Water Resource Management:

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Water
Resource
Management:

Strategic Issues & Perspectives




Fred Van Zyl

Department of Water
Affairs


30 April 2013


1

Assessing 6x key dimensions of Water
Management


Purpose & outcome


The water resource


The reconciliation business


Water governance and management


Enabling actions


Strategic, risk & success factors


The Water Resource Strategy &
Management Model

3

Surface

Groundwater

Re
-
use/return

Sea

Quantity &
quality


2

Focus on
resource

Prosperity

1

Focus on
Outcome

Reconciliation

3

Impact
Management &
governance

4

Enabling

5

1. Purpose, Outcome & Impact


Constitutional requirements, Legal purpose,
Cabinet priorities


National Development Plan & implications


Water security: comfort
vs

concern


Socio
-
economic impacts and risks


Environmental impacts & development concerns


No clear macro alignment & integrated strategies


Water management model incomplete

4

Legal requirement 2: focus on purpose
(as per
NW Act)


Water resources must be:

5

To support
(achieve)

protected

used

developed

conserved

managed

controlled

Basic human needs

Equitable access

Redressing the past

Efficient, sustainable use

Social & economic
development

protecting aquatic ecosystems

Prevent pollution &
degradation

Disasters, dam safety,
international, growth

valued

So........


Outcome focussed:


Social


Economic


Environment


Integrated planning and management


Centrality of water


Strategic partnerships


Effective institutional arrangements

2. Water Resource


Fresh water scarce country


Fresh water @ limit in most areas


Spatial challenges


Serious water quality and ecosystems concerns


Potential water available but @ cost and timeous
effort


Viability implications for sectors/business/consumers


Major water loss, waste, pollution




7

So........


Centrality of water


Improved value system


Stretching water


Water mix and water protocol


Resource protection (quality & habitat)


Sustainable management


Comprehensive investment strategy


Commitment


3. Reconciliation




Water not central to developmental planning


Lack of integrated planning


Lack of integrated governance


Water management resource focused





9

So........


Water account


Centrality of water in planning & decision
making


Integrated planning & governance


Integrated programmes (SIPS, job creation,
reform strategies, food security, energy, etc)


Reconciliation studies & management


Sector accountability

4. Water governance and model


Present focus on fresh water resource (limited focus on
successful outcome)


Focus on infrastructure solutions


poor life cycle
management (sustainable
managment
)


Ad hoc development approach


Limited investment in information, skills, research


Inadequate sector involvement, accountability
inadequate commitment to social & environmental
management and output


Serious business and institutional viability challenges


Inadequate integrated governance


Consumer protection concerns





11

So........


Improved planning & regulation


Integrated governance


Sector mobilization: private sector, civil society,
communities


Institutional arrangements:


CMAs, regional water utilities, etc


Sustainable management


Sector leadership


Operational processes


5. Enabling challenges


Institutional


Financial


Information


Research


Skills, capacity, capability


Policy


Enabling environment


So........


Critical success factors


Sector approach


Investment strategy


Financing model


6. Strategic


Why do people waste & pollute water?


Why are we not performing?


Why lack
of will?


Water footprint


Good governance


Risk management: cost of pollution, water
security, allocations, disaster management

So........


Address:


Culture


Attitude


Will


Values


Obligations


Discipline


Advanced business planning &
managment

7. Tactical issues


Water financing
vs

other sectors financing


Centrality of water (why invest in water?)


Financing model (increased cost/ e
-
toll saga)


Need to address policy aspects (conditions,
enforce asset management)


Management tools


Critical success factors: will ,drive, commitment,
dedicated programmes, accountability


Affordability, viability ?

Sector message


Outcome focus & alignment (strategic
partnerships)


Centrality of water


Water protocol:


Improved governance: sector involvement


Smarter management : water plans, water
footprint


Sector obligations: commitment, planning, water
management, resource protection


Master planning


Pilansberg


Resource balance


Economic & social growth area


Inadequate services


Water quality challenges


Reconciliation study and management


Reserve determination


Infrastructure master planning


Water protocol


Interventions (services)


CMA & forums


Water Boards


4

Pilanesburg

Location
vs

Magalies Water area of supply

AREA OF SUPPLY


New Bulk Water Projects
-

Response to challenges

Limpopo

Gauteng

NorthWest

Additional
Demand

22 Ml/d

Klipdrift

WTW

18 Ml/d (25 Ml/d)

Additional
Demand

> 45 Ml/d

Additional
Demand

> 85 Ml/d

Wallmannsthal

WTW

12 Ml/d

Additional
Demand

< 15 Ml/d

Cullinan

WTW

16 Ml/d

New Klipvoor Dam
Scheme

Additional
Demand

46 Ml/d

Additional
Demand

24 Ml/d

Pilanesberg

Bulk
Water Scheme

70 Ml/d

Pilanesberg North

R860 million

Pilanesberg South

R300 million

New Scheme to Marikana
-
Mooinooi, Rustenburg &
Madibeng

Additional
Demand

> 120 Ml/d

Vaalkop WTW

210 Ml/d

7

3.
Extended development

9

“The difference between a successful
person and others is not a lack of
strength,

not a lack of knowledge,

but rather in a lack of will”


Vincent T. Lombardi


23