download the full article here - E-International Scientific Research ...

vainclamInternet και Εφαρμογές Web

14 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

91 εμφανίσεις


































98
UNP Research Journal Vol. X
X

January
-
December 20
11

Research Productivity o
f Business Administration

a
nd Accountancy Faculty, University
o
f Northern
Philippines, Vigan City


Jean S. Dumbrique

Teresita D. Alon

University of Northern Philippines


Keyword index: research, productivity, faculty


Abstract



Utilizing the correlational design of descriptive method of research, this
study

determined the profile of the published researches from year of entry up
to year 2008 of the regular faculty members of the first semester of school
year 2008
-
2009 at the College of Business Administration and Accountancy
(CBAA) of the University of Northe
rn Philippines (UNP) as affected by some
personal and professional factors. Findings showed that the CBAA faculty is
characterized by
pre
dominance of members of the female sex, members of
married status, of middle to senior age, with master’s degree, with
academic
rank of associate professor, and with official designations. Almost half of
them receive monthly salary ranging from P10,001


P20,000. Very few,
however, have membership to scientific/research organizations.

It was further
revealed that it was in

2000 when the CBAA faculty had published researches
for the first time. From 2000 to 2008, a total of 43 researches have been
published and these were done by nearly half (19) of the 39 regular CBAA
faculty members. More researches were done with co
-
autho
rs than researches
by single authors. Most of these researches are of college and curricular
program levels, and over four
-
fifths were financed personally by the faculty
researchers. All the researches were published in research journals and some
of them,

in addition to their publication, were also disseminated in lecture
fora and research dissemination and utilization seminars. One research had
also been disseminated, in addition to its publication, through poster
display
/exhibit. Majority of the regular
CBAA faculty members have never
participated in any research activity since their year of entry to the University
up to year 2008.
Of the eight personal and professional factors,
membership in


Research Productivity of Business Administration and Accountancy Faculty, UNP 99

scientific/research organization and educational attainment came

out as good
indicators of faculty
research productivity.



1.0
INTRODUCTION



Research has come to be
recognized as key instrument for human
progress and welfare, and major driving
force for economic, social and cultural
development. The progress of developed
countries is attributed largely to rapid and
continui
ng scientific and technological
progress while the underdevelopment of
Third World countries is traced to the
backwardness of their science and
technology. The contributions of science,
technology and research may be through
increases in productivity and e
fficiency,
improvements in social services,
transformation of modes of production
through technological innovations,
expansion of information content of
culture, changes in social structure, social
relations, social mobility, lifestyles,
people’s beliefs,
outlooks and values.
(EDCOM, Book II, Vol. 3, 1993:66 in
Astrero: 1997). There is no doubt then
that research is a felt need and a public
necessity.



Specialization begins at the
tertiary level of education. In its
continuing quest for upholding academic
excellence, a university then owes to keep
its system in
-
step and in
-
shape to the
newer goals of increased relevance to the
needs and aspirations of th
e national
society. This education orientation has
become urgent at present due to the
increasing problem of irrelevance of
higher education and the consequent
unemployment and underemployment of
college graduates. Researches generate
innovations reflectiv
e of the needs of the
society, hence, the need for them.
Recognizing the importance of research,
state universities and colleges (SUCs) are
tasked with the function of research.
SUCs have four
-
fold functions namely
instruction, research, extension, and
pro
duction which all interact. Through the
instruction function, the university
conserves, transmits and extends human
knowledge, preserves and enriches the
Philippine culture and prepares
individuals for various professions. The
research function on the oth
er hand is for
the generation of new knowledge which
brings forth innovations and new ideas
that are essential in keeping the curricula
up
-
to
-
date and fitting to the learning needs
of the university’s varied public and to the
manpower needs of the country.

From the
researches

conducted in the

university
flow findings/discoveries that could be
used in extension and production services
(EDCOM, Book II, Vol. 3, 1993:67 in
Astrero: 1997). As such, research is the
backbone of instruction, extension and
productio
n.



It thus implie
s

that the SUC
faculty members should not only be
concerned with imparting concepts,
knowledge and skills but must fulfil
l

their
research function
s

too. It is through
research that the faculty members can
keep themselves up
-
to
-
date with


100
UNP Research Journal Vol. X
X

January
-
December 20
11

information and innovations, and it is the
avenue through which teachers can
contribute to the increase/enrichment of
existing reservoir of knowledge, can take
active part in search for solutions to
current problems, and can perform their
role as social cr
itics and as agents of
social change. It is then essential that the
SUC faculty give due attention as well to
their research function.



Importance is accorded to
research as the epitome of academic rank.
Such importance is manifested in faculty
evaluations and in accreditation processes
in SUCs nationwide. National Budget
Circular No. 461 which was issued to
establish and prescribe rules
and
regulations governing the implementation
of the Revised Compensation and Position
Classification Plan for faculty positions in
SUCs embodied in National
Compensation Circular (NCC) No. 69 has
allocated more points for research
-
related
outputs for prom
otion of faculty in rank
and in salary. Indeed, innovations,
inventions, discoveries, publications and
other creative works, which are products
or results of researches, are imposed as
requirements for appointments to the
position of professor. In accredit
ation of
SUCs, research is one (1) of the nine (9)
areas in which a university’s program is
evaluated. This growing emphasis on
research is in recognition of its value as an
indicator of scholarship and efficiency in
tertiary education teaching which ever
y
SUC cannot just neglect or ignore. As
society’s instrument for the discovery of
new knowledge, research must be
harnessed to find effective and efficient
ways of teaching at a time when the
demands of the profession have become
more complex and sophistic
ated,
economical and utilitarian.



