MSG Leaders Declaration on

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Presentation by:

Melanesian Spearhead Group Secretariat

31 October, 2012

MSG Leaders Declaration on
Environment & Climate Change

Melanesia Spearhead Group (MSG)

At a Glance


Established in 1988



Members: Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon
Islands, Vanuatu and the
Kanaks

of New
Caledonia


Purpose


inter
-
membership
trade


exchange of Melanesian cultures, traditions and values


Sovereign equality


economic and technical cooperation amongst members


Alignment of policies in order to further MSG member’s shared goals
of economic growth, sustainable development, good governance and
security

2

Country

Population

(Estimated Figure)

Land Area

(sqkm)

Total GDP
2010 (
US$b
)

GDP Growth
Rate (2011)

PNG

6,732,000 (2009)

452,860

9.8

8.9%

Solomon

Is

530,669 (2010)

27,990

0.67

9.3%

Fiji


837,271 (2007)

18,270

3.2

2.1%

Vanuatu

234,023 (2009)

12,190

0.68

4.3%

Key Melanesia Environment Challenges

3


Threats to the loss of species and bio
-
diversity, and invasion of
species;


Harvesting
and exploitation of natural resources (forestry, fishery,
mining etc.) without suitable environmental and conservation
safeguards;


Soil
erosion and degradation of coastal marine
ecosystems;


Loss
of terrestrial ecosystem and resultant loss of vital water supply,
food and traditional medicine, and employment and income;
and


Impact
of climate change across all sectors of society, and in particular
on and around the low lying islands, which will exacerbate the
impacts of current unsustainable resource use and poor
environmental management



MSG Leaders
signed the MSG Leaders
Declaration on
Environment
and Climate Change
Declaration on 30 March
2012.

1.
Recognise

the

critical

importance

of

a

healthy

environment

for

the

long

term

livelihoods

of

our

people

and

the

need

for

us

to

take

significant

steps

to

ensure

the

management

and

conservation

of

our

unique

ecosystems

and

biodiversity

including

our

tropical

forests,

river

systems,

mountain

and

coastal

ecosystems

and

marine

resources
;

2.
Realize

the

global

importance

and

contribution

of

our

Melanesian

marine

and

terrestrial

biodiversity

to

Global

Biodiversity

and

the

need

for

urgent

and

significant

action

to

conserve

and

manage

these

resources
;


3.
Highlight

that

climate

change

adds

to

the

existing

challenges

of

growing

populations

and

socio
-
economic

development

threatening

the

status

of

our

natural

environment,

and

the

role

of

healthy

ecosystems

as

essential

natural

infrastructure

in

mitigating

and

protecting

us

from

the

impacts

of

climate

change
;


MSG
Leaders’
Declaration
on Environment
&
Climate Change

4

1)
Endorse

the

adoption

of

a

“Framework

for

Green

Growth”

as

the

basis

for

all

development

and

note

the

significance

of

existing

regional

initiatives

such

as

the

Pacific

Mangroves

Initiative,

Coral

Triangle

Initiative

and

other

related

initiatives

supported

by

donors

and

partners
;

and

2)
Call

for

a

“Melanesia

Blue

Carbon

Initiative”

3)
Announce

the

establishment

of

a


Melanesia

Terrestrial

Commitment


4)
Call

for

the

development

of

a

Melanesia

Green

Climate

Fund

5)
Commit

to

a

significant

MSG

role

in

Environment

and

Climate

Change

issues

by

formalizing

an

MSG

Environment

and

Climate

Change

Ministers

meeting,

an

MSG

Environmental

and

Climate

Change

Technical

Advisory

Group

and

an

Environment

and

Climate

Change

Unit

in

the

MSG

Secretariat

Declaration

5

MSG Green Growth Framework

Overall
objective
:

Enhancing economic growth and development
through the avoidance of loss of biodiversity and
unsustainable use of natural resources, and the
prevention of environmental degradation with a view
to improving society

s welfare

6

Potential areas of focus national green growth
at the national level


Integration of green growth opportunities into
national
planning


Better integration of national sustainable development policies, including climate
change mitigation and adaptation (and others such as DRR, social development,
poverty reduction, infrastructure)


Promote innovative financing mechanisms


Fiscal and budgetary reforms to promote more sustainable production and
consumption, and to finance a green growth transition


Promote best available technology transfer


Promote eco
-
efficiency in the productive sector such as SMEs


Traditional governance for resource conservation


Public outreach





7

Key sectors of a Green economy


Mining


Forest management


Fisheries


Energy


Agriculture


Manufacturing


Infrastructure and transport


Tourism


Important role for government is to create an enabling environment for
private sector led green growth.

