Presentation of the Office of Civil Defense for the Mindanao Economy and Environment Summit, June 4-5, 2012, Davao City

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Presentation of the Office of Civil Defense for the
Mindanao Economy and Environment Summit,

June 4
-
5, 2012, Davao City

“Disaster is a
development issue and
not a humanitarian issue.”






-

WB Institute

SCOPE OF
PRESENTATION


I.
Philippine Disaster Risk Profile

II.
Overview of Disaster Risk Reduction and
Management

III.
Priority Programs and Projects

IV.
DRRM in the Context of Mindanao

V.
Making DRRM Work: Options and Resources


Philippine Disaster Risk
Profile

Philippine Disaster Risk Profile

Over

the

past

decades,

the

Philippines

has

been

labeled

as

one

of

the

most

disaster
-
prone

countries

in

the

world

mainly

because

of

its

geographic

and

geologic

location,

and

physical

characteristics
.




The

country

lies

along

several

active

fault

lines
.

All

over

the

country,

there

are

active,

inactive

and

potentially

active

volcanoes
.

We

record

an

average

of

20

earthquakes

per

day

and

around

100
-
150

earthquakes

felt

per

year
.






Philippine Disaster Risk Profile


Climate

risks

bring

with

it

exposure

to

super

typhoons,

El

Niño
-
related

droughts,

projected

rainfall

change

and

projected

temperature

increase
.



In

addition,

flooding

is

another

hazard

facing

the

country

due

to

rains

brought

about

by

typhoons

and

the

monsoon
.





Philippine Disaster Risk Profile


Aside

from

natural

causes,

the

Philippines

also

experiences

human

induced

disasters
.

These

are

brought

about

by

hazards

that

are

of

political

and

socio

economic

origins

and

inappropriate

and

ill

applied

technologies
.






Philippine Disaster Risk Profile


Many

are

forced

to

evacuate

during

times

of

conflict

and

extreme

weather

conditions
.

People

die

from

floods,

landslides

and

earthquakes

primarily

due

to

the

destruction

of

substandard

buildings

and

inappropriate

location
.

The

health

of

people

is

severely

at

risk

because

of

industrial

and

domestic

waste

that

pollutes

the

water,

land

and

air
.


Philippine Disaster Risk Profile

Major Typhoons and
Impact (2005
-
2011)

Major

Typhoons

Regions
Affected

Amount of
Rainfall/Maxi

mum

24
-
hr.
Rainfall (mm)

Consequence

Impact

Population/

Damage(
PhP
)

1.
TS
Auring

(2005) Regions
IV
-
B, V, VI &
VIII

8 regions

139.8


16

March

98558
-
Guian
Rdr

109.0


18 March

98836
-

Casiguran

Floods,

Landslide

Pop
-
15,638

Agri



11.1 M

Infra


10.0 M

2.
TY
Reming

(2006) Regions

III, IV
-
A, 1V
-
B &
V

4 regions

446.0


30 Nov
.

98444



Legaspi

190.2


30 Nov
.

98536
-

Romblon

Floods,
Landslide, Lahar

Pop


3,536,342

Agri



1,936.2M

Infra


3,512.4M

3.
TY

Mina

(2007) Regions
I, II, III, IV
-
A, IV
-
B, VIII & CAR

8 regions

134.8


25 Nov.
(98328)

129.6


26 Nov
.

98134



Basco
,
Batanes

(98134)

103.6


27 Nov.

Alabat
, Quezon

Floods,
Landslide

Pop


838,061

Agri



460.1M

Infra



659.9M

Major Typhoons and
Impact (2005
-
2011)

Major
Typhoons

Regions
Affected

Amount

of
Rainfall/Maxi
mum 24 hr.
Rainfall (mm)

Consequence

Impact
Population/

Damage
(
PhP
)

4. TY Frank

(2008) Regions I,
III, IV
-
a, IV
-
B, V,
VI, VII, VIII, IX,
X, XI, XII

12 regions

354.0


20 June
(98637)

300.0



20 June
(98538)

Floods

Landslide

Pop
-

4,776,778

Agri


7,481.3
M

Infra


5,856.3M


5.

TY
Ondoy

(2009) Regions I,
II, III, IV
-
A, IV
-
B,
V, VI, IX, XII,
CAR,
ARMM,NCR

12 regions

455.0



26 Sept

(98430)

331.8


26 Sept

Tanay

(98433)

Floods,

Landslide

Pop
-

4,901,234

Agri



6,668.7M

Infra


4,283.5M

6. TY
Peping

(2009) Regions I,

II, III, IV
-
A, IV
-
B,
V, VI, CAR &
NCR

9 regions

258.5


26 Sept

Port Area
(98425)

234.5


26 Sept

Ambulong

(98432)

Floods,

Landslide

Pop
-

4,478,284

Agri

20,494.7M

Infra
-
6,799.3M

Major Typhoons and
Impact (2005
-
2011)

Major
Typhoons

Regions
Affected

Amount of
Rainfall/Maxi
mum 24 hr.
Rainfall

(mm)

Consequence

Impact

Population/

Damage
(
PhP
)

