ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ANNUAL TRAINING

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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ENVIRONMENTAL
MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
ANNUAL TRAINING



TIFTON, GA

Executive Order 13148

Greening the Government

Through Leadership in

Environmental Management

Course Outline



SECTION ONE


Why do we have an EMS
and what is it anyway?



SECTION TWO


Major Concepts



SECTION THREE


Your participation


SECTION ONE


Why do we have an EMS and
what is it anyway?

What is an EMS?


A framework that allows an organization to
address the effects its operations may have
on the environment.



Key EMS concepts:


Compliance with environmental laws and regs


Pollution prevention (P2)


Continual improvement

Why do we have an EMS?


Required by E.O. 13243


Originated by E.O. 13148



USDA ARS policy



Reduce our environmental footprint



It’s the right thing to do!!

Executive Order 13243


Issued by President Bush on Jan. 24, 2007


Demonstrate environmental leadership within
the federal government


Ensure that Federal agencies adopt lowest
life
-
cycle cost environmental practices


Ensure Federal facilities are responsible
members of their communities


Builds on E.O. 13148 issued in 2000


Benefits of EMS


Improve environmental awareness


Reduce environmental impacts


Resource savings: natural and monetary


Meet regulatory compliance


Better community image


Better communication about environmental
issues

SECTION TWO


Major Concepts of EMS


Plan

Do

Check

Act

The Continuous Cycle


Plan

Planning, identifying environmental
aspects and establishing goals



Do

Implementing, includes training and
operational controls



Check

Checking, includes monitoring and
corrective action



Act

Reviewing, includes progress reviews
and acting to make needed changes

EMS Major Components


Policy/Commitment


Planning


Implementation


Check/Review


Final Management Review/Audit

Tifton EMS Policy


The ARS Tifton Environmental Policy describes our
approach to environmental management. Personnel
should understand that the EMS Policy:



Applies to ALL


Commits to environmental compliance


Commits to pollution prevention


Commits to continual improvement


Is available on the EMS website

Planning Phase


Identify Activities, Products, and Services


List Environmental Aspects of each activity


List Environmental Impacts of each Aspect


Rank Environmental Impacts in order of
Significance


Set goals for improving those items ranked
“Significant”


Definitions


Activities


A major function that is done at
your location


Fuel storage, vehicle operation, building
maintenance


Products


Something you generate at your
location for internal or external customers


Services


An action done for a customer


Custodial






More Definitions


Environmental Aspect (Cause)


Are the
elements of an organization’s activities,
products, or services which can interact with
the environment.



Environmental Impact (Effect)


Is any
change to the environment whether adverse
or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from
an organizations activities, products, or
services.

Tifton’s Activities, Aspects, & Impacts


Laboratory Research



Aspect: Purchasing Hazardous Chemicals


Impact: Generation of hazardous waste


Aspect: Use of Hazardous Chemicals


Impact: Generation of hazardous waste


Aspect: Use of Radioactive Chemicals


Impact: Possible release and the cost for cleanup


Wastewater Discharges


Impact: Potential impact at water treatment plant
from sinks or floor drains


Tifton’s Activities, Aspects, & Impacts


Field Research


Aspect: Application of Agricultural Pesticides


Impact: Generation of hazardous or universal waste


Aspect: Field Plot Maintenance


Impact: Potential contamination of land, water, or
air.


Aspect: Use of Water (Irrigation)


Impact: Depletion of natural resources: surface or
ground water usage, fossil fuel or electricity for
pumps


Tifton’s Activities, Aspects, & Impacts


Facility Construction Projects


Aspect: Construction of Existing Facilities


Impact: Generation of solid and/or hazardous waste


Aspect: Construction of New Facilities


Impact: Depletion of natural resources (fossil fuels,
construction materials)



Tifton’s Activities, Aspects, & Impacts


Facility Operations


Aspect: Office Use of Electronic Equipment


Impact: Generation of recyclable waste (paper,
batteries, toner cartridges)


Aspect: Generation of Hazardous Facility Waste
(spent solvents, used oil, fluorescent lamps, excess
furniture)


Impact: Cost for Disposal


Aspect: Temperature Control of Buildings


Impact: Ozone Depletion

Tifton’s Activities, Aspects, & Impacts


Facility Operations (continued)


Aspect: Motor Vehicle Operations


Impact: Generation of used oil, contaminated rags,
used antifreeze, tires, batteries, and air emissions.