The researchers observed that
very few faculty members dare to venture
into conducting research. Research is
neglected in favor of instruction and such
neglect is easily justified by reasoning out
that there is lack of t
ime, lack of
incentives, lack of research facilities or
lack of budget for it. If ever a faculty
member conducts research, it is most
often in fulfilment for the requirements in
pursuing a degree in the graduate
education. Findings of studies on faculty
jo
b performance also all pointed out to
one thing: that the research function of the
faculty members is the least attended to.



With the accreditation of
curricular programs of universities and
colleges, however, research has
begun

gaining more attention an
d importance
from SUCs.

Rosal (2004) shares the same
observation when he mentioned

that


f
aculty members and administrators who
were not active in research
began to
engage in research work individually and
in group.”
Recognition of this gradual
change in

favor of research, of its value
and its unpropitious status for so long a
time now and the realization that the
human side of any organization remains
the center of productivity posed a
challenge and need to the researchers to
determine the quantity and
make a profile
of the research outputs of the faculty
members of College of Business
Administration and Accountancy (CBAA)
of the University of Northern Philippines


Research
Productivity of Business Administration and Accountancy Faculty, UNP 101

(UNP) as affected by some faculty
personal and professional variables.



It is then hoped that this study
may help administrators see how the
CBAA faculty members are doing along
research and how it affects the whole
University in v
iew with the end of
sustaining superior performance and
creative ideas, while exploring ways and
means to inspire the conduct of research

and improve research productivity

such as
the conduct of
continuous research
development programs to enhance faculty
r
esearch capability and the provision of
adequate support system and incentives
for the favorable conduct of research.



As a whole, it is hoped that this
study would improve the research culture
of CBAA in particular and of the
University in general.



1.1
Objectives




This study aimed to determine the
profile of the published researches
conducted by regular faculty members of
the College of Business Administration
and Accountancy (CBAA)
from their year
of entry up to Calendar year 2008, first
semester
of school year 2008
-
2009,
as
affected by personal and professional
factors.



Specifically, it sought answers to
the following question:


1.

What is the profile of the
regular faculty members of the College of
Business Administration and
Accountancy
,

first
semester of school year
2008
-
2009 who

have published researches
from

their year of entry to the University
up to calendar year 2008 in terms of the
following personal and professional
factors:

a.
Age,

b.
Sex,

c.
Civil Status,

d.
Educational Attainment,

e.
Academic Rank,

f.
Monthly Salary,

g.
Official designation, and

h.
Membership to
Scientific/Research
Organizations?


2.

What is the profile of the
respondents’ research outputs in terms of
the following areas:

a.
quantity per publication,

b. authorship,

c. coverage,

d. fund source,

e. dissemination, and

f. number of faculty members
a
s authors/co
-
authors?


3.

Is there a significant
relationship between the personal and
professional profile of the respondents and
their research outputs in terms of quantity
p
er publication,authorship, coverage,
fund source, and dissemination ?



1.2

Review of Related Literature


As education is considered the
foundation of a progressive nation,
researches must be conducted in order to
test and apply theories and principles to


102

UNP Research Journal Vol. X
X

January
-
December 20
11

generate new scientific knowledge or
technologies to support, supplement and
complement instruction. Research brings
to life the function of the university of
creating new knowledge (Kas and
Rosenzweigh in Astrero, 1997). To this,
Marsh
and
Astrero (1997) a
dded

that
r
esearch helps instructors to keep abreast
of new development in their field and to
stimulate thinking
;
a professor canno
t be a
first
-
rate teacher if he

is not actively
engaged in scholarship and
publications
.
Sutaria, et al
.
(inLabanen,
1991: 11
-

12) emphasized the value of
researc
h when they wrote

that s
tudies
show a positive correlation between
quality education andeconomic
development and these were almost
always accompanied by the use of
educational technology of varying sorts
.
.



According to
Helmstadter(inLabanen, 1991), research is
recognized as a sophisticated approach to
solving man’s problem. Without research,
solutions to real world problems will not
b
e found.The importance of research is
emphasized by Zwaenepoel and Mendoza
(inL
abanen, 1991) that r
esearch is the
society’s instrument for the discovery of
new knowledge which is the chief cause
of progress. Without being fructified by
research, knowledge would stagnate,
progress would cease, and theworld would
soon stand still.
As the alternative to
research is retrogression, it is suicidal for
society to dispense with this activity
.



No less than the 1987 Philippine
Constitution recognizes the indispensable
role of research in national development
and progress. In Article XIV,

Section 10,
the Constitution provides
that


t
he State
shall give priority to research and their
utilization”.



Research

is also considered as
necessary adjunct of the teaching
-
learning
process. Alcala (2003) as cited in Tomas
(2007) stressed that research is the
lifeblood of higher education. It is the
force that pushes the frontiers of
knowledge and a potent means at th
e
disposal of learned individuals to ensure
the continued existence of a discipline.


