GREEN GROWTH FOR

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9 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 3 μέρες)

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1


GREEN GROWTH FOR
SUSTAINABL DEVELOPMENT

in CAMBODIA




2
nd

GREEN MEKONG FORUM




Bangkok, Thailand, 21 Oct 2013




Prepared by:
DANH
Serey
, Deputy Secretary
-
General


General Secretariat for Green Growth


Ministry of Environment


E
-
mail
:
danhserey@yahoo.com


HP
: 855
-
16 821 353


Climate Change issue refers to a global warming, increase
in temperature, heat wave, drought, sea level rise, increase
in salinity, shortage of fresh water, icy melting, flood, arid
soil, soil degradation, worn
-
out of soil
fertilizer
.



Human
activities and natural disasters posing major
concerns and challenges, such as insecurity of food,
energy, economic and financial, social instability and a loss
of ecological balance for both the developed and
developing countries, as well as the whole world.


Excessive potential use of natural resources, the growing
population, and industrial growth also exerts strong
pressure on environment that causes imbalance between
economic growth, and natural resources conservation,
especially biodiversity, forest, fishery, water resource,
mines, and land
.


To solve these problems, Cambodia established many
environmental legal frameworks and policies particularly
green growth policy for ensure sustainable development.



A
-

Laws and Regulations


Constitution Law 1993


Law
on E
nvironmental
P
rotection
and
Natural
R
esources
M
anagement
, 1996


Law on Protected Area Management, 2008


Law on Biosafety, 2008


Sub
-
decree
on EIA Process,
1999


Cambodia
ratified the
UNFCCC , 1995
and the Kyoto Protocol ,

2002.


Global Green Growth Institute Agreement, 2012


Mekong Agreement, 1995


B
-

Policies


Rectangular Strategy Phase III, 2013
-
2018


National
Policy on Green Growth,
2013


National Strategy Plan on Green Growth
2013
-
2030


Rectangular I: Promotion of Agriculture Sector

Side 4: Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Base on this rectangular, the RGC will place priority on:


Stepping

up

cooperation

with

relevant

development

stakeholders

under

the

framework

of

the

“National

Po汩捹



G牥en

Growth”

慮a

瑨t

“National

S瑲a瑥t楣

Pl慮



G牥en

G牯w瑨

㈰ㄳ
-
2〳0


瑨t潵oh

瑨t

摥癥汯灭e湴



牥r畬慴潲y

f牡浥r潲ks

慮d

浥m桡湩h浳

景r

c慲扯n

瑲ad楮g

s瑲e湧瑨n湩湧

瑨t

捡c慣a瑹,

灲e灡牡r楯n

慮d

業p汥浥湴慴n潮



climate

change

adaptation

measures,

assessment

of

the

scope

of

the

use

of

environmental

financing

mechanisms

including

payment

for

environmental

service

and

environmental

fund,

strengthening

the

management

of

protected

areas

including

protection

of

biodiversity,

rain

forest,

and

wetland

areas
;

and

environment

and

ecosystem

monitoring

and

control

mechanism

at

both

national

and

sub
-
national

levels
.


Climate
change from mitigation to adaptation measures is part of
Cambodian green growth focusing on the coherent and balanced
integration of economic, environmental, social and cultural
dimensions into the overall national development plan and
processes.


Climate
change is to achieve green growth goals, i.e. low carbon
growth and development resilient to climate
change.


The
Royal Government of Cambodia has placed a top priority on
green growth with environmental sustainability as the core for the
achievement of Cambodia Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
and poverty reduction.


Green
Growth Institutions have been established: National Council on
Green Growth (NCGG); General Secretariat for Green Growth (GSGG)
in
2012.

NCGG

Division of
Administration
and Finance

Division of Green
Environment and
Natural
Resources

Division of
Green Economy
and Investment

Division of
Evaluation and
Monitoring

GSGG

Green Growth Road Map focuses on:

1.
Access to Water Resource
Management and Sanitation

2.
Access to Food Security
(Agriculture) and non
-
chemical
products;

3.
Access to sustainable land
-
use

4.
Access to Renewable Energy and
Energy Efficiency

5.
Access to Information and
Knowledge

6.
Access
to Means for Better
Mobility

7.
Access to Finance and Investments


All of these have been integrated into
the national green growth policy and
strategy.


