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HEC and the 18th
Amendment














UNI VE RS I T I ES BUI L DI NG PAKI S TAN















April
2
, 2011

1


PREAMBLE


The Higher Education Commission (HEC) is
an autonomous organization

whose mission is “
to
facilitate institutions of
higher learning to serve as an engine of socio
-
economic development of
Pakistan

.


The HEC is not attached to the Ministry of Education. The Prime Minister is the Controlling
Authority of the HEC.

The 18
th

Amendment through the 4
th

Schedule (Article 70(4) Federal Legislative Lists Part
-
I and
Part
-
II
)

fully supports the current
powers and functions of the HEC, and includes higher
education and research as federal subjects.

HEC is
a

role m
odel
federal o
rganization which empowers equal

and full participation of all
provinces and universities in
higher education
policy making
for national
development
.
In m
ost
f
ederations around the world,
h
igher
e
ducation is a federal subject with
p
rovinces also having a
say.

HEC through the Medium Term
Development Framework (MTDF) 2011
-
2015 is creating the
knowledge capital and technology
required
to enable Pakistan to join the ranks of the
industrially advanced countries within the next decade.

For national integration and prosperity, it is essential t
hat HEC must continue to perform its
functions which it has successfully done so
for

the last 8 years.



2


HEC and the 18
th

Amendment



18
th

Amendment fully supports the current powers and functions of the HEC

so it is
essential that HEC is retained as a Federal organization in the strategic interest of Pakistan.



The Provinces
already
have a strong and forceful voice
in the Commission governing the
HEC which consists of 18 members including a representative fro
m each Province and two
Federal Secretaries. The other experts nominated by the Prime Minister are also chosen to
reflect a Provincial balance. The Provinces and universities
are full participants and decision
makers in the development and implementation o
f all plans and policies for promotion of
HE in the country



The 18
th

Amendment contains the following specific provisions regarding the function of
HEC as a Federal body



Fourth Schedule [Article 70(4)]: Federal Legislative List Part I



Item # 16: Federal ag
encies and institutes for the following purposes, that is to say, for
research, for professional or technical training, or for the promotion of special studies.



Item # 17: Education as respects Pakistani students in foreign countries and foreign
students
in Pakistan



Item # 32: International treaties, conventions and agreements and International
arbitration



Item # 59:
Matters incidental or ancillary to any matter enumerated in this Part.



Fourth Schedule [Article 70(4)]: Federal Legislative List Part II



Item

6: All regulatory authorities established under a Federal law



Item 7: National planning and national economic coordination including planning
and coordination of scientific and technological research.



Item 11: Legal, medical and other professions



Item 12:

Standards in institutions for higher education and research, scientific and
technical institutions.



Item 13: Inter
-
provincial matters and co
-
ordination



Item 17: Matters incidental or ancillary to any matter enumerated in this Part.

3




The HEC position paper
on the 18
th

Amendment and its applicability to the HEC is given in
Annexure A
.


P
lan for dissolution of higher education


1.

The Highe
r Education Commission will ceas
e to exist.

2.

A new Commission for standards of higher education would be created under t
he
Cabinet Division. Existing HEC functions of equivalence, attestation, recognition of
degrees, opening of new universities would be transferred to this new Commission.

3.

All HEC research functions would
cease

to exist. Ongoing 1,000 research projects on

the
most important issues of importance to Pakistan would STOP.

4.

The Foreign scholarship program providing scholarships to nearly 5,000 scholars in 28
countries would be MOVED to the Ministry of Inter
-
Provincial Coordination. There is
even a suggestion
to break up the scholarships and distribute existing scholars according
to domicile!

5.

Graduating PhD students from all over the world would have no entity to coordinate
return and placement in local universities. Currently HEC tracks each foreign scholar

individually, and runs a program providing one
-
year employment in any university of
their choice, along with a start
-
up research grant.

6.

Nearly 5,000 Indigenous Scholarship programs would be transferred to provinces in
some manner yet to be determined.
New desks in some ministries would perhaps be
created to deal with financing and management of PhD scholarships

7.

