Jayanto Parial - Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry

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31 Ιαν 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Open source Operating System

The Story in India

Jayanta Parial

jayanta.parial[at]cdackolkata.in

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Agenda


Background


What

is

FOSS


Relevance

of

FOSS


Intellectual

Property


Economics

of

FOSS


NRCFOSS


BOSS


Implementation

Status

in

India


CASE

Studies


Conclusion

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What is FOSS


The

Free/Open

Source

Software

(FOSS)

stands

for

freedom

for

production,

distribution,

modification

and

use

of
:


Software



consists

of

programs

(series

of

instructions

to

the

computer)


Source

Code



the

actual

series

of

instructions

written

by

the

software

programmer


Open

Source



where

the

source

code

written

by

the

programmer

is

in

the

public

domain

-

it

can

be

'seen'

by

any

person

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What is Free Software

Free

software



Software

in

which

user

has

following

freedoms


Freedom

to

use

(this

is

also

there

when

proprietary

software

is

bought)


Freedom

to

study

source

code

(this

freedom

requires

source

code

to

be

Open)


Freedom

to

modify

the

code


Freedom

to

distribute

the

code


Free

here

refers

free

source

of

the

software,

not

free

software
.

It

is

Mukta

Software

not

Mufta

Software

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Relevance of FOSS

Relevance

and

value

of

FOSS

,

especially

to

the

Indian

context,

arise

from

the

following,

among

other

things
:


FOSS

is

low

cost

and

affordable
.


FOSS

makes

design

details

&

code

freely

available
.


FOSS

is

easy

to

modify

&

customize
.


FOSS

products

are

getting

robust

and

superior
.


FOSS

&

Open

Standards

prevent

vendor
-
lockin


FOSS

helps

eliminate

use

of

un
-
licensed

SW
.


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Intellectual property
-
Nature


There

are

basically

2

kinds

of

assets


Tangible


Intangible


Tangible

assets

are

subjected

to

some

kind

of

rights

that

are

socially

accepted
.

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Knowledge


Knowledge

is

an

intangible

asset


Strong

Pressure

to

treat

it

like

a

private

property


KNOWLEDGE CAN BE SHARED WITHOUT ANY ONE SUFFERING
LOSS.

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Economics of FOSS


FOSS

can

be

distributed

without

much

additional

expenditure,

its

marginal

cost

is

nil
.


FOSS

encourages

Local

enterprises
.

In

countries

where

it

has

been

adopted

it

has

given

impetus

to

local

industry

and

employment
.


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NRCFOSS

NRCFOSS

Mission


Foster

an

eco
-
system

for

Open

Source,

Open

Standards

and

Open

Systems

in

India,

integrating

and

benefiting

the

efforts

and

needs

of

all

stake

holders

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Developing Indian FOSS eco system

Govt. role in FOSS:
Global Trend Analysis
Global FOSS movement
FOSS development in India
Global
ecosystem
for FOSS
Indian FOSS
Distribution,
Examination &
Certification
of
Professionals
Indian
Eco
system
for FOSS
S & E
applications
E
-
Gover
-
nance
Embedded
Systems,
Smart Card
O/S, RTOS

----
HRD for
FOSS
capable IT
professional
s
Commitment:
Govt., other
stake holders;

Resource
Provision

Institutional
set up

Standing
consultation
mechanism
Benefits
Competitive local Industry
Bargaining Position
Address Digital Divide
Reduce cost of ownership, promote interoperability,
enable local user support
Indian draft policy paper for FOSS
Network of
Resource
Centers
R & D
Purchase
Policy
Educatio
n & HRD
Roll out /
adoption
Road Map,
action Plan
Legal cell
to be
created
Global
Co
-
operation with
other countries,
Vendors/ Multi lateral,
Bilateral Co
-
operation
(a)
(b)
(c)
(f)
(d)
Govt. decision & announcement
Strategic
issues

.
(e)
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NRCFOSS


Phase
-
I


First

major

National

level

initiative
.


Programme

of

the

Department

of

Information

Technology,GOI


Setup

in

April

2005



C
-
DAC,

Chennai

&

AU
-
KBC

core

partners
.


