for Integrated Water Resources Management:

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

47 εμφανίσεις

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

1

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring



Buren Scharaw


Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis

for Integrated Water Resources Management:

Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

2

About Us




Helmholtz Association







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18 research centers, 34.000 employees

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Funding: 70% by government (90:10 federal/state),


30% by projects

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Topic fields:
Energy ; Earth and Environment ; Health ; Aeronautics,


Space and Transport; Key Technologies


Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research







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located in Leipzig, Halle & Magdeburg; 1000 employees

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Main research topics: Climate and climate change;


biodiversity and land use; water and soil

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Water
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related research mainly in 4 departments:


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River Ecology


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Lake Research


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Catchment Hydrology


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Aquatic Ecosystem Analysis and Management

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

3

Background




Water National Program of Mongolia (2010), Goal 5.2



Develop integrated water resource management planning in Mongolia and establish
possible limits of water to be appropriated from the rivers of high water usage and
demands; develop and secure approval for river basin management plans and provide
for their implementation”



Implementation Perspectives, October 2012




formation of River Basin Councils and Administrations (KRB: 2012 and 2013)



publication of guidelines for River Basin Management Plans (end of 2012;


first draft of KRB MP Sepetember 2013)



creation of relevant departments in Ministry of Environment and Green Development


(Department Green Development Policy and Planning; Department Policy


Implementation)



development of „science
-
based“ River Basin Management Plans (from 2013;


models: Tuul and Orkhon RBMP 2012; Khovd and Buyant RMBP 2010)

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

4

1. The Kharaa River Basin




Kharaa River Basin

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15.000 km²

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part of Selenga RB

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2668 … 654m AMSL

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population: 147.000

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

5

3. Climate, Land Use and Hydrology




Resulting challenge:

water supply for major
water users

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

6

3. Climate, Land Use and Hydrology




Downstream:


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limited water generation

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high water consumption

Upstream:


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runoff and groundwater


generation and retention

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limited water consumption

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

7

Components of the Monitoring Concept

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

8

Water Availability and the Physical Environment

Problem:

Quantifying the impact of global, regional and local




stressors on water availability



Monitoring Solution:


Installation of climate stations


Installation of runoff monitoring


Landuse change scenario models


Downscaling of climate models


Runoff modelling

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

9

Water Availability and the Physical Environment





Schweitzer & Priess 2010

Forest losses




less water retention




more surface runoff / erosion

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

10

Water Quality, Influxes and Contaminants

Problem:

Identification of non
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point and point sources of sediments, nutrients and
contaminants


Monitoring Solution:


Sediment source fingerprinting


Grab sampling campaigns to identify areas with heavy metal input


3 water quality measurement stations

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

11

Aquatic Ecosystem Quality

Problem:

Assessing the ecological status of the Kharaa and its
tributaries


Monitoring Solution:



Monitoring program basing the ecological status of the river


sections on the occurrence and distribution of different


macrozoobenthos and fish species


Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

12

Water and Health

Toxic pollutants

Problems

Ground and surface
water pollution from
industrial and mining
sources



Monitoring approach

Survey of ground,
surface and drinking
water (testing for Pb,
As, Cr, Hg, cyanides)

Microbiology

Problems

Situation largely
unknown



Monitoring approach

Development of a
mobile lab capable of

bacteriological and
virological tests

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

13

Water Use

Problem


Estimation of water total water consumption by different sectors


Monitoring approach


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assessment of urban water demand (input into distribution system and leakage;


consumption in ger vs. apartment areas)


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water demand in the agricultural, mining and industrial sector: estimates


based on production quantities/techniques and livestock numbers

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring


Buren Scharaw

Dietrich Borchardt

Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

14

Daniel Karthe


Philipp Theuring



Buren Scharaw


Dietrich Borchardt


Environmental Monitoring as the Scientific Basis for Integrated Water Resources
Management: Experiences from the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia

Thank you for your attention.

For more information, please see
http://www.iwrm
-
momo.de