Click www.ondix.com to visit our student-to-student file sharing network. syllogistic sumary of computer's abilities well done. Can Computers understand? 1) Thinking is the hallmark of understanding.

topsalmonΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

23 Φεβ 2014 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 3 μήνες)

193 εμφανίσεις



Click
www.ondix.com

to visit our student
-
to
-
student file sharing network.


syllogistic sumary of computer's abilities well done.


Can Computers understand?

1) Thinking is the hallmark of understanding.

2) Only speci
al machines can think.

3) If something can think it can understand.

4) Only special machines that can think can understand.

5) "Mental" states and their resulting actions are products of the center of
activity (brain).

6) To understand, thou
ghts must be produced by the brain.

7) A computer's mental states and events are controlled by a program.

8) The program is not a product of the computer.

9) A computer does not produce "thoughts" in its brain.

10) A computer cannot understand.





John Searle addresses the point of the ability of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to
understand, in Mind Brains, and Programs. His main argument is that because AI's are
computers and computers have no thoughts of their own, they cannot understand. Any
a
ctions being performed to simulate behavior are confined by the programs available to
the computer. He presents the example of a man linking Chinese characters and
appearing to know the language, but in reality the man is just following the instructions
g
iven to him ( the program). This example serves well to explain how although a
computer can look like it understands a story, it can do no more than "go through the
motions."




Of course such a definitive standpoint on an issue as controversia
l as the capacity
of an AI to understand will draw many critics. The criticism of his theory that I find to be
the most credible is The Other Mind Reply offered by Yale University. This line of
thinking asks: if behavior is what we can determine the pres
ence of cognition through,
and an AI passes a behavioral test, why don't we attribute cognition to it?




I myself do not believe in the philosophy of AI understanding, because to support
either side on this issue one must have a belief for or a
gainst the ability of man to create
another being capable of thought. I do not believe that any machine based creature we
may ever create has the ability to think. Thought is something that is independently done
and cannot be given to another, or more ac
curately, programmed in. Regardless of
however many tests that may be passed simulating thought and understanding, a
programmed being is not capable of thought and understanding.




Keywords:


syllogistic sumary computer abilities well done computers und
erstand thinking hallmark
understanding only special machines think something think understand only special
machines that think understand mental states their resulting actions products center
activity brain thoughts must produced brain computer mental sta
tes events controlled
program program product computer does produce thoughts brain cannot john searle
addresses point ability artificial intelligence mind brains programs main argument that
because computers computers have thoughts their they cannot action
s being performed
simulate behavior confined programs available presents example linking chinese
characters appearing know language reality just following instructions given program this
example serves well explain although look like understands story more

than through
motions course such definitive standpoint issue controversial capacity will draw many
critics criticism theory that find most credible other mind reply offered yale university
this line thinking asks behavior what determine presence cognition

through passes
behavioral test attribute cognition myself believe philosophy understanding because
support either side this issue must have belief against ability create another being capable
thought believe machine based creature ever create ability thou
ght something
independently done cannot given another more accurately programmed regardless
however many tests passed simulating thought understanding programmed being capable




Keywords General:


Essay, essays, termpaper, term paper, termpapers, term pa
pers, book reports, study,
college, thesis, dessertation, test answers, free research, book research, study help,
download essay, download term papers