Large

network

of

major

players

built

up

(Industry,

Other

C
-
DAC

Nodes,

Government

Institutions,

Academia)


Development

of

Indian

distribution

of

GNU/Linux

-

BOSS


Number

of

training

and

educational

activities



Formal

and

Non
-
Formal


A

solid

base

for

further

consolidation

and

expansion

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NRCFOSS Phase
-
II

Funding

agency



Department

of

Information

Technology,

Government

of

India


Duration

of

the

project

:

3

years


A

more

open

inclusive

approach

with

multiple

partners

to

enhance

acceptability,

visibility

and

reach

(C
-
DAC

Chennai,

C
-
DAC

Mumbai,

C
-
DAC

Hyderabad,

C
-
DAC

Delhi,

IIT

Madras,

IIT

Bombay,

AU
-
KBC

)


Areas

of

focus



SME’s

,

Education,

Accessibility,

Indian

Language

support,

Localized

applications


Research

on

SaaS

Framework,

FOSS

issues

etc


BOSS

Linux

to

be

used

as

the

base

for

all

development

to

ensure

the

reach

to

end

users
.


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Expected Outcome:


Development

of

SaaS

stack

delivery

model



Integration

and

development

of

Common

desktop

development

infrastructure


Setting

up

Centre

of

Excellence

for

Mobile

Internet

Devices

based

on

BOSS

Linux


Development

and

enhancement

of

NRCFOSS

portal

which

will

become

a

platform

for

multidisciplinary

organizations

involved

in

Open

Source


Development

of

knowledge

bank

repository

for

scientific/

e
-
Governance

applications


Further

additions

and

enhancements

to

BOSS

Linux

specific

to

education

&

scientific

domain




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Develop

a

service

oriented

architecture

for

kernel

services


Enhancing

accessibility

for

FOSS

desktops


Setting

up

of

GCC

Resource

Centre

which

leads

to

improving

GCC

and

spreading

the

technical

know
-
how

of

GCC

particularly

in

India

through

converting

a

few

interesting

research

break
-
throughs

(eg
.

whole
-
program

analysis,

optimizer

generation

from

specifications,

better

instruction

selection)

into

practically

useful

technologies


FOSS

HRD

in

the

formal

sector

&

Non
-
formal

sectors

which

include


Open

Source

Walk
-
in

e
-
Learning

solutions

Laboratory

with

focus

on

standards

compliance

and

Offering

Certification

Course

in

Open

Source

Software


Creation

&

Maintenance

of

Knowledge

bank

repository

for

education

domain

Expected Outcome

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Product

from

NRCFOSS



Linux

distribution

developed

by

C
-
DAC

for

enhancing

the

use

of

Free/Open

Source

Software

in

India
.



Made

specifically

for

the

Indian

environment

,

it

consists

of

a

pleasing

desktop

environment

coupled

with

Indian

language

support

and

other

packages

that

are

most

relevant

for

use

in

the

government

domain
.



BOSS

GNU/Linux

is

derived

from

Debian


The

ultimate

goal

is

to

localize

in

all

Indian

regional

languages
.

So

this

benefits

non
-
English

speakers

to

reach

technology

that

bridge

digital

divide

in

India
.


BOSS

Linux

is

available

as

Desktop,

Server

and

EduBOSS

editions

Product Development


BOSS GNU/Linux

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BOSS

Linux

1
.
0

(Tarang)



released

in

January

2006


BOSS

Linux

2
.
0

(Anant)



released

in

September

2007


BOSS

3
.
0

(Tejas)



released

in

September

2008


Current

version



BOSS

4
.
0



released

in

February

2011


It

consists

of

3

sections



Install



allows

User

to

install

BOSS

Linux

on

to

hard

disk

and

work

on

it


Live



Lets

you

to

have

the

BOSS

desktop

in

your

system

without

installing


Utility



Consists

of

add
-
on

packages

that

an

be

installed

in

BOSS

for

some

specific

applications

like

Web

Server,

education

tools



Kernel



2
.
6
.
32

and

2
.
6
.
37


BOSS

Linux

comes

with

Gnome

desktop



BOSS GNU/Linux Desktop edition: an overview

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User

Friendly

Graphical

Installer


Indian

version

of

Open

Office



BharateeyaOO


BOSS

security

features


3
D

Desktop


Auto

detecting

of

devices



Better

usability

for

digital

cameras,

printers,

scanners,

Bluetooth,

TV

tuner
.