It must be emphasized however
that research outputs would be
meaningless if they are not properly
diffused to and utilized by the end
-
users.
In support to this,
Sutaria, e
t al. (in Abaya
1998:

23)
re
iterate

that t
o put research in
the service of educational excellence, it is
imperative to emphasize not just the
conduct of research but itsutilization as
well.


2.0

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


This
section presents the research
de
sign, population and sample, and the
statistical treatment of the data gathered.


Research Design.

This study
utilized the correlation design of
descriptive method of research using
survey form/questionnaire, documentary
analysis technique and informal interview
in gathering the data needed. Pertinent
materials such as research journals,
accreditatio
n documents such as list of
faculty members with published
researchers, summary of published
researches, faculty load and other


Research Productivity of Business Administration and Accountancy Faculty, UNP 103

documents on file at the college were
utilized as data sources coupled with face
-
to
-
face

informal interview with the faculty
res
pondents.


Population and Sample.

The
population of this study were the 39
regular faculty members of the College of
Business Administration and Acc
ountancy
during the first semester of school year
2008
-
2009.

Statistical Treatment of Data.

The data generated in this study were
analyzed and interpreted using frequency
counts and percentages and simple linear
correlational analysis.



3.0

RESULTS
AND DISCUSSION


Table 1 presents the personal
and professional profile of the nineteen
(19) faculty members of the College of
Business Administration and Accountancy
who have published research/es as of
calendar year 2008. Of the nineteen (19)
faculty members, nearly thr
ee
-
fourths (14
or 74%) are female and only a few (5 or
26%) are male.

This is in consonance to
the findings of Rosal (2004)
that the
research field is still dominated by
females which is a strenuous clerical
work.

He noted however that males doing
researc
h work are increasing.


As regards to their ages, more
than half of them (12 or 63%) belong to
the age bracket 51
-
60; only one (1 or 5%)
belongs to 31
-
40, while the rest (6 or
32%) are from the age bracket 41
-
50
years. There are no faculty members with
pu
blished research/es whose age bracket
is 30 years and below
and

61 years and
above.
This above finding is
similar t
o
that of Tomas (2007) that those who are
beyond middle age but not too old
have
greater propens
ity in the conduct and
dissemination of rese
arches.



As far as civil status is concerned,
T
able 1

likewise shows that most (13 or
68%) are married while those who are
single and those who are widowed
account for 16% each (3 each). Most (15
or 79%) of the faculty researchers have
masters degree, th
ree (3 or 16%) have
doctorate degree and only one (1 or 5%) is
a holder of a baccalaureate degree.
These
findings

confirm the result of an earlier
study by Dumbrique(1999). It implies the
awareness of the need by and desire of the
CBAA faculty members to
grow
professionally. T
he minimum educational
requirement for one to teach
in

the tertiary
level
is
a
master’s degree. Only in
extreme and special cases, like in the
absence of qualified applicants
do SUCs
hire faculty members who are less than
master’s
degree holders. Besides, earning
a master’s degree is the usual requirement
to getting appointed to permanent status.


These findings

may also be
attributed to National Budget Circular No.
461 guidelines governing the promotion
and salary scale of faculty

members of
SUCs wherein educational attainment
weighs much for promotion.


As regards their academic rank,
most (11 or 58%) of them are associate
professors, a few (7 or 37%) are assistant
professors and only one (1 or 5%) is an


104

UNP Research Journal Vol. X
X

January
-
December 20
11

instructor. Since most of the faculty
respondents as earlier mentioned have




Table 1
.
Personal and Professional Profile of the CBAA Facul
ty Memberswith Published
Research/es From Their Year of Entry to UNP up to Calendar Year 2008


VARIABLES

F

%

1. Age







30 & below


0


0%



31





1


5%



41





6

32%



51




12

63%



61 & above


0


0%

Total

19

100%

2. Sex







Female

14

74%



Male


5

26%

Total

19

100%

3. Civil Status







Single


3

16%



Married

13

68%



Widowed


3

16%

Total

19

100%

4. Educational Attainment







Doctorate Degree


3

16%



Master's Degree

15

79%



Baccalaureate Degree


1


5%

Total

19

100%

5. Academic Rank







Professor


0

0%



Associate Professor

11

58%



Assistant Professor


7

37%



Instructor


1


5%

Total

19

100%

6. Monthly Salary







40,001


慢潶e


0

0%



30,001
-

40,000


0

0%



20,001
-

30,000


2

11%



10,001
-

20,000


9

47%




below
-

10,000


8

42%

Total

19

100%



Research Productivity of Business Administration and Accountancy Faculty, UNP 105

Table 1 continued


VARIABLES

F

%

7. Official Designation





Full Time Faculty


4


21%



With Administrative Function


15


79%

Total


19


100%

8. Membership to Scientific or Research Organization







None


16


84%



1 to 3


3


16%



4 to 6


0


0%



7 and above


0


0%

Total


19


100%


finished graduate degrees, expectedly they
are holding higher academic ranks.
Nobody in the college however holds yet
a full professor rank. Almost half of them
(9 or 47%) receive a monthly income
from
P
10,001 to
P
20,000; eight (8 or
42%) receive
P
10,000 or below; and two
(2 or 11%) receive a monthly salary from
P
20,001 to
P
30,000. The same table
shows that no faculty member has a
monthly salary higher than P30,000.