The National Policy on Green Growth
was approved by RGC on 1 March
2013.


The policy is envisaged to strike
balance of economic development
with environment, society, culture
and sustainable use of national
resources through integration,
matching and adaptation, as well as
harmonization between a green
growth principle and national policy.


The
policy aims at enhancing the
well
-
being and livelihood of all
people in harmonization with
ecological safety through green
growth
, basing on green economy,
blue economy, environment
protection, social safety nets system
and uphold of national cultural
identity.

.


In
order to achieve the
GG goals,main
strategies are
as follows:



1
-
International
and National
Collaboration
and
Coordination

3
-
Harmonization
of Green Growth in
the Economy,
Society
, and
Culture


2
-
Study,
Research
and
Data Analysis

4
-

Human
Resources
Development

GREEN
GROWTH
GOALS

5
-
Sustainable
Green
Technology
Development

National
Strategy Plan on Green Growth 2013
-
2030
was adopted by RGC on 1 March 2013.

The strategy needs
to improve green growth
by focusing strategic direction includes
:




1
-
Green
Investment and Green Jobs Creation

2
-
Green
Economy Management in balance



with Environment

3
-
Blue
Economy Development
with



Sustainability

4
-
Green
Environment and Natural Resources



Management

5
-
Human
Resources Development and Green



Education

6
-
Effective
Green
Technology
Management

7
-
Promotion
of a Green Social Safety System

8
-
Uphold
and Protection of Green Cultural



Heritage
and
National
Identity

9
-
Good
Governance on Green Growth



(i). Green
Investment and
Green Jobs
Creation



Encourage investors to take green growth
into account and create jobs with green
technology use.


Investment
in Efficient Use of Natural
Resources


Effective
Management of Finance in the
Public and Private
Sectors

(ii). Green
Economy
Management in
balance with
Environment



Green Fiscal
Management


Management
of Green Monetary Policy


Management
of Payment for Environmental
Services


Effective
Revenue
-
Expenditure
Management

(iii).
Blue
Economy
Development
with
Sustainability



Blue
Economy Management and
Development


Monitoring
on Marine
Pollutants


Ensuring
Marine Food Security


Reducing
Greenhouse Gas Emission and
Climate Change Adaptation

(iv).
Green
Environment
and
Natural
Resources
Management


Green Agriculture, Food Security, Food Safety and
Hygiene


Sustainable Water Resources Management


Effective Management of Energy and Renewable Energy


Management and Sustainable Land Usage


Conservation and Sustainable Fishery Management


Infrastructure Development and Green Transports


Green Tourism Development


Environmental Quality
Improvement

(v).
Human
Resources
Development
and Green


Education


Promoting Green Growth in a Formal
Systematic
Education


Promoting
Green Growth in a Non
-
Systematic Education


Exchanging
green knowledge, experience
and technology


Dissemination
and Education through
Media

(vi).
Effective
Green
Technology
Management


Equipping
Green
Technology


Training
on Green
Technology


Green
technology
Investment

(vii).
Promotion
of a Green Social
Safety System



Green Culture Social Safety


Social Protection

(viii).

Uphold
and
Protection of Green
Cultural
Heritage
and National
Identity


Uphold and Protection of Green Culture


Green Cultural Heritage Conservation


Enhancement of Intangible Cultural
Heritage


(ix).


Good
Governance on
Green
Growth


Promote cooperation on good governance
between national and international green
institutions


Preparing legal framework and policy


Human Capacity Building


Mobilize finance and development funds


Enhancing Transparence, Accountability,
and Responsibility

1.
Intergrade
green growth principles
into NSDP
2014
-
2018.

2.
Capacity Building on Green Growth

3.
Develop
the
Green Growth Law

4.
Technical and financial supports for
apply the priority projects as
mentioned in the annex of the
national strategic plan 2013
-
2030