environmental footprint in the energy sector of Africa.

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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China’s ‘responsibilities’ and
environmental footprint in the
energy sector of Africa.

May Tan
-
Mullins

University of Nottingham, Ningbo, China

Giles Mohan, Open University, UK

Marcus Power, Durham University, UK

1

Outline


Changing Context:
CSR and
environmental
concerns


Angola case,
Sinopec


Ghana case,
Sinohydro



China: Rising
global
responsibilities?

2


New standards


Corporate Social Responsibility


Companies integrate social and environmental concerns into their business operations and in
their interaction with the stakeholders on a voluntary basis (Commission of European
Communities, 2001)


Based on actions to implement the philosophy of scientific development. It requires SOEs to not
only develop in a people
-
centered, scientific way and make profits, but also to take responsibility
for all stakeholders and the environment, and ultimately to harmonize the enterprise with social
and environmental development (SASAC, 2008)


Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) and the China Banking Regulatory Commission
(CRBC) established a ‘green credit system’ which aims to restrict the availability of credit to
companies in violation of environmental laws.



ISO standards 14001


identify and control the environmental impact of its activities, products or services, to improve
its environmental performance continually, and to implement a systematic approach to setting
environmental objectives and targets, to achieving these and to demonstrating that they have
been achieved.”


It does not specify levels of environmental performance but gives the generic requirements for
an environmental management system. This allows organisations of various level of
environmental maturity to implement the standards .




3

Case study of CSR in China


2007 State council calls for the “protect the legitimate rights and
interests of local employees, to pay attention to environmental
resource protection, care and support of the local community and
preserve our good image and reputation”. Banking CSR was also
implemented.


2008 CSR guidelines announced by the Chinese State
-
owned Assets
Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC)


In 2009, there are 330 published reports, twice the number of 169 in
2008 in Shanghai exchange.


There are also 202 Chinese enterprises who joined the UN Global
Impact, an international CSR monitoring agency.


Sinohydro in accordance to the ISO14001 and OSHAS requirements,
actively promote recycling waste, preventing pollution and ensuring
safety for its staff. Most important, there is an integration of the
environmental aspects into their tender submission to ensure their
business consider the environmental aspect of the project.

4

Angola
-

oil extraction


China
-

Financial and
technical assistance


CCB and Exim Bank major
lenders
-

Equator
principles


CIF and GRN
-

transparency issues


Sinopec
-

CSR: supply,
security and
environmental
responsibilities


5

SOE CSR
-

Sinopec


“Sinopec

is

clearly

aware

of

the

importance

to

hold

a

scientific

development

view

and

to

realize

the

sustainable

development
.

Sinopec

has

it

social

responsibilities

to

fulfil,

such

as

reasonable

exploitation

and

use

of

resources,

full

promotion

of

clean

production,

assurance

of

production

safety

and

employee

health,

delivery

of

environment
-
friendly

products,

maintaining

a

positive

coordinated

development

of

society

and

environment
.








President,

Mr

Wang

Jiming,

2007

6

Sinopec


Pollution from oil exploration:
Marine and biological
resources


Lack of EIA detailing
environmental implications
published


Angola with environmental
legislation: enforcement and
coordination problem


Enclavic development

7

Ghana: power generation


Power crisis, decline of
growth from 9.5 to 7.4
percent in 2007


Bui Dam
-

Sinohydro, EPC
project, US$622 million


Gap between
recommendations and
implementation of EIA


Consultation with locals,
health, compensation

8

Ghana


Lack of Environmental
Resource Management
(ERM)


Working conditions of
local and Chinese
workers



TUC, Ghana Dams
Dialogue


More transparency,
more positive impacts
through mediation of
CSOs

9

China: Global Responsibilities


Differential impacts and
outcomes: Angola and Ghana


Environmental issue: Gabon,
Lobango National Park;
Angola


Human rights and social
issues: Sudan, Zimbabwe,
Iran


Socialise into global norms


Profit versus responsibilities


Implementation and
enforcement issues




10