Fish out of Water


9 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Fish out of Water

Fresh Water & Sustainability

Is water a human right?


Water ownership

Water sources

Water in

Is water a human right?

Canada refused to recognize the
right to water, until 2 months ago.

Facts on Global Water

Nearly 1 billion people do not have access to safe drinking water

Contamination of water for domestic use is closely linked to lack of adequate

Almost one fifth of the world's population (about 1.2 billion people)
live in areas where the water is physically scarce. One quarter of
the global population also live in developing countries that face
water shortages due to a lack of infrastructure to fetch water from
rivers and aquifers.

Health Concerns

Diarrhoea is the leading cause of
illness and death, and 88 per cent
of diarrhoeal deaths are due to a
lack of access to

Health Concerns

in 5 children who die before age 5 worldwide, die
of a water related

related illness kills more people each year
than wars and

Nearly 80% of illness in developing countries is
linked to poor water and sanitation conditions.

Social Considerations

with safe,

, girls are more likely to stay

Social Considerations

for collecting water, falls mostly to
women and children

Social Considerations

are primarily responsible for caring for
people with water
related diseases, leaving
them at greater

Economics of Water

In Africa, every dollar invested in water and
sanitation results in an economic return of $

1% increase in female secondary schooling
results in 0.3% increase in economic

Global Response

In 2010 the UN General Assembly voted in
favour of
human right to water and

Global Response

2012, the UN met its
Development Goals call for halving the
number of people without access to safe
water and basic sanitation.

Water Sources

covers nearly three
quarters of the earth's surface. There is also
water in the atmosphere and underground. It is mainly in oceans but is
also found as rivers, lakes, snow and glaciers. In fact, over 99% of all
fresh water is found in glaciers, icefields, or underground

Water Sources


collecting on the ground or in a
stream, river, lake, or wetlands,

Water Sources

The Great Lakes are a vast shared
resource containing a significant portion of
the world's freshwater. The Great Lakes
provide the foundation for billions of
dollars in economic activity, and they are a
direct source of drinking water for millions
of Canadians.



: water found underground in the cracks and
spaces in soil, sand and rock; and

water: water present in the atmosphere either as a
solid (snow, hail), liquid (rain) or gas (fog, mist).

Usage of water

Water works for us in many ways, making
our lives easier and more enjoyable. But
we must take great care not to overuse
and abuse this precious resource.

Water is a basic necessity of life, not only
for people but for every type of plant and
animal as well. Water accounts for about
65% of our body weight. If we lost as little
as 12% of it, we would soon die.

Usage of Water

Water played

and continues to play

special role in the growth of our nation. The fur
trade, which stimulated the exploration of
Canada's vast interior, was totally dependent on
water for transportation. Water powered the grist
mills and sawmills along small and large rivers in
the Maritimes and Upper Canada, making
possible the production and export of grain and
lumber, two early economic staples. As
Canadian industry diversified, water was put to
new uses: as a coolant, a solvent, a dispersant,
and a source of hydroelectric energy.

Types of Water Use

The most obvious and immediate uses occur in its
natural setting. They are called instream uses. Fish live
in it, as do some birds and animals, at least part of the
time. Hydroelectric power generation, shipping, and
based recreation are other examples of human
instream uses.

Types of Water use

The greatest number and variety of water uses occur
on the land. These are called withdrawal uses. This
term is appropriate because the water is withdrawn
from its source (a river, lake or groundwater supply),
piped or channelled to many different locations and
users, and then is collected again for return to a lake,
river or into the ground. Household and industrial
uses, thermal and nuclear power generation, irrigation
and livestock watering all fall into this category

Water Use in the Future

As time goes on, more and more water users will
compete for what remains the same finite
supply. This implies increases in water efficiency
and conservation and doing even more to
restore its quality after use.

We must learn to use only what we need, and
need what we use. In the words of one
conservation slogan: "Let's keep it on tap for the

Who Owns Canada's water?

Under the Constitution Act (1867),
the provinces
are "owners" of the water resources
and have
wide responsibilities in their day
management. The federal government has
certain specific responsibilities relating to water,
such as fisheries and navigation, as well as
exercising certain overall responsibilities such as
the conduct of external affairs.

Who Owns Canada's water?

Recognizing the need for better environmental
management, the federal government passed
the Canada Water Act in 1970 and created the
Department of the Environment in 1971,
entrusting the
Inland Waters Directorate with
providing national leadership for freshwater

The Federal Water Policy, the first of its kind in Canada,
the policy was formulated after several years of intensive
consultation, both within and outside the government. It
addresses the management of water resources,
balancing water uses with the requirements of the many
interrelationships within the ecosystem.

Water is a remarkable substance. Although a simple
compound, it shrouds two
thirds of the planet, caps the
poles and pervades the air we breathe. It is the genesis
of and the continuing source of life.
Without water,

indeed, all forms of life on Earth

would perish.

The overall objective of the federal water policy is to
encourage the use of freshwater in an efficient and
equitable manner consistent with the
social, economic
and environmental needs of present and future

We must now start viewing water both as a key to
environmental health and as
a commodity that has real
, and begin to manage it accordingly.

The key innovation is to recognize the value of the

both by promoting the
realistic pricing of
used, and by respecting the value of recreational
water uses and other similar uses where direct charges
are not applicable.

The policy stresses that government action is not
enough. Canadians at large must become aware of the
true value of water in their daily lives and use it wisely.
We cannot afford to continue undervaluing and therefore
wasting our water resources.

The management of potable drinking water and wastewater on First
Nation reserves is a shared responsibility between First Nations and
the federal government. Programs and services for providing clean,
safe and secure water on reserves are provided through First Nation
band councils, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) and
Health Canada (HC), including an advisory role to INAC by
Environment Canada (EC). Details on the various roles and
responsibilities can be found on


Infrastructure Canada programs also provide funding for water
infrastructure in First Nations communities.

For more details on Health Canada's activities under the First
Nations Water Management Strategy visit the "First Nations, Inuit
and Aboriginal Health" page on their Website.

Selling Canada’s Water

Where does our water come from?

How much water do we use?

While many wish for 20

per day…

Canadians use:

In their homes alone,
300 litres
water per person per day. Canada’s water
consumption per capita was over nine
times greater than that of the U.K


and the USA

in water

Where do we use it?

And Urinals!!!

Improving our use of H
O in

about how much water you use

each day

could you reduce the amount of
treated water you use?

How as educators can we influence
water stewardship in our schools?

Fish out of water thank you for
your attention.