European Land-Ocean Interaction Studies

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European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

179



European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

180



COUPLING VEGETATION
TYPE WITH SEDIMENT C
HARACTERISTICS IN
THE RIA FORMOSA LAGO
ON, SOUTHERN PORTUGA
L


Neumeier U
1
., R. Santos
2
, P. Ciavola
1

, S. Cabaço
2
, C. Evarchi
1

and O. Ferreira
2

(1)

Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Fe
rrara, Corso Ercole I d
’Este 32, 44100,
Ferrara, Italy

(urs.neumeier@unife.it)

(2)

UCTRA, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8000 Faro, Portugal


A

C
ONTRIBUTION
F
ROM
T
HE
E
LOISE
P
ROJECT
:

F
-
ECTS


Within the framework of the European F
-
ECTS project (Feed
-
backs of Estuar
ine
Circulation and Transport of Sediments on phytobenthos), the vegetation distribution
and the related sedimentary processes have been investigated in the western part of the
Ria Formosa Lagoon, Southern Portugal. This lagoon includes over 80 km
2

of tida
l flats
and salt marshes with some subtidal channels. The tides are semidiurnal with a
maximum spring tide range of 3.4 m. Water salinity is close to open
-
sea water.
Freshwater influence is negligible except after rare heavy rainfalls. Suspended sediment
c
oncentration is generally low (<15 mg/l). Three vegetation types are dominant in the
intertidal and shallow subtidal areas: Cymodocea nodosa (seagrass) up to the lower limit
of the intertidal, Zostera noltii (seagrass) in the lower intertidal, and Spartina

maritima
(salt marsh plant) in the upper intertidal. The sediments characteristics were analysed
for each vegetation type and for nearby unvegetated surfaces in four sectors of the
lagoon. Short
-
term sedimentation rates were measured with sediment traps u
nder spring
and neap tidal ranges, in May
-
June 1999 and March 2000.The characteristics of
superficial sediments are closely related to vegetation cover. The grain size is always
finer within a vegetated zone than outside, and is generally finer within Spar
tina than
within the seagrasses. The organic
-
matter content of the sediments is very low for bare
zones (<1%), low for seagrass meadows (<5%), and important for Spartina marshes
(40
-
50%).On the contrary, the short
-
term sedimentation rates observed during f
air
weather conditions seem mainly related to the topographic position (elevation and
distance from the channel), with higher sedimentation rates near the channel and at
lower elevation. A negative correlation between sedimentation rate and vegetation
dens
ity was observed, but it was clearly less significant. Furthermore, the sedimentation
rates were often higher under spring tide conditions than under neap tide conditions.
These results suggest that short
-
term sedimentation rate reflect more sediment mobil
ity
(which is dependent of the local current intensity) than long
-
term a
c
cretion trends.

European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

181



ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC
TION OF THE BALTIC S
EA COASTAL ZONE


Janina Fudala

Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas (IETU) in Katowice, Poland


Institute for Ecology

of Industrial Areas in Katowice, Poland (Instytut Ekologii
Terenów Uprzemyslowionych
-

IETU) is a research and development unit acting under
the Polish Ministry of Environment. According to its statute, IETU carries out scientific,
research and developmen
t work as well as educational activities aimed at addressing
problems in highly urbanised and industrialised areas. Based on its over 29 years of
experience in the area of environmental protection, IETU is involved in numerous joint
efforts together with a

number of European consulting firms and R&D institutions.
These projects focus on such areas as environmental policy and management,
environmental education, land management, environmental quality management and
control, surface and groundwater protection
, soil protection, atmospheric protection,
brownfields redevelopment, as well as industrial and municipal waste management. In
the framework of the EU RTD Programmes IETU took part in two projects under the 4
th

EU Framework Programme and in four projects u
nder the 5
th

one, as well as in several
PHARE projects.

