Eco-Labels, International Standards,

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Eco
-
L
abels
, International
S
tandards
,
Energy
E
fficiency
B
est
P
ractices
for
SMEs

Zdravko Georgiev, Sofia Energy
Agency SOFENA

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Content


Background


Eco
-
l
ables


International standards


Voluntary agreements


Best practices on energy
e
fficiency

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Background

1997

2002

2004

2005

2006

2009

Kyoto
Protocol

EPBD

CHP

Emission
Trading

Eco
-
design

Energy
End Use

RES

2010

New EPBD

2020

20
-
20
-
20

Targets

EE
Directive

Energy
Lables

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Voluntary schemes


Eco
-
lables


Standards


Voluntary agreements


Best practices

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Eco
-
Lables


Mandatory labelling


EU Energy Labelling



Voluntary labelling


EU Ecolabel


EU Energy Star programme

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Standards for eco
-
lables


ISO 14020
-

Environmental labels and
declarations
-

General principles


ISO 14021
-

Self Declared Environmental Claims,
1999 (Type II labels / declarations)


ISO 14024
-

Type I Environmental Labelling

Principles and Procedures, 1999


ISO 14025
-

Environmental labels and
declarations
-

Type III environmental declarations
-

Principles and procedures

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Eco
-
Lables

Principles


Shall be reliable and verifiable, based on scientifically correct approach
and studies


Shall not create trading barriers


Procedures, methodologies, criteria shall be public


All life cycle aspects shall be considered


Interested parties shall be involved


Innovation shall be supported


Administrative procedures for labels awarding shall be restricted to a
technical assessment of the compliance with awarding criteria


Labels to be applied on products or on packaging to declare
environmental performances or specific characteristics of the product


Verified by a third party


International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

EU Energy Labeling

Directive

2010
/
30
/EU

on

the

indication

by

labelling

and

standard

product

information

of

the

consumption

of

energy

and

other

resources

by

energy
-
related

products


The

Directive

covers

any

good

having

an

impact

on

energy

consumption

during

use
.

These

products

do

not

consume

energy

but

"have

a

significant

direct

or

indirect

impact"

on

energy

savings
.

Examples

are

window

glazing

and

outer

doors
.



The

directive

is

framework

but

the

Commisssion

provides

regulations

for

TV

s,

refrigerators,

dishwashers

and

washing

machines,

etc
.


International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

EU Energy Labeling

Show energy efficiency in household
appliances, helping the consumer to
choose more efficient equipment and
save money


Contain information related
to the use of
energy or other resources: e.g. water
consumption


Energy labels are mandatory for all
appliances placed on the EU market and
should always be clearly displayed on
each appliance at the point of sale

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Eco
-
Lables

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

EU Eco
-
label

The EU
Ecolabel

helps you identify products and
services that have a reduced environmental
impact throughout their life cycle, from the
extraction of raw material through to
production, use and disposal.
Recognised

throughout Europe, EU
Ecolabel

is a voluntary
label promoting environmental excellence
which can be trusted.

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

EU Eco
-
label


The EU
Ecolabel

scheme is a commitment to
environmental sustainability.


The criteria have been developed and agreed
upon by scientists, NGOs and stakeholders to
create a credible and reliable way to make
environmentally responsible choices.

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

EU Eco
-
label


The EU Eco
-
label is an official label managed by the
European Commission which certifies that a product
or service is of good environmental quality and
guaranteed technical performance


An eco
-
labelled product generates less
environmental impacts on air, water, soil and
human health


Throughout its life cycle, f
rom

raw material
extraction to end of life (“from cradle to grave”)


Added value: usage cost generally lower than
average


International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

EU Eco
-
label


With only a modest 5% market share for EU Eco
-
labelled

products
in the European Union, the savings compared to typically
performing versions (standard product) would be substantial :

Source: « The Direct and Indirect benefits of the Eco
-
label », AEAT in Confidence, 2004

RESOURCE SAVED /AVOIDED PER YEAR

Amount saved per year


Electricity

14,700,000 kWh


CO
2

produced from energy use

9,318,000 tonnes CO
2


Water use

12,285,000 million litres


Reduced use of hazardous substances

13,800 tonnes


Material savings (other than hazardous
substances)

530,700 tonnes


Reduced discharges to water

30,400 tonnes COD


Reduced air pollution

17,500 tonnes pollutants

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Green Buildings


British
-
based BREEAM


DGNB in Germany


LEED
-

USA

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

EU Eco
-
label

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Energy Star


The ENERGY STAR is a voluntary
appliance specific label, identifying to
consumers appliances (office
equipment) that meet certain
standards regarding energy efficiency.


Orginally introduced
by the US EPA in 1992. In 2001 the European Union signed an
Agreement with US EPA to introduce the ENERGY STAR in Europe as well (for office
equipment)


agreement updated 2006


This allows potential partners in the European Union to sign up through the
European Commission, who is responsible for the EU ENERGY STAR Programme

www.eu
-
energystar.org

Energy Calculator

Product Database

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Standards


International


integrated management
systems, including ISO 90001, ISO 14001,
EMAS, ISO 50001, OHSAS, ISO 26000 others

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

ISO 50001 Energy Management

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
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2012
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ISO 50001 Energy Management

Set Criteria for Significance

Identify EnPIs

International
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October

2012
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ISO 50001 Energy Management



Energy Savings = Baseline Energy Use


Post
-
retrofit Energy Use
±

Adjustments




Sourse: Development of Baseline Methodologies in Singapore

Adjustment factors:



Climate



Capacity utilization



System efficiency
(depreciation, others)



Production mix

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

ISO 50001 Energy Management



For buildings: kWh/m
2
,
kWhth
/m
2

(
kWhth
/m
3
),


For hotels: for energy kWh/m
2
, kWh/
guestnight
; for water:
m
3
/
guestnight


(adjusted indicators taking into account that the SPA, swimming pool
or restaurant can accept other clients, not only hotel guests, etc.)