Of the 19 faculty researchers,
majority (15 o
r 79%) have administrative
functions. In fact they constitute more
than three
-
fourths (15 or 79%) of the total
respondents. Only a few (4 or 21%) are
full
-
time faculty. It must be recalled that
most of the respondents have finished
graduate studies. The
y are therefore more
capable of doing administrative functions.
As regards to membership in scientific or
research organization, over three
-
fourths
(16 or 84%) are not members of any
scientific or research organization. Only a
few (3 or 16%) have members
hip and
those with membership have affiliations to
1 thru 3 scientific or research
organizations only. Not one has
membership in more than three (3)
scientific or research organizations.


Table 2 presents the profile of the
researches of the CBAA regular faculty
members of the first semester of school
year 2008
-
2009 which were published
from their year of entry to the University
up to calendar year 2008.


Quantity pe
r Publication
. Up to
calendar year 2008, it is revealed that 43
published researches were accomplished
by the regular faculty members of the
CBAA with calendar year 2005 where 10
researches (23.26%) as the highest
number were published. Nine researches
(
20.93%) were published in 2007, 7
researches (16.28%) in 2004, 6 researches
(13.95%) in 2008, 5 researches (11.63%)
in 2003, and 2 researches (4.65%) each in
2000, 2001 and 2002. In the year 2006,
there was no published faculty research
(0%). It is worth
y to note that it was in the
year 2000 that the CBAA faculty had
published researches for the first time.




Table 2
.
Profile
o
f CBAA Faculty Published Researches

From

2000
-
2008



Areas

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

As a Whole

F

%

F


%

F

%

F

%

F

%

F

%

F

%

F

%

F

%

F

%

1.
Quantity Per Publication

2

4.65

2

4.65

2

4.65

5

11.63

7

16.28

10

23.26





9

20.93

6

13.95

43

100

2. Authorship









































With Co
-
Author

2

100.00

2

100.00

2

100.00

2

40.00

4

57.14

9

90.00





6

66.67

5

83.33

32

74.42


Single Author

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

3

60.00

3

42.86

1

10.00





3

33.33

1

16.67

11

25.58

Total

2

100.00

2

100.00

2

100.00

5

100.00

7

100.00

10

100.00





9

100.00

6

100.00

43

100.00

3. Coverage










































Curricular Program

0

0.00

1

50.00

1

50.00

2

40.00

1

14.29

6

60.00





1

11.11

3

50.00

15

34.88


College

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

2

40.00

4

57.14

3

30.00





6

66.67

2

33.33

17

39.53


University/ Institutional

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

1

20.00

1

14.29

0

0.00





2

22.22

0

0.00

4

9.30


Municipal/City

1

50.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

1

14.29

1

10.00





0

0.00

1

16.67

4

9.30


Provincial

1

50.00

1

50.00

1

50.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00





0

0.00

0

0.00

3

6.98


National

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00





0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00


International

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00





0


0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

Total

2

100.00

2

100.00

2

100.00

5

100.00

7

100.01

10

100.00





9

100.00

6

100.00

43

99.99

4. Fund Source










































Personal

2

100.00

1

50.00

1

50.00

4

80.00

6

85.71

10

100.00





7

77.78

6

100.00

3
7

8
6.05


Institutional

0

0
.00

1

50.00

1

50.00

1

20.00

1

14.29

0

0.00





2

22.22

0

0.00

6

13.96


Municipal/City

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00





0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00


Provincial
/Regional

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00





0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00


National
/International

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00





0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

Total

2

100.00

2

100.00

2

100.00

5

100.00

7

100.00

10

100.00





9

100.00

6

100.00

43


100.00

5. Dissemination









































Published

0

0.00

1

50.00

1


50.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

10

100.00





9

100.00

6

100.00

27

62.79

Published

and Oral

1

50.00

1

50.00

1

50.00

5

100.00

7

100.00

0

0.00





0

0.00

0

0.00

15

34.88

Published
& by Poster
Display/Exhibit

1

5
0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00





0

0.00

0

0.00

1

2.33


Published, Oral and by


Poster Display
/Exhibit

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00





0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

Total

2

100.00

2

100.00

2

100.00

5

100.00

7

100.00

10

100.00





9

100.00

6

100.00

43

100

Faculty Involved

2



2



2



5



5



13







8



10



19





Research Productivity of Business Administration and Accountancy Faculty, UNP 107

In 2000, 2001 and 2002, one of
the two researches (4.65%) published in
each of these three successive years which
involved faculty members of CBAA were
done by the Research Coordinator for
Socio
-
Economics with other Research
Coordinators from the Universit
y
Research Center teaching in other colleges
as co
-
authors. The other three researches
which were published in each of these
three years involved three faculty
members of the College who separately
served as co
-
author in three research
studies with a facul
ty member who was
then on
the

way to the Professorial level.
It must be remembered that under
National Budget Circular No.461,
research is imposed as a requirement for
appointment to the position of professor.
Research Coordinators of the University,
on t
he other hand, are required to finish at
least one research each year for which
reason they are de
-
loaded. The reduction
in their teaching

load to 12 units per
semester purposely
to conduct research
and research
-
related activities may have
been helpful i
n the successful completion
of research as it leaves more time

for the
faculty members with such designation to
perform their research function aside from
their main function, which is instruction.


