U.S. Dept. Agriculture &

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9 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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U.S. Dept. Agriculture &

Agricultural Research Service

Rob
Griesbach

Deputy Assistant Administrator

Office
of Technology
Transfer

Research, Education, and Economics

Catherine
Woteki

Under
-
Secretary



Agricultural Research Service
ARS


Edward Knipling
Administrator



National Institute of Food & Agriculture
NIFA


Roger
Beachy

Director



Economic Research Service
ERS


Katherine Smith
Administrator



National Agricultural Statistics Service
NASS

Cynthia Clark
Administrator
















ARS Mission


To conduct research to develop &
transfer

solutions
to

agricultural problems of high national priority

and
provide information access and dissemination to:




ensure high
-
quality, safe food, and other agricultural
products



assess the nutritional needs of Americans



sustain a competitive agricultural economy



enhance the natural resource base and the environment



provide economic opportunities for rural citizens,
communities, and society as a whole


ARS Research Priorities


Enhance and Protect the Food Supply


Agriculture to Conserve Natural
Resources & the Environment


Food Safety and Nutrition


Agriculture to Fuel America


Infrastructure and Capacity


Sustainable World Food Production

Animal Production

Natural Resources

Crop Production

Human Nutrition


Water Quality &
Management


Soil Resource
Management


Air Quality


Global Change


Rangeland, Pasture
& Forages


Manure & Byproduct
Utilization


Integrated
Agricultural Systems


Bioenergy & Energy
Alternatives



Plant, Microbial &
Insect Germplasm
Conservation &
Development


Plant Biological &
Molecular
Processes


Plant Diseases


Crop Protection &
Quarantine


Crop Production


Methyl Bromide
Alternatives

ARS National Programs


Food Animal
Production


Animal Health


Arthropod Pests of
Animals and
Humans


Aquaculture


Human Nutrition


Food Safety
(animal & plant
products)


Quality and
Utilization of
Agricultural
Products

ARS Profile


1,200+ projects



2,500+ scientists & post docs



6,500 + support employees



100+ laboratories



~$1 billion annual budget

ARS Research Quality Assurance

The Farm Bill of 1998 (PL105
-
185) requires:


ARS research is peer
-
reviewed every 5 years


Majority of panelists are external to ARS


The Peer
-
Review Process:


Managed by ARS Office of Scientific Quality
Review (OSQR)


Peer Panels evaluate research project plan


Emphasizes scientific merit


Does not approve or allocate project funding


Provides advice to improve each project plan

Relevance Planning and Priority Setting:
Sources of Input

ARS


Program

&

Budgeting

Priorities

Executive Branch

(OMB, OSTP, USDA,
other Federal agencies)

Agency Scientists
& Managers

Customers,
Partners,
Stakeholders, &
Advisory Boards

Scientific Community

Congress

Relevance

Research Program Planning
& Priority Setting

customers, stakeholders, partners

ARS National Program Cycle

Relevance

Quality

ARS National Program Cycle

Scientific
Merit

Peer review
of
new
research projects

Relevance

Performance

Quality

Project
Implementation

ARS National Program Cycle

Annual
Reports

posted
ARS Web Site

Relevance

Performance

Quality

(Prospective)

Quality

(Retrospective)

Program
Review
& Assessment

Partners
Customers
Stakeholders

ARS National Program Cycle

Relevance

Performance

Quality

(Prospective)

Quality

(Retrospective)

ARS National Program Cycle

Base funding

reallocation

to priorities


Multidisciplinary teams



Long term, sustainable commitment



Responsive to all stakeholders



Capable of rapid response &

resource reallocation

ARS Research

Holistic

Approach

Diary Cattle

Improvement



Inbreeding Genetics

1906

George Rommel

1915

Sewall Wright

1918
-
1958


1,200 bulls leased

1935

1959

IBM
705 computer replaces


>100 employees & >100 adding machines

5
10
15
20
25
40
50
60
70
80
90
00
Year
Cows (millions)
4,000
7,000
10,000
13,000
16,000
19,000
Milk yield
(pounds/cow)
Bovine
SNP50 Chip


54,00 markers


$25,000 3 years
vs. $150
at birth


70%
vs

35% efficiency

Science In Your Shopping Cart


Beltsville Turkey


Concentrated frozen orange juice


Seedless
grapes


Shrinkproof

wool


Food Pyramid


Nutrient Database


Roma
tomatoes


1
st

blueberry hybrid


Dehydrated
potatoes


DEET


Perma
-
press
fabrics


New Guinea Impatiens


Lactose
-
free
Milk


Glenn Dale azaleas


Super
-
absorbents for diapers


Leather tanning





Principals of

Technology Transfer

James A. Poulos, III

Technology Transfer Coordinator

Office Technology Transfer
Beltsville, MD


Grotto March 21, 2011

Technology Transfer Goals of ARS


Transfer of technology is
primary objective
,
not income


Facilitate research partnerships & adoption
of federal research outcomes for

broad U.S.
public benefit


Protect (patent) intellectual property
primarily

if it enhances technology transfer,


Enhance U.S. economic development, global
competition, and sustainable economic
security

Technology Transfer Mechanisms


Scientific publications, conferences,
workshops, field days


Public
germplasm

releases


National Agricultural Library


Information Staff
-

ARS public affairs,


Ag Research Magazine, news releases,
exhibits, web page.