The Pakistan Education and Research Network providing high speed inter
-
connectivity
between universities and to the Internet would stop.

8.

The Digital Library Program would stop.

9.

More than 1,000 scholars per year would be deprived
off
the opportunity to travel
abroad to present research papers.

10.

All programs for linking research activities among Pakistani universities would
cease
.

11.

A
ll programs for improving pedagogical skills of teachers in universities would
cease
.
Nearly 5,000 teachers have already benefitted from this program.

12.

Management of ALL universities in the Federal Area would be transferred to a new
Division of ICT.

13
.

Funding of higher education by the Federal Government by HEC would
cease

and all
Provincial Universities would be funded through the existing NFC Award. Federal
Universities would presumably be funded through the allocation to the new Division in
ICT.

4


14.

US$ 300 Million World Bank Loan to Government of Pakistan would be withdrawn.

15.

USAID Plan for US$250 Million for supporting higher education sector would go back to
the drawing board.


Impact on Recognition of Degrees from Pakistan



Following the di
ssolution of HEC, the core function of degree recognition, equivalence
and attestation is to be shifted to a new Commission to be constituted UNDER the
Cabinet Division. The HEC is an autonomous body reporting directly to the Prime
Minister and NOT any div
ision. Two thirds of its members are appointed by the Prime
Minister from a panel of three names of eminent academics. These members are
appointed for a four
-
year term and may not be removed, save on proven charges of
corruption, inefficiency, permanent di
sability. This structure is what gives the HEC
Autonomy and allows it to pursue its function with merit and rule of law as the only
arbiters. This is what allowed the HEC to defy every pressure and not verify degrees of
Parliamentarians that did not meet t
he strict standards of verification set by the
Commission. Without autonomy, a new Commission will
neither have local, nor
international credibility.



The Supreme Court in its landmark judgment had asked the Election Commission to get
the degrees of the Par
liamentarians verified by the HEC. The dissolution of the HEC and
movement of its core function of degree recognition and maintenance of standards
UNDER the Cabinet Division
will jeopardize the verification process.



The new Commission working UNDER the Cab
inet Division would also have the power to
recognize new universities being formed all over the country that are substandard and
do not meet the existing Cabinet Criteria for a university. Already, many such cases have
been blocked by the HEC and not grant
ed recognition since they do not have faculty,
libraries, internet connectivity and are housed in few room structures. By granting
recognition to such entities, the degrees of ALL Pakistani Universities will become
suspect.



The HEC attests more than 200,00
0 educational documents each year. Every Pakistani
going for work abroad MUST have their degrees attested by the HEC which is recognized
by the entire world to be a fair and impartial body whose attestation is accepted at face
value. The HEC is a Board Mem
ber of the Asia Pacific Quality Network and is a member
of the Network of Quality Assurance Agencies of the World. This membership has to be
earned and is NOT Transferrable. The World has faith in the degrees of Pakistani
universities because of HEC. By cr
eating a new Commission, ALL degrees issued by
5


Pakistani Institutions will NOT be accepted at face value despite any stamp that any new
Commission may issue. The world is carefully following the fake degree scandal of
Pakistani Parliamentarians and can see

what the dissolution of HEC entails.



6


Higher Education and National Development



Pakistan is
strategically located at the cross roads of South Asia, Central Asia and West Asia.
It is at the mouth of oil rich Persian and Arabian Gulf, and lies close to tw
o superpowers in
the North, and an aspiring power in the East, with whom it has shared a tumultuous history
for thousands of years.



It is
a country blessed with natural resources
. It needs to develop its natural and human
resources, both of which it is end
owed with abundance, and
join the ranks of developed
industrially advanced,

prosperous nations within the next decade



Pakistan needs to develop
critical
technology

for
industrialization, economic growth,
energy
growt
h,
to explore, map and mine natural reso
urces, including Coal at Thar, Gold at Riko
Deq, Copper at Saindaik, Gas at Qadirpur, and others yet to be explored. Pakistan needs
technology for Information and Communication Technologies; to drive its own high tech
manufacturing industry; for transporta
tion and avionics; for weather predictions so
disasters like f
loods and tsunami are forecast
and for health, agriculture, natural a
nd
applied sciences among other.



