2011 China No. 1 Water Document An overview for Europe

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9 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Dong Yanfei

CEWP Chinese Secretariat

Ministry of Water Resources, People’s Republic of China

9 October 2013


Current Situation

ACHIEVEMENTS:
inspiring
-

remarkable
-

unprecedented


flood control capacity of the main rivers increased
significantly


reliability of urban and rural water supply
improved substantially


farmland water infrastructure witnessed
continuous improvement


water saving and protection strengthened


water and soil conservation promoted


development and utilization of hydro
-
power
provided big benefits


Water ecosystem protection initiated

Xiaolangdi Project

Three Gorges Project

small

watershed

comprehensive

management

at

Dingxi,

Gansu


Time
: Strong seasonal variation in rainfall


June to September sees 60%~80% of annual total

Space
: water abundant in the south & scarce in the north
Mismatch between water availability and water demand


2100 m
3

per capita,


28% of the world average


ranked the 125 in the world

Uneven water distribution

Limited water per capita

Water Resource Issues

Current Situation

Imbalance between water supply and demand

source
-
related water shortage in
northwest, where precipitation is
low and evaporation is high

engineering
-
related water
shortage in southwest , where
rainfall is abundant

quality
-
related water shortage
in the east, where the economy
develops fast

Current Situation

Frequent flood and extreme events


Major rivers are generally well regulated

Emphasis on:
middle and small river floods , typhoon, flash flooding, city water
-
logging,
small
-
sized hazardous reservoirs

Current Situation

Climate change may make this worse


Inefficient water use by agriculture





Food security is of great importance


Irrigation demands about 65% of available water resource in
China


Irrigation infrastructure and technology is poor


Water loss from irrigation is high


Room for significant improvement and water saving


Current Situation

industrialisation, urbanisation and modernisation of agriculture

The water needs of developing China

Future Situation

In a changing climate and with a
growing population

Our Understanding about the Importance of Water


origin
of

life, essence
of

production, basis
of

ecology

3 “OF”

3 “
NATURE”

3 “IN”

public
nature
, basic
nature
, strategic
nature

in
dispensable primary element of modern agriculture

In
commutable basic foundation for eco
-
social development

in
separable safeguarding system for eco
-
environment

improvement


economic
security

ecological

security

national

security


strive to blaze a path of water conservancy modernization with


Chinese characteristics

flood control
security

water supply
security

food

security

6 “security”

3 “view”

view

water conservancy
as

a priority of national

construction

view
farmland water conservancy
as
a key task of

rural infrastructure construction

view
strict water resources management
as

a

strategic move to expedite transformation of the

economic development mode

1 “path



Our Understanding about the Importance of Water

2011 China No1 Document


To accelerate water resources reform and development
across China



Recognises the need to manage water resources over a long
period



Provides funding of 4000 billion Yuan over 10 Years
(= to

470
billion)



The most important water management initiative undertaken
by China


Many similarities with the EU Water Framework Directive

Scale of Investment


Doubles the investment in water conservancy in the coming
ten years to 4000 billion Yuan
=


470 billion


Financed roughly

50% Central

50% Local


2011 China No1 Document

Priorities for investment


Over next 5 years, 1800 billion Yuan


Second five years determined after review


Further 2200 billion Yuan

2011 China
No1

Document

20%

38%

35%

7%

Priorities for water investment 2010 to 2015

Irrigation and farmland conservation
Flood control and disaster relief
Water resource security
Water and soil conservation
Reduce weak links

farmland water management

middle and small river
rehabilitation & small
-
sized
hazardous reservoir
reinforcement

engineering
-
related water
shortage

emergency response for
flood and drought

drinking water security in rural
areas

Priorities

major rivers harnessing

water transfer projects

soil and water conservation
and water ecology protection

hydropower development

hydrology and water
science and technology

Accelerate Development of Water Resource Infrastructure

Priorities


First Red Line


controls water resources utilisation


Second Red Line
-

controls water
-
use efficiency


Third Red Line
-

controls water quality parameters

Linked to Water Functional Zones in rivers and lakes

2011 China
No1
Document

Implement a
strict water resources management
system
-

Three Red Lines



Monitoring and assessment system


Drives accountability for water resource protection


Links directly to senior officials


Strong penalties for non achievement

2011 China
No1
Document

Implement a
strict water resources management
system
-

Governance system



Drives innovation and reform of water resource management

water infrastructure construction and

operation

local water management

systems

water price reform


Innovation and Reform

water resource

management systems

2011 China
No1
Document


Strengthens leadership and knowledge

2011 China No1
Document

strengthen
leadership

clarify
responsibility

mobilise

society

build
capacity

law
-
based
water
governance


We see synergy with the EU Water Framework Directive


We would like to cooperate on key policy development issues to increase joint
capability


These may include


Integrated river basin management


Water scarcity and drought management


Flood risk management and engineering


Water quality and pollution control


Environmental management and sustainability


Regulation and enforcement


Economic analysis and post project evaluation


Institutional capacity building

The China Europe Water Platform will provide the mechanism

Potential cooperation

20


China Europe Water Platform
-

CEWP


Water has been given a very prominent position in China.


The Number 1 Water Document is now being implemented


We have set a ten year plan with very ambitious goals


Water investment will be increased substantially


Construction and management tasks are challenging.


New policy measures are effective and powerful


Need best available knowledge and technology to achieve this



We would like to cooperate on key issues and increase joint capability


We must take water resources management to new level,

if we are to meet the global water challenges

In Summary

Thank you!


And we hope to meet you
again in China