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triteritzyΒιοτεχνολογία

14 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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www.prh.fi

Patent Information

Jan
-
Jonas
Filén


Patent

Examiner
,

PhD

(
Medical

Biochemistry
)




Information

Sources

in
Biotechnology

October

20
th
, 2011

Biomedicum
, Helsinki

National Board of Patents and Registration of Finland

www.prh.fi

Topics


Basics

about

patent

information


How

to
use

patent

information


Patent

documents



Where

can

patent

information

be

found


Strategies

to
search

patent

information


Introduction

of
patent

databases

www.prh.fi

Patent

information

(definition)



“Patent information is the name we give to the technical
information you find in patent documents, plus any legal
information about
them.”
(
European Patent Office)



-

the technical content of published applications and granted patents


-

bibliographic data (priority and filing date, inventor, applicant, patent
classification)


-

legal status data relating to patent applications and
patents
(in examination,
withdrawn, granted, validated, lapsed, rejected, expired, opposition
procedures etc.)


www.prh.fi

Patent

information

can

be

used

to:


Get

a
deeper

view

of
your

own

field

&
ideas

for
your

own

research


What

is happening in
your

field
, and
identifying

trends

in
technology

development
?


Avoid

duplicating

research

&
development


~ 70 % of
technical

information

is
available

only

in
patents

and
patent

applications

(WIPO)


Evaluate

your

invention


Patentability

of the
invention


Your

invention

vs.
granted

patents


Gathering

business
intelligence

and
patent

valuation


Licensing
,
technology

partnership

etc.


Avoid

patent

infringements




www.prh.fi

Characteristics

of
patent

information


More

information

is
accumulating

all

the
time



Statistics

available

for
example

in WIPO IP FACTS AND FIGURES 2011
(http://www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/ipstats/en)


Machine
translations


Up
-
to
-
date

information



Applications

are

published

18
months

after

the
filing

date


Technical

nature

of the
information


Inventions

(
methods
,
devices
,
uses

etc.)
should

be

described

in
such

detail

that

a
person
skilled

in the
art

is
able

to
carry

out the
invention


However
,
use

of an
invention

disclosed

in
patent

publication

may

be

challenging


Applications

are

often

filed

in
early

stages


More

R&D is
needed

for
fully

functional

products/methods


Patent

classification

helps

to
organise

the data


~ 70000
classes

covering

all

fields

of
technology

www.prh.fi

Contents

of
patent

documents

(1/2)

Publication

number

Patent

classification

Publication

date

Application

number

Filing

date

Abstract

Title

Designated

states

Priority

application

and
its

filing

date

Patent

applicant

Inventor

www.prh.fi

Contents

of
patent

documents

(2/2)


Bibliographic

information




Technical

information

in the
description

and the
abstract



Background

(
state
-
of
-
the
-
art

known

at the
time

of the
filing
)


Summary

of the
invention


Detailed

description

of the
invention

and
specific

examples

of the
invention
.



Claims
,
defining

the
scope

of the
patent

(
what

is
legally

protected

by

the
patent
)


the
final

granted

claims

are

often

restricted

in
respect

of the
initial

claims



Figures



Search

report

(The
closest

prior

art

found

by

the
patent

examiner

and
patentability
)



www.prh.fi

National and
regional

authorities

publish

patent

information


Granted

patents

are

public


Patent

applications

will

become

public

18
months

after

the
filing

date

(
unless

the
application

is
cancelled

or

withdrawn

before

that
)

http://www.uspto.gov

http://www.jpo.go.jp

http://www.kipo.go.kr

http://www.sipo.gov.cn

http://www.prv.se

http://www.prh.fi

http://www.epo.org

http://www.wipo.int

http://www.eapo.org

http://www.aripo.org

www.prh.fi

Patent

collections

and
databases


Patent

offices

maintain

collections

of
patent

publications



Granted

patents


Expired

patents


Public
applications

(in
examination

/
not

granted
)



Commercial and
free

patent

databases


Patent

data
from

the
collections

of
patent

offices


Some

have

additional

information
:


reclassification


rewritten

abstracts


chemical

structure

searches


sequence

searches


data
analysis

www.prh.fi



Patent

reference

or

identification

numbers
:




Application

-
,
publication

-

,
patent

number



Write

two

letter

country
code

and the
number




Keywords




Word
search

in the
title

and
abstract

field




Patent

classification




IPC
subdivides

technology

into
almost

70000
fields

or

groups




Dates




P
riority

-
,
application

-
,
publication

-
,
grant

date



Names




Applicants/assignees

or

inventors










Strategies

to
search

patent

information

www.prh.fi

IPC
-
classification
:


IPC
subdivides

technology

into
almost

70000
fields

or

groups


Section


C:
Chemistry
;
Metallurgy

Class



C21:
Biohemistry
;
Beer
;
Spirits
;
Wine
;
Vinegar
;





Microbiology
;
Enzymology
;
Mutation

or

genetic





engineering

Subclass

C12N:
Micro
-
organisms

or

enzymes
;
Compositions






thereof
;
Propagating
,
preserving
,
or

maintaining




micro
-
organisms
;
mutation

or

genetic

engineering;



culture media

Main
group
:

C12N9/00:
Enzymes
,
e.g
.
ligases
;
Proenzymes
;




Compositions

thereof
;
Processes

for




preparing

activating
,
inhibiting
,
separating
,




or

purifying

enzymes

Subgroup
:

C12N9/02:
Oxidoreductases

(1.),
e.g
.
luciferase




Other

classification

systems
: ECLA (
european
), US, Japan







Patent

classification

www.prh.fi

Patent

documents

and
register

data


Espacenet


Bibliographic

data and
patent

documents

from

over

80
patent

offices
,
also

from

Finland


European

Patent

Register


Bibliographic
,
process

and
patent

family

data of
European

patent

applications
.