Transferring research materials to non
-
USDA scientists


Research Partnerships
CRADAs


Patenting / Licensing

Cooperative Research and
Development Agreement

CRADA


partners a Govt. lab scientist with an
outside partner


No Direct funding to
Govt

lab


Mutually beneficial research


Within goals of ARS


Expected outcome is intellectual
property

Cooperative Research and
Development Agreement

CRADA


Can lead to an exclusive license in
technology


Confidentiality up to five years


A positive weighing factor in award
of USDA SBIR


Patent expertise

To partner with economic
development entities to
enhance the effectiveness
& impact of technology
transfer.


To enhance the flow of ARS
technologies to small
businesses & encourage
technology
-
based
economic development.


ATIP Network

David Nicholson
-

PWA

510
-
559
-
5641

David.Nicholson@ars.usda.gov

Bryan Kaphammer
-

NPA

/ SPA

970
-
229
-
5528

Bryan.Kaphammer@.ars.usda.gov

Renee Wagner
-

MWA

309
-
681
-
6565

Renee.Wagner@ars.usda.gov

Victor Chavez
-

NAA

215
-
233
-
6610

Vic.Chavez@ars.usda.gov

Thomas
Valco
-

Cotton Technology

662
-
686
-
5255

CTTEC@ars.usda.gov

Donald Nordlund
-

SAA / MSA

706
-
546
-
3496

Don.Nordlund@.ars.usda.gov

James A. Poulos, III
-

BA

301
-
504
-
6421

Jim.Poulos@ars.usda.gov


David Nicholson


PWA


Renee Wagner
-

MWA

309
-
681
-
6565

Renee.Wagner@ars.usda.gov

Bryan Kaphammer
-

NPA

/
SPA

Thomas
Valco
-

Cotton
Technology

Victor Chavez
-

NAA

215
-
233
-
6610

Vic.Chavez@ars.usda.gov

Donald Nordlund
-

SAA /
MSA

James A. Poulos, III
BA

Goals of ATIP

Provide complementary assets
to
ARS



Guide

local / regional business with research needs to the
appropriate ARS scientist across ARS (CRADA opportunities)


Triage

business
plans of private sector to
seek well
-
qualified
candidates for licensing / research partnerships with ARS


Acquire

marketing assessments on ARS technologies from 3
rd

party sources (business schools, entrepreneur programs, angel
investors, etc.) for targeted marketing


Coordinate

“Technology Showcase” events to facilitate
partnerships with private sector
companies

National Patent Committees

Three
“Subject Matter”
Committees



Life Sciences


Chemical


Mechanical &
Measurement


Meet quarterly



Q1
:

Is there current commercial interest in the invention or a
high probability of commercialization in the future?








Patent Committee Criteria



Q1
:

Is there current commercial interest in the invention or a
high probability of commercialization in the future?



Q2:

Is the magnitude of the market relative


to the cost of commercialization sufficiently


large to warrant a patent?







Patent Committee Criteria



Q1
:

Is there current commercial interest in the invention or a
high probability of commercialization in the future?



Q2:

Is the magnitude of the market relative


to the cost of commercialization sufficiently


large to warrant a patent?


Q3:

Would the patent likely play a significant role in
transferring the technology to the user?







Patent Committee Criteria



Q1
:

Is there current commercial interest in the invention or a
high probability of commercialization in the future?



Q2:

Is the magnitude of the market relative


to the cost of commercialization sufficiently


large to warrant a patent?


Q3:

Would the patent likely play a significant role in
transferring the technology to the user?


Q4:

Would a patent be enforceable, i.e., is the invention
drawn to, or does it employ a unique and readily identifiable
material or device which could be bought or sold?








Patent Committee Criteria



Q1
:

Is there current commercial interest in the invention or a
high probability of commercialization in the future?



Q2:

Is the magnitude of the market relative


to the cost of commercialization sufficiently


large to warrant a patent?


Q3:

Would the patent likely play a significant role in
transferring the technology to the user?


Q4:

Would a patent be enforceable, i.e., is the invention
drawn to, or does it employ a unique and readily identifiable
material or device which could be bought or sold?



Q5:

Is the invention of sufficient scope to justify patenting?






Patent Committee Criteria

0
50
100
150
200
250
300
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Number of CRADAs

New
Active
0
25
50
75
100
262 active CRADAs


Small

Business

US

Business

Outside

Researcher’s

State

Universities

Non
-
profit

Organizations

Large

Businesses

Small

Businesses

323 Active Licenses

39

35

18

6

2%

Beltsville Agricultural Research Center


Animal & Natural Resources Institute


Plant Sciences Institute


Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center


U.S. National Arboretum

Animal/Natural

Resources


Animal Biosciences & Biotechnology


Animal Improvement Programs


Animal Parasitic Diseases


Bovine Functional Genomics


Environmental Management & By
-
Product Utilization


Environmental Microbial Safety


Food Safety


Hydrology & Remote Sensing


Sustainable Agriculture

Plant Sciences



Bee Research


Crop Systems & Global Change


Genetic Improvement of Fruits & Vegetables


Invasive Insect, Biocontrol & Behavior


Molecular Plant Pathology


National Germplasm Resources


Nematology


Produce Quality & Safety


Soybean Genomics & Improvement


Sustainable Perennial Crops


Systematic Entomology


Systematic Mycology & Microbiology


Diet, Genomics & Immunology


Food Components & Health


Food Composition & Methods


Food Intake & Energy Regulation


Food Surveys Research Group


Nutrient Data

Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center


Education and Visitor Services


Floral & Nursery Plants Research Unit


Gardens Unit

U.S. National Arboretum

~$130M


Annual appropriated funds

~$17.5M


Annual soft funds


259

PhD scientists


1000

Total employees

Questions ???