7. TY

Basyang

(2010)

218.0



13 July
Ambulong

(98432)

160.0


13 July

Tayabas,Quezon

(98427)

Floods,

Landslide

Pop


585,383

8. TS
Sendong

(2011)
Regions

VI, VII, IX, X,
XI,
Caraga

&
ARMM

7 regions

180.0


16 Dec

Lumbia
, CDO

230.5


16 Dec

Talakag
,
Buk

Flashfloods

Landslide

Pop


698,882

Agri



444.9

M

Infra

1,677.1M

Damage to Infrastructure

10

3512.4

659.9

5856.3

6799.3

0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
PHP (Million)
Damage to Agriculture

11.1

1936.2

460.1

7481.3

20494.7

0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
PHP (Million)
TS
Sendong

Disaster:
Causes, Effects and Impacts

Heavy

rainfall

in

the

upstream

part

of

the

CDO

river

basin

which

has

8

tributaries

increased

the

volume

and

intensity

of

water

that

flowed

into

the

basin
.

The

combined

effects

of

heavy

rains

and

steep

topography

of

the

catchment,

constricted

waterways

due

to

human

settlement

in

the

sandbars

of

the

river

and

along

the

river

banks,

and

various

debris

(including

logs

in

the

case

of

Iligan
)

caused

the

flash

flood

and

resulting

heavy

casualties
.



TS
Sendong

Disaster:
Causes, Effects and Impacts


In

Region

10

alone,

4

provinces,

26

municipalities,

3

cities,

206

barangays

were

affected
;

70
,
314

families

were

affected/displaced,

1
,
206

were

declared

dead,

181

as

missing,

and

6
,
071

as

injured
.



Total

number

of

damaged

houses

is

placed

at

39
,
888
.

Damage

in

productive,

infrastructure,

human

development

and

other

cross
-
sectoral

concerns

is

estimated

at

PhP

1
.
865
B
.

Total

losses

from

all

sectors

combined

is

placed

at

PhP

733
.
615
M
.


Priority

recovery

and

reconstruction

needs

is

estimated

to

cost

PhP

17
.
488
B
.

Cotabato City waterfront warehouses and residential areas in the aftermath of the 1976 Moro Gulf Tsunami.

17

4
,
000

deaths

2
,
000

missing


8
,
000

injured

Understanding Disaster Risk
Reduction and Management

Hazards become disasters only if vulnerable
people and resources are exposed to them.

Risk = Hazards x Vulnerability / Capacity

Hazard








Vulnerability &


Capacity










Exposure

DISASTER




An

Act

Strengthening

the

Philippine

Disaster

Risk

Reduction

and

Management

System,

Providing

for

the

National

Disaster

Risk

Reduction

and

Management

Framework

and

Institutionalizing

the

National

Disaster

Risk

Reduction

and

Management

Plan,

Appropriating

Funds

Therefore

and

for

Other

Purposes”

Top
-
down

disaster management

Disasters as merely a
function of physical
hazards

Focus on disaster
response and
anticipation

Bottom
-
up and
participative disaster
risk reduction

Disasters mainly a
reflection of people’s
vulnerability

Integrated approach to
genuine social and
human development
to reduce disaster risk

Paradigm
Shift in Disaster
Management

From

DISASTER RESPONSE

The

provision

of

emergency

services

and

public

assistance

during

or

immediately

after

a

disaster

in

order



to

save

lives,



reduce

health

impacts,



ensure

public

safety

and



meet

the

basic

subsistence



needs

of

the

people



affected
.



Disaster

response

is

predominantly

focused

on

immediate

and

short
-
term

needs

and

is

sometimes

called

“disaster

relief”
.



A

systematic

effort

to

analyze

and

manage

the

causes

of

disasters

by

reducing

the

vulnerabilities

and

enhancing

capacities

in

order

to

lessen

the

adverse

impacts

of

hazards

and

the

probability

of

disaster
.

To

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

Living with Risks


Disasters are not the necessary result of natural hazards but occur
only when these natural hazards intersect with built environment
(physical), particularly poorly located and poorly constructed
development, as well as social, economic and other environmental
vulnerabilities.


Natural hazards can not be directly managed. The characteristics of
the built environment and underlying factors of a vulnerable
condition can be managed.


Therefore, the only thing that can be done is to manage the built
environment and address underlying factors or dynamic pressures of
vulnerable conditions to reduce vulnerabilities as well as disaster
risks.







