Nakiguli Helen Cynthia, Uganda Communications Commission, hnakiguli@ucc.co.ug, hecyna@gmail.com

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9 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

147 εμφανίσεις

Nakiguli

Helen
Cynthia
,

Uganda
Communications

Commission
,


hnakiguli@ucc.co.ug
, hecyna@gmail.com


MODEL POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR E
-
WASTE
MANAGEMENT IN THE EAST AFRICAN
REGION

Outline


Background



SWOT

Analysis


Rationale

of

Model

Policy

for

E
-
waste

Management


Policy

Focus

Areas


Recommendations

2

Background


East

African

Region

Comprises

of

5

countries
-

Burundi,

Kenya,

Rwanda,

Tanzania,

Uganda


Enormous

increase

in

ICT

usage



high

demand

of

used/second

hand

products

due

to

prohibitive

prices

for

the

new

products,


Very

little

statistics

of

e
-
waste

in

East

Africa
-

specifically

only

waste

from

computers

known

from

previous

studies

by

UNIDO

and

EMPA,


No

specific

e
-
waste

policies
.

Uganda’s

recently

acquired,

Rwanda

in

the

making,


Some

initiatives

have

been

done
-

studies,

recycling/refurbishing

centres,


Lack

of

comprehensive

awareness

on

e
-
waste

management,


Inadequate

infrastructure

and

skilled

personnel

3

SWOT Analysis of E
-
waste in the
Region

Strength


Existing

e
-
waste

policy

in

Uganda,

draft

policy

in

Rwanda

and

guidelines

in

Kenya,


Existence

of

e
-
waste

clauses

in

the

hazardous

waste

control

regulations

in

Tanzania,


Ongoing

efforts

by

Burundi

to

establish

e
-
waste

collection

centre,


Recycling

plants

in

Kenya

and

Rwanda,


Governments’

appreciation

of

e
-
waste

management,


E
-
waste

taskforce

in

place

by

EACO

Weakness


Lack

of

regional

statistics

on

e
-
waste

generation,


Inadequate

skilled

personnel,


Lack

of

comprehensive

awareness

programmes,


No

e
-
waste

specific

policies

in

place,


Inadequate

e
-
waste

management

infrastructure,


Weak

enforcement

of

existing

policies

and

regulations

on

e
-
waste,


Priority

on

immediate

pressing

issues


Opportunities


Working

towards

harmonized

policies

and

guidelines,


Global

push

on

e
-
waste

management,


Benchmark

and

information

sharing,


Business

and

job

creation,


E
-
waste,

a

source

of

valuable

resources

Threats


E
-
waste

management

in

not

likely

to

attract

private

investors

because

of

its

economic

non
-
viability

4

Rationale of Model Policy on E
-
waste
management in the region


EACO
-

the

East

African

Communications

Organisation

(
a

regional

body

that

comprises

of

the

national

ICT

regulators,

operators

and

service

providers
;

in

the

telecoms,

postal

&

broadcasting

sub
-
sectors)
;



Realised

the

similar

challenges

of

e
-
waste

in

the

region,


Established

an

e
-
waste

management

task

force
.


The

E
-
waste

task

f or ce

( now

t he

wor ki ng

gr oup

on

environment

and

e
-
waste)


Identified

the

need

for

sustainable

and

adequate

e
-
waste

management

in

the

region,


The

need

for

a

defined

framework

( h a r m o n i s e d

s t r a t e g i e s,

p o l i c i e s

a n d

g u i d e l i n e s ),


D e v e l o p e d

t h e

m o d e l

p o l i c y

f r a m e w o r k

to

guide

the

member

countries

in

developing

and

implementing

their

specific

e
-
waste

management

policies


5

Policy Focus Areas


Legal

and

regulatory

framework


Address

gaps

in

existing

legal

framework

for

e
-
waste,


Standards

in

place

aimed

at

controlling

nature

of

ICT

equipment

imported,


Establish

institutional

framework

on

e
-
waste

management,


Establish

gazetted

areas

for

e
-
waste
-

collection/storage/recycling,


Law

enforcement

regulations

in

place,


Create

and

enabling

environment

for

NGO/CBO

organisations

and

investors


Institutional

framework


Ministry

of

ICT
-

spearhead

the

development

of

the

policy

and

strategy,


Ministry

of

environment/natural

resources
-

incorporate

e
-
waste

specific

regulations

in

existing

environmental

laws

and

regulations,


Ministry

of

Health
-

develop/review

health

and

safety

standards,

guidelines

regarding

e
-
waste,


Ministry

of

investment

and

trade
-

develop/review

standards

on

importation

of

electronics

in

the

region,


Regulatory

bodies

under

the

respective

ministries
-

provide

technical

support

and

guidance

to

the

respective

ministries

(defined

in

the

policy

as

well),


EAC
-

ensure

strong

working

relations

in

the

region,



6

....policy focus areas
ctd
....


Resources
-

Human,

Finance,

infrastructure


Ensure

human

capacity

on

e
-
waste

management

in

place
-

job

training,

introduction

of

relevant

curriculum

in

schools/colleges,


Establish

a

resource

mobilisation

mechanism

to

ensure

sustainability

of

the

e
-
waste

management

system
-

integration

in

national

budgetary

planning,

e
-
waste

fund,

request

for

funding,

business

translation

to

attract

investment,


Put

in

place

e
-
waste

infrastructure
-

manual

dismantling

plant,

recycling,

storage/collection,

treatment

plants

etc,


Private

sector

engagement


Create

enabling

environment

of

appropriate

EOL

management

through

partnerships

and

collaborations,


Establish

PRO

for

all

manufacturers,

importers

and

resellers

of

electronic

waste,


Develop

a

take

back

system,


Encourage,

support

and

sensitise

the

informal

sector
,


Consumers


Establishment

of

an

awareness

framework


7

Recommendations


Government

commitment

and

related

institutions

is

critical,


Consistent

M&E

of

policy

implementation

to

enable

incorporation

of

emerging

issues

like

rapid

changes

in

technology,

changes

in

statistical

data

of

e
-
waste

generation
-

effective

improvement

of

e
-
waste

management

systems,


Strong

partnerships

and

collaborations,


Adequate

awareness

framework,


8

Thank

you