Pre-test Answer Key Key Terms in Web Site Development

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4 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Pre
-
test Answer Key

Ke
y Terms in Web S
ite Development

Ajax

Asynchronous JavaScript and XML

The term AJAX refers to a loose grouping of technologies that are used to create dynamic,
interactive web content.
Using a number of existing technologies together to make quick
and incremental updates to the user inter
face without reloading the entire browser page.
The technologies combined together include the following: HTML or XHTML, Cascading
Style Sheets, JavaScript, the Document Object Model, XML, XSLT, and the XMLHttpRequest
object.

ASP

Application Service Pro
vider

a third
-
party entity that manages and distributes software
-
based services and solutions to
customers across a wide area network from a central data center.

CGI

Common Gateway Interface

A specification for transferring information between a World Wid
e
Web server

and any
program on the client’s computer designed to accept and return data.

Client
-
side

Applications on the World Wide Web that run on the client’s server or computer and are
exec
uted by the browser installed on the client’s computer. JavaScript scripts are client
-
side because they are executed by the client’s browser.

CSS

Cascading Style Sheets


A feature added to HTML that gives both Web site developers and users more control o
ver
how pages are displayed. Allows designers and users to define how different elements, such
as headers and links, appear.

Database


A collection of information organized in such a way that a
computer

program can quickly
access and select desired piece
s of data.

Encoding

Preparing data for storage or transmission by reducing redundancies and complexity.

HTML

Hypertext Mark
-
up Language

The authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web.
A set of tags
that are used to mark up plain t
ext so that a browser application knows how to display the
text.

ISO

International Organization for
Standardization

Sets international standards for computer languages so computers can communicate world
-
wide. Used for multiple international business and

computer standards to ensure a
standard of quality and the ability to communicate.

Java

A high
-
level programming
language

developed by Sun Microsystems

JavaScript

A scripting language developed by Netscape to enable Web authors to design interactive
sit
es

JQuery

A free and open source JavaScript library that is used by Web
developers

to navigate HTML
documents, handle events, perform animations and add Ajax interactions to Web pages

Open Source

A program in which the source
code

is available to the gen
eral public for use and/or
modification from its original design free of charge

PHP

An open source, server
-
side, HTML embedded scripting language used to create dynamic
Web pages

Server
-
side

Applications that run on the Web server such as CGI Scripts.

S
GML

Standard Generalized Mark
-
Up
Language

Establishes a standard for defining mark
-
up languages. HTML is a type of SGML

SQL
-

Structured Query Language

a standardized query language for requesting information from a
database

W3C


World Wide Web
Consor
tium

An international consortium of companies with the Internet and the Web. The W3C was
founded in 1994 by Tim Berners
-
Lee.

XHTML

Extensible Hypertext Markup
Language

A hybrid between HTML and XML specifically designed for Net device displays. XHTML is
a
markup language written in XML and is a stricter and cleaner version of HTML.

XML

Extensible Markup Language

Developed by W3C, XML is a pared
-
down version of SGML designed especially for Web
documents