Auto

mount

of

all

Hard

disk

partitions


Localization

support

for

desktop

in

22

Indian

languages


Smart

Common

Input

Method



Migration

tool

-

Bulk

document

converter


Internet

tools



Pidgin,

Iceweasel,

X
-
chat


Multimedia

support


LSB

certified


BOSS GNU/Linux desktop


features

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BOSS

Linux

Server

is

a

Debian

based

server

operating

system



BOSS

Entry

level

server

was

released

during

Elitex

2008

(Jan

2008
)


BOSS

Server

has

upgraded

to

advanced

Level

server

featuring

Virtualization,

LDAP

Server

and

LTSP

Server
.



BOSS

advanced

server

was

released

during

India

soft

2009
(Feb

2009
),at

Kolkata


BOSS

advanced

level

server

is

been

configured

for

Intel

ix
86
,

AMD
-

64

and

Intel

Core

duo



BOSS

Advanced

Server

1
.
0

includes

Web

Server

(Apache
2
),

Database

Server

(Mysql

and

Postgresql),

Virtualisation

Server

(Xen),

Mail

Server

(Postfix),

Proxy

Server

(Squid),

Network

Server

(bind
9

and

DHCP
3
),

File

Server

(Samba

and

NFS)

BOSS GNU/Linux Server edition

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BOSS

Linux

customized

to

School

domain
.



This

is

aimed

towards

the

education

sector

and

would

include

popular

educational

tools
.



EduBOSS

is

a

Debian

based

Linux

distribution

which

is

adopted

for

Indian

scenario
.


Includes

authoring

tools,

Edutainment,

Graphics,

Maths,

Science,

Social


bundled

with

Productive

application

suite



BharateeyaOO

-

comprising

of

word

processor,

spread

sheet,

Draw,

Database,

Presentation
.



Features

enhanced

presentation

tool,

Migration

tool,

SCIM


Available

in

Indian

languages


EduBOSS

1
.
0

-

released

in

June

2010



EduBOSS

2
.
0

-

released

in

April

2011


EduBOSS

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MOUs

signed

with

CHiPS

Chattisgarh,

ELCOT

Tamil

Nadu,

Government

of

Bihar,

Government

of

Tripura
.
,

National

Informatics

Centre

(NIC)

for

deployment

of

BOSS

Linux

across

the

country,

Indian

Navy



CHiPS

Chattisgarh
:

deployed

in

CHoiCE

project
.

More

than

30
G
2
C

services

currently

running

under

CHOiCE

project
.

Rolled

out

in

6

districts


Kerala
:

Implementation

in

Kerala

in

101

villages

across

Palakkad

&

Thrissur

districts

(application

DC

Suite)
.

Govt

of

Kerala

has

shown

interest

to

implement

BOSS

Linux

in

IT@School

project

in

approx
.

12000

schools
.


Government

of

Tripura
:

BOSS

Linux

deployed

for

preparation

of

Village

Committee

Electoral

Roll

(Bengali

only)

for

Tripura

Tribal

Area

Autonomous

District

Council

Election

2011

conducted

during

Feb

2011
.
Deployed

in

More

than

200

PCs


Government

of

Punjab
:

deployment

of

BOSS

Linux

in

46000

desktops

spread

across

4965

schools

in

Punjab

under

Sarva

Shiksha

Abhiyan

programme
.

5000

systems

with

Desktop

virtualisation

solution
.

Punjab

Edusat

Society

for

90000

desktops

with

EduBOSS


Government

of

Haryana
:

Deployment

of

BOSS

Linux

in

58000

desktop

(
2637

schools)
.



BOSS GNU/Linux Adoption Status

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Indian

Navy
:

Deployment

of

BOSS

Linux

across

the

Indian

Navy

in

all

their

departments

for

their

office

productivity

and

other

application

during

the

contract
.

As

part

of

the

MOU,

C
-
DAC

provided

8

user

level

training

programmes

and

one

administrative

level

training

programme

at

mutually

agreed

locations
.

Proposal

has

been

submitted

to

Indian

Navy

for

renewing

the

Contract

for

a

further

period

of

three

years
.

Currently

we

are

into

customisation

of

BOSS

Linux

(security

enhancements)

to

Indian

Navy
.


Indian

Army
:

Deployments

of

BOSS

Linux

in

Army

Offices
.