DRRM Framework


The DRRM Law provides a responsive and proactive manner of
addressing disasters through a framework that:


prioritizes community level disaster risk reduction and
prevention focusing on the most vulnerable sectors


s
trengthens local capacities


e
nsures broad
-
based and greater participation from the


civil society, and


a
ddresses the root causes of disaster risks



Key Players in DRRM

National

Government

Local

Government

Community

Civil

Society

DRRM Thematic Areas

and Long
-
Term Goals

National DRRM Plan

As Guide to national and local efforts on DRRM
:


Raise

awareness

and

understanding

among

government

and

the

people

on

the

country’s

DRRM

goal




Show

the

overall

direction

and

set

of

priorities

that

delineates

the

fundamental

elements

and

components

of

disaster

risk

reduction

and

disaster

risk

management

in

the

country



Provide

a

common

direction

towards

addressing

underlying

causes

of

vulnerability

to

help

reduce

and

manage

the

risks

to

disasters



Show

that

DRR

and

DRM

efforts

are

not

isolated

activities

but

are

inevitably

linked

to

the

development

process

and

should

converge

and

contribute

towards

attaining

sustainable

development



National DRRM Plan

Key Programs and Projects:

1.
Establishment

of

DRRM

Training

Institutes

and

flood

early

warning

system

2.
Establishment

of

Local

DRRMCs

and

offices

3.
Hazard

and

risk

mapping

in

the

most

high
-
risk

areas

in

the

country


4.
Institutional

capability

program

on

DRRM

and

CCA

for

decision

makers,

public

sector

employees,

and

key

stakeholders

5.
C
apacity

building

on

PDNA

for

national

government

agencies,

regional

line

agencies,

and

local

government

offices

6.
Review,

amend/revise

the

following
:


Building

Code

to

integrate

DRRM

and

CCA


EO

72

s
.

1993

on

CLUPs

of

LGUs


Various

environmental

policies

(
ie
.
,

EO

26
)

to

integrate

DRRM

and

CCA







DRRM in the
Mindanao Context

Mindanao at a glance


Mindanao is challenged by increasing disaster and
climate risks caused by dynamic combination of natural
and human
-
induced hazards, high degree of
communities’ and people’s vulnerabilities due to
exposure and low risk management capacities


Four (4) of the most disaster vulnerable regions can be
found in Mindanao where 40% of families also live below
poverty line. Incidentally, these are the regions (ARMM,
Caraga
, Western Mindanao, and South Central
Mindanao) also found to be most prone to natural
calamities and unstable peace and security conditions.


Mindanao at a glance


Over the last 3

years,
more than
50 incidences of
flashflood, landslide and flooding have been recorded by
the
OCD
in Region XII
with total
damage in properties
valued
at more or less
P1.8B.


In
the first seven months of
2011,
NDRRMC has
recorded 11 landslide and flooding incidents in Mindanao
that affected an estimated 172,800 families and 283
barangays.


Human
-
induced disasters arising from armed conflict is
recurring in the last 10 years, the latest of which (2008)
led to displacement of more than 700,000 families.


Some Current Initiatives
on DRRM


Implementation of EO 50 revitalizing the development
and management of the Mindanao River Basin (MRB)
through joint efforts of the OCD, the
MinDA

and DENR
-
RBCO


Formulation of the MRB Master Plan


Various capacity
-
building activities to strengthen local
DRR and response management under OCD


World Bank
-
GFDRR and DILG
-
funded technical
assistance to mainstream DRRM and CCA in local
CLUPs and CDPs covering 12 municipalities in the
provinces of
Surigao

del Norte,
Surigao

del Sur,
Lanao

del Norte and Davao del Sur.


Making DRRM Work:

Options and Resources

Disaster Trends and
Implications


Major disasters in the last six (6) years affected more than four
(4) regions. The comprehensive, integrated and cluster
approach in DRRM is a must to optimize scarce response
resources thru multi
-
stakeholders’ participation.


Increasing intensity in rainfall signify both the potential benefit
of water resource to be managed or the threat of losses if not
properly mitigated.


Data
-
sharing and modeling for disaster prevention and
mitigation have become imperatives for long
-
term solutions.


Intensifying damage and loss on infrastructure and agriculture
calls for more effective risk transfer schemes that require
establishing historical data on damage and loss at local,
regional and national levels.

Disaster Trends and
Implications


Increasing damages to infrastructure indicate the
seriousness for the development and upgrading of
engineering solutions (
ie
., retrofitting) and structural
designs through science and worst
-
case scenario setting.
Revisiting the current Building Code is a must.


Widespread agricultural losses warrant the development
of disaster
-
resistant/tolerant
agri
-
systems and improved
farming technology


Increasing number of affected population emphasize the
need for people’s awareness of DRR systems (
ie
., early
warning, drills) and their active participation in DRRM.

Sources of DRR Support


National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
Fund (NDRRMF)


Local DRRM/Calamity Fund (min of 5% of LGU
Budget)


20% Local Development Fund


National Government Agencies Budget on DRRM


Financing Institutions such as BLGF, DBP, etc.


Countryside Development Fund (CDF)


Lump Sum Funds under the Office of the President


Official Development Assistance

The Challenge. . .


Developing
a common understanding of the different
aspects of DRRM
and commitment of stakeholders
to
consider these in national
and local
planning
and
programming.


Acquiring

broad
-
based

appreciation

that

DRRM

is

...


about
lessening the vulnerability and increasing capacities
of
men
and women in communities and
governments;


about
mainstreaming
disaster consciousness in national
and local governance and development efforts;


strongly linked
to climate change
adaptation; and


a
chieved through multi
-
stakeholders partnership.


End of Presentation

Thank you and Good
Day!