Pakistan needs technology to continue to protect its national assets and defend its borders.

Flanked by a hostile neighbor ten times its size, it has no choice but to be at least ten times
smarter and efficient in the utilization of its resources. Even if it had the financial resources,
it is a known fact that money cannot buy everything, especia
lly where strategic interests are
concerned.




Where is Pakistan today in terms of its Science and Technology (S & T) workforce, its
research, its technology readiness, and transfer of technology to the industry? The total S&T
workforce in Pakistan is aroun
d 130,000. Out of this, the total number of Researchers &
Scientists is 53,000, but only 10% (about 5300) hold PhD degrees. 80% of these PhDs (about
4000) are in Higher Education Institutions governed by the HEC. Of the total 53,000
Researchers & Scienti
sts in Pakistan, 24% are in SS and Humanities; 24% in Natural Sciences;
only 18% in Engineering; 16% in Medicine and 14% in Agriculture.



There are currently over 7500 HEC funded scholars pursuing their Ph.Ds in local and foreign
universities. This will tr
iple the number of Ph.D faculty at the universities within the next
five years.



If we compare the worldwide densities of scientists & researchers, Pakistan has only 162
researchers and scientists / million population (which is among the lowest in the regio
n),
Turkey has 562, China 926, South Korea 4162 and USA 4651. Clearly, Pakistan needs a much
larger science and technology workforce, and research in critical areas. We need to increase
the number of scientific and research personnel by at least 4 times in

the next 10 years if we
are to
become a
regional

leader.

7


A Revolution in Higher Education in Pakistan



The establishment of the HEC in 2002 has heralded a revolution in higher education in
Pakistan, especially in the fields of Engineering, Science and Tech
nology. The HEC has
accomplished more in eight years since its establishment than was achieved in the first 55
years of Pakistan’s existence.
It is essential that this growth should continue for the next
decade at least if Pakistan is to become an industri
ally advanced country.



More PhDs have graduated from Pakistani universities in the past 9 years than in the first 55
years of Pakistan’s existence.



Two Pakistani Universities are now ranked among the TOP 300 Science and Technology
Institutions of the World
.



In 2002 Pakistan produced less than half the publications compared to Saudi A
rabia. Today
Pakistan produces 3
0% more publication
s than Saudi Arabia which invests 100 times more
funds in higher education than Pakistan.



Pakistan has invested more than Rs.
97 Billion for the development of the universities since
the formation of HEC; a twelvefold increase over the Rs. 7.5 Billion spent in the 1978
-
2002
period of the University Grants Commission.



Engineering, Information Technology, Basic Sciences and Agricu
lture have received the
greatest investment by the HEC. Project worth more than Rs. 35 Billion have been approved
for support of Engineering Universities, more than a 1,000 Foreign PhD scholarships have
been awarded in Engineering along with more than 500
Indigenous PhD scholarships.



The Pakistan Education and Research Network (PERN) is one of the most sophisticated
computer networks in the world linking all universities through a 10GB backbone and 1GB
connectivity to universities. It is now expanding to li
nk colleges as well. Video
-
Conferencing
Equipment is operational in 74 Institutions and expanding rapidly. The

Digital Library
provides access to 75% of the World’s literature
(23,0
00
e
journals and 45,000
e
books).
Pakistan today is a regional leader in ICT
s which other countries are following.



In terms of Technology Readiness, HEC has provided state of the art high
-
tech equipment
(e.g. Accelerators, SEMs, Vapour Deposition Units, Powder Metallurgy Labs, etc.) to HEIs,
and Equipment Sharing Programs Grants
for Research, for Travel Conferences, for holding
of Conferences, Seminars, Workshops, etc. Research partnerships are now in place between
universities in Pakistan and with other leading universities of the world.