Formal

MoU

to

be

signed

with

Indian

Army

similar

on

the

lines

wit

Indian

Navy
.


Bharat

Sanchar

Nigam

Limited

(BSNL)

A
.
P

:

tender

for

desktop

computers

clearly

specifying

that

the

desktops

should

be

preloaded

with

BOSS

Linux

and

peripherals

with

drivers

support

for

BOSS

Linux

and

hence

compliance

to

BOSS

Linux
.

Around

250

systems

with

BOSS

Linux
.


CBSE
:

adoption

of

FOSS

in

Senior

Secondary

curriculum
.



BOSS GNU/Linux Adoption Status

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Support

group

setup

at

C
-
DAC

Centres

spread

across

the

country
.


Support

group

has

also

been

setup

at

State

Nodal

agencies



National

help

desk

facility

setup

in

C
-
DAC

Chennai
.

Currently

calls

attended

in

English,

Hindi,

Tamil,

Telugu,

Kannada,

Malayalam
.


Support

groups

setup

through

CDAC

GIST

Pace

Centres


Support

groups

to

be

setup

at

Academic

institutions


Support Structure for BOSS Linux

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NRCFOSS


linkages to other centres

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Security Enhancements to BOSS Linux


Means

hardening

the

Linux

system

(ie,

protecting

the

kernel

from

the

external

intrusions)
.

RULE
:

Deny

ALL

and

then

ALLOW


Partitioning
:

Separate

user
-
writable

data,

non
-
system

data,

and

rapidly

changing

run
-
time

data

to

their

own

partitions
.


Password

and

login

security
:

password

/

passphrase

strength

checking

and

enforcement,

fail

delay

of

password

Authentication,

No
.

of

failed

login

attempts


Secure

Kernel
:

All

the

security

Functionalities

&

ext
3

File

system

residing

inside

the

kernel

space,

not

in

the

User

Space

to

make

operating

System

more

secure


Encrypting

File

System
:

The

encryption

process

will

obscure

certain

information,

making

it

unreadable

without

a

special

password

or

passcode
.


SElinux
:

SELinux

is

a

Mandatory

Access

Control

(MAC)

system

which

is

a

kernel

(LSM)

enhancement

to

confine

programs

to

a

limited

set

of

resources
.

SELinux

allows

more

fine

grained

access

controls

than

traditional

Unix

permissions

offer

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Audit
:

it

provides

tools

that

help

the

administrative

user

extract

specific

types

of

audit

events,

audit

events

for

specific

users,

audit

events

related

to

specific

file

system

objects

or

audit

events

within

a

specific

time

frame



Disable

drivers,

Disable

Services


File

integrity

Check





Security Enhancements to BOSS Linux

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EAL4 compliance


The

Evaluation

Assurance

Level

(EAL
1

through

EAL
7
)

of

an

IT

product

or

system

is

a

numerical

grade

assigned

following

the

completion

of

a

Common

Criteria

security

evaluation,

an

international

standard

in

effect

since

1999
.


The

increasing

assurance

levels

reflect

added

assurance

requirements

that

must

be

met

to

achieve

Common

Criteria

certification
.

The

intent

of

the

higher

levels

is

to

provide

higher

confidence

that

the

system's

principal

security

features

are

reliably

implemented
.


BOSS

GNU/Linux

is

being

tested

for

EAL
4

compliance


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Applications on FOSS/BOSS

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An

e
-
Governance

application

initiative


Facilitates,

HR

Division

to

work

more

efficiently

and

effectively

in

managing

the

employee

Personal

Details,

Leaves,

LTC

&

Medical

reimbursements

etc
.


Reduction

of

paper

work

for

employees


An

effective

workflow

of

HR

Process
.


Modules


Payroll

module


Claims

module


Leave

moule


Tour

module


Localisation

support


A

Cloud

Enabled

application
.

Personnel Information System
-

PIS

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Technology


Grails

Framework


Postgresql

database


Jquery
.


Grails

is

a

high
-
productivity

(RAPID,DYNAMIC

and

ROBUST)

web

framework

based

on

the

Groovy

language
.

It's

an

open
-
source

web

application

framework

that

leverages

the

Groovy

language

and

complements

Java

Web

development
.

Grails

is

licensed

under

the

liberal

Apache

2
.
0

Software

License
.


PostgreSQL

is

a

powerful,

open

source

object
-
relational

database

system
.