The following projects launched by IETU staff are directly or indirectly related with
the problems of environmental protection of costal zones mainly of the Baltic Sea
Basin:



POPs air emission change
s in the Baltic Sea Basin under POPCYCLING
-
BALTIC
Project,



Technical and non
-
technical measures for air emission control in CEEC for Multi
-
pollutant, Multi
-
effect Assessment of European Air Pollution Control Strategies
under MERLIN Project,



Implementation

of the Baltic Marine Environment Quality Analyses and
Assessment Program due to HELCOM Standards under Governmental Programme
of the Environment and Health,



Eutrofization of the Wisla and Odra rivers in the aspect of Poland’s integration
with EU,



Hazard

Assessment of the Baltic costal ecosystems on the example Slowinski
National Park,



Phyromediation of heavy metal contaminated soils and dragged sediments under
the IETU
-
U.S.DOE Project and EU PhytoDec Project,



Bioremediation of petroleum contaminated s
oils under the IETU
-
U.S. DOE Project


European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

182



USE OF CONTINGENT VA
LUATION METHOD (CVM)

TO ANALYSE
CONSERVATION EFFECTI
VENESS IN COASTAL WE
TLAND OF SRI
LANKA


Premachandra Wattage


Centre of Economics and Management of Aquatic Resources (CE
MARE), University of
Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK.


Local people rely heavily on the marine resources of the Asian Seas and coastal
wetlands can provide benefits to local people, particularly through sustainable fishing

and wetland related activities. The present level of recognition of this fact is low and
therefore public support and awareness is very poor. Public support for marine
biodiversity conservation is essential for gaining political approval and support for
marine protected areas. Developing the public's interest in wetland conservation will
depend on increase public awareness, understanding and acceptance of the need for, and
benefits of wetland biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. It has
to be
ensured that wetlands provide tangible financial and social benefits to local
communities. This can be achieved by developing management approaches that
integrate sustainable development and biodiversity conservation. There is a paucity of
data on t
he total economic values of resources and activities carried out within wetlands.
Standard economic concepts will be used in this research to develop a model of
individual behaviour using the contingent valuation framework. This analytical
framework will
be used to measure the project’s total benefits, benefits that often
involve a significant passive
-
use value component in wetlands. Passive
-
use values are
those portion of total value that are unobtainable using direct measurement techniques
which rely on
observed market behaviour.












European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

183



CHALLENGES OF COASTA
L ZONE MANAGEMENT IN

UKRAINE: CASE
STUDY SEVASTOPOL REG
ION


Viktoriya Radchenko

Instituite of Biology of the Southern Seas, S
evastopol, Ukraine

(
radalpin@ibss.iuf.net

or
s01033@wmu.se
)


Sectoral management of coastal zone in Sevastopol Region with emphasise on
defence have got developmen
t from 1783. Among consequences of development
Sevastopol as Navy base were deforestation, damaging artesian water layers, coastal
erosion, marine pollution, decreasing of biodiversity, etc. In Soviet time in addition to
the Navy activity, agricultural and

industrial integrated complex started to develop.
During development of such complex no real steps to undertake environmental
protection were implemented. Such sectural development has solved employment
problem, but it added more environmental problems.
From 1975 population doubled,
but water supply and canalisation facilities are still on the same level. As a result, in
summer time citizens in residential area have water supply only 1
-
2 hours per day.
Lack of canalisation’s facilities is causing almost

regular discharge sewage into the
Sevastopol Bay. About 19 tons of oil, 96 tons of detergent, 9 tons of heavy metals are
discharging annually (Pavlova, et al., 1999). Pollution of the Bay is affecting marine
ecosystem and biodiversity.
For example,

acco
rding to Zernoffs data (1913) Sevastopol
Bay had 40 fish species in 1913. In 1990 only 27 species were detected with most
valuable species lost.
After breakdown of Soviet Union in period of transition,
Sevastopol Region in addition to such heritage has got

social problems. For example,
decreasing of level of life, growth of unemployment (table 1), increase level of cancer
and tuberculosis morbidity, etc.

Table 1.

Unemployment level in Sevastopol Region Source: Sevastopol municipal statistics’
administrati
on (2001)


1995

1999

Total number of unemployed people

305

2775

Unemployed in the age before 28

111

620

Unemployed in the age after 60
-
65

1

119

In such conditions the only solution is transition to integrated coastal zone
management approach. There m
ain constrains in its implementation are:



Lack of financial investments;



Absence of special administrative structure in municipality and lack of trained
personnel;



Lack of public awareness and public participation in decision
-
making;



Lack of legislation co
ncerning coastal zone management and lack of enforcement of
existing environmental law.

European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

184



Following recommendations could be done:

1. It is necessary to create of regional Committee on complex management of coastal
zone.

2. Environmental Impact Assessment pe
rformance for ICZM related projects, industrial,
agricultural, municipal activities in coastal zone.

3. Educational programs for population with the aim to increase public awareness and
create new social priorities with emphasis on life quality increase.