This is in

consonance
with the
findings of Tomas (2007)
that most of the
administrators, teaching and non
-
teaching
researchers of SUCs in Region I have
reduced teaching loads and that those who
have access to their Research Office are
th
e ones
who are engaged in research.


The observed increase in the
number of

published faculty researches in
2003 compared to 2000, 2001 and 2002
may be due to the presence, since that
year then in the CBAA, of a Research and
Extension Journal of its own. Since the
publication in 2003 of its maiden issue,
the CBAA faculty had man
aged to
complete researches for yearly publication
in its Research and Extension Journal
except for 2006. With a Research and
Extension Journal of its own where the
faculty members could have their research
outputs published, 33 researches (76.74%)
out of

43 were published in the CBAA
Research and Extension Journal. The rest
(10 or 23.26%) were published in the
UNP Research Journal. Prior to 2003,
when the College did not have a Research
and Extension Journal of its own yet, all
of the six published rese
arches from 2000
to 2003 were printed in the UNP Research
Journal.


On Authorship
. With respect to
this aspect, it was found out that as a
whole, there are more researches done
with co
-
authors (32 researches or 74.42%)
than researches by single authors (1
1
researches or 25.58%). This holistic trend
is likewise true in the different years that
the 43 faculty researches were published
except in 2003 when 3 (60%) of the 5
researches published that year were
conducted by single authors. It is
however more by

one (20%) research only
than those that were done by co
-
authors (2
or 40%).


This finding reveals that more
research outputs can be accomplished
when faculty members work as co
-
authors
than when they conduct researches all
alone. Working with co
-
author/s

means


108
UNP Research Journal Vol. X
X

January
-
December 20
11

more heads to think, more bodies to work,
and even more hands to impart financial
back up which undoubtedly are peculiar
requirements in research writing. Less
time is required from each partner or
member when working as partners or as a
team, thus

doing a research may not be as
taxing and time
-
consuming as when one
does the research by himself. With co
-
authors, the faculty members’ strengths
and capabilities can be combined and
formed into formidable complementation
that may warrant greater chance

of
finishing a research undertaking.


The above
findings of this study
in authorship affirm

the findings of Rosal
(2004) that research is a co
-
authorship
activity.


On Coverage
. Of the 43 faculty
researches published within the period
covered by the study, it was found out that
the biggest number (17 or 39.53%) are
college researches, followed
by curricular
program researches (15 or 34.88%). Very
few researches were of
university/institutional level (4 or 9.30%),
of municipality/city level (4 or 9.30%)
and of provincial level (3 or 6.98%).
There are no researches of greater or
wider coverage t
han provincial level.


The primacy of college researches
closely followed by curricular program
researches un
f
old to us that foremost in
the priorities of the CBAA faculty
members in their research undertaking is
to generate solutions, information and/or
t
echnology that respond to the current
needs and problems confronting their
college and their various curricular
programs as their immediate service area
or area of responsibility. This is but
normal and understandable as none other
would be more concerned

and would
therefore give more importance to a
college’s local concerns except itself. In
the CBAA faculty members’ pursuit of
their mandates, serving their college and
their immediate service area comes first.
After all, serving one’s immediate college
contributes to service to the entire
university.


Another factor that could explain
this scenario is the financial requirement
for conducting a research at a given level.
To a faculty member who personally
bears the cost of his research, one of
smaller ar
ea of coverage would require
him lesser expenses, therefore may prefer
to conduct research that involves his
college or a curricular program instead.
The time requirement may also be another
factor. Researches of wider coverage
entail more time as there
are more and
farther places to go. They are less
manageable especially so that the CBAA
faculty members, except only two, were
of full teaching load when they conducted
the researches. The said two CBAA
regular faculty members were serving as
Coordinator
for Socio
-
economic
Researches and Coordinator for
Researches on Education and Culture in
some of the years where they have
published researches. The absence of any
research of national and international
levels is consistent with earlier research
findings s
uch as Astrero’s (1997). Astrero
(1997) attributed that the lowest frequency
observed in international researches to the
seeming incapacity of some faculty


Research Productivity of Business Administration and Accountancy Faculty, UNP 109

members to do research of such
magnitude. Moreover, opportunities are
rare because awarding of the

conduct of
researches of national level,

more so of
international level, are made on a
competitive basis as these are mostly
foreign funded.


On
Fund Source
. Thirty
-
seven
(37) or more than four
-
fifths (86.05%) of
the 43 published researches were borne
personally by the faculty members. The
rest (6 or 13.95%) were institutionally
funded particularly from the university’s
research budget. There we
re no
researches funded by municipal/city,
provincial, regional, national as well as
international offices or agencies.


The primacy of personally funded
researches, the rareness of
institutionally/university
-
funded
researches and absence of researches
fun
ded by offices/agencies/organizations
from outside may speak of
the scarcity of
research organizations or agencies to
which the faculty members have forged
linkages or where they have membership,
or

the inability by most of the CBAA
faculty to satisfy or m
eet the requirements
of
the University Research Office or those
of other
funding agencies
,

or simply
because the faculty members prefer to
finance the research personally to do away
with going through transactions,
complying with requirements and other
rel
ated matters attendant to applying for
and accepting research grants both from
the university or from outside
organizations/offices or agencies. Most of
the researches anyway as earlier
mentioned are done with co
-
authors and
were of college and curricular

program
levels. The researches may have entailed
lesser cost due to their smaller coverage.
With most of them done with co
-
authors,
expenses were also shared among the co
-
authors hence were afforded by the
faculty members to finance their
researches per
sonally.


