic
Manager implements
hierarchies of schedules
in
hardware
.

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ASR 1000


Superior High Availability / ISSU

Solution Objective


Offer a carrier class platform which
continues to forward traffic during
planned or un
-
planned events.

Solution Benefits (FCS h/w & s/w)


Software Redundancy for 2RU/4RU


NSF / Graceful Restart


BGP, OSPF (Cisco/IETF), OSPFv3,
IS
-
IS, EIGRP, LDP


SSO/ISSU: (generally follow each other)


CEF, SNMP, ARP, NAT


Stateful ISIS


MPLS, MPLS VPN, LDP, VRF
-
lite


IPv6 (NDP, uRPF)


FR, PPP, MLPPP, HDLC, VLAN


Broadband: PPPoE, AAA, DHCPv4,
DHCPv6 PD


IPSec (SSO), FW/NAT
(SSO/ISSU)


Network


IP event dampening


BGP & SPF optimizations


Multicast sub second convergence


GLBP, HSRP, VRRP


BFD for BGP, ISIS, OSPFv2 & static
v4/v6

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA


ESP


(active)

Active


RP1

Standby

RP1


ESP

(standby)

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

ESP

(Active)

Active


RP




Standby


RP




ESP

(Standby)

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

SPA

Redundant

Data

Path

Redundant

Control

Path

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29

ASR 1000


Ease of Data Monitoring (ERSPAN)

HQ /

Regional DC

Solution Objective


Being able to capture L2
-
L7 packet and
route it through L3 cloud all the way to
DC

Solution Benefits


RSPAN capability across a L3
cloud


ERSPAN is Inter
-
operable with
Cat6500/7600 ERSPAN


No service blades required


Full Packet Visibility compared to
IP Export

Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w & s/w)


Uses QFP HW
-
assist for
replication


ERSPAN combined with
scalable NetFlow


Highest # of monitoring
sessions available


Regional

Office

Core

IP VPN

GigE

/ 10GigE

Eureka!
The
ZBFW
needs
help!

!!!

!!!

!!!

!!!

!!!

!!!

!!!

RSPAN in
GRE on
ASR 1000
(bidir.)

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Solution Objective


A branch architecture that offers
unparalleled investment protection
with

services and scale.

Solution Benefits


Ensures branch ability to route
correctly over various types of
Ethernet SLAs


Encrypt multi
-
Gigabits of BW


Optimize the WAN to route around
brownouts in the SP network to further
guarantee mission critical applications


Small form factor (2RU) which also
offers IOS modularity and ISSU


Manageable even when IOS is down


Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w)


Incredible
Price/Performance


IOS redundancy w/o a
hardware requirement


5
-
10 Gbps FW/NAT +
1.5
-
3 Gbps IPsec + WAN
Optimization + Voice


First in ANY
2RU system!

ASR 1000


乥xt Generation 䉲anch 䍐E with
Integrated Services

Ethernet WAN
Service Provider

Netflow,
NBAR,
QoS

IPSec VPN

WAAS

Firewall

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Cisco ASR 1000 Series

Three Things to Remember



High
Performance

Services

2

3


Instant
-
on

services


NO service modules


Wire
-
speed services

routing performance impact


Maximized

Investment

1


Rapid failover
with no service disruption


Complete

hardware and software

redundancy


Modular IOS
-
XE

: Hit
-
less software upgrades


Reduced

real
-
estate requirements


Twice
as power efficient with
> 10x

performance


~170K

power and cooling cost savings over 5
-
year period

Highly
Available

Operational
Efficiency

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