Aspect: Custodial Operations


(Use of cleaning products, paper, water, energy)


Impact: Depletion of natural resources and
contamination of land


Aspect: Grounds Maintenance


Impact: Depletion of natural resources (pesticides,
fertilizer, water use, fossil fuels)


Tifton’s Significant Environmental Aspects


Priority Chemical
Reduction


Purchasing of
Hazardous Chemicals


Use of Hazardous
Chemicals


Application of
Hazardous Chemicals


Office Products/Paper
Consumption



Use of Electronic
Equipment


Generation of Waste
(Hazardous, Solid,
Universal)


Building Temperature
Control


Grounds and Custodial
Operations


Motor Vehicle
Operations

SECTION THREE


YOUR PARTICIPATION

Objectives and Targets


Full Compliance with Regulations


Reduce Waste Streams


Hazardous, Solid, and Universal


Reduce Energy Consumption


Recycle


Green Purchasing


Pollution Prevention


Your Participation


All personnel have roles and responsibilities at the
location for EMS. Your level of participation will vary
according to the work you perform. At a minimum, you
are responsible for knowing:



The commitments of the Environmental Policy


How your job impacts the environment


The procedures/protocols of your job and adhering to
them


The potential environmental impacts of departing from
the procedures of your job


The legal and other requirements of your job




Minimizing Environmental Impacts


Reduce, Reuse, Recycle



Reduce

your use of resources such as
water.
Reuse

resources such as office supplies
Recycle

all
batteries, paper, electronics, toner cartridges, metal scraps, metal
cans, glass and plastic containers, and fluorescent light bulbs, etc.



Purchasing Requirements



Government purchasing agents,
including credit card holders, are required to follow the Affirmative
(Green) Procurement Plan.



Carpool



Conserve fuel by carpooling to field sites or other work
related destinations.


An objective of EMS is to reduce environmental impacts.

Below are ways you can support this objective:

Benefits of EMS

Minimizing environmental impacts help:



Protect human health and the surrounding
ecosystem


Promote a good relationship with surrounding
community and emergency services


Save money through resource conservation


Support the mission by prioritizing
environmental issues and focusing resources
on those with the greatest significance

Top Ten Pollution Prevention Techniques

1. Good housekeeping and
maintenance practices


2. Spill prevention and
preparedness


3. Inventory management


4. Prudent purchasing


5. Waste exchange
programs


6. Alternate cleaning
processes


7. Reduce/reuse process
wastes


8. Process modifications


9. Changes in equipment or
technology


10.Environmentally
preferable purchasing


RECYCLING


ARS Tifton
IS

a recycling facility.


We recycle our….


Office Products


Plastics


Glassware


Steel, Tin, or Aluminum cans


All Batteries


Electronic Equipment


Cardboard

Recycling
-

Office Products



Examples: Newspapers, catalogs, files, copy paper,
colored paper, binder dividers, letterhead, forms,
invoices, envelopes, index cards, phone books,
post
-
it notes, shredded paper, construction paper,
wrapping paper, paper with labels attached, packing
paper, and much more.




Each program/lab is responsible for deciding how best to collect

their recyclables. Paper recycling bins are available, at no charge,

for your building or office. Contact Tom Maze at 386
-
3496.


Almost any paper product that can be easily

torn can be recycled!!

Recycling


Glass and Plastic



Examples: Glass solvent bottles, broken beakers and
flasks, plastic jugs and tubs, drink bottles, etc.


Each program/lab is responsible for deciding how best to collect

their recyclables. Collection sites have been established for each

Unit. Pickups are done on an as needed basis.


Any glass or plastic product that can be

easily rinsed can be recycled!! All colors of glass and

any type of plastic are OK!!

Recycling
-

Lab Glass/Plastic


All lab glassware and plastic must be TRIPLE rinsed
before recycling. The rinse waste created from
particularly hazardous chemicals/solvents should be
collected as hazardous waste. These may include
but are not limited to methylene chloride, chloroform,
phenol, ether, etc. Most acid, base, salt, and
alcohol rinses can go down the drain after proper
neutralization. Use common sense or when in doubt
-

ASK SOMEONE!!






Each program/lab is responsible for deciding how best to

collect their recyclables. Broken glass containers can easily be

converted to recycling containers.


KEEP GLASS AND PLASTIC SEPARATE

Hazardous Waste


A waste with properties that make it dangerous,
or capable of having a harmful effect on human
health and the environment.



Many of Tifton’s labs produce hazardous wastes
in their daily activities. Please continue to follow
proper collection and disposal techniques.



Know what you are working with and dispose of
it properly!