For glass industry: kWh/t melted glass (adjustment factor: % cullet
in the batch, batch moisture, etc.)



International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Energy Benchmarking


Energy benchmarking

-

process of collecting,
analysing

and relating energy performance data of comparable
activities with the purpose of evaluating and
comparing performance between or within entities.



Entities can include processes, buildings or companies.
Benchmarking may be internal between entities within
a single organization, or
-

subject to confidentiality
restrictions
-

external between competing entities


Variables: climate data, product mix, technology, load,
row materials, etc.

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
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October

2012
, Sofia

Voluntary Agreements


LTA


Long term agreements


Cleaner production


Corporate Social Responsibility


Others

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Long Term Agreements


Voluntary agreements are “essentially a contract
between the government and industry, or negotiated
targets with commitments and time schedules on the
part of all participating parties” (IEA, 1997a).


These
agreements typically have a long
-
term outlook,
covering a period of five to ten years, so that strategic
energy
-
efficiency investments can be planned and
implemented.


A
key element of voluntary agreements is that they
focus the attention of all actors on energy efficiency or
emission reduction goals.

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Long Term Agreements

O
ver
300
Environmental voluntary agreements have
been negotiated
between national governments and industry in
Europe


NGO
agreement programs

such as
PEW’sBusiness

Environmental
Leadership Council,
WWF’sClimate

Savers



Government
programs focused on individual companies

such as US
EPA’s Climate
Leaders


Focus
of this talk is on
:


National
-
level agreement
programs


Agreements between industrial companies and/or associations and
governments


Agreements that address energy consumption or greenhouse gas
emissions

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
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-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Long Term Agreement

Source: Lynn
Price

International
Training,
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October

2012
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Cleaner Production

The
measures for cleaner productions include
:


efficient use of energy, water and materials
;


reduction of waste and emissions generation
;


use of renewable energy sources and nontoxic and not harmful for the
environment and human materials
;


continuous

improvement of the environmental awareness of the
staff
, providers
and clients
.

Implementation of the cleaner production approach leads to
reduction of the operative cost, solving of organizational
problems, increase of safety at work and image of the SMEs
.

Cleaner production is defined as the continuous
application of an integrated preventive environmental
strategy applied to processes, products and services to
increase overall efficiency, and reduce risks to humans
and the environment.

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Corporate Social responsibility

Corporate social responsibility is a concept whereby companies
integrate social and environmental concerns in their business
operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a
voluntary
basis.


International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

CP Example in Tourism
S
ector

Key elements of tourism development:

Competitiveness:


Marketing


Financial Management


Operations Management


Human Resources
Management


Information Management


Organization Management


Strategic Planning

Sustainability:


Water Quality Management


Air Quality Management


Wildlife Management


Forest/Plant Management


Visitor Management


Resident/Community

Management


Commemorative Integrity

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2012
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CP Example in Tourism Sector

Policy players and
decision makers at
national/regional/local
level

Healthcare

Transportation

Environmental
protection

Education

Security

Entertainment

Food and
beverage

Crafts

Textile

Infrastructure

Financial sector

Tourism

International
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Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
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October

2012
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CP Example in Tourism Sector

National/regional/local
decision makers

Employees

Funding institutions

Local residents

Tourists

Representatives
of NGOs

Educational units

Representatives of
other sectors

Tourism associations

Others

Accommodation/
Supply Enterprises
Owners/Managers

Key stakeholders for integrated project
implementation

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
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-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

All sectors of the world economy needs
integrated approach for increase of their
competitiveness and sustainability, by including
all stakeholders and employing proven
international practices.


CP and CSR methodologies are in compliance with
the EU strategy for 2020 and at national level


All funding
programmes

of EU member countries
include the issue of CP and CSR

CP and CSR concepts

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
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-
5
October

2012
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Best practices


Best
Available Techniques (BAT) reference
documents, the so
-
called BREFs
-

adopted
under
IPPC


EU Projects for Best Practices

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Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
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October

2012
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Sectoral

BREFs


BREF for the Tanning of Hides and Skins


BREF in the Cement and Lime Manufacturing Industries


BREF for the Ceramic Industry


BREF in the
Chlor
-
Alkali Manufacturing
Industry


BREF in Common Waste Water and Waste Gas
Treatment/
Managment

Systems in the Chemical
Sector


Others:

http://eippcb.jrc.es/reference/

International
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October

2012
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Energy Efficiency BREF

This document addresses energy efficiency improvement in industrial
installations by giving generic guidance on how to approach, assess,
implement and deal with energy efficiency related issues along with
corresponding permit and supervising procedures.

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
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-
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October

2012
, Sofia

Examples of
B
est
P
ractices

Measures

Expected
savings

Payback

Energy Management


instruction,
traning
,
energy review, clear roles and responsibilities,

analysis, etc, ISO
ISO

50001


3
-
10%

Up to one year

Process optimization (equipment,

control
strategies, systems for monitoring and control
)

10
-
15%

Up to
5
years

Energy

efficient lighting

5%

Up to
5
years

Thermal insulation

of buildings

10
-
15%

Up to 10

years

Energy efficiency for motors, pumps, power

factor compensation and others

5
-
10%

Up to
5
years

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia

Thank you for your attention!

International
Training,
Wizard of the Environment: Enterprise Europe
Network,
3
-
5
October

2012
, Sofia