Patentscope

(WIPO)


PCT
application

publications
,
search

reports
,
written

opinions

(
after

30
months

of
filing
) and
other

submitted

files

such

as
sequence

lists


FIPO
-
databases

www.prh.fi

Espacenet

-

database

http://fi.espacenet.com/

http://ep.espacenet.com/



Worldwide

Espacenet

(
search

terms

in
English
)





FI
-
Espacenet
:
Finnish

public

patent

applications

and
patents



(
search

terms

in
Finnish
)

DNA
amplification

www.prh.fi

European

Patent

Register



”D
irect

access to all the publicly available

information on European patent applications

as they pass through the grant procedure”


Examiner’s reports/opinions


Applicant’s responses


Documents relating to opposition
procedures







https://register.epo.org/espacenet/regviewer



via
Espacenet

search

results

(”
Register
”)

www.prh.fi

Patentscope (WIPO)


http://www.wipo.int/patentscope/search/en/search.jsf


Search

for international (PCT),
regional

(EPO,
ARIPO, LATIPAT) and
some

national
applications


Only

PCT
application

is international:
patents

are

granted

in national /
regional

phase

by

national /
regional

authorities




Full
-
text
-
search

(1,864,258
records

13.4.2011)


Search

terms

highlighted


Google
translations



Cross

lingual

expansion

(CLIR)


Bibliographic

data (PCT)1978
-



www.prh.fi

Patentscope/CLIR

Cross

Lingual

Expansion

(CLIR
)

Automatically

translates

search

terms


www.prh.fi

FIPO
Databases



PatInfo
-
database

(
http://patent.prh.fi/patinfo )


Bibliographic
,
process
,
legal

status and
payment

data
about

patent

and
utility

model

applications

filed

with

FIPO (1970 →).


Pate
-
database

(http://patent.prh.fi/pate)


Bibliographic

data
about

patents

granted

by

FIPO in 1842
-
1970.


FI
-
EP
-
database

(http://www.prh.fi/fi/patentit/julkaisut/fiep.html)


Bibliographic

data
about

European

patents

validated

for Finland.


The
European

patent

publications

can

be

found

in
Espacenet

database
.


Hymanetti
-
database

(http://www.prh.fi/fi/hyodyllisyysmallit/hymanetti.html)


Bibliographic

data,
first

claim

and a
drawing

of
utility

models

registered

by

FIPO


Publication

server

(http://patent.prh.fi/pubserver/index.html)


Finnish

patent

and
utility

model

publications
,
Finnish

translations

of
granted

European

patents

www.prh.fi

Other

free
-
of
-
charge

databases


Google
patents

(http://www.google.com/patents)



Freepatentsonline

(http://www.freepatentsonline.com)



EBI
patent

databases

(http://www.ebi.ac.uk/)


ChEBI

chemical

structures

(http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/)


Sequences

(http://www.ebi.ac.uk/Tools/sss)



NCBI
Patents

BLAST (http://blast.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/)



Patent

databases

of national and
regional

patent

offices



www.prh.fi

Monday

-

Friday

9

11 am and 12
-
15 pm


Tel.

+ 358 9 6939 5858



Email


advice.patents@prh.fi



More

information

available
:

http://www.prh.fi/en/patentit/neuvonta.html







Consulting

Engineers
:

Personal

help at the
Finnish

Patent

Office

www.prh.fi

Personal

help at the
Finnish

Patent

Office

Ask for advice:




What kinds of inventions can be patented or protected by a utility model?



What is needed to form an application?



How is the application processed at the Patent Office?



How do I apply for a patent abroad?



What are the contents of the Patents or Utility Model Act, Decree or Instructions?



The patent classification



Data searches in the free Internet databases (
Espacenet
,
PatInfo
, FI
-
EP Register etc.)



S
earch services:


Our examiners are experts in information retrieval in all fields of technology. They can help you in
different information needs by doing searches like,
prior

art

searches
,
novelty

searches

etc.


More

information
: http://www.prh.fi/en/patentit/tutkimuspalvelut_14.html

www.prh.fi

Thank

You

www.prh.fi

References

and
links
:




Finnish

patent

office
: http://www.prh.fi/en.html


Patents
: http://www.prh.fi/en/patentit.html


Databases
: http://www.prh.fi/en/patentit/tietokannat.html


Consulting

engineers
:
http://www.prh.fi/en/patentit/neuvonta.html


Patenttikäsikirja (in
Finnish
): http://www.prh.fi/fi/patentit/hakusuomi/kasikirja.html


EPO: http://www.epo.org/


Register
: https://register.epo.org/espacenet/regviewer


tutorials
: https://e
-
learning.epo.org/


Espacenet
:


http://fi.espacenet.com


http://ep.espacenet.com


WIPO: http://www.wipo.int/portal/index.html.en


Patentscope

(WIPO): http://www.wipo.int/patentscope/search/en/search.jsf


Publications
: http://www.wipo.int/patentscope/en/publications/