acronymsx - Wireless Sensor Networks

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2 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

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AAADG

General

AAADG

The

AAADG Acronym And Definition Glossary

GINA

Guidance and Inertial Navigation Assistant
, the

open source wireless inertial sensor
mote hardware

contained

within the WARPWING project

OpenWSN

“Open
-
source i浰lemen瑡瑩on of s瑡ndards
-
based pro瑯col s瑡cks for Pireless Sensor
Networks”, the project of the Kris Pister Lab which develops the
ne瑷orking
sof瑷are
used in 瑨is workshop
.
M
ore info:
http://o
penwsn.berkeley.edu/


WARPWING

Wireless Autonomous Robot Platform With Inertial Navigation and Guidance
, the
open source
project

containing the GINA hardware and associated firmware and
software.
More info:
http://warpwing.sourceforge.net/


WSN

Wireless Sensor Network


Hardware

ADC

Analog to Digital Converter

DCO

Digitally Controller Oscillator
, a software configurable clock source

internal to the
MSP430

microprocessor

DOF

Degrees of Freedom

duty cycle

the
fraction

of time something is on or active

EKF

Extended Kalman Filter

GPIO

General Purpose Input/Output

digital pin

I2C

Inter
-
Integrated Circuit
, a standardized communication interface between different
chips on a
printed circuit board

IAR

Integr
ated development environment
used to program

and debug

the GINA motes

IC

Integrated Circuit

IDE

Integrated Development Environment
, a software suite to edit, compile, program,
and debug code

IMU

Inertial Measurement Unit

JTAG

A set of
protocols and
tools for programming and debugging the MSP430

LDO

Low Dropo
ut

linear voltage regulator

LED

Light Emitting Diode

LPM

Lower Power Mode

of the MSP430 microcontroller

mote

a speck of dust; in the S
mart Dust vision, a low
-
power wireless sensor, e.g. GINA

MSP

Short for MSP430F
2618, the 16
-
bit 16MHz microcontroller used on the GINA boards

node

Synonymous to “mote”

P䍂

Printed Circuit Board

PWM

Pulse Width Modulation
, a square wave with a varying duty cycle

SPI

Serial Peripheral Interface
, a standardized
communication interface between
different chips on a printed circuit board

UART

Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
, a standardized communication
interface between different chips on a printed circuit board

XL

accelerometer

Protocols

6LoWPAN

A
working group within the IETF which defines the eponymous protocol to compact
IPv6 headers

Dual stack

Qualifies an operating system which supports both IPv4 and IPv6

EUI64

The 64
-
bit
Extended Unique Identifier

of each mote, it is also the last 64 bits of

an
IPv6 address

HTTP

HyperText Transfer Protocol
, the application layer protocol used by your web
browser to download web pages from web servers

ICMPv6

A pro
tocol suite which contains the
ping

command

IEEE

A major standardization body for communication

protocols

IEEE802.11

Synonymous to WiFi

IEEE802.3

Synonymous to Ethernet, the communication protocol used when connecting to the
Internet using a wire

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force
, a major standardization body

for communication
protocols

IP

In
ternet Protocol
;

there are two versions: IPv4 and IPv6

ISP

Internet Service Provider

LBR

Low
-
power Border Router
, the technical terms for your wireless se
nsor network
gateway
; OpenLBR refers to the LBR implementation within OpenWSN

Prefix

The first 64
bits o
f an IPv6 address, common to a network

Proxy

A server on the Internet which translates between protocols; we use a proxy to
translate IPv4 into IPv6

ROLL

Routing Over Low power and Lossy networks
, the working group within the IETF
which defines the

RPL protocol

Router
Advertisements

The packet sent in IPv6 which indicate to the motes what prefix they should use

RPL

Pronounced “rip
p
l
e
”, the routing protocol designed by the ROLL working group

T䍐

Transmission Control Protocol
, a transport layer
protocol (as is UDP)

TSCH

Time Synchronized Channel Hopping

tunneling

Transmitting IPv6 packets inside IPv4 packet; used to acquire an IPv6 address when
your network is IPv4
-
only

UDP

User Datagram Protocol
, a transport layer protocol (as is TCP)



Soft
ware

GUI

Graphical User Interface

Python

The programming language used to write the software which runs on your laptop

sniffer

A USB dongle which contains a radio chip and only
listens

Wireshark

A computer program which display
s graphically what the sniffer
h
ears