Preparation for Chapter 15 Open-Ended Assessment

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Name _____
__________________________



Honors

Biology


Class

___



Preparation for Chapter 15 Open
-
Ended Assessment

IN THE YEAR
….

Humans, after hundreds of years of constant effort, have successfully polluted all bodies of water on Earth. As a
result,
almost all previously known species of plant, animal, and other life have become extinct. Through
natural selection, genetic engineering, and selective breeding programs, a portion of the Earth has been
successfully repopulated. The following organisms are

all that remain:

1. Photosynthetic sun
-
basking sharks. Their green fins have chlorophyll to convert sunlight to energy

2. Chemosynthetic goldfish
that convert pollution to food

3. Aquatic humanoids whose main diet is aqua
-
wheat and basking sharks. They
have fins instead of legs

4. Aqua
-
wheat: one of the few plants that remain, it is similar to algae.

5. Terrestrial Humanoids with 4 arms, their diet consists of butter
-
roaches and fuzzy hamsters.

6
.
6
-

legged
Cockroaches

that feed on humanoid waste.

7
.
8
-
legged
Giant Aqua
-
spiders that live in water and feed on

goldfish and basking sharks.

8
.

Green
-
haired ra
ts that are photosynthetic.


9
. 8
-
legged Mites

that live on the photosyn
thetic rats and drink blood.

10
. Poison Grass
-

this plant is
like
a hyb
rid between
a
grass and poison ivy. The plants
are toxic to almost
everything

11
. Fuzzy hamsters with green hair that use the sunlight to make their food, thoug
ht to be related to the rats.

12
.
6
-

legged
Butter
-
roaches: genetic engineering created these b
utterfly
-
like creatures from cockroaches.
Butter
-
roaches eat poison grass.

YOUR ASSIGNMENT

As an alien taxonomist, it is your responsibility to classify th
ese existing organism types.


Part
1.
Create a taxonomic scheme using only kingdom, phylum, genus, a
nd species. The intermediate
categories have been eliminated since the total number of species

has been drastically reduced. Two Kingdoms
are recommended
. Use the
numbers

(e
xample: Green haired rats are #8
)
of each organism to identify where
they are
placed on your chart.

Part
2
. Create Latin
-
sounding names for each organism. Remember, t
he rules on scientific names. Base
scientific names on traits of the organism

Part
3
.
Prepare a dichotomous key for these organisms so that your fellow aliens can ide
ntify them when they
come to Earth for their summer vacations. Remember that a dichotomous key is based on APPEARANCE of
the organisms.
The key should be setup in a graphical fashion.

Part
4
. Prepare a
cladogram for these organisms. Remember that a clad
ogram shows evolutionary relationships
based on comparisons and origins of anatomical structures.



Pre
-
Planning

Sheet
:
This area will help you

prepare for the
assessment.
Put any
information on the back
of this sheet that will
help you

on the day of
the test.
It is to be
submitted the day of
the test

and i
t is
MANDATORY.

Pre
-
Planning page






















Rub
ric for Evaluation of Chapter 15

Test


Beginning

5 points

Developing

10 Points

Accomplished

15 Points

Exemplary

20 Points

Total

Score

Taxonomic
Scheme/Chart

Attempts chart, but
is missing large
amounts of
information, lacks
reasoning

Chart includes most
organisms classified into
taxonomic categories.
Placement/reasoning
flawed

Chart includes all organisms
classified into taxonomic
categories based on sound
biological reasoning

-

has
minor flaws in
placement/reasoning

Chart includes all
organisms
classified into
taxonomic
categories based
on sound
biological
reasoning



Latin Names

Many names
missing, names
don’t follow rules

Includes Latin sounding
scientific names for most
organisms. Some names
don’t follow rules of
scientific naming.

Includes Latin sounding
scientific names for all
organisms. Most names
follow rules of scient
ific
naming.

Includes Latin
sounding scientific
names for all
organisms. All
names follow rules
of scientific
naming.



Dichotomous
Key

Dichotomous key
lacks
organization/has
flaws and is missing
organisms

Dichotomous key lacks
organization/has flaws

and
includes all organisms

Dichotomous key lacks some
organization/has minor flaws
and includes all organisms

Dichotomous key
organized
effectively and
includes all
organisms



Cladograms

Cladogram is
incomplete and
inaccurate

Cladogram is complete
and h
as major flaws

Cladogram is complete but
has minor flaws

Cladogram is
complete and
accurate



Overall Effort

No preparation;
little class effort

Had some pre
-
planning;
some class effort

Came prepared with less
than one page of pre
-
planning; worked
diligently
in class

Came prepared
with a minimum of
one page of pre
-
planning; worked
diligently in class





TOTAL SCORE