Universal Waste


Universal waste regulations streamline
collection requirements for certain hazardous
wastes into the following categories:



Batteries


Pesticides



Mercury
-
Containing Thermostats


Lamps




eCycling


Recycling Old Electronics


Do you know what to do with old computers,
copiers, scientific equipment, televisions, etc?



“Plug
-
In To eCycling” is a consumer
electronics campaign working to increase the
number of electronic devices collected and
safely recycled in the United States.



Launched in January 2003, as part of EPA’s
Conservation Resource Challenge.

Your Waste Contact


For more information about hazardous
wastes, universal wastes, or recycling or
disposal of electronic equipment, please
contact:


Tom Hendricks, Collateral Duty Safety Officer,
(229) 387
-
2392.

Tifton’s Universal Waste Shipment

Georgia Clean Day


The Georgia Department of Agriculture
organizes the program which gives everyone
an opportunity to discard old, unusable, or
cancelled pesticides at no charge.



ARS Tifton has taken advantage of this great
opportunity to dispose of unwanted pesticides
here on our campus.

Tifton’s Georgia Clean Day Items

Spill Prevention



Spills generate waste!!



By preventing spills,
you can prevent
hazardous releases
and avoid associated
disposal costs.


To Avoid Accidental Spills…


Train employees in proper
use of chemicals,
apparatus, instruments,
and tools



Use pipetting aids,
spigots and pumps
instead of pouring liquids



Store materials securely
and away from traffic


Housekeeping and Maintenance


Lab clutter contributes to knocked
-
over
containers while also impairing efficiency and
morale.


Use secondary containment where appropriate.


Inspect and maintain equipment routinely.


Replace seals and gaskets on a regular basis.


Use tight
-
fitting lids to prevent evaporation.


Reducing spills, overflows, leaks, ruined
samples, and accidents prevents pollution
--

while also reducing materials, costs,


and stress!


Inventory Management



Proper management ensures that your
inventory is an asset, not a pollution
prevention liability.

Inventory Management


ARS Tifton conducts annual chemical and pesticide
inventories.



The inventory is sent to local officials and
emergency response personnel to help them better
prepare in the event of an emergency.



Also, employees may reference the inventory when a
small amount/one time use of a chemical is needed.
It is better to borrow from a coworker than have
excess chemicals on hand that will eventually be
disposed of as hazardous waste. This helps prevent
pollution and SAVES MONEY!!!





Inventory Management Tips


Label all containers with contents and date to
avoid costly and hazardous “unknowns”


Use secondary containers to prevent spills
and leaks


Rotate inventory so older material is used
first


Purchase only what you will use

Prudent Purchasing


Buy only the amount of chemicals that you
will use within a reasonable time period


Buy durable apparatus and equipment that
can be repaired and maintained


Coordinate or centralize purchasing to avoid
unnecessary purchases


Buy Green Products when available


Prudent Purchasing


Buy “Right Size” NOT “Economy Size”


Environmentally Preferable Purchasing

aka: Affirmative Procurement

Definition:


Products or services that have a lesser or
reduced effect on human health and the
environment when compared with competing
products or services that serve the same
purpose


Materials Substitution


In some cases, labs are unable to make
substitutions due to required protocols



However, opportunities do exist beyond
chemical substitution; such as alternatives
to mercury thermometers



Ask your vendors to keep you informed
when new, less
-
hazardous products become
available

Affirmative
procurement
means
examining the
pollution
prevention
practices of your
vendors
and
subcontractors


Affirmative Procurement

Provide support


change habits


Old habits die hard



Employees need support through both
motivational and technical hurdles



Initial training and periodic refreshers are
essential to continuing pollution prevention
success


Summary


Being a good environmental steward is
everyone’s business. Performing your job in
an environmentally safe and sound manner
benefits us all by protecting the health of the
surrounding ecosystem, preserving resources
for future generations, being good neighbors,
minimizing mission impact due to non
-
compliance issues, and saving money by
decreasing wasted resources.


Also…


As a member of the surrounding community,
you are responsible for performing your job in
an environmentally safe and sound manner
by knowing how your job impacts the
environment, adhering to operating
procedures, knowing the potential
environmental impacts of departing from
these operating procedures, and by knowing
the requirements of your job.

QUESTIONS?

Congratulations and Thank you!!!


You have completed EMS Annual Awareness
Training.



Your feedback allows us to continually
improve the EMS. For more information or to
actively participate in EMS implementation,
please contact:



Tamara Snipes, EMS Coordinator


(229) 387
-

2344