When a research proposal/project

is approved to be funded from the General
Appropriation Act of the University
Research and Development Office
, the
following benefits/privileges can be
availed by the faculty researcher: a)
reduction of two
teaching loads ( 6 units)
or a grant

of 15 days service credits when
the teaching load is regular, depending
upon the proponent’s choice
, b)
travelling expenses and per diem subject
to availability of funds and to usual
accounting and auditing rules, c
)

supplies and materials needed for the
reproduction of proposals, research

instruments/ questionnaires, and the final
reports which are to be determined by the
Research and Development Office staff

and other expenses relative to the conduct
of the study
as indicated in the proposal
and supported with receipts, and
d)

point
credits in NBC 461 PDS evaluation
.


On

Avenues of
Dissemination
.
All the 43 (100%) researches were
disseminated. All (100%) of them were
pu
blished, 33 (76.74%) of which,
were
publi
shed in the CBAA Research and
Extension Journal while the rest (10 or
23.26%) were published in the UNP
Research Journal. Of the 43 researches,
27 (62.79%) solely utilized publication in
research journal as their avenue of


110
UNP Research Journal Vol. X
X

January
-
December 20
11

dissemination while 15 (34.88%)
utilized
both publication in research journal and
oral avenues such as lecture for

a and
research dissemination and utilization
seminars. One (2.33%) research had also
been disseminated through publication in
research journal and
through
poster
display/
exh
ibit.


On Number of Faculty as
Authors/Co
-
Authors
. The 43 published
faculty researches of the CBAA are
outputs since the year of entry to the
University up to year 2008 of 19 (48.72%)
out of the 39 regular faculty members
during the first semester of 2008
-
2009.
This means that nearly half of them since
their year of entry to the University up to
year 2008 have conducted research/es
while the slight majority (51.28%) never
participated in any research activity
during the period studied.

This validates
the earlier findings of Dumbrique (1999)
that most f
aculty members of SUCs in
Region 1 have dispensed or neglected
their research function. It likewise
confirms the findings of Astrero

(
1997)
that a good number of faculty members
have not conducted any research.
Sornkeaw (in Astrero, 1997) made similar
ob
servations in Thai Universities and
he
imputed the low performance of the
faculty to their full
-
loading

leaving them
no time to conduct researches. H
e also
attributed this to the fact that teachers are
primarily prepared for teaching jobs,
hence, they may

lack the technical know
-
how on research.


O
f the 19 faculty members with
published research outputs, only 2
(10.53%) had not conducted research with
other faculty members as co
-
authors. This
means that most of them (17 or 89.47%),
most of the time were a
ble to have
published researches with co
-
authors. Of
the 19 with published researches, six
(31.58%) faculty members were able to
conduct research as sole authors. This is
in consonance with the finding
s of this
study
earlier mentioned that most of the
res
earches were conducted with co
-
authors.


From Table 2, it is also observed
that it was in 2005 when there was the
greatest number (13 or 33.33%) from the
39 regular faculty members who were
able to come up with published
researches. This is understandable

as it is
during this same year when there was the
greatest number of published researches
done by the faculty members studied. Ten
faculty members (25.64%) were involved
in 2008, followed by the year 2007 when
eight faculty members were involved
(20.51%)
. Five faculty members
(12.82%) were involved each for 2003
and 2004 and still fewer (2 or 5.13%)
faculty members have research
involvement each in 2000, 2001 and 2002.
While there were no research published in
2006, it is remarkable to note that the
most

number of researches were published
the year before it (2005) and the year after
it (2007). This may not necessarily mean
that the regular faculty members did not
give attention to research at all in 2006.
They could have conducted researches
also in 20
06 but may have not completed
them before the year ended. It is also
possible that there were no enough
researches ready to be published that year
that may warrant the coming out
of

a new


Research Productivity of Business Administration and
Accountancy Faculty, UNP 111

issue of the CBAA Research and
Extension Journal and that other research
journals such as the UNP Research
Journal were not resorted to. It is the
observation of the researchers that all the
researches pu
blished in the CBAA
Research and Extension Journal were
financed personally by the faculty
researchers.

Table 3 presents the relationship
between the eight personal and
professional factors namely age, sex, civil
status, educational attainment, academic
rank, monthly salary, official designation
and membership in scientific or research
o
rganization and the
r
espondents’

research
productivity.


