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5 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 5 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

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A Framework for

Understanding Poverty

By Dr. Ruby Payne


The national poverty rate for children under 18
was 17.6% and 20.4% for children under 5.

Children under 5 in single parent families had
poverty rate of 53.7%, more than 5 times the rate
for children in dual
parent families.

For all races, poverty rate is 17.6%. For minority
families, the rate increases as high as 33.4%.

Poor inner
city youth are 7 times more likely to be
victims of child abuse or neglect.

They are more likely to suffer from developmental
delays, drop out of school, or be a teenage parent.

Yakima School District:

Free and Reduced Lunch: 80.6%

Minority Students: 73.5%

Migrant Students: 19.7%

2009 County Child Poverty Rate: 32.6%

One of the reasons it is
getting more and more
difficult to conduct school
as we have in the past is
that the students who bring
the middle
class culture
with them are decreasing in
numbers, and the students
who bring the poverty
culture with them are
increasing in numbers”

Dr. Ruby Payne

Characteristics of Generational
Poverty at School

Very disorganized, lose
papers, forget signatures.

Bring many reasons why
something is missing.

Don’t do homework.

Are physically aggressive.

Like to entertain.

Only see part of what is on
the page.

Can’t seem to get started.

Cannot monitor behavior.

Laugh when disciplined.

Decide to work in class
based on like/dislike

Don’t know or use middle
class courtesies.

Dislike authority, talk back
and are participatory


Role Models and Support Systems


Instructional Strategies

Creating Relationships

“Two things that help one move out of poverty
are education and relationships.


“Teaching the Hidden Rules of School”

In poverty, discipline is about penance and
forgiveness, not necessarily about change.

Students of poverty need to be taught the hidden
rules for success at school.

The two anchors of any effective discipline program


Discipline should be seen and used as a form of

Discipline ‘Voices’

The Child Voice:

defensive, victimized, emotional, whining

The Parent Voice:

Authoritative, directive, punitive, demanding

The Adult Voice:

judgmental, factual, positive, win

Teaching students to use the adult voice is
important for success in and out of school.

Creating Relationships

Locate a resilient kid and you will
also find a caring adult

or several

who has guided him

Invincible Kids,
US News & World Report)

Emotional Bank Account

(Stephen R. Covey)



Seek first to understand

Seek first to be understood

Keeping promises

Breaking promises

Kindness, courtesies

Unkindness, discourtesies

Clarifying expectations

Violating expectations

Loyalty to the absent

Disloyalty, duplicity


Pride, conceit, arrogance

Open to feedback

Rejecting feedback

Going Through the Grieving Process

“It’s like dealing with the legendary octopus; each time a
tentacle is removed, another appears…. Yet the role of the
educator…is not to save the individual, but rather to offer a
support system, role models, and opportunities to learn which
will increase the likelihood of…success.

Ultimately the choice
always belongs

to the individual.”

Dr. Ruby Payne