Jquery

is

a

fast,

concise,

library

that

simplifies

how

to

traverse

HTML

documents,

handle

events,

perform

animations

and

add

AJAX
.

PIS


Technology used

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Customizable

Web
-
based

Interfaces


User
-
friendly

GUI

for

librarians

and

members


A

live

OPAC

(online

public

access

catalog)

for

with

customizable

search

and

provision

for

reserving

books


Circulation

and

borrower

management



Simple

acquisitions

system

for

the

smaller

library


Serials

system

for

magazines

or

newspapers


Automated


handling

of

books

with

RFID(Radio

Frequency

identification)

Technology

including

self

issue


and

return

by

users,

and

a

host

of

facilities

for

the

library

administrators

including

inventory

control

and

stock

taking
.


Integrated Library Management System (ILMS)

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BOSS

comes

integrated

with

necessary

packages

required

for

successful

installation

of

ILS
.


One

step

installation

of

ILS

with

minimal

configuration

steps

enabling

a

librarian

to

install

and

configure

the

ILS


with

ease
.


Offline

installer

for

ILS

enabling

perl

dependencies


to

be

installed

on

a

standalone

machine

with

no

internet

connectivity


Provides

support

to

drivers

for

RFID

reader

,

Printers

and

other

hardware

interfaced


Renders

localization

support

to

ILS

ILMS


cont

d

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CHOiCE
--

Chattisgarh


The

Chattisgarh

Online

Information

System

for

Citizen

Empowerment

(CHOiCE)

is

a

revolutionary

approach

to

citizen

services

and

provides

one

stop

solution

for

any

where
-
any

time

based

government
.



Presently

more

than

30

G
2
C

and

numerous

G
2
B

services

for

all

the

requirements

of

citizens

are

provided


CHOiCE

project

works

on

PPP

model

with

private

persons

appointed

as

CHOiCE

agents
.



Project

rolled

out

on

Linux

and

other

Open

Source

Software,

perhaps

the

biggest

Open

Source

e
-
Governance

project

in

the

country


Project

successfully

rolled

out

in

Raipur

and

other

five

districts
.

CHOiCE

roll

out

in

12

districts

initiated


Approximately

250000

transactions

has

taken

place



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@ NIC Palakkad

DC*

Suite


DC

Suite

is

an

integrated

suite

of

applications

for

the

Collectorate,

based

on

an

integrated

solution

architecture

covering

all

function

areas

and

activities

of

the

Collectorate
.



It

is

a

web

enabled

solution

built

on

industry

standard

software

technologies

and

best

practices
.


There

are

twenty

functional

areas

identified

including

workflow

based

file

management

system,

public

grievances

monitoring,

revenue

recovery

management

etc
..


Taluk*

Suite


An

extension

of

DC*

Suite

to

Taluks

and

villages


Integrated

web

based

application

for

Taluk

activities


Web

based

solution

developed

using

Linux,

Apache,

MySQL

&

PHP


Complete

Open

Source

initiative


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Cloud

Computing

test

bed

has

been

setup

at

C
-
DAC

Chennai

using

the

existing

Open

Source

Cloud

management

tools

like

Eucalyptus,

Xen

Hypervisor

with

BOSS

Linux

Advanced

Server

as

the

host

OS
.


It

is

planned

to

come

out

with

BOSS

Cloud

wherein

BOSS

Linux

is

bundled

with

the

Cloud

tools

stack

comprising

Eucalyptus,

Xen

Hypervisor,

Ganglia,

Appscale

with

enhanced

function

&

features
.


BOSS Cloud

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Collaboration with National and International
Institutions

International



Government


DIT Bhutan, MCIT Afghanistan,
OSRC Pakistan, ICTA Srilanka, PMO
Bangladesh, NITC Nepal, Sharif
University Iran



Societies



Linux Foundation, CICC, AOSS,
IOSN, South Asian NGOs



Community South Asian LUGs



Training under ASEAN

cooperation

National



Government



NIC, ELCOT, CHIPS, CDAC
-



Mumbai, CDAC
-

Bangalore,


STQC



Societies



FSF India, Indian NGOs



Academic Institutions



IIT Chennai, SSN, Jaya, RMK


Engineering Colleges, PSG Tech



Industry



IBM India, Intel India



Community



LUGs (Delhi, Chennai)

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Case Study
-

TRIPURA


There

was

an

urgent

need

to

edit

PDF

file

for

preparation

of

Tripura

Tribal

Area

Autonomous

District

Council

(TTADC)

Village

Committee

Electoral

(VCE)

Roll



Panchayat

Department,

Govt
.

of

Tripura

is

the

Nodal

Department

for

conducting

TTADC

Village

Committee

Election



The

Election

Commission

would

provide

Photo

Electoral

Roll

in

PDF

format

which

has

to

be

segregated

on

the

basis

of

Village

Committee

areas
.