8




H
EC is focusing on development of

critical technologies indcluding

Biotechnology and
Genetics, Immunology, Robotics and Automation, Nanotechnologies, Superconductivity,
Computer Vision, Photo
-
optics and Lasers, Electromagnetics and Microwaves and Nuclear
Fusion for Energy, etc. which
are
important for the strategic growth of Pakistan
.



Pak universities have produced
more

PhDs in the last 8 years (3280) since the establishment
of HEC than in the first 55 years (3000). Today we produce 10 times more PhDs in
Engineering and Technology than eve
r in the past (140 in last 8 years, versus 14 in first 55
years). The universities are now enabled to produce more PhDs in the next 3 years than in
the last 8 years.



Research output has grown six
-
folds since 2002 (from 815 in 2002 to 5068 in 2010): 80% of

these research publications are coming from HEIs. Output has more than doubled just in the
last 3 years and is expected to double again in the next 3 years.



Nearly 5,000 scholars from Pakistan have been facilitated to present their research work in
leading conferences of the world.



Researchers from Pakistan have linkages with their counterparts in every leading university
of the world in the US, UK, China, Germany, France, Australia, Korea, etc.



For Technology Transfer to Industry, HEC is working on
Development of High
-
Tech
Incubators. Those in the pipeline at the universities include at UA Faisalabad, UET Peshawar,
UET Lahore, NED, and NUST.



Three new Centers of Excellence, in Energy, Food Security, and Water Resources, are under
development in thre
e leading universities assisted by USAID.



HEC has taken higher education to the masses through the establishment of world
-
class
academic facilities in 2
nd

and 3
rd

tier cities in the heartland of Punjab, Sindh and KPK.



The biggest investment (By share) has

been in the KPK Province with new universities being
set up in Bannu, Kohat, Malakand, Swat, and Mardan. The Kohat University of Science and
Technology today publishes more papers in the world’s leading journals, than
many other
universities in Pakistan
.



In Balochistan,
4 new universities have been developed and made operational, as compared
to the 2 that existed in 2002. Projects for an additional 2 have been approved for
establishment in Loralai and Turbat. 57 PhD Scholars from the University of Balochis
tan are
currently studying in AIT Bangkok due to the linkage established by HEC.

9




In Sindh, 3 new Universities and 4 Campuses in underdeveloped areas are in various stages
of development.



The IT sector has seen a complete transformation in the education sy
stem with the
standardization of the 4
-
year undergraduate program and the establishment of the
Accreditation Council ensuring adherence to international standards. This forms the
backbone of the IT export revolution occurring in Pakistan.



The entire Bachel
or
(4
-
year)
, Master and PhD (3
-
tier) has been revised to conform to world
standards.

According to NARIC, the UK agency for equating foreign education documents,
“We are of the opinion that this
previous system of education

(Pre
-
HEC) was not only
shorter than the current system in Pakistan, but it did not emphasise subject specialisation
and independent research as much


A
PhD from Univ. of Karachi
granted in 2007 was
therefore
recognized equivalent to MPhil
.

However, with t
he new system of education,
NARIC writes,”
“Within the revised (Post
-
HEC) Paki
stani higher education system….
we
recognise all research degrees (MPhil and PhD) to UK standard”



According to Science Watch, January 2011 issue,
(a prestigious magazine published
out of
UK)

research growth from Pakistan
has
ranked 1st in 2 areas: Microbiology; and Plant and
Animal Sciences. But that is not enough: Major research in
priority areas and in Engineering
and Technology is required, which is slowly beginning to take over.




Already, according to QS World Universities Rankings 2010, 2 Universities: NUST (274), and
UET (281) are now in top 300 Technology Universities of the World, while MUET is in top
400. We need to continue to focus on adding quality in research and educati
on to our other
universities as well.



HEC has International Credibility with the World Bank approving a US$100 Million Higher
Education Support program in 2008.
A new
US
$300 Million Tertiary Education Support
Program has been approved on March 24
th
, 2011
contingent upon the HEC remaining as
is.




USAID is finalizing a US$250 Million support to the HEC focusing on the establishment of
Centers of Excellence in Water, Energy and Agriculture.