8

Dual Consultative modality

9

Melanesia Blue Carbon Initiative


Call for a
“Melanesia Blue Carbon Initiative”

that recognizes the
significant role of mangroves, wetlands, coastal swamps and sea grass beds
in sequestering carbon as well as other inherent benefits such as coastal
protection and food security. This initiative will inform decision makers in
Melanesia on the scale and value of these important areas as well as a
strategy to conserve and manage these resources.


10

Draft Proposals


Proposal 1:
Identification of the contribution of Melanesian blue carbon
in the global carbon storage and fluxes.


Proposal 2
: Awareness raising on the role of blue carbon in carbon
sequestration in relation to climate change.


Proposal 3:

Identify funding opportunities to support the protection
and management of mangroves,
seagrass

and other coastal ecosystems as a
contribution to global mitigation efforts.


Proposal 4:

Monitoring and evaluation of the change of the extent and
value of blue carbon resources


11

Melanesia Terrestrial
Commitment

Commitment to…


Conserve and Manage


Forests


Major water catchments and river systems


Mountain and coastal ecosystems


Sustainable Land use practices


Agriculture


Development


Engage and Support traditional landowners


Manage and conserve their environment



12

Recognizing communities role with the
environment

-
Communities

are

owners

or

caretakers

of

environment

goods


-
Development

and

conservation

partnerships

-
Commit

communities

to

management

of

natural

resources

-
Support

governance

structures

-
Long

term

engagement

-
Spreads

benefits

of

development

or

resource

boom

beyond

resource

owners


13

Melanesia Green Fund


Development

of

a

Melanesia

Green

Climate

Fund

and

matching

national

funding

mechanisms

to

be

resourced

by

climate

change

mitigation

and

adaptation

funding

and

other

innovative

mechanisms

including

investments

from

the

mining

and

extraction

industries

and

private

sector,

that

will

support

the

implementation

of

the

Melanesia

Terrestrial

Initiative

and

related

marine

activities

to

undertake

climate

mitigation

and

adaptation

action



Establishiment



Seed

funding


Contribution

by

other

development

partners




14

Conceptual thoughts on Climate Fund

Sub
-
regional
entry point

National pool

Community
input


Regional partnerships



Cross country focus


Supporting National environment
development focus


Access into communities


Partnership in Green Growth process


Pacific Islands Regional Multi
-
Country
Coordinating Mechanism
proposal

15

Useful Lessons

16


All of the Countries in the MSG have developed National
Adaptation
Programme

of Action (NAPA
).



Many adaptation programmes at community level


Vanuatu


Community Pilots,
Tegua

Relocation &
Paama

Rainwater Harvesting
projects



PNG


focus on 6 priority area s
-

Coastal
flooding, sea
-
level
rise
,
Inland flooding,
Landslides, Malaria and vector
-
borne diseases, Agriculture yield and damage to coral
reef.



Fiji
-

AusAid

Building Resilience Project


Ba and
Macuata

Province
-

to
protect and
improve coastal ecosystem services and support long term food security, livelihoods
and the well being of the Fiji an communities through activities that reduce
community vulnerability to the effects of climate change.



Challenges

17


High cost of travel to outer islands


will be a deterrent
to spreading
projects


Enhance
public education and awareness raising on climate change.


Strengthening
institutional mechanisms within members to
coordinate CC
issues


Harmonization
of climate change
-
related programmes, projects and
initiatives.


Coordination
of stakeholders and their activities at the donor
-
government level and down to the planning and implementation of cc
related
programmes



Way Forward……MSG

18


Establishment of Environment and Climate Change function
within the Secretariat


Initial 2 years support from the German Government though GIZ



National Consultations undertaken on the Draft Frameworks
and working with key Partners UNESCAP, IUCN, GIZ, SPC



Endorsement by MSG Environment and Climate Change
Ministers Meeting



Endorsement by MSG Leaders


2013