It

was

a

huge

task

involving

about

10

lakh

voters


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Case Study
-

TRIPURA


To

effect

the

successful

implementation,

master

trainers,

mostly

Senior

Computer

Assistants,

from

all

over

Tripura,

were

provided

with

training

on

BOSS

Installation,

Configuring

Internet,

Using

BOSS,

Typing

in

Bengali

using

Bharatiyaa

Open

Office,

using

GIMP

software

to

edit

PDF

file
.

They

in

turn

trained

the

village

level

officers
.


EduBOSS

1
.
0

and

BOSS

4
.
0

copies,

and

BOSS

was

installed

in

almost

all

the

blocks

in

200

plus

desktops



The

successful

implementation

of

the

project

resulted

in

the

publication

of

Final

Village

Committee

Electoral

Roll

for

TTAADC

Election

2011

on

25
th

January

2011

in

Bengali

to

prepare

for

the

Tripura

Tribal

Area

Autonomous

District

Council

(TTAADC)

Election

2011

which

was

held

on

24
th

February

2011


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Case Study
-
Others


The

IT

@

School

project

of

Kerala

replaced

Windows

software

with

FOSS

on

50
,
000

desktops

in

schools

across

the

state
.

Tangible

benefits

amounted

to

Rs

490

million

(
$

10
.
2

million)
.


Great

Market

(name

changed),

a

large

e
-
commerce

firm,

adopted

FOSS

for

servers,

MIS

development,

document

management

and

for

desktops
.

The

savings

from

desktops

alone

came

to

Rs

3

million

(
$

63

thousand)
.


Life

Insurance

Corporation

(LIC),

one

of

the

largest

insurers

in

India,

with

an

IT

infrastructure

of

3500

servers

and

30
,
000

desktops,

saved

about

Rs

420

million

(
$

8
.
75

million)

by

adopting

FOSS
.


The

New

India

Assurance

company,

a

general

insurance

firm,

having


1100

offices,

and

an

IT

infrastructure

of

1500

servers

and

7000

desktops

saved

about

Rs

800

million

(
$

16
.
67

million)

in

tangible

and

intangible

costs
.

SOURCE: Rahul De, IIM Bangalore

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Case Study
-
Others


GGG

(name

changed)

is

a

medium
-
sized

e
-
commerce

solutions

IT

firm

that

relies

heavily

on

FOSS
.

GGG

saved

about

Rs

3
.
6

millions

(
$

75

thousand)

by

using

FOSS

on

its

desktops
.


•IT

for

Change

is

an

NGO

with

about

30

employees
.

They

use

FOSS

extensively

on

all

their

servers

and

desktops

and

estimated

tangible

savings

of

about

Rs

0
.
12

million

(
$

2
.
5

thousand)

per

annum

(on

an

IT

budget

of

Rs

2
.
1

million

(
$

44

thousand))
.


•IIC

(affiliated

with

Delhi

University)

is

an

institution

of

higher

education

that

has

adopted

FOSS
.

The

tangible

and

intangible

benefits

for

an

infrastructure

of

100

desktops

and

5

servers

is

about

Rs

1
.
75

million

(
$

36

thousand)
.

SOURCE: Rahul De, IIM Bangalore

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CONCLUSION


सा विद्या या विम

क्तये


(IT IS KNOWLEDGE WHICH LIBERATES)






If I have an apple and you have one, if we exchange our apples, we will still have
one each However if I have an idea and you have another, then when we share our
ideas, each of us will have
2
ideas each.


G B SHAW

41

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THANK YOU

Contact us at

CDAC, Kolkata

PLOT E
-
2/1, BLOCK


GP

SECTOR
-
V, SALT LAKE CITY

KOLKATA


700 091.

EMAIL: bosslinux@cdackolkata.in