Conclusion




Pakistan’s scientists, engineers and technologists are its single biggest strategic asset. Till
five years ago, these were concentrated in a few strategic organizations, however, the
10


revolution in higher education brought about by HEC has ensured that ever
y engineering
and science and technology university has started to blossom into a center of research and
innovation. With thousands of PhD students abroad at the world’s leading universities, the
next few years will herald an unprecedented revolution in Sc
ience and Technology in
Pakistan.



There already has been a ten
-
fold increase in PhD production in the Engineering fields. With
1
,500 more PhDs
in Engineering alone
set to join the ranks in the next three year, an
irreversible transformation in the Enginee
ring Sector, will occur in Pakistan.



HEC has integrated Pakistan and broken the elitist myth of availability of talent only in big
cities. Pakistani sc
holars from little villages and remote towns have taken the world by
storm. This is especially true in o
ur neighbouring country which is now trying to create an
HEC
-
like organization, and has announced a five
-
fold increase in the higher education
budget with tens of new IITs to be set up.



The next 5 year strategy of HEC calls for
Universities Building Pakist
an
. It is important that
this vision become a reality.



In conclusion, HEC is the Role Model Federal Organization which empowers equal and full
participation of all universities and provinces to facilitate higher education for the socio
-
economic development

of Pakistan.



11


Annexure A

18
th

Amendment &

Higher Education

1.

The passage of the 18
th

Amendment, amended
Part
-
I
of
the Fourth Schedule of the
Constitution
include the following:

a.

Federal agencies and institutes for the following purposes, that is to say, for

research, for professional or technical training, or for the promotion of special
studies (Item No. 16).

b.

Education as respects Pakistani students in foreign countries and foreign
students in Pakistan

(Item No. 17).

c.

International treaties, conventions and
agreements and International arbitration

(Item No. 32).

The following key provisions are in
Part II of
the Federal Legislative List
:

d.

All regulatory authorities established under a Federal law

(Item 6).

e.

National planning and national economic coordination i
ncluding planning and
coordination of scientific and technological research

(Item 7)
.

f.

Legal, medical and other professions

(Item 11).

g.

Standards in institutions for higher education and research, scientific and
technical institutions

(Item 12)
.

h.

Inter
-
provinc
ial matters and co
-
ordination (Item 13).

Each one of the above provisions is directly applicable to the Higher Education
Commission (HEC).

2.

The further importance of Item 12
in Part II
of the Federal Legislative List
(Standards in
institutions for higher education and research, scientific and technical institutions)
is that
it is a brand new entry inserted by the 18
th

Amendment to the Constitution. In other
words, prior to the 18
th

Amendment, there was no express entry

dealing with higher
education. Instead, Item 38 of the Concurrent Legislative List only dealt generally with
“Curriculum, syllabus, planning, policy, centres of excellence and standards of education.”
The insertion of Item 12 into Part II of the Federal L
egislative List thus marks a deliberate
decision by the
Constitutional Reform Committee on the
18
th

Amendment that while
primary and education issues could be dealt with by the Provinces, the issues relating to
12


higher education were such that they necessar
ily had to be dealt with at a higher level.
Also, the inclusion of Item 16 in Part
-
I of the Federal Legislative List (
Federal agencies and
institutes for the following purposes, that is to say, for research, for professional or
technical training, or for t
he promotion of special studies)

emphases the need to retain
Federal institutes for research and professional training at the Center.
It may also be
noted in this context, that even prior to the HEC Ordinance, issues relating to higher
education were being

dealt with by the University Grants Commission, a federal body
created by a federal statute (the University Grants Commission Act, 1974). Higher
education
and research
has therefore always been dealt with as a federal subject and it is
for this reason tha
t Item 12
(List II) and Item 16 (List I) were

expressly added to the
Federal Legislative List.

3.

HEC is a
regulatory authority

created by the Higher Education Commission Ordinance,
2002 (which is a Federal law). It is therefore covered by Item 6 of Part II of the Federal
Legislative List.

4.