Table 3
.
Correlation Coefficients between the CBAA Faculty Personal and Professional
Factors and the Profile of their Published Research Outputs



Personal & Professional
Factors

Quantity Per
Public
ation


Authorship


Coverage

Fund
Source

Dissemi
-
nation

Age

0.14

0.15

0.17

0.01

0.00

Sex


-
0.04

-
0.09

-
0.21

-
0.28

0.00

Civil Status

0.01

0.11

0.05

-
0.20

0.00

Educational Attainment


0.42*

-
0.13

0.31

0.17

0.00

Academic Rank

0.16

0.13

0.06

0.02

0.00

Monthly Salary

-
0.11

0.26

-
0.13

-
0.15

0.00

Official Designation

0.22

0.07

-
0.27

-
0.13

0.00

Membership in
Scientific or Research
Organization

0.84*

0.07

-
0.57*

-
0.48*

0.00

Legend: Significant at 0.05 level


It is evident in Table 3 that of the
eight independent variables, two of them
namely educational attainment and
membership to scientific/research
organization came out to have significant
effect on the quantity or number of
researches published by the facu
lty
respondents as indicated by their
respective correlation coefficients of 0.42
and 0.84 which are both significant at 0.05
level.


These findings have the following
implications: the higher the educational
attainment of the faculty, the more he
tends
to conduct researches. In addition,
the more scientific/research organizations
to which a faculty has active membership,
the more that he also conducts researches.


Higher educational attainment and
active membership in scientific/research
organizations serve as enabling factors for
a faculty to conduct researches. They
equip the faculty member with new ideas,
new insights, new potentials and abilities
which could be
helpful in formulating
new research undertakings and


122
UNP Research Journal Vol. X
X

January
-
December 20
11

112
UNP Research Journal Vol. X
X

January
-
December 20
11

development activities. The annual
conventions or general membership
assemblies conducted for members of
scientific/research organizations and the
research seminars or conferences they are
regularly inv
ited to attend as active
members can encourage and make them
more capable of doing researches. These
continuing research development
programs of scientific/research
organizations build and develop the
research skills and capability of the
faculty which ma
kes him more competent
and dependable to undertake research
studies.




Table 3 also clearly shows that

while all the eight independent
variables
do not have significant relationship to
research authorship as well as to research
dissemination, membership in
scientific/research organization emerged
as the only variable which has significant
relationship both to research coverage and
to fund

source. This is reflected by the
correlation coefficients of
-
0.57 and
-
0.48
respectively which are significant at 0.05
level. These findings respectively suggest
the following implications: The more
scientific/research organizations in which
a facult
y member has active membership,
the more capable the faculty member is in
doing researches and the more he
conducts researches that are funded by his
institution, hence his research is not
personally borne or funded. His coming
into regular contact with d
istinguished
research experts, scientists, leaders in
government particularly from the
Department of Science and Technology
(DOST), and with fellow university
faculty members/researchers from all
around the country through the annual
conventions or general

membership
assemblies and the research seminars or
conferences the research organizations or
institutions to which he has membership
conduct as earlier mentioned, are a rich
and promising opportunities where he is
constantly kept in
-
step with new research

findings, advances, and new thrusts and
directions from where he draws ideas in
conceiving new research studies.



The National Researc
h Council of
the Philippines (NRCP), the Research,
Education and Development Training
Institute (REDTI), the Philippine
Association for the Advancement of
Science (PhilA
A
S), and the Association
of Social Sciences Educators, Researchers
and Trainers (ASSERT
) are the
scientific/research organizations to which
three (3) of the CBAA faculty respondents
variably have membership. Common to
the three faculty respondents where they
have membership is the National Research
Council of the Philippines (NRCP).



4.0
C
ONCLUSIONS

It is concluded that w
hile it is
true that not so many r
esearches had been
done by less
than half of the CBAA
faculty members, the College of Business
Administration and Accountancy has
doubtlessly contributed to helping the
people in its imm
ediate service area by
applying the research findings as new
inputs to instruction, new inputs to
improve college/program operations,
curricula and processes, hence as new
inputs to improve the College as a whole,


Research Productivity of Business Administration and Accountancy Faculty, UNP 113

its faculty, its services and its outputs



the graduates it will produce.


There are more researches done
with co
-
authors than researches done by
single authors. This could be due to the
f
ull
-

time teaching load of the faculty
members as they were not de
-
loaded for
their research undertaking then except
those with designation as Research
Coordinators at the University level. The
primacy of college
-
level researches
followed very closely by c
urricular
program researches could be an indication
that foremost in the priorities of the
CBAA faculty members in their research
undertaking is to respond to the needs and
problems confronting their own college,
the various curricular programs, and their
immediate public or service area. It could
have been caused also by the comparative
manageability of college level or
curricular program wide researches,
insufficiency of funds and/or the seeming
incapacity of most faculty members or
lack of confidence to

do researches of
greater coverage particularly that of
national level or even international level.
The primacy of personally funded
researches, rareness of university funded
researches and absence of researches
funded by offices/agencies or
organizations
from outside could have
been caused by the inability by most of
the faculty members to meet the
requirements of the university or any
other funding agency/office or simply
because the faculty members may have
been prompted to finance their researches
perso
nally to do away with the rigors of
research fund availment.

It
may also
i
ndicate of the scarcity if not lack of
research organizations or agencies to
which the faculty members have
membership or have forged linkages.
I
t is
also possible that the facult
y members
may have preferred to personally shoulder
their research/es because the researches
may just have cost them minimal amounts
as most researches accomplished were of
college and curricular program levels only
and were done by co
-
authors, hence, the
cost of most researches have been shared
together by the co
-
authors
.

On a positive
note
, this

implies that the CBAA

faculty
members, though they were not supported
from the university research budget
allocation, were not completely
discouraged to conduct
research.