4. Focus groups creation.

5. Public opinion essays; creation of sociological institution focuse on the work with
public opinion in nature management field with the focus on coastal zone
management. Public opinion increase toward ICZM problems.

Public di
scussion of new initiatives performed in coastal zone; creation of specialised
municipal and NGO bodies and services.

European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

185



CENTRE FOR SUSTAINAB
LE DEVELOPMENT AND M
ANAGEMENT OF
THE BLACK SEA REGION

(CESUM
-
BS): AN INTEGRATED
ENVIRONMENTAL/SOCIO
-
ECONOMIC STRATEG
Y


Moncheva S
.
1
, Doncheva V.
1
, Kamburska L
.
1
, Krastev A
.
1
,
Houbenova

T.
2
, Atanasov,
A.
3
,
Todorova

S.
3
, Toneva
Z.
3

(1)
Institute of Oceanology, BAS, Var
na, 9000, P.O.Box, 152 Bulgaria


(
snejm@mail.varna.techno
-
link.com
)

(2)
Institute of Economy, BA
S, Sofia

(3)

Institute of Sociology, BAS, Sofia



The Black Sea ecological degradation has been a well
-
recognised environmental
issue, the basin ranked among the most threatened water bodies in the World Ocean.
Anthropogenic eutrophication, dramatic shift
in biodiversity and communities structure,
introduction of exotic species and over
-
fishing have been considered as key ecological
problems. The health control of the basin as related to the complex knowledge of
interactions between physical, chemical and b
iological fields as well as to socio
-
economic drivers impose the need for better understanding of ecosystem performances
and developing strategies for crisis management and policies for sustainable
development.


The main objectives of the Project are targ
eted to long
-
range sustainable
development and management of the Black Sea region in the context of environmental,
economic and social problems through increased regional and international co
-
operation
and networking, user
-
friendly information media and a
"tool
-
box" of measures
(Strategy) for harmonisation with the EC standards.










The architecture of an integrated socio
-
economic
-
environmental approach is based
on three main conceptions: similar to the field of human medicine the assessment and
protection of
the Black Sea Ecosystem health needs an adequate set of descriptors and
indicator criteria for diagnosis and management; the EC Framework Directive on water
resources as a main theoretical guideline; the recent indicator model for assessment of

European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

186



the ecologi
cal status of coastal marine ecosystems


(DPSIR), as the most appropriate
way to structure environmental information applied by EEA (scheme bellow).

A description of the parameters of each box of the model is presented, the emphasis
put on the set of press
ure/state descriptors and indicators, interaction (cause
-
effect)
patterns and feed
-
back modes.

A “tool
-
box” of measures to provide feasible options for mitigation of negative
impacts and co
-
ordinate efficient implementation of environmental re
habilitation
activities, based on the synergy of environmental, economic and social solutions
(Integrated Socio
-
Economic
-
Environmental [SEE] Strategy) is designed, targeted to
long
-
range sustainable perspective for the Black Sea coastal ecosystem.















European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

187



SOME R
ESULTS OF THE PROJEC
T "LAND
-
OCEAN INTERACTIONS I
N
THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC"


V.V.Gordeev, P.P.Shirshov

Institute of Oceanology Russian Academy of Sciences 36, Nakchimovsky prospect, Moscow
117851, Russian Federation



A

C
ONTRIBUTION
F
ROM
T
HE
E
LOISE
P
ROJECT
:

LOICZ


Land
-
Ocean Interactions in the Russian
Arctic (LOIRA) is a comprehensive,
multidisciplinary project, devoted to investigations of the exchange processes of matter
and energy in the coastal zone of the Russian Arctic. The LOIRA Science Plan (1997)
basically adapted plans of the LOICZ (Land
-
Ocean

Interactions in the Coastal Zone)
and ELOISE (European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies).

The LOIRA Implementation Plan was published by the IASC Secretariat in Oslo,
Norway in 2000, and planning period of the project was over.The LOIRA Steering
Committee

(Acad.A.P.Lisitzin
-

chair) organised three international LOIRA workshops
in Moscow (1996, 1998, 2000) with financial support of the IASC. This autumn the IV
International LOIRA workshop ( The results of investigations in the White and Pechora
Seas) will

be held in Moscow as a broadened session of the 14
-
th International
Conference on Marine Geology (24
-
27 October, 2001).