The ambit of HEC is defined by Section 10 of the HEC Ordinance, 2002. Sub
-
section 1 of
Secti
on 10 gives details of the various functions the HEC may perform “
for the evaluation,
improvement and promotion of higher education, research and development.
” These
enumerated powers and functions provide in considerable detail all the ways in which the
H
EC may encourage and promote “higher education, research and development.” In
particular:



clause (c) of clause 10(1) requires the HEC to “prepare . . . plans for the
development of higher education”



clause (k) directs the HEC to “support the development of

linkages between
Institutions and industry as well as national and international organizations that
fund research and development with a view to enhancing research”



clause (l) requires the HEC to “promote the study of basic and applied sciences in
every f
ield of national and international importance in the Institutions”



clause (t) requires the HEC to “promote formal links between Institutions to
make the most effective use of experience and specialized equipment and
promote national and international linka
ges with respect to knowledge sharing,
collaborative research, personnel exchange and cost sharing.”

In light of the foregoing, it is clear that the functions of HEC as defined under the HEC
Ordinance clearly relate to activities squarely falling within th
e ambit of Item 7 of Part II of
the Federal Legislative List.

13


5.

Item 11 of Part II of the Federal Legislative List deals with “
Legal, medical and other
professions
.” Once again, the establishment of standards in relations to professions
(other than those co
vered by specific separate legislation) falls within the ambit of the
HEC. Clause (e) of Section 10(1) of the HEC Ordinance thus requires the HEC to “set up
national or regional evaluation councils . . . to carry out accreditation of Institutions.”
Similar
ly, clause (v) provides that the HEC shall “guide Institutions in designing curricula
that provides a proper content of basic sciences, social sciences, humanities, engineering
and technology in the curricula of each level.”
The Higher Education Commission

is

thus

responsible for standards of higher education and research in the Universities
in all
disciplines including the professional disciplines of Engineering, Medicine, Pharmacy,
Dentistry, Information Technology, Architecture, etc. The HEC is in fact
the regulatory
body for higher education in the country since it prescribes conditions under which
universities are opened and operated and also has ultimate authority for recognition of
degrees, diplomas, certificates etc. issued by the Universities.
Thus
, the activities of HEC
as per the HEC Ordinance also relate to Item 11 of Part II of the Federal Legislative List.

6.

The most emphatic provision regarding the essential federal nature of HEC’s activities is,
however, Item 12 of Part II which covers “
Standar
ds in institutions for higher education
and research, scientific and technical institutions.
” As can be gathered from even a brief
view of the functions and powers of HEC as encapsulated in Section 10 of the HEC
Ordinance, the determination of standards in

higher education is the very core of the
responsibilities of the HEC. The mandate of the HEC is thus directly and specifically
covered by Item 12 of part II of the Federal Legislative List.

7.

Item 13 of Part II of the Federal Legislative List deals with “
In
ter
-
provincial matters and
co
-
ordination
.” In this context, it is evident that regulation of higher education necessarily
requires inter
-
provincial co
-
ordination.
The subject of higher education has close, deep
and multidimensional links to i) National Pol
icy and Planning, ii) Economic Growth, iii)
Scientific & Technical Research, iv) Defense Production, v) Industrial Growth and the vi)
National Innovation System. Higher Education is not a subject that is confined to national
boundaries since it is imperati
ve to have

i
nternational recognition of degrees for which
adherence to International Quality Assurance Benchmarks is a necessity.

8.

Item 17 of Part I of the Federal Legislative List deals with “
Education as respects Pakistani
students in foreign countries a
nd foreign students in Pakistan.
” In this regard, Section
10(1) of the HEC Ordinance expressly authorizes the HEC in a number of different ways.
For example, clause (r) of Section 10(1) provides that the HEC shall “take measures,
including the allocation o
f funds, for the establishment of fellowships, scholarships,
visiting professorships programmes or any other programme . . . and facilitate greater
14


mobility of faculty through national and international contacts.” It is furtherance of this
provision that

more than 4,000 Pakistani students are currently receiving PhD
scholarships in leading universities abroad.