All the
43 researches were disseminated through
publication in research journals. Some of
them were also disseminated through
other avenues such as lecture forum,
research dissemination and utilization
seminar, and poster display/exhibit.

Of the
eight personal and professional factors,
educational attainment and membership in
scientific/research organizations came out
as indicators of
research productivity
particularly of the
quantity of researches
published.
Moreover, membership in
scientific/res
earch organizations also
emerged as an indicato
r
both of research
coverage and of fund source. The other
independent variables showed no
significant relationship to the CBAA
faculty research
productivity.



5.0
RECOMMENDATIONS


Since research is one of the four
-
fold functions of a state university such as
UNP, every CBAA faculty member


114
UNP Research Journal Vol. X
X

January
-
December 20
11

should capacitate himself/herself for
research so he/she can respond to research
function too and not merely concentrate
on instruction. Since mem
bership in
scientific/research organization and
educational attainment came out as
indicators of
research productivity in
terms of
quantity of research outputs
published, the CBAA faculty members
should make themselves eligible for
membership to scientific
/research
organizations and should continue to grow
professionally.
Since the presence of
qualified manpower appears as the real
test if a university has research potential,
u
pgrading of faculty professional
attributes should be a concern of both the
facul
ty members and the University.

The
CBAA should strive to come up with
yearly issue of its Research and Extension
Journal through the completion by the
faculty members of adequate research
outputs to be published
regularly.Continuing Research
Development Pr
ogram shall be conducted
such as:

a. Research Capability Training to
capacitate faculty for research in basic,
advanced and specialized
methodologies,
and for identification of relevant
researchable areas.

b. Workshop on preparing
research project proposals

c. Workshop on University
researchpolicies and guidelines
/Research
Center manual of operation

d. Workshop on research funding
opportun
ities

e. Workshop on writing research
papers for journal publication, conference
presentation, or poster exhibit.

Support in the form of research
facilities such as at least one computer
unit with internet and printer shall be
provided in every faculty

room to make
the workplace more enabling for faculty
members to conduct research.
The CBAA
faculty members are encouraged to make
research proposals that are relevant to the
Research Agenda of the University
and in
keeping with national and local thrusts
and responsive to current needs and
problems as these are the priority projects
for funding from the General
Appropriation Act of the University
Research
and Development Office
and/or
from other funding
agencies.
Benefits/privileges for the
conduct of resea
rch
including conferring
of awards and incentives to researchers
who have strived for excellence in
research which are
stipulated in the
University Research
and Development
Office
Manual of Operation
should be
thoroughly implemented in support of
faculty m
embers conducting researches.
This will also encourage and motivate
those who have not started yet to involve
themselves in research.

Competent
manpower, when adequately provided
with support system and incentives, is a
basic element necessary for high r
esearch
productivity.



6.0 L
ITERATURE CITED

Accrediting Agency for Chartered Colleges
and Universities of the Philippines
(AACCUP)
Accreditation Instruments
.


De Leon, H
.

S.
Textbook on the
n
ew
Philippine Constitution
. Manila: Rex


Research Productivity of Business Administration and Accountancy Faculty, UNP 115

Bookstore, 2007.
N
ational Budget Circular
No. 461.


UNP Research and
d
evelopment

o
ffice
m
anual of
o
peration.

UNP,
Vig
a
n City,
Ilocos

Sur.

June, 2004.


Abaya, J
.
L.
(
1998
)
.
F
ilipino values and
leadership behavior of middle
-
level
administrators and faculty productivity
.
Unpublished dissertation, University of
Northern Philippines, Vigan, Ilocos Sur.


Astrero, I
.
A.
(
1997
)
.

The
professional
performance and
professionalism of
faculty members

of State Universities and
Colleges in Region I and CAR.
Unpublished Dissertation, University of
Northern Philippines, Vigan, Ilocos Sur.


Dumbrique, J
.

S.
(
1999
)
. Determinants of
the
functional research performance
of

faculty members
of State Universities and
Colleges in Region I.

Unpublished
Dissertation, University of Northern
Philippines, Vigan, Ilocos Sur.


Labanen, S
.

S.
(
1991
)
.

Resources as
related to
productivity

of State Colleges and
Universities in Region I an
d CAR: A
Comparative Study.
Unpublished
Dissertation, University of Northern
Philippines, Vigan, Ilocos Sur.


Refuerzo, S
.

Q.
(
1998
)
.

Predictors of
faculty
job performanc
e in State Universities in
Region I.
Unpublished Dissertation,
University of Northe
rn Philippines,
Vigan, Ilocos Sur.


Rosal,

Jr.
E
.
R.
(
2004
)
.
The UNP
research
program
: An
a
ssessment.

Unpublished
Dissertation, University of Northern
Philippines, Vigan, Ilocos Sur.


Sagay, T
.

C.
(
1990
)
.

Work habits and
performance of administrators
and
faculty of selected state universities in
luzon
.

Unpublished Dissertation,
University of Northern Philippines,
Vigan, Ilocos Sur.


T
omas, P.

F.
(
2007
)
.
The
research programs
of the State Universities and Colleges of
Region I.

Unpublished Dissertation
,
University of Northern Philippines, Vigan

City
, Ilocos.