At present LOIRA does not have a financial support. Nevertheless in 1999 four pilot
LOIRA expeditions operated onboard large and smal
ler research vessels were carried
out: 13
-
th and 14
-
th cruises of the R/V "Academic Sergei Vavilov" (to the Barents and
Pechora Seas), 40
-
th cruise of the R/V "Academic Mstislav Keldysh" (to the Norwegian
Sea) and 14
-
th cruise of the E/V "Academic Fedorov
" (to the Barents Sea).

There are three INTAS projects of three foci of LOIRA
-

this is another way of
activity in framework of LOIRA.

In 2001 the new project under LOIRA umbrella was developed: The White Sea
System (2001
-
2005). The White Sea is the most

well studied, small in size, quite
acceptable for research coastal sea with many similar characteristics of the Arctic
coastal seas.The main objective of this new project is to study and to understand the
whole intercommunicative and multicomponent natur
al system of the coastal sea.








European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

188





LOICZ IN POLAND (PAR
TICIPANTS AND SELECT
ED TOPICS REALIZED
IN LAST YEARS)


Jerzy Bolalek

Institute of Oceanography,
University of Gdansk, Pilsudskiego 46, 81
-
378 Gdynia, P
oland

(
jerzyb@ocean.univ.gda.pl
)


A

C
ONTRIBUTION
F
ROM
T
HE
E
LOISE
P
ROJECT
:

LOICZ


Institute of Oceanography, Gdansk University, Gdynia



long
-
term analysis of of eutrophication of Baltic Sea as related to the Global Change
models of wind waves



application and interpretation of satelite pictures



transfer and chemical composition of aer
osols in Southren Baltic area



nitrification and denitrification in coastal sediments



short
-
term changes in elemental composition of particulate matter



energetic values of biomass of selected animal and plant species



transfer of nitrogen and phosphorous a
cross sediment
-
water interface



accumulation of organic matter at seawater surface microlayer



prognostic models of matter and energy transfer in Baltic Sea ecosystem



sunlight induced fototransformations of dissolved organic matter



monitoring of phisico
-
chem
ical properties of seawater as related to organisms in the
Gulf of Gdansk


Institute of Oceanology of Polish Academy of Sciences, Sopot



factors influencing toxic algae blooms in the coastal zone



origin and sources of organic matter in the Baltic Sea



biom
arkers of anthropogenic stress in the coastal zone



accumulation rates of surface sediments in the Baltic



coastal


basin fluxes (organic substances, heavy metals) in the Pomeranian Bay



the influence of river run
-
off on the distribution of artificial rad
ionuclides in the
Baltic sediments

European Land
-
Ocean Interaction Studies

4
th

ELOISE Conference

5
-
7 September 2001, Rende
,

Italy


SESSION 7

Poster Presentation

189




physical, chemical and biological equilibra of natural and anthropogenic
radionuclides in various compartments of the Baltic the ecosystem



photosyntetic sources of energy in marine ecosystems



sunlight radiation transfer
through sea
-
atmospher interface


Department of Oceanography and Marine Ecology
-

Sea Fisheries Institute, Gdynia



significance of external/antropogenic nitrogen for central Baltic Sea, N
-
cycling
-
Circulation of biogenic elements in estuarial ecosystems in
southern Baltic



management of coastal areas as an aspect of seashore protection



utilisation of wastes in harbours



terrestial sources of biogenes in the Gulf of Gdansk area



hydroacoustic methods of identification of sea sediments earch and accessb


Maritime

Institute, Gdansk



stability of Hel Penisula coastline



assessment of terrestial input of biogenic components into Gulf of Gdansk



seabed pollution in areas of wrecks excavation



Integrated Coastal Zone Management in the Baltic States and Poland (projekt P
hare)



coastBase


the virtual European coastal and marine data warehouse. An open
system architecture for integrated distributed coastal and marine information search
and accessb (5 PR UE)


Marine Departament of Institute of Metorology and Water Management
, Gdynia



monitoring of biogenic constituents of Baltic Sea water


Department of Food Sciences, Medical University of Gda
n
sk, Gda
n
sk



distribution and concentration of heavy metals in sediments and biota


Institute of Marine Sciences, Szczecin University



role of water discharge of the Lower Odra River in shaping salinit
y of coastal waters



hy
dro
-

and morphodynamical problems of the Odra Estuary, Pomeranian Bay and
adjacent coastal waters and shelf seas



dynamics of the seashore changes at selected points in Southern Baltic area



variability in ice cover along Polish coast



s
tratigraphic and spatial variability of the sediments infilling the Szczecin Lagoon