9.

Higher Education is a precious and rare commodity and it is crucial that all resources,
expertise and assets be shared among the higher education
institutions as well as with
Industry across the country. There exists an essential requirement for Inter
-
provincial
coordination for provision of services that can optimally and cost
-
effectively be provided
at the central level
. These facilities are being

provided by HEC through programs
such as i)
National Research Program for Universities in
-
line with the national research agenda, ii)
National Program for Provision of Digital Resources such as the research network, digital
library, research repository, v
ideo conferencing, etc., iii) National Scholarship Linkage
Program with advanced foreign countries for faculty
development, iv) Learning Innovation
Program for faculty pedagogical training, v) National Curriculum Development Program
for standardized
curriculum and academic system development, vi) National Quality
Enhancement Program for ensuring stringent adherence to local and foreign quality
standards which are pre
-
requisites for degree recognition, vii) National Research Linkage
Program for linking

university research to industry.

10.

It is in recognition of the good work being done by HEC that the universities themselves
support a strong federal role for the HEC. In particular, a
ll the Vice Chancellors of public
sector universities located in all the p
rovinces of the country in a meeting held on
November 27, 2010, unanimously resolved that HEC functionality should not be changed
and the status quo should be maintained.

11.

In yet another meeting of all Vice
-
Chancellors held on March 26, 2011, it was resolv
ed that

the HEC must continue to perform all its function in the same manner as it has been doing
to date

.


12.

It may finally be noted that t
he establishment of the HEC has
not only
revolutionized
higher education in Pakistan and has been recognized internationally for the
transformation
it has produced i
n Pakistani universities.
In fact,
India has
explicitly
modeled its future higher education strategy, with a five
-
fold increase in f
unding for
higher education, on the strategy developed by HEC.

India
, which still has a UGC,

is also
working on establishing an organization similar to the HEC. It would be ironic indeed if the
role of HEC was to be completely negated at a time when it is

being accepted
international as a role model and pioneer.

13.

In most Federations around the world, higher education is a federal subject with
provinces also having a say. UK has a Minister of Universities and Science. Malaysia,
15


Indonesia, Egypt, South Korea,

UAE etc. all have Ministers of Higher Education. Education
is a Federal Subject in China as well.

14.

HEC’s achievement are many.
In the last 8 years, it has established 90 additional
campuses/new universities, including those in far
-
flung places such as Lasb
ela, Uthal, D.G.
Khan, Malakand, etc. Campus enrollment has tripled from 222,000 to 529,000. 10,000
HEC Scholarships have been provided to needy students. A student loan program is
currently under development.

15.

Today researchers from the
Kohat University of

Science and Technology

publish
es

more
paper
s

in the world’s leading research journals than
many local universities established
decades ago,
the
University of Gujrat

boast the best Industrial Design department in
Pakistan, The
Karakoram International Unive
rsity, Gilgit

hosts the Rector of the
University of Bonn Germany to study climate change,
Shah Abdul Latif University,
Khairpur

works with Egyptian biotechnologists for propagation of date palms while
researchers at the
Lasbela University of Agriculture, W
ater and Marine Sciences

is
pioneering shrimp farming on the Balochistan Coast. These are some glimpses into the
accomplishments of the universities that have been established during the past eight
years only, while those that existed before have gone on t
o join the ranks of the premier
science and technology universities of the world, such as the
National University of
Science and Technology, ranked number 274

in the World in 2010, while the
University
of Engineering and Technology, Lahore is ranked 281

by

QS World University Rankings.
From the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia to Cambridge University in
the UK, just about every leading university in the world has close academic and research
linkages with top Pakistani universities.

16.

The Government of Pakistan’s investment in the higher education sector is paying off
now, and with the theme of
Universities Building Pakistan

envisioned in the HEC Medium
Term Development Framework for Pakistan 2011
-
1
5
, Institutions of higher learning all

across Pakistan will play a leadership and transformation role for the socio
-
economic
development of the country over the next decade. A strong and vibrant HEC is necessary
for the continued